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Antal Doráti, KBE (9 April 1906 – 13 November 1988) was a Hungarian-born conductor and composer who became a naturalized American citizen in 1943.[1]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Career 3 Recordings 4 Further reading 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
was born in Budapest, where his father Alexander Doráti was a violinist with the Budapest
Budapest
Philharmonic Orchestra and his mother Margit Kunwald was a piano teacher. He studied at the Franz Liszt Academy
Franz Liszt Academy
with Zoltán Kodály
Zoltán Kodály
and Leo Weiner for composition and Béla Bartók
Béla Bartók
for piano. His links with Bartók continued for many years: he conducted the world premiere of Bartók's Viola Concerto, as completed by Tibor Serly, with the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra in 1949, with William Primrose as the soloist. He made his conducting debut in 1924 with the Budapest
Budapest
Royal Opera. As well as composing original works, he compiled and arranged pieces by Johann Strauss II
Johann Strauss II
for the ballet Graduation Ball (1940), premiered by the Original Ballet
Ballet
Russe in Sydney, Australia, with himself on the conductor's podium. For Ballet
Ballet
Theatre (later renamed American Ballet Theatre) he created scores for the ballets Bluebeard (1941) from music by Jacques Offenbach
Jacques Offenbach
and The Fair at Sorochinsk (1943) from music by Modest Mussorgsky. His autobiography, Notes of Seven Decades, was published in 1979. In 1983, Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
made Doráti an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(KBE). This entitled him to use the post-nominal letters KBE. By convention honorary knights do not generally use the "Sir" unless they subsequently acquire UK citizenship. His wife was Ilse von Alpenheim, an Austrian pianist. Doráti died at the age of 82 in Gerzensee, Switzerland. Career[edit] Doráti held posts as principal conductor of the following orchestras:

Ballet
Ballet
Russe, Music Director (1937-1941). Ballet
Ballet
Theatre orchestra (1941–1945). Dallas Symphony Orchestra
Dallas Symphony Orchestra
(1945–48) Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra (1949–60) BBC Symphony Orchestra
BBC Symphony Orchestra
(1963–66), which bid him a fond farewell playing his Symphony in Five Movements and his Madrigal Suite. Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra (1966–70), with which he recorded his Symphony No. 1 and his Symphony No. 2, "Querela Pacis" on the BIS label. He took that orchestra on its first international tours. National Symphony Orchestra
National Symphony Orchestra
in Washington, D.C. (1970–77), which he rescued from bankruptcy and a players' strike. Detroit Symphony Orchestra
Detroit Symphony Orchestra
(1977–81) Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
(1975–79)

Recordings[edit] He made his first recording with the London Philharmonic Orchestra
London Philharmonic Orchestra
for the recording label His Master's Voice. This was later transferred to RCA Records
RCA Records
with whom HMV were for some time associated. Over the course of his career Doráti made over 600 recordings. With the Philharmonia Hungarica, Doráti was the second conductor to record the complete symphonies of Joseph Haydn
Joseph Haydn
(the first complete recorded edition was conducted by Ernst Märzendorfer and the Vienna Chamber Orchestra, but it had a very limited release). He also recorded an unprecedented cycle of Haydn's operas and Ottorino Respighi's Ancient Dances and Airs for Lute, Suites 1, 2 and 3 <Mercury 434 304-2, 6/1958> Doráti became especially well known for his recordings of Tchaikovsky's music. He was the first conductor to record all three of Tchaikovsky's ballets - Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker - complete. The albums were recorded in mono in 1954 and 1955, for Mercury Records, with the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra (later renamed the Minnesota Orchestra), as part of their famous "Living Presence" series. All three ballets were at first issued separately, but were later re-issued in a 6-LP set. Dorati never re-recorded Swan Lake, but he did make a stereo recording of The Sleeping Beauty (again complete) with the Concertgebouw Orchestra
Concertgebouw Orchestra
of Amsterdam for Philips Classics Records, and two complete recordings in stereo of "The Nutcracker", one with the London Symphony Orchestra (again for Mercury), and the other with the Concertgebouw Orchestra for Philips - all this within a span of about twenty-seven years. He also recorded all four of Tchaikovsky's orchestral suites with the New Philharmonia Orchestra, and he was the first conductor to make a recording of Tchaikovsky's "1812" Overture (featuring the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra) with real cannons, brass band, and church bells, first in mono in 1954 and then in stereo in 1958. Both the mono and stereo "1812" versions sold over one million copies, and awarded a gold disc by the RIAA.[2] He also recorded all six of Tchaikovsky's symphonies with the London Symphony Orchestra. Other prominent composers in Doráti's recording career are Béla Bartók and Igor Stravinsky. His comprehensive series of Bartók's orchestral works for Mercury have been brought together on a 5-CD set. He also made the first stereo recording of Léo Delibes' Coppélia, with the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra. An album set of Richard Wagner's opera The Flying Dutchman is also among Doráti's more popular recordings. In 1969 he made the world premiere recording of Sibelius's tone poem Luonnotar, with Gwyneth Jones as soprano soloist. In 1973 he conducted the world premiere recording of Max Bruch's Concerto for Two Pianos and Orchestra, which was written in 1912 but only rediscovered in 1971. In 1969 with the Stockholm Philharmonic he conducted the first recording of the Symphony No. 7 of Swedish composer Allan Pettersson. He lived to make digital recordings, for English Decca Records (released in the U.S. on the London label), with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Concertgebouw Orchestra
and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. One of these, the recording of Stravinsky's Le Sacre du Printemps with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, received the coveted French award Grand Prix du Disque. Further reading[edit]

