ANNE BAXTER (May 7, 1923 – December 12, 1985) was an American
actress, star of
Hollywood films, Broadway productions, and television
series. She won an Oscar and a Golden Globe and was nominated for an
The granddaughter of
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright , Baxter studied acting with
Maria Ouspenskaya and had some stage experience before making her film
20 Mule Team (1940). She became a contract player of 20th
Century Fox and was loaned out to
RKO Pictures for a role in Orson
Welles ' The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), one of her first important
films. In 1947, she won the
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
for her role as Sophie MacDonald in The Razor\'s Edge (1946). In 1951,
she received an
Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for the
title role in
All About Eve (1950). She worked with several of
Hollywood's greatest directors, including
Alfred Hitchcock in I
Fritz Lang in
The Blue Gardenia (1953), and Cecil B.
DeMille in The Ten Commandments (1956).
* 1 Early life
* 2 Career
* 3 Personal life
* 4 Death
* 5 Awards and nominations
* 6 Filmography
* 7 Radio appearances
* 8 See also
* 9 References
* 10 External links
Baxter was born in
Michigan City, Indiana , to Catherine Dorothy
(née Wright; 1894–1979) —whose father was the famed architect
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright —and Kenneth Stuart Baxter (1893–1977), an
executive with the
Seagrams Distillery Company . When Baxter was five,
she appeared in a school play and, as her family had moved to New York
when she was six years old, Baxter continued to act. She was raised in
Westchester County, NY and attended Brearley . At age 10, Baxter
attended a Broadway play starring
Helen Hayes , and was so impressed
that she declared to her family that she wanted to become an actress.
By the age of 13, she had appeared on Broadway in Seen but Not Heard.
During this period, Baxter learned her acting craft as a student of
the famed teacher
Maria Ouspenskaya . In 1939 she was cast as
Katherine Hepburn's little sister in the play The Philadelphia Story ,
but Hepburn did not like Baxter's acting style and she was replaced
during the show's pre-Broadway run. Rather than giving up, she turned
Joseph Cotten ,
Anne Baxter and
Tim Holt in The Magnificent
At 16, Baxter screen-tested for the role of Mrs. DeWinter in Rebecca
, losing to
Joan Fontaine because director
Alfred Hitchcock deemed
Baxter too young for the role, but she soon secured a seven-year
20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox . Her first movie role was in 20 Mule
Team in 1940. She was chosen by director
Orson Welles to appear in The
Magnificent Ambersons (1942). In 1943, she played a French maid in a
North African hotel (with a credible French accent) in
Billy Wilder 's
Five Graves to Cairo . Baxter co-starred with
Tyrone Power and Gene
Tierney in 1946's The Razor\'s Edge , for which she won the Academy
Award for Best Supporting Actress . Baxter later recounted that The
Razor's Edge contained her only great performance, a hospital scene
where the character, Sophie, "loses her husband, child and everything
else." She said she relived the death of her brother, who had died at
age three. She played Mike in the 1948 Western film
Yellow Sky with
Gregory Peck and
Richard Widmark . Baxter as Eve Harrington in
All About Eve (1950) Baxter with
Yul Brynner in The Ten
In 1950, Baxter was chosen to co-star in
All About Eve , largely
because of a resemblance to
Claudette Colbert , who was originally set
to star but dropped out and was replaced by
Bette Davis . The original
idea was to have Baxter's character gradually come to mirror Colbert's
over the course of the film. Baxter received an Academy Award
nomination for Best Actress for the title role of Eve Harrington. She
said she modeled the role on a bitchy understudy she had for her debut
performance in the Broadway play Seen But Not Heard at the age of
thirteen and who had threatened to "finish her off." Through the
1950s she continued to act on stage. In 1953, Baxter contracted a
two-picture deal for
Warner Brothers . Her first was opposite
Montgomery Clift in
Alfred Hitchcock 's I Confess ; the second was the
The Blue Gardenia as a woman accused of murder.
