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Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (Buda, Hungary, 23 July 1503 – Prague, Bohemia, 27 January 1547), sometimes known as Anna Jagellonica, Queen of the Romans (Germany), Bohemia and Hungary as the wife of King Ferdinand I, later Holy Roman Emperor.[1]

Contents

1 Family 2 Life 3 Children 4 Ancestors 5 External links 6 References

Family[edit] She was the elder child and only daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (1456–1516) and his third wife Anne of Foix-Candale. She was an older sister of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia. Her paternal grandparents were King Casimir IV of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, of the Jagiellon dynasty, and Elisabeth of Austria, one of the heiresses of Bohemia, duchy of Luxembourg and duchy of Kujavia. Her maternal grandparents were Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale and Catherine de Foