Antar (company)
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Antar is a former French
petroleum Petroleum, also known as crude oil and oil, is a naturally occurring, yellowish-black liquid A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually Deformation (mechanics), deforms (flows) unde ...

petroleum
company, founded by Pechelbronn SAEM in 1927 in
Merkwiller-Pechelbronn Merkwiller-Pechelbronn () is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is wha ...
,
Bas-Rhin Bas-Rhin (; Alsatian language, Alsatian: ''Unterelsàss'', ' or '; traditional german: links=no, Niederrhein; en, Lower Rhine) is a Departments of France, department in Alsace which is a part of the Grand Est super-region of France. The name mea ...
,
Alsace Alsace (, also ; Low Alemannic German/ gsw-als, 's Elsàss ; german: Elsass ; la, Alsatia; ) is a cultural region and a territorial collectivity in Eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland. In 2017, i ...

Alsace
. However, its origins go back to 1745 when a company was formed to develop the natural oil wells in the vicinity of Merkwiller-Pechelbronn. Prior to World War II it also used the brand Socaline for
petrol Gasoline () or petrol () (see the etymology Etymology ()The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time". is ...
. After the purchase of another domestic French marketer, the formal name changed to Antar Pétroles de l'Atlantique and the Antar name extended to use on fuels. Antar was largely active in France, although an affiliate had a Swiss joint venture (Socal Fina). The company may have been named after Rimsky-Korsakov's ''Antar'' Symphony about the Arab poet and warrior Antarah ibn Shaddad. In 1976 Elf-ERAP merged with Antar to form the Société National Elf Aquitaine which with over 6,000 outlets became France's second largest petrol retailer. In 2000 Elf was purchased by TotalFina (now Total S.A.). The final dissolution of the company occurred in 2005. The Antar name survives on Antargaz, one of France's leading brands of bottled liquefied petroleum gas, which was sold to a unit of Paribas after the TotalFina-Elf merger to satisfy the European Commission's antitrust concerns,LPG World, 2000, quoted by Access My Library
/ref> and in 2004 became a wholly owned subsidiary of UGI Corporation. The only French museum dedicated to the oil industry is located in Merkwiller-Pechelbronn and has resources devoted to Antar.


References


External links


Musée Français du Pétrole
(French Petroleum Museum)
PetrolMaps website

Total corporate website

Antargaz website
Oil companies of France Defunct oil companies Defunct energy companies of France Energy companies established in 1927 Non-renewable resource companies established in 1927 Non-renewable resource companies disestablished in 2005 Total SE French companies established in 1927 Companies based in Grand Est French companies disestablished in 2005 {{Petroleum-company-stub