In June 1954, Baxter won the coveted part of the Egyptian princess
and queen Nefretiri , one of her most memorable roles, opposite
Charlton Heston 's portrayal of
Cecil B. DeMille 's
award-winning The Ten Commandments . Her scenes were shot on
Paramount's sound stages in 1955, and she attended the film's New York
and Los Angeles premieres in November 1956. Despite criticisms of her
interpretation of Nefretiri, DeMille and The
Hollywood Reporter both
thought her performance was "very good," and The New York Daily News
described her as "remarkably effective." She later remembered the
film in an interview:
"DeMille asked me to come in. His office at Paramount was bursting
with books, props, rolls of linens. I told him I'd have to wear an
Egyptian false nose and he pounded the table. 'No. Baxter, your Irish
nose stays in this picture.' He acted out my part and I kept nodding,
and I walked out with the part. The soundstage sets were magnificent.
It was all corny, sure, but DeMille knew it was corny—that's what he
wanted, what he loved. I loved slinking around—really, this was
silent film acting but with dialogue."
In 1960, Baxter received a motion pictures star on the
of Fame at 6741
Hollywood Boulevard .
She worked regularly in television in the 1960s. She appeared as one
of the What\'s My Line? "Mystery Guests" on the popular Sunday night
CBS-TV gameshow. She also starred as guest villain "
Zelda The Great "
in episodes 9 and 10 of the Batman series. She appeared as another
villain, "Olga, Queen of the Cossacks", opposite
Vincent Price 's
"Egghead " in three episodes of the show's third season. She also
played an old flame of
Raymond Burr on his crime series Ironside .
Baxter returned to Broadway during the 1970s in Applause , the
musical version of
All About Eve , but this time in the "Margo
Channing" role played by
Bette Davis in the film (succeeding Lauren
Bacall , who won a
Tony Award in the role).
In the 1970s, Baxter was a frequent guest and guest host on The Mike
Douglas Show , since Baxter and its star
Mike Douglas were friends.
She portrayed a murderous film star on an episode of Columbo , called
"Requiem for a Falling Star ". In this episode, she portrayed a fading
movie star called Nora Chandler, perhaps in homage to the fading star
Margo Channing (Bette Davis) of All About Eve, in which Baxter also
starred. In 1971, she also had a role in Fools\' Parade , as an aging
prostitute who helps characters played by
Jimmy Stewart , Strother
Martin , and
Kurt Russell escape from the villain, played by George
Kennedy , before an act of betrayal seals her fate. In 1983, Baxter
starred in the television series Hotel , replacing
Bette Davis after
Davis became ill.
Baxter at the New York premiere of The Ten Commandments (1956)
In 1946, Baxter married actor
John Hodiak . They had one daughter,
Katrina, born in 1951. Baxter and Hodiak divorced in 1953, which she
later blamed on herself. He died one-and-a-half years later.
Baxter was a Republican who was active in the campaigns of Thomas E.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower .
In 1960, Baxter married her second husband, Randolph Galt. Galt was
the American owner of a neighboring cattle station near Sydney,
Australia, where she was filming Summer of the Seventeenth Doll. She
Hollywood with Katrina to live with him on a remote 14973 hectare
(37,000 acre) cattle station he bought 290 km (180 miles) north of
Sydney called Giro (pronounced Ghee-ro). During this time, they had
two daughters, Melissa (b. 1962) and Maginel (b. 1963). After the
birth of Maginel, back in California, Galt unexpectedly announced that
they were moving to an 4452 hectare (11,000 acre) ranch south of
Grants, New Mexico . They then moved to Hawaii (his home state)
before settling back in
Brentwood, Los Angeles, California . Baxter
and Galt were divorced in 1969. In 1976, Baxter recounted her
courtship with Galt (whom she called "Ran") and their experiences at
Giro in a well-received book called Intermission. Melissa Galt became
an interior designer and then a business coach, speaker and seminar
provider. Maginel became a cloistered Roman Catholic nun, reportedly
Rome, Italy .
Baxter married again, in 1977 to David Klee, a prominent stockbroker
. It was a brief marriage; Klee died unexpectedly from illness. The
newlywed couple had purchased a sprawling property in Easton,
Connecticut , which they extensively remodeled; however, Klee did not
live to see the renovations completed. Although she maintained a
residence in West
Hollywood , Baxter considered her Connecticut home
to be her primary residence. Baxter was passionate about music and was
an active benefactor of the Connecticut Early Music Society.
Baxter was a longtime friend of celebrated costume designer Edith
Head , whom she first met on the set of Five Graves to Cairo. Head
appeared with Baxter in a cameo role in "Requiem for a Falling Star",
a 1973 Columbo episode. Upon Head's death in 1981, Melissa Galt, who
was also a goddaughter of Head, was bequeathed Head's jewelry
Baxter suffered a stroke on December 4, 1985, while hailing a taxi
Madison Avenue in New York City. Baxter remained on life support
for eight days in New York's Lenox Hill hospital, until family members
agreed that brain function had ceased. She died on December 12, aged
62. Baxter is buried on the estate of
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright at Lloyd
Jones Cemetery in
Spring Green, Wisconsin . She was survived by her
AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS
Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
The Razor\'s Edge
Best Supporting Actress
The Razor's Edge
All About Eve
Primetime Emmy Award
Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
The Name of the Game ("The Bobby Currier Story")
Anne Baxter filmography
Old Gold Comedy Theatre
Nothing But the Truth
Lux Radio Theatre
The Luck of the Irish
Theatre Guild on the Air
Trial by Forgery
* Biography portal
List of actors with
Academy Award nominations
* ^ A B
* ^ Obituary Variety , December 18, 1985.
Anne Baxter genealogy. Rootsweb.com.
* ^ Jean Stratton (March 27, 2007). "Long-time Princeton Resident
Herbert W. Hobler Has Been in the Action and Shaped Events".
* ^ David Lee Smith, Hoosiers in
Hollywood (Indianapolis, IN:
Indiana Historical Society Press, 2006), 177-178.
* ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0035884/?ref_=nm_flmg_act_92
* ^ A B C Frances Ingram. "Anne Baxter: An Actress, Not a
Personality". classicimages.com. Archived from the original on May 25,
2012. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
* ^ "'Commandments' Role For Anne Baxter". Variety . June 7, 1954.
access-date= requires url= (help )
* ^ DeMille, Cecil Blount (1959). The Autobiography of Cecil B.
DeMille. Prentice-Hall. p. 416.
* ^ "\'The Ten Commandments\': Read THR\'s 1956 Review". The
Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved December 27, 2016.
* ^ "Flashback: Original 1956 review of \'The Ten Commandments\' in
the Daily News".
The New York Daily News . Retrieved December 27,
* ^ Bawden, James; Miller, Ron (2016). Conversations with Classic
Film Stars: Interviews from Hollywood\'s Golden Era. University Press
of Kentucky . p. 148. ISBN 0813167124 . Retrieved December 27, 2016.
* ^ "
Hollywood Walk of Fame". walkoffame.com.
Retrieved November 15, 2017.
* ^ A B
Anne Baxter (1976). Intermission: A True Tale (hardback).
G.P.Putnam's Sons, New York. ISBN 0-399-11577-3 .
* ^ Thomas, Bob (October 24, 1948). "
Hollywood Is Pitching Into
Sarasota Herald-Tribune . Retrieved August 27, 2015.
* ^ "Republicans in
Hollywood Set Stage for Ike". The Owosso
Associated Press . October 9, 1952. Retrieved August 27,
* ^ Philip Nutman (September 3, 2001). "Galt\'s heritage and
history led to design career". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved
March 25, 2014.
* ^ "Melissa Galt Website". Retrieved June 4, 2012.
* ^ "An Ann Baxter Accolade". Retrieved October 14, 2009.
* ^ Peter Weller. "That Toddling Town - Chicago". Retrieved June 4,
* ^ "Edith Head". The Invisible Theatre. Archived from the original
on July 13, 2011.
* ^ "
Anne Baxter Hospitalized".
New York Times
New York Times . December 5, 1985.
* ^ Reid, Alexander. "
Anne Baxter is Dead at 62; Actress Won Oscar
New York Times
New York Times (1923-Current file): 1. Dec 13 1985.
ProQuest. Web. 17 May 2014.
* ^ "Anne Baxter".
Find a Grave
Find a Grave . Retrieved October 21, 2010.
* ^ AP (December 13, 1985). "
Anne Baxter Succumbs at 62". The
* ^ "Radio's Golden Age". Nostalgia Digest. 40 (1): 40–41. Winter
* ^ "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41.
* ^ Kirby, Walter (January 18, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for
the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 40. Retrieved June 20, 2015