Annamite Range or the Annamese Mountains (French: Chaîne
Annamitique; Lao: ພູ ຫລວງ Xai Phou Luang; Vietnamese: Dãy
Trường Sơn) is a mountain range of eastern Indochina, which
extends approximately 1,100 km (680 mi) through Laos,
Vietnam, and a small area in northeast Cambodia. The mountain range is
also referred to variously as Annamese Range, Annamese Mountains,
Annamese Cordillera, Annamite Mountains and Annamite Cordillera.
The highest points of the range are 2,819 m high Phou Bia, 2,720 m
Phu Xai Lai Leng
Phu Xai Lai Leng and Ngọc Linh (Ngoc Pan), 2,598 m
(8,524 ft). The latter is located at the northwestern edge of the
Triassic Kontum Massif, in central Vietnam. Important passes are
the Nape Pass and the Mụ Giạ Pass.
Annamite Range runs parallel to the Vietnamese coast, in a gentle
curve which divides the basin of the
Mekong River from Vietnam's
narrow coastal plain along the South China Sea. Most of the crests are
on the Laotian side. The eastern slope of the range rises steeply from
the plain, drained by numerous short rivers. The western slope is more
gentle, forming significant plateaus before descending to the banks of
the Mekong. The range itself has three main plateaus, from north to
south: Phouane Plateau, Nakai Plateau and Bolaven Plateau.
Laos lies mostly within the Mekong basin, west of the divide, although
Houaphan Province and a portion of
Xiangkhoang Province (where
Plain of Jars
Plain of Jars is located) lie east of the divide. Most of
Vietnam lies east of the divide, although Vietnam's Tây Nguyên
(Central Highlands) region lies west of the divide, in the Mekong
"An-nam" means in Chinese "to pacify the south", referring to the
region's location relative to China.
3 See also
5 External links
The Annamite mountains now form an important tropical seasonal forest
global ecoregion, the
Annamite Range Moist Forests Ecoregion, which
consists of two terrestrial ecoregions, the Southern Annamites montane
forests and the Northern Annamites moist forests.
The range is home to rare creatures such as the recently discovered
Annamite rabbit and the antelope-like saola, the Douc langur, the
large gaur, the
Chinese pangolin and the Indochinese tiger.
Most of the highlands like the
Annamite Range and the Central
Highlands were populated by ethnic minorities who were not Vietnamese
during the 20th century's start. The demographics were drastically
transformed with the mass colonization of 6 million settlers from 1976
to the 1990s, which led to ethnic Vietnamese Kinh outnumbering the
native ethnic groups in the highlands.
List of Ultras of Southeast Asia
^ Southern Annamites montane rain forests Archived October 1, 2010, at
the Wayback Machine.
^ WWF -
Annamite Range Moist Forests
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Annamite Range.
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