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Anne Legendre Armstrong (December 27, 1927 – July 30, 2008) was a United States
United States
diplomat and politician. She was the first woman to serve as Counselor to the President
Counselor to the President
and as United States
United States
Ambassador to the United Kingdom; serving in those capacities under the Ford, Nixon, and Carter administrations. She was the recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987. Biography[edit] She was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, and was graduated from Vassar College in 1949. In 1950, she married Tobin Armstrong and moved to Kenedy County, Texas. From 1966 to 1968, she was the vice chairman of the Texas
Texas
Republican Party. From 1971 to 1973 she was Co-chairman of the Republican National Committee, and she was the keynote speaker at the 1972 Republican National Convention. (She was the first woman from either major party to keynote at a national convention). Nixon named her as Counselor to the President
Counselor to the President
on 19 December 1972, which she held from January 19, 1973 to November 1974 under President Ford.[1] During her tenure as Counselor, Armstrong founded the first Office of Women's Programs in the White House,[2] predecessor to the current White House Council on Women and Girls. Fluent in Spanish, she was Nixon's liaison to Hispanic Americans and was a member of a Cabinet committee on opportunities for Spanish-speaking people.[2] In 1973, a young Karl Rove, then on his way to becoming the chairman of the College Republicans, suggested in a memorandum to Armstrong that the Republican Party show nonpolitical films (such as John Wayne
John Wayne
movies and Reefer Madness) at College Republican clubs as part of a strategy to raise support for the party among students and for fundraising. From 1976 to 1977, Armstrong was the first woman United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom. At the 1976 Republican National Convention in Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri, there was a draft effort to put Armstrong on the ticket as the vice presidential nominee with incumbent President Gerald Ford; Senator Robert Dole
Robert Dole
of Kansas
Kansas
was instead chosen by Ford. In 1978, Armstrong supported George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in his successful primary challenge to Jim Reese in their congressional runoff primary in Texas's 19th congressional district.[3] Bush, however, lost the general election that fall to then Democrat Kent Hance. In 1987, Armstrong was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
by Ronald Reagan. She received an honorary Doctor of Laws from St. Mary's University in 1978. In addition to her public life, Armstrong served on the boards of many U.S. corporations, including American Express, Boise Cascade, Halliburton, and General Motors. She also served on the board of non profit organizations such as Center for Strategic and International Studies and was a member of the Founding Council of the Rothermere American Institute, and the University of Oxford. Armstrong died of cancer at a hospice in Houston
Houston
in 2008. She is buried at Oakwood Cemetery, Austin, Texas.[4] She was survived by her 5 children, John Barclay Armstrong II, Sarita Hixon, Tobin Armstrong Jr., Katharine Love and James L. Armstrong. Her daughter, Katharine (Armstrong) Love, is a Bush Pioneer and was at the Armstrong family ranch south of Corpus Christi when the Dick Cheney hunting incident occurred there in February 2006.[5] References[edit]

^ "Desert Sun 19 December 1972 — California Digital Newspaper Collection". cdnc.ucr.edu. Retrieved 3 May 2017.  ^ a b Holley, Joe (2008-07-31). "Leading Texas
Texas
Republican Anne Armstrong". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-10-22.  ^ "Mayor Jim Reese of Odessa and the Republican Party in the Permian Basin", The West Texas
Texas
Historical Association Year Book, Vol. LXXXVII (October 2011), p. 138 ^ "Anne Legendre Armstrong (1927 - 2008) - Find A Grave Memorial". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 3 May 2017.  ^ "Cheney's hunting host lobbied White House". NBC Investigative Unit via MSNBC. 2006-02-15. 

External links[edit]

Brief biography from the Gerald R. Ford Library Brief biography on Seven Revolutions site A Few Good Women... The Honorable Anne Legendre Armstrong

Party political offices

Preceded by Daniel Evans Keynote
Keynote
Speaker of the Republican National Convention 1972 Succeeded by Howard Baker

Political offices

Preceded by Robert Finch Counselor to the President 1973–1974 Served alongside: Dean Burch, Kenneth Rush Succeeded by Robert Hartmann

Succeeded by John O. Marsh

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Elliot Richardson United States
United States
Ambassador to the United Kingdom 1976–1977 Succeeded by Kingman Brewster

Government offices

Vacant Title last held by Leo Cherne Chair of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board 1981–1990 Succeeded by John Tower

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Ambassadors of the United States
United States
of America to the Court of St. James's

Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1785–1811

John Adams
John Adams
(1785–1788) Thomas Pinckney
Thomas Pinckney
(1792–1796) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1796–1803) James Monroe
James Monroe
(1803–1807) William Pinkney
William Pinkney
(1808–1811) Jonathan Russell
Jonathan Russell
(chargé d'affaires) (1811–1812)

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1815–1893

John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
(1815–1817) Richard Rush
Richard Rush
(1818–1825) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1825–1826) Albert Gallatin
Albert Gallatin
(1826–1827) James Barbour
James Barbour
(1828–1829) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1829–1831) Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren
(1831–1832) Aaron Vail (chargé d'affaires) (1832–1836) Andrew Stevenson
Andrew Stevenson
(1836–1841) Edward Everett
Edward Everett
(1841–1845) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1845–1846) George Bancroft
George Bancroft
(1846–1849) Abbott Lawrence
Abbott Lawrence
(1849–1852) Joseph R. Ingersoll (1852–1853) James Buchanan
James Buchanan
(1853–1856) George M. Dallas
George M. Dallas
(1856–1861) Charles Adams Sr. (1861–1868) Reverdy Johnson
Reverdy Johnson
(1868–1869) John Lothrop Motley
John Lothrop Motley
(1869–1870) Robert C. Schenck
Robert C. Schenck
(1871–1876) Edwards Pierrepont
Edwards Pierrepont
(1876–1877) John Welsh (1877–1879) James Russell Lowell
James Russell Lowell
(1880–1885) Edward J. Phelps (1885–1889) Robert Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln
(1889–1893)

Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1893–present

Thomas F. Bayard
Thomas F. Bayard
Sr. (1893–1897) John Hay
John Hay
(1897–1898) Joseph Choate (1899–1905) Whitelaw Reid
Whitelaw Reid
(1905–1912) Walter Page (1913-1918) John W. Davis
John W. Davis
(1918–1921) George Harvey (1921–1923) Frank B. Kellogg
Frank B. Kellogg
(1924–1925) Alanson B. Houghton
Alanson B. Houghton
(1925–1929) Charles G. Dawes
Charles G. Dawes
(1929–1931) Andrew W. Mellon
Andrew W. Mellon
(1932–1933) Robert Bingham (1933–1937) Joseph P. Kennedy (1938–1940) John G. Winant (1941–1946) W. Averell Harriman
W. Averell Harriman
(1946) Lewis W. Douglas (1947–1950) Walter S. Gifford (1950–1953) Winthrop W. Aldrich
Winthrop W. Aldrich
(1953–1957) John Hay
John Hay
Whitney (1957–1961) David K. E. Bruce (1961–1969) Walter H. Annenberg (1969–1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1975–1976) Anne Armstrong (1976–1977) Kingman Brewster Jr. (1977–1981) John J. Louis Jr. (1981–1983) Charles H. Price II
Charles H. Price II
(1983–1989) Henry E. Catto Jr. (1989–1991) Raymond G. H. Seitz (1991–1994) William J. Crowe
William J. Crowe
(1994–1997) Philip Lader
Philip Lader
(1997–2001) William Stamps Farish III
William Stamps Farish III
(2001–2004) Robert H. Tuttle
Robert H. Tuttle
(2005–2009) Louis Susman
Louis Susman
(2009–2013) Matthew Barzun
Matthew Barzun
(2013–2017) Woody Johnson
Woody Johnson
(2017– )

v t e

Texas
Texas
Women's Hall of Fame

1984

Christia Adair Kate Atkinson Bell Vivian Castleberry Lila Cockrell Clotilde Garcia Jeane Porter Hester Oveta Culp Hobby Mary Evelyn Blagg Huey Sarah T. Hughes Lady Bird Johnson Barbara Jordan Amy Freeman Lee

1985

Benjy Frances Brooks Patricia Happ Buffler Liz Carpenter Grace Woodruff Cartwright Helen Farabee Maria Elena Flood Willie Lee Glass Lydia Mendoza Jenny Lind Porter Louise Raggio Ann Richards Edna Gardner Whyte

1986

Anne Armstrong Mary Kay Ash Caro Crawford Brown Alicia Chacon Jody Conradt Margaret Cousins (Texas) Wilhelmina Ruth Delco Frances Goff Mary Lavinia Griffith May Owen Sally Ride Ada Simond Hermine Tobolowsky

1987

Lucy G. Acosta Ruth Sharp Altshuler Margaret Harris Amsler Johnnie Benson Tommie Clack Kim Dawson Lillian Dunlap Elithe Hamilton Kirkland Donna Lopiano Katie Sherrod Donnya Stephens Dora Dougherty Strother Mary Nan West

1988

Nancy Brinker Margaret Pease Harper Ninfa Laurenzo Lane Murray Louise Ritter Ruth Taubert Seeger Bert Kruger Smith Eleanor Tinsley

1989

Barbara Bush Judith Craven Gussie Nell Davis Margaret Swan Forbes L. Ruth Guy Terry Hershey Lucia Rede Madrid Jane Wetzel

1993

Linda Louise Craft Ernestine Glossbrenner Gabrielle Kirk McDonald Eleanor Montague Aaronetta Hamilton Pierce Gloria G. Rodriguez Annette Strauss

1994

Rosa Ramirez Guerrero Irma Rangel Mary Beth Rogers Bess Whitehead Scott Hallie Stillwell Francie Larrieu Smith Alvia Wardlaw Martha Wong Eleanor Anne Young

1996

Ebby Halliday Acers Rita Crocker Clements Zina Garrison Sybil Harrington Kay Bailey Hutchison Vassar Miller Helen Oujesky Ruby Lee Piester Dian Graves Stai S. Eva Singletary

1998

Norma Lea Beasley Shirley Thompson Carter Elizabeth Lyons Ghrist Kay Granger Dixie Melillo Diana Natalicio Marsha Sharp

2000

Tillie Burgin Carol Dinkins Anna Maria Farias Juliet V. García Glenna Goodacre Wendy Harpham Jinger L. Heath Dealey Herndon Mamie L. McKnight Jo Stewart Randel Judy Rankin

2002

Karen Hughes Mae Jemison Angela Murdaugh Ann Williams

2004

Susan Combs Trinidad Mendenhall Mary Meyers Rosenfield Sheryl Swoopes

2006

Amanda Dunbar Kathleen Foster Shirley Neeley Ellen Vitetta

2008

Elsa Murano Sandra Day O'Connor Carolyn Peterson Louise Hopkins Underwood Huda Zoghbi

2010

Nancy W. Dickey Erma Johnson Hadley Teresa Lozano Long Judy Castle Scott Pamela Willeford

2012

Barbara Smith Conrad Anne Corn Nina Godiwalla Harriet O'Neill Mary Saunders

2014

Nandita Berry Joanne Herring Kim Olson Anita Perry Ann Stuart Senfronia Thompson Deborah Tucker Carolyn Wright

2016

Emma Carter Browning Susie Hitchcock-Hall Ginger Kerrick Renu Khator Selena

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 11256606 LCC

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