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ANTHONY BOUCHER /ˈbaʊtʃər/ (born WILLIAM ANTHONY PARKER WHITE; August 21, 1911 – April 29, 1968) was an American crime and fantastic fiction editor and author of mystery novels and short stories and radio drama scripts in those fields. He was particularly influential as an editor. Between 1942 and 1947 he acted as reviewer of mostly mystery fiction for the _ San Francisco Chronicle
San Francisco Chronicle
_. In addition to "Anthony Boucher", White also employed the pseudonym "H. H. Holmes ", which was the pseudonym of a late-19th-century American serial killer; Boucher would also write light verse and sign it "Herman W. Mudgett" (another of the murderer's aliases).

In a 1981 poll of 17 detective story writers and reviewers, his novel _Nine Times Nine_ was voted as the ninth best locked room mystery of all time.

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 Fiction writing and editing * 3 Radio * 4 _Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction_ years * 5 Death

* 6 Selected works

* 6.1 Mystery novels * 6.2 Collections of short fiction and scripts of radio plays * 6.3 Collections of reviews * 6.4 Other

* 7 References * 8 Sources * 9 External links

BACKGROUND

White was born in Oakland, California , and went to college at the University of Southern California . He later received a master's degree from the University of California, Berkeley .

He pronounced his adopted name _Boucher_ phonetically, "to rhyme with voucher."

FICTION WRITING AND EDITING

Boucher (as he was more commonly known) wrote mystery, science fiction and horror writing. He was also an editor, inclusing science fiction anthologies, and wrote mystery reviews for many years in _The New York Times _. He was one of the first English translators of Jorge Luis Borges , translating " The Garden of Forking Paths " for _Ellery Queen\'s Mystery Magazine _. He helped found the Mystery Writers of America in 1946 and, in the same year, was one of the first winners of the MWA's Edgar Award for his mystery reviews in the _San Francisco Chronicle _. He was founding editor (with J. Francis McComas ) of _The Magazine of Fantasy as editor, he published the volumes in E. P. Dutton 's _The Best Detective Stories of the Year _ annual volumes published in 1963-1968, succeeding Brett Halliday and followed, after his death, by Allen J. Hubin in that task.

Boucher wrote short stories for many fiction magazines in America, including _Adventure _, _Astounding _, _Black Mask _, _Ed McBain\'s Mystery Book _, _Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine_, _Galaxy Science Fiction _, _ The Master Detective _, _Unknown Worlds _ and _Weird Tales _.

His short story " The Quest for Saint Aquin " was among the stories selected in 1970 by the Science Fiction Writers of America as one of the best science fiction short stories of all time. As such, it was published in _The Science Fiction Hall of Fame, Volume One, 1929–1964 _.

Boucher was the friend and mentor of science-fiction writer Philip K. Dick and others. His 1942 novel _ Rocket to the Morgue _, in addition to being a classic locked room mystery , is also something of a _roman à clef _ about the Southern California
Southern California
science fiction culture of the time, featuring thinly veiled versions of personalities such as Robert A. Heinlein , L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard
and rocket scientist /occultist /fan Jack Parsons .

RADIO

Boucher also scripted for radio and was involved in many other activities, as described by William F. Nolan in his essay "Who Was Anthony Boucher?":

The 1940s proved to be a very busy and productive decade for Boucher. In 1945 he launched into a spectacular three-year radio career, plotting more than 100 episodes for _The Adventures of Ellery Queen_, while also providing plots for the bulk of the Sherlock Holmes radio dramas. By the summer of 1946 he had created his own mystery series for the airwaves, _ The Casebook of Gregory Hood _. ("I was turning out three scripts each week for as many shows," he stated. "It was a mix of hard work and great fun.")

With respect to his scripting of the Sherlock Holmes radio dramas, Nigel Bruce , who played Dr. Watson, said that Boucher "had a sound knowledge of Conan Doyle and a great affection for the two characters of Holmes and Watson."

_MAGAZINE OF FANTASY AND SCIENCE FICTION_ YEARS

Boucher left dramatic radio in 1948, "mainly because I was putting in a lot of hours working with J. Francis McComas in creating what soon became _The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction_. We got it off the ground in 1949 and saw it take hold solidly by 1950. This was a major creative challenge and although I was involved in a lot of other projects, I stayed with _F hosted _Golden Voices_, his series of historical opera recordings for Pacifica Radio , and served (in 1951) as president of Mystery Writers of America.

Boucher was a devoted poker player, a political activist, a rabid sport fan (football, basketball, track, gymnastics and rugby), an active Sherlockian in the Baker Street Irregulars and a spirited chef.

DEATH

Boucher died of lung cancer on April 29, 1968 at the Kaiser Foundation Hospital in Oakland.

Bouchercon , the " Anthony Boucher
Anthony Boucher
Memorial World Mystery Convention," was named in his honor. Descriptions of those conventions from the first, in 1970, until that in 2004, appear in Marvin Lachman's _The Heirs of Anthony Boucher
Anthony Boucher
_.

SELECTED WORKS

MYSTERY NOVELS

* _The Case of the Seven of Calvary _ (1937) * _The Case of the Crumpled Knave _ (1939) * _The Case of the Baker Street Irregulars _ (1940) * _Nine Times Nine _ (as H. H. Holmes) (1940) * _The Case of the Solid Key _ (1941) * _ Rocket to the Morgue _ (as H. H. Holmes) (1942) * _The Case of the Seven Sneezes _ (1942)

COLLECTIONS OF SHORT FICTION AND SCRIPTS OF RADIO PLAYS

* _Far and Away: Eleven Fantasy and SF Stories_ (1955) * _The Compleat Werewolf and Other Stories of Fantasy and SF_ (1969) * _Exeunt Murderers: The Best Mystery Stories of Anthony Boucher
Anthony Boucher
_, edited by Francis M. Nevins, Jr., and Martin H. Greenberg (1983) * _The Compleat Boucher: The Complete Short Science Fiction and Fantasy of Anthony Boucher
Anthony Boucher
_, edited by James A. Mann (1999) * _The Casebook of Gregory Hood: Radio Plays by Anthony Boucher
Anthony Boucher
and Denis Green _, edited by Joe R. Christopher (Crippen ">

* ^ http://www.sf-encyclopedia.com/entry/boucher_anthony * ^ "A LOCKED ROOM LIBRARY, by John Pugmire". Mysteryfile.com. Retrieved 2012-01-27. * ^ Lachman, Marvin (2005). _The Heirs of Anthony Boucher_. Poisoned Pen Press. p. 83. * ^ Gale, Floyd C. (September 1958). "Galaxy\'s 5 Star Shelf". _ Galaxy Science Fiction _. p. 102. * ^ Marks, Jeffrey Alan (2008). _Anthony Boucher: A Biobibliography_. McFarland. pp. 172–176. ISBN 0-7864-3320-5 . * ^ "Nolan, William F. MysteryNet: "Who Was Anthony Boucher?"". Mysterynet.com. August 21, 1911. Archived from the original on October 7, 2009. Retrieved 2012-01-27.

SOURCES

* _New General Catalog of Old Books and Authors_ * Clute and Nicholls, 1993, _The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction_, St. Martins. ISBN 0-312-13486-X * Marvin Lachman, _The Heirs of Anthony Boucher: A History of Mystery Fandom_, intro. Edward D. Hoch, Poisoned Pen Press, 2005. ISBN 1-59058-223-3 * Jeffrey Marks, _Anthony Boucher: A Biobibliography_, McFarland and Company, 2008. ISBN 978-0-7864-3320-9

EXTERNAL