In book publishing, an anthology is a collection of literary works
chosen by the compiler. It may be a collection of poems, short
stories, plays, songs, or excerpts by different authors. In
genre fiction, anthology is used to categorize collections of
shorter works such as short stories and short novels, by different
authors, each featuring unrelated casts of characters and settings,
and usually collected into a single volume for publication.
The complete collections of works are often called complete works or
Opera Omnia (
Latin language equivalent).
3 Twentieth century
4 See also
6 External links
The word entered the English language in the 17th century, from the
Greek word, ἀνθολογία (anthologia "a collection of
flowers"), a reference to one of the earliest known anthologies, the
Garland (Στέφανος), the introduction to which compares each of
its anthologized poets to a flower. That Garland by Meleager of
Gléagros of Gadara formed the kernel for what has become known as the
Florilegium, a Latin derivative for a collection of flowers, was used
in medieval Europe for an anthology of Latin proverbs and textual
excerpts. Shortly before anthology had entered the language, English
had begun using as a word for such a collection.
East Asian tradition, an anthology was a recognised form of
compilation of a given poetic form. It was assumed that there was a
cyclic development: any particular form, say the tanka in Japan, would
be introduced at one point in history, be explored by masters during a
subsequent time, and finally be subject to popularisation (and a
certain dilution) when it achieved widespread recognition. In this
model, which derives from Chinese tradition, the object of compiling
an anthology was to preserve the best of a form, and cull the rest.
In Malaysia, an anthology (or antologi in Malay) is a collection of
syair, sajak (or modern prose), proses, drama scripts, and pantuns.
Notable anthologies that are used in secondary schools include Sehijau
Warna Daun, Seuntai Kata Untuk Dirasa, Anak Bumi Tercinta, Anak Laut
In the twentieth century, anthologies became an important part of
poetry publishing for a number of reasons. For English poetry, the
Georgian poetry series  was trend-setting; it showed the potential
success of publishing an identifiable group of younger poets marked
out as a 'generation'. It was followed by numerous collections from
the 'stable' of some literary editor, or collated from a given
publication, or labelled in some fashion as 'poems of the year'.
Academic publishing also followed suit, with the success of the
Quiller-Couch Oxford Book of English Verse encouraging other
collections not limited to modern poetry. The concept of 'modern
verse' was fostered by the appearance of the phrase in titles such as
the Faber & Faber anthology by Michael Roberts, and the very
William Butler Yeats
William Butler Yeats Oxford Book of Modern Verse.
Since publishers generally found anthology publication a more flexible
medium than the collection of a single poet's work, and indeed rang
innumerable changes on the idea as a way of marketing poetry,
publication in an anthology (in the right company) became at times a
sought-after form of recognition for poets. The self-definition of
movements, dating back at least to Ezra Pound's efforts on behalf of
Imagism, could be linked on one front to the production of an
anthology of the like-minded. Also, whilst not connected with poetry,
publishers have produced collective works of fiction from a number of
authors and used the term anthology to describe the collective nature
of the text. These have been in a number of subjects, including
Erotica, edited by
Mitzi Szereto and
American Gothic Tales edited by
Joyce Carol Oates.
^ James Bridges (Independent Scholar) (2002-07-31). "/ Bridges, James.
Georgian Poetry. The Literary Encyclopedia. 31 July 2002".
Litencyc.com. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
^ "Quiller-Couch, Arthur, ed. 1919. The Oxford Book of English Verse:
1250 - 1900". Bartleby.com. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
^ Faber Anthologies Archived February 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
Oxford Book of Modern Verse Archived November 4,
2014, at the Wayback Machine.
Media related to Anthologies at Wikimedia Commons