Sir Anthony Francis Seldon, FRSA FRHistS FKC (born 2 August 1953), is Vice-Chancellor of the University of Buckingham, a contemporary historian, commentator and political author, known in part for his biographies of Margaret Thatcher, John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron. He was the 13th Master (headmaster) of Wellington College, one of Britain's co-educational independent boarding schools. In 2009, he set up The Wellington Academy, the first state school to carry the name of its founding independent school.
Before that, he was head of Brighton College. Seldon is the author or editor of over 35 books on contemporary history, politics and education, was the co-founder and first director of the Centre for Contemporary British History, is the co-founder of Action for Happiness, is a governor of the Royal Shakespeare Company and is on the board of a number of charities and educational bodies.
He is also both honorary historical adviser to 10 Downing Street and a member of the First World War Centenary Culture Committee. Seldon was knighted in the 2014 Birthday Honours for services to education and modern political history. In September 2015, he replaced Terence Kealey as Vice-Chancellor of University of Buckingham, the first private university in Britain.
Seldon was educated at Tonbridge School and Worcester College, Oxford, where he received a BA degree in Politics, Philosophy and Economics. He then obtained a PhD degree in Economics at the London School of Economics in 1981. He also has an MBA degree from the Polytechnic of Central London. He qualified as a schoolteacher at King's College London, where he was awarded the top teaching prize in the year across all subjects.
Seldon's first teaching appointment was at Whitgift School in Croydon in 1983, where he was Head of Politics and taught in the Sixth Form. In 1989 he returned to his old school, Tonbridge, and became Head of History and General Studies. In 1993 he was appointed Deputy Headmaster and, ultimately, Acting Headmaster of St Dunstan's in South London. He then became Headmaster of Brighton College from September 1997 until he joined Wellington College in January 2006 as its 13th Master. He became Executive Principal at The Wellington Academy (a separate school) in 2013.
He took a three-month sabbatical from January to March 2014 (leaving Wellington to be run in the interim by his Second Master, Robin Dyer, who as Acting Master, claimed it would be "business as usual"). Dr Seldon announced on 23 April 2014 that he would be leaving Wellington College in the summer of 2015, after nearly ten years as the 13th Master.
Anthony Seldon's books include Churchill's Indian Summer (1981), which won a Best First Work Prize; Major, A Political Life (1997); The Powers Behind the Prime Minister (1999) co-written with Professor Dennis Kavanagh; 10 Downing Street: The Illustrated History (2000); The Foreign Office: The Illustrated History Of The Place And Its People (2001); Blair (2004); Blair Unbound (2007), Trust (2009); Brown at 10 (2010) with Guy Lodge; Public Schools and The Great War (2013) with David Walsh; The Architecture of Diplomacy: The British Ambassador's Residence in Washington (2014) with Daniel Collings; and Cameron at 10 (2015) with Peter Snowdon. He has edited many books, including the series The Thatcher Effect (1989); The Major Effect (1994); The Blair Effect (2001); The Blair Effect 2001–2005 (2005); Blair's Britain (2007); and The Cameron Effect (2015) with Dr Mike Finn.
Other edited books include Ruling Performance, with Professor Peter Hennessy and Conservative Century, with Professor Stuart Ball. He has written a number of booklets on education, including Private and Public Education: The Divide Must End (2000); Partnership not Paternalism (2001); An End To Factory Schools (2010); The Politics of Optimism (2012); and School United (2014). His 2011 Cass Lecture was published as 'Why Schools? Why Universities?' He also founded two journals, Contemporary British History (as Contemporary Record) and Twentieth Century British History. During his time at Brighton College, Seldon wrote Brave New City: Brighton & Hove Past, Present, Future, an analysis of the city of Brighton and Hove focused principally on its buildings.
Seldon is a head teacher and appears on television and radio and in the press, and has written regularly for national newspapers including The Times, The Sunday Times, The Daily Telegraph, The Independent and The Guardian. His views on education have been sought by the government and political parties, with Seldon promoting co-education, the International Baccalaureate, independent education, the teaching of happiness and well-being, and "all-round" education.
Seldon has promoted well-being or happiness classes, which he introduced at Wellington College in 2006, and campaigned for a holistic, personalised approach to education rather than what he calls "factory schools."  He is a proponent of the Harkness table' teaching approach used in the US and the 'Middle Years' approach of the IB, as well a more international approach to education, including a focus on modern languages teaching  and setting up sister schools in China.
Seldon has honorary doctorates or fellowships from the University of Buckingham, the University of Brighton and Richmond University and is a former Professor of Education at the College of Teachers. He is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (FRHistS) and of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA). He was appointed a Fellow of King's College London (FKC) in 2013. He was knighted in the Queen's 2014 Birthday Honours list.
In 1986 Seldon co-founded, with Professor Peter Hennessy, the Institute of Contemporary British History, the body whose aim is to promote research into, and the study of, British history since 1945. Seldon is a co-founder of Action for Happiness with Richard Layard (Baron Layard), and Geoff Mulgan. He is on the Advisory Board of the New College of the Humanities in London. Seldon is a patron of The Iris Project, which runs Literacy through Latin schemes in schools in deprived urban areas and DrugFAM, which supports families affected by a loved one's use of drugs or alcohol.
Seldon was married to Joanna, who died in December 2016. Joanna was the daughter of Maurice Henry Pappworth.She also taught and wrote, and they have three children (Jessica, Susannah and Adam). According to Who's Who, his interests are sport, directing plays, family and old English sports cars. He is the youngest son of economist Arthur Seldon, who co-founded the Institute of Economic Affairs and directed academic affairs at the think tank for 30 years.