Anna-Lou "Annie" Leibovitz (/ˈliːbəvɪts/; born October 2, 1949) is
an American portrait photographer. She photographed
John Lennon on the
day he was assassinated, and her work has been used on numerous album
covers and magazines. She became the first woman to hold an exhibition
at Washington's National
Portrait Gallery in 1991.
1 Early life
2.1 Rolling Stone
2.2 The Rolling Stones
2.3 John Lennon
2.4 Other projects
2.5 Pirelli calendar
3 Personal life
3.4 Financial troubles
4 Noted photographs
7 See also
Born in Waterbury, Connecticut, on October 2, 1949, Anna-Lou
Leibovitz is the third of six children of Marilyn Edith (née Heit)
and Samuel Leibovitz. She is a third-generation American; her
father's parents were Romanian Jews. Her mother was a modern dance
instructor of Estonian-Jewish heritage. Her father was a lieutenant
colonel in the U.S. Air Force. The family moved frequently with her
father's duty assignments, and she took her first pictures when he was
stationed in the
Philippines during the Vietnam War. She took
photographs around the military base and of nearby locals. Annie's
passion of art was born out of her mother's engagement with dance,
music, and painting.
At Northwood High School in Silver Spring, Maryland, she became
interested in various artistic endeavors and began to write and play
music. She attended the San Francisco Art Institute, where she
studied painting with the intention of becoming an art teacher. At
school, she had her first photography workshop and changed her major
after to photography. She was inspired by the work of
Robert Frank and
Henri Cartier-Bresson, which her school educated about. For several
years, she continued to develop her photography skills while holding
various jobs, including a stint on a kibbutz in Amir, Israel, for
several months in 1969.
When Leibovitz returned to the
United States in 1970, she started her
career as staff photographer, working for
Rolling Stone magazine. In
Jann Wenner named Leibovitz chief photographer of
Rolling Stone, a job she would hold for 10 years. Leibovitz worked for
the magazine until 1983, and her intimate photographs of celebrities
helped define the
Rolling Stone look.
While working for Rolling Stone, Leibovitz learned that she could work
for magazines and still create personal work, of her family which for
her was the most important. “You don’t get the opportunity to do
this kind of intimate work except with the people you love, the people
who will put up with you. They’re the people who open their hearts
and souls and lives to you. You must take care of them.” 
She was awarded The Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Medal and
Honorary Fellowship (HonFRPS) in recognition of a sustained,
significant contribution to the art of photography in 2009.
The Rolling Stones
Leibovitz photographed the Rolling Stones in San Francisco in 1971 and
1972, and served as the concert-tour photographer for the Rolling
Stones' Tour of the Americas '75. Her favorite photo from the tour was
a photo of
Mick Jagger in an elevator.
On December 8, 1980, Leibovitz had a photo shoot with
John Lennon for
Rolling Stone, and she promised him he would make the cover.
She had initially tried to get a picture with just Lennon alone, as
Rolling Stone wanted, but Lennon insisted that both he and
Yoko Ono be
on the cover. Leibovitz then tried to re-create something like the
kissing scene from the couple's
Double Fantasy 1980 album cover, a
picture Leibovitz loved, and she had John remove his clothes and curl
up next to Yoko on the floor. Leibovitz recalls, "What is interesting
is she said she'd take her top off and I said, 'Leave everything
on'—not really preconceiving the picture at all. Then he
curled up next to her and it was very, very strong. You couldn't help
but feel that he was cold and he looked like he was clinging on to
her. I think it was amazing to look at the first Polaroid and they
were both very excited. John said, 'You've captured our relationship
exactly. Promise me it'll be on the cover.' I looked him in the eye
and we shook on it." Leibovitz was the last person to
professionally photograph Lennon—he was shot and killed five
The photograph was subsequently re-created in 2009 by John and Yoko's
son Sean Lennon, posing with his girlfriend Charlotte Kemp Muhl, with
male/female roles reversed (Sean clothed, Kemp naked), and by
Henry Bond and
Sam Taylor-Wood in their
YBA pastiche October 26,
In 2011, Leibovitz was nominated alongside Singaporean photographer
Dominic Khoo and Wing Shya for Asia Pacific Photographer of the
In the 1980s, Leibovitz's new style of lighting and use of bold colors
and poses got her a position with Vanity Fair magazine.
Leibovitz photographed celebrities for an international advertising
American Express charge cards, which won a Clio award in
In 1991, Leibovitz mounted an exhibition at the National Portrait
Gallery. She was the second living portraitist and first woman to show
In 1991, Leibovitz had been made Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des
Lettres by the French government.
