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Anomaluridae †Parapedetidae Pedetidae

Anomaluromorpha
Anomaluromorpha
is the name given to a clade that unites the anomalures with the springhares. It has alternately been designated as either a suborder or infraorder. Most recently, Carleton & Musser 2005 recognized it as one of five suborders of rodents.

Contents

1 Characteristics 2 Families 3 Potential relatives 4 References

Characteristics[edit] The suborder Anomaluromorpha
Anomaluromorpha
was erected to unite sciurognathous rodents with a hystricomorphous zygomasseteric system restricted to sub-Saharan Africa. Many authors have suggested that the two extant families may be only distantly related, and that they belong to separate suborders or infraorders. For example, the Pedetidae
Pedetidae
are the only family of rodents with multiserial enamel except for the Hystricognathi. This characteristic, the hystricomorphous zygomatic region, and a common distribution in southern continents has led many researchers to suggest that the springhares (but not anomalures) may be allied with hystricognaths. Montgelard et al. 2002 generated some support for Anomaluromorpha
Anomaluromorpha
in a molecular phylogeny using 12S rRNA and cytochrome b. Families[edit] The suborder Anomaluromorpha
Anomaluromorpha
contains nine living species in four genera and two families. An additional fossil family probably belongs to this group.

†Parapedetidae Pedetidae
Pedetidae
- springhare Anomaluridae
Anomaluridae
- scaly-tailed flying squirrels, flying mice

Potential relatives[edit] The following fossil taxa are also sometimes placed in the Anomaluromorpha:

†Diatomys †Zegdoumyidae

References[edit]

Carleton, M. D.; Musser, G. G. (2005). "Order Rodentia". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal
Mammal
Species of the World A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 745–752. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0.  McKenna, M. C.; Bell, S. K. (1997). "Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level". New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11013-8.  Montgelard, C.; Bentz, S.; Tirard, C.; Vernaeu, O.; Catzeflis, F. M. (2002). "Molecular systematics of Sciurognathi: the mitochondrial cytochrome b and 12S rRNA
12S rRNA
genes support the Anomaluroidea (Pedetidae and Anomaluridae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 22 (2): 220–233. doi:10.1006/mpev.2001.1056. PMID 11820843. 

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Extant families in order Rodentia

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Infraclass: Eutheria Superorder: Euarchontoglires

Sciuromorpha ("Squirrel-like")

Aplodontiidae (Mountain beaver) Gliridae (Dormice) Sciuridae (Squirrels, chipmunks, marmots, susliks and prairie dogs)

Castorimorpha ("Beaver-like")

Castoroidea Castoridae
Castoridae
(Beavers)

Geomyoidea Geomyidae (Pocket gophers) Heteromyidae
Heteromyidae
(Kangaroo rats and mice, pocket mice)

Myomorpha ("Mouse-like")

Dipodoidea Dipodidae
Dipodidae
(Jerboas, jumping mice and birch mice)

Muroidea Platacanthomyidae
Platacanthomyidae
(Oriental dormice) Spalacidae
Spalacidae
(Zokors, bamboo rats, mole rats, blind mole rats) Calomyscidae (Mouse-like hamsters) Nesomyidae
Nesomyidae
(Malagasy rats and relatives) Cricetidae
Cricetidae
(Hamsters and relatives) Muridae
Muridae
(House mouse and relatives)

Anomaluromorpha ("Anomalure-like")

Anomaluridae
Anomaluridae
(Anomalures) Pedetidae
Pedetidae
(Springhares)

Hystricomorpha ("Porcupine-like")

Ctenodactylidae (Gundis) Diatomyidae
Diatomyidae
(Laotian rock rat) Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)

Phiomorpha Bathyergidae (Blesmols) Petromuridae (Dassie rat) Thryonomyidae (Cane rats)

Caviomorpha
Caviomorpha
(New World hystricognaths) Erethizontidae (New World porcupines) Caviidae
Caviidae
(Cavies) Cuniculidae (Pacas) Dasyproctidae
Dasyproctidae
(Agoutis and acouchis) Dinomyidae
Dinomyidae
(Pacarana) Capromyidae (Hutias) Ctenomyidae (Tuco-tucos) Echimyidae
Echimyidae
(Spiny rats and coypus) Octodontidae
Octodontidae
(Degus and relatives) Abrocomidae (Chinchilla rats) Chinchillidae
Chinchillidae
(Chinchillas and viscachas)

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Prehistoric families in order Rodentia

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Infraclass: Eutheria Superorder: Euarchontoglires

Sciuromorpha

Allomyidae Mylagaulidae Reithroparamyidae

Castorimorpha

Eutypomyidae Rhizospalacidae Eomyidae Florentiamyidae Heliscomyidae

Myomorpha

Armintomyidae Anomalomyidae Simimyidae

Anomaluromorpha

Parapedetidae

Hystricomorpha

Tamquammyidae Gobiomyidae Yuomyidae Chapattimyidae Tsaganomyidae "Baluchimyinae" Bathyergoididae Myophiomyidae Diamantomyidae Phiomyidae Kenyamyidae Cephalomyidae Eocardiidae Neoepiblemidae Heptaxodontidae

incertae sedis

Eurymylidae Alagomyidae Archetypomyidae Cocomyidae Ivanantoniidae Laredomyidae Ischyromyidae Theridomyidae Protoptychidae Zegdoumyidae Sciuravidae Cylindrodontidae Zelomyidae

See also: Category

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Extant species of family Anomaluridae
Anomaluridae
(Scaly-tailed flying squirrels)

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Rodentia Suborder: Anomaluromorpha

Anomalurinae (Large anomalures)

Anomalurus

Beecroft's flying squirrel
Beecroft's flying squirrel
( Anomalurus
Anomalurus
beecrofti) Lord Derby's scaly-tailed flying squirrel ( Anomalurus
Anomalurus
derbianus) Pel's flying squirrel
Pel's flying squirrel
( Anomalurus
Anomalurus
pelii) Dwarf scaly-tailed squirrel
Dwarf scaly-tailed squirrel
( Anomalurus
Anomalurus
pusillus)

Zenkerellinae (Small anomalures)

Idiurus

Long-eared flying mouse
Long-eared flying mouse
(Idiurus macrotis) Pygmy scaly-tailed flying squirrel
Pygmy scaly-tailed flying squirrel
(Idiurus zenkeri)

Zenkerella

Cameroon scaly-tail
Cameroon scaly-tail
(Zenkerella insignis)

Category

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Species of family Pedetidae

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Rodentia Suborder: Anomaluromorpha

†Megapedetes

†M. aegaeus †M. gariepensis †M. pentadactylus †M. pickfordi

Pedetes

Springhare
Springhare
(P. capensis) †P. laetoliensis P. surdaster

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1066173 ADW: Anomaluromorpha EoL: 2848956 ITIS: 57

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