MacDonald, Calum (March 1989). " Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
(1906-88): His Final Works". Tempo, New Series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (168 (50th anniversary)): 37. ISSN 0040-2982. JSTOR 944857. OCLC 52740292.  Dorati, Antal. Notes of Seven Decades, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1979. Chlupaty, Richard. Antal Dorati and the Joy of Making Music, The Antal Dorati Centenary Society, Bournemouth, 2006[3][4] Chlupaty, Richard. Antal Dorati and his Recorded Legacy, The Antal Dorati Centenary Society, Bournemouth, 2013[5][6]

References[edit]

^ "BBC Radio 4 - Desert Island Discs, Antal Dorati". Bbc.co.uk. 1960-07-25. Retrieved 2015-08-17.  ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 136. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.  ^ " Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
and the joy of making music (Book, 2006)". [WorldCat.org]. 2015-04-30. Retrieved 2015-08-17.  ^ "Antal Dorati: And the Joy of Making Music: Amazon.co.uk: Richard Chlupaty: 9780955246906: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-17.  ^ " Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
and his recorded legacy / [by Richard Chlupaty] (Book, 2013)". [WorldCat.org]. 2015-06-30. Retrieved 2015-08-17.  ^ "antal dorati and his recorded legacy: Amazon.co.uk: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-17. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Antal Doráti.

Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
official website Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
at AllMusic Antal Dorati Centenary Society

Interviews

Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
interview by Bruce Duffie

Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
navboxes

Cultural offices

Preceded by Jacques Singer Music Director, Dallas Symphony Orchestra 1945–1949 Succeeded by Walter Hendl

Preceded by Dimitri Mitropoulos Music Director, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra 1949–1960 Succeeded by Stanisław Skrowaczewski

Preceded by Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt Principal Conductor, Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra 1966–1974 Succeeded by Gennady Rozhdestvensky

Preceded by Aldo Ceccato Music Director, Detroit Symphony Orchestra 1977–1981 Succeeded by Günther Herbig

v t e

Detroit Symphony Orchestra
Detroit Symphony Orchestra
Music Directors

Weston Gales (1914) Ossip Gabrilowitsch
Ossip Gabrilowitsch
(1918) Victor Kolar
Victor Kolar
(1940) Karl Krueger (1944) Paul Paray
Paul Paray
(1951) Sixten Ehrling
Sixten Ehrling
(1963) Aldo Ceccato
Aldo Ceccato
(1973) Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
(1977) Günther Herbig (1984) Neeme Järvi
Neeme Järvi
(1990) Leonard Slatkin
Leonard Slatkin
(2008)

v t e

BBC Symphony Orchestra
BBC Symphony Orchestra
Chief Conductors

Adrian Boult
Adrian Boult
(1930) Malcolm Sargent (1950) Rudolf Schwarz (1957) Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
(1962) Colin Davis
Colin Davis
(1967) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(1971) Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(1976) Gennady Rozhdestvensky
Gennady Rozhdestvensky
(1978) John Pritchard (1982) Andrew Davis (1989) Leonard Slatkin
Leonard Slatkin
(2000) Jiří Bělohlávek
Jiří Bělohlávek
(2006) Sakari Oramo (2013)

v t e

National Symphony Orchestra
National Symphony Orchestra
Music Directors

Hans Kindler
Hans Kindler
(1931) Howard Mitchell
Howard Mitchell
(1949) Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
(1970) Mstislav Rostropovich
Mstislav Rostropovich
(1977) Leonard Slatkin
Leonard Slatkin
(1996) Christoph Eschenbach
Christoph Eschenbach
(2010) Gianandrea Noseda
Gianandrea Noseda
(2017)

v t e

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Principal Conductors

Thomas Beecham
Thomas Beecham
(1946) Rudolf Kempe
Rudolf Kempe
(1961) Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
(1975) Walter Weller (1980) André Previn
André Previn
(1985) Vladimir Ashkenazy
Vladimir Ashkenazy
(1987) Yuri Temirkanov
Yuri Temirkanov
(1992) Daniele Gatti
Daniele Gatti
(1996) Charles Dutoit
Charles Dutoit
(2009)

v t e

Minnesota Orchestra
Minnesota Orchestra
Music Directors

Emil Oberhoffer
Emil Oberhoffer
(1903) Henri Verbrugghen
Henri Verbrugghen
(1923) Eugene Ormandy
Eugene Ormandy
(1931) Dimitri Mitropoulos
Dimitri Mitropoulos
(1937) Antal Doráti
Antal Doráti
(1949) Stanisław Skrowaczewski
Stanisław Skrowaczewski
(1960) Neville Marriner
Neville Marriner
(1979) Edo de Waart
Edo de Waart
(1986) Eiji Oue (1995) Osmo Vänskä
Osmo Vänskä
(2003)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 24786931 LCCN: n81042604 ISNI: 0000 0001 2124 7350 GND: 120169169 SELIBR: 336439 SUDOC: 02844955X BNF: cb13893371w (data) MusicBrainz: aba54319-1b8e-44b1-837a-5f415a3ea129 BNE: XX849954 SN

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