Also in 1991, Leibovitz emulated Margaret Bourke-White's feat by
mounting one of the eagle gargoyles on the 61st floor of the Chrysler
Building in Manhattan, where she photographed the dancer David Parsons
cavorting on another eagle gargoyle. Noted Life photographer and
John Loengard made a gripping photo of Leibovitz at the
climax of her danger. (Loengard was photographing Leibovitz for The
New York Times that day.)
In 2007, major retrospective of Leibovitz's work was held at the
Brooklyn Museum, The retrospective was based on her book, Annie
Leibovitz: A Photographer's Life, 1990–2005 and included many of her
professional (celebrity) photographs as well as numerous personal
photographs of her family, children, and partner Susan Sontag. This
show, which was expanded to include three of the official portraits of
Queen Elizabeth II, then went on the road for seven stops. It was on
display at the
Corcoran Gallery of Art
Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., from
October 2007 to January 2008 and at the Palace of the Legion of Honor
in San Francisco from March 2008 to May 2008. In February 2009, the
exhibition was moved to Berlin, Germany. The show included 200
photographs. At the exhibition, Leibovitz showed that she doesn't
have two lives, career and personal, but has one wherein assignments
and personal pictures are all part of her works. This exhibition and
her talk focused on her personal photographs and life.
In 2007, the
BBC misrepresented Leibovitz's portrait shooting of Queen
Elizabeth II, to take the Queen's official picture for her state visit
to Virginia. This was filmed for the
BBC documentary A Year with the
Queen. A promotional trailer for the film showed the Queen reacting
angrily to Leibovitz's suggestion ("less dressy") that she remove her
tiara, then a scene of the Queen walking down a corridor, telling an
aide "I'm not changing anything. I've had enough dressing like this,
thank you very much." The
BBC later apologized and admitted that
the sequence of events had been misrepresented, as the Queen was in
fact walking to the sitting in the second scene. This led to a BBC
scandal and a shake-up of ethics training. However a 2015 London Times
article published just ahead of the Queen's reign exceeding that of
Queen Victoria contradicts this story. It stated that the Queen was
both incredulous at being asked to remove her crown as "no-one tells
her what to do" and insulted as the item was only a tiara.
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company hired her to do a series of
photographs with celebrities in various roles and scenes for the Walt
Disney Parks and Resorts "Year of a Million Dreams" campaign.
On April 25, 2008,
Entertainment Tonight reported that 15-year-old
Miley Cyrus had posed topless for a photo shoot with Vanity
Fair. The photograph and subsequently released
behind-the-scenes photographs show Cyrus topless, her bare back
exposed but her front covered with a bedsheet. The photo was taken by
Leibovitz. The full photograph was published with an accompanying
story on The New York Times' website on April 27, 2008. On April 29,
The New York Times
The New York Times clarified: though the pictures left an
impression that she was bare-breasted, Cyrus was wrapped in a bedsheet
and was actually not topless. Some parents expressed outrage at
the nature of the photograph, which a
Disney spokesperson described as
"a situation [that] was created to deliberately manipulate a
15-year-old in order to sell magazines".
In response to the Internet circulation of the photo and ensuing media
attention, Cyrus released a statement of apology on April 27:
I took part in a photo shoot that was supposed to be 'artistic' and
now, seeing the photographs and reading the story, I feel so
embarrassed. I never intended for any of this to happen and I
apologize to my fans who I care so deeply about.
Leibovitz also released a statement saying:
I'm sorry that my portrait of Miley has been misinterpreted... The
photograph is a simple, classic portrait, shot with very little
makeup, and I think it is very beautiful.
In October 2011, Leibovitz had an exhibit in Moscow. In an interview
with Rossiya 24, she explained her photography style.
In 2014, the
New-York Historical Society
New-York Historical Society mounted an exhibit of
Leibovitz's work, based on her 2011 book, Pilgrimages.
January 2016 to February 2017, WOMEN: New Portraits, commissioned by
UBS and reflecting the changing roles of women, shown in 10 cities
In 2017, Leibovitz announced the release of an online photography
class entitled "
Annie Leibovitz Teaches Photography".
In January 2018, Leibovitz's cover photo for Vanity Fair was
criticized online for image manipulation that appeared to show actress
Reese Witherspoon with three legs.
In 2015, Leibovitz was the principal photographer for the 2016 Pirelli
calendar. Leibovitz took a drastic shift from the calendar traditional
style by focusing on admirable women as opposed to sexuality. The
calendar included Amy Schumer,
Serena Williams and Patti Smith.
Leibovitz had previously worked on the 2000 calendar.
Leibovitz has three daughters. Her first one, Sarah Cameron Leibovitz
was born in October 2001 when Leibovitz was 52 years old. Her twin
girls, Susan and Samuelle, were born to a surrogate mother in May
Leibovitz had a close relationship with writer and essayist Susan
Sontag from 1989 until Sontag's death in 2004. During Sontag's
lifetime, neither woman publicly disclosed whether the relationship
was a platonic friendship or romantic.
Newsweek magazine in 2006 made
reference to Leibovitz's decade-plus relationship with Sontag,
stating, "The two first met in the late '80s, when Leibovitz
photographed her for a book jacket. They never lived together, though
they each had an apartment within view of the other's." Leibovitz,
when interviewed for her autobiography A Photographer's Life:
1990–2005, said the book told a number of stories, and "with Susan,
it was a love story." While
The New York Times
The New York Times in 2009 referred to
Sontag as Leibovitz's "companion", Leibovitz wrote in A
Photographer's Life that "words like 'companion' and 'partner' were
not in our vocabulary. We were two people who helped each other
through our lives. The closest word is still 'friend'." That same
year, Leibovitz said the descriptor "lover" was accurate. She
later reiterated, "Call us 'lovers'. I like 'lovers.' You know,
'lovers' sounds romantic. I mean, I want to be perfectly clear. I love
Despite being raised in a Jewish home, Leibovitz no longer practices
Judaism. When asked if being Jewish is important to her, Leibovitz
replied, "I'm not a practicing Jew, but I feel very Jewish."
In February 2009, Leibovitz borrowed US$15.5 million, after
having experienced financial challenges, putting up several houses
as well as the rights to all of her photographs as collateral.
The New York Times
The New York Times noted that "one of the world's most successful
photographers essentially pawned every snap of the shutter she had
made or will make until the loans are paid off," and that, despite
a US$50 million archive, Leibovitz had a "long history of less
than careful financial dealings" and "a recent series of personal
issues" including the loss of her parents and the 2004 death of
Sontag, as well as the addition of two children to her family, and
controversial renovation of three
Greenwich Village properties.
Greenwich Village properties, at 755–757 Greenwich Street, are
part of the
Greenwich Village Historic District, and thus the New York
City Landmarks Preservation Commission must review and approve any
work done to the buildings. However, work initiated on the buildings
in October 2002, without a permit, began a chain of destruction of
those buildings and the neighbor's at 311 West 11th
Street. Due to pressure from the
Greenwich Village Society for
Historic Preservation and other groups, the buildings were finally
stabilized, though the preservation group criticized the eventual
repairs as shoddy and historically insensitive.
In July 2009, the Art Capital Group filed a breach of contract lawsuit
against Leibovitz for US$24 million regarding repayment of these
loans. In a follow-up article dated September 5, 2009, an
Associated Press story quoted legal experts as saying that filing for
bankruptcy reorganization might offer Leibovitz her best chance to
control and direct the disposition of her assets to satisfy debts.
On September 11, Art Capital Group withdrew its lawsuit against
Leibovitz and extended the due date for repayment of the
US$24 million loan. Under the agreement, Leibovitz retains
control over her work and will be the "exclusive agent in the sale of
her real property (land) and copyrights".
In March 2010,
Colony Capital concluded a new financing and marketing
agreement with Leibovitz, paying off Art Capital and removing or
reducing the risks to Leibovitz of losing her artistic and real
estate. The following month, Brunswick Capital Partners sued
Leibovitz, claiming it was owed several hundred thousand dollars for
helping her restructure her debt. That December 2012, Leibovitz
West Village townhouse for sale at US$33 million,
stating she wanted to move closer to her daughter.
Leibovitz in front of her
More Demi Moore
More Demi Moore Vanity Fair cover photo,
In 1978 Leibovitz photographed the cover for Joan Armatrading's fifth
studio album To the Limit, spending four days at her house capturing
the images. Leibovitz also did the photography for Armatrading's
live album, Steppin' Out.
John Lennon and
Yoko Ono for the Jan. 22, 1981,
Rolling Stone cover,
taken the day Lennon was murdered.
Prisoners at Soledad State Prison in California, each hugging a
visiting family member, with each couple standing a few feet from the
next, taken on Christmas 1971.
Linda Ronstadt in a red slip, on her bed, reaching for a glass of
water in a 1976 cover story for
Rolling Stone magazine.
Demi Moore has been the subject of two highly publicized Vanity Fair
covers taken by Leibovitz:
More Demi Moore
More Demi Moore (Aug. 1991) featuring Moore
pregnant and nude, and
Demi's Birthday Suit
Demi's Birthday Suit (Aug 1992), showing Moore
nude with a suit painted on her body.
Marion Cotillard for the Autumn/Winter 2009 collection of the Lady
Dior - Lady Rouge handbag campaign and for the November 2009 cover
of Vogue with the cast of Nine.
Fleetwood Mac for a 1977 issue of
Rolling Stone magazine. Stevie Nicks
Mick Fleetwood are shown lying together, as are Christine McVie
Lindsey Buckingham at the opposite end of the bed.
John McVie is
Whoopi Goldberg lying in a bathtub full of milk, shot from above.
Christo, fully wrapped so the viewer must take the artist's word that
Christo is actually under the wrapping.
David Cassidy on the
Rolling Stone cover depicting him naked from his
head to his waist.
Dolly Parton vamping for the camera while
Arnold Schwarzenegger flexes
his biceps behind her, featured in an August 25, 1977, Rolling Stone
Dan Aykroyd and
John Belushi as The Blues Brothers, with their faces
Keira Knightley and Scarlett Johansson, both nude, with a fully
clothed Tom Ford, for the cover of Vanity Fair's March 2006 Hollywood
Knut with Leonardo DiCaprio, a 2007 Vanity Fair cover.
Elizabeth II on occasion of her state visit in
United States in
2007, and in 2016 at Windsor Castle to mark her 90th birthday.
Joan Collins in a limo, Los Angeles 1987.
Sting, with whom she shares a birthday, naked in the desert, covered
in mud to blend in with the scenery.
Closeup portrait of
Pete Townshend framed by his bleeding hand
dripping real blood down the side of his face.
"Fire" portrait and caption "
Patti Smith Catches Fire."
She's So Unusual
She's So Unusual and True Colors album covers
Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A. and Tunnel of Love album
Gisele Bündchen and
LeBron James on the April 2008 cover of Vogue
Miley Cyrus's Vanity Fair photo in which the 15-year-old star appeared
semi-nude, leading to a controversy.
Michael Jackson twice for the cover of Vanity Fair magazine, including
other additional photographs of him that were not featured on the
cover of the magazine.
Bill Gates for the cover of Gates' book The Road Ahead.
Family of Barack Obama
Family of Barack Obama in the White House.
Johnny Depp and
Kate Moss at the Royalton Hotel, New York in 1994. A
nude Moss laying on a bed while fully clothed Depp is lying between
her legs, covering her abdomen.
Lance Armstrong riding his Trek Madone bicycle in the buff in the
rain. It was shown in Vanity Fair's 1999 December issue.
Lady Gaga for Vogue and Vanity Fair.
Rihanna for Vogue in 2011 and 2012.
The cast of Les Misérables (Hugh Jackman, Russell Crowe, Anne
Hathaway, Amanda Seyfried, Eddie Redmayne,
Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter and
Sacha Baron Cohen) for Vogue in 2012.
Benedict Cumberbatch for Vogue in 2013
Kanye West and their daughter North for Vogue in
Dane DeHaan for Prada.
Amy Van Dyken
Amy Van Dyken posing underwater with a milk mustache as part of the
1996 Milk Mustache campaign.
The cast of Star Wars: The Force Awakens for Vanity Fair in 2015 and
the cast of Star Wars: The Last Jedi for Vanity Fair in 2017.
Caitlyn Jenner for Vanity Fair. in 2015.
Mark Zuckerberg and his pregnant wife Priscilla Chan in 2015.
Adele for Vogue in 2016.
Christopher Hitchens at dinner on the night of his marriage to Carol
Blue. Used on the cover of Hitchens' book For the Sake of
Serena Williams - Cover of Vanity Fair August 2017, whilst heavily
Paez Medal of Art from VAEA.
2013 Prince of Asturias Award for Communication.
The Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Medal and Honorary
Fellowship (HonFRPS) in recognition of a sustained, significant
contribution to the art of photography in 2009.
"Dancers: Photographs by Annie Leibovitz"
"White Oak Dance Project: Photographs by Annie Leibovitz"
A Photographer's Life 1990–2005 (catalog for a traveling exhibit
that debuted at the
Brooklyn Museum in October 2006)
Annie Leibovitz: At Work
Annie Leibovitz (SUMO-sized book with 250 photographs with a
supplementary book featuring essays by Annie Leibovitz, Graydon
Carter, Hans Ulrich Obrist, and Paul Roth)
Annie Leibovitz: Portraits 2005–2016
Leibovitz v. Paramount Pictures Corp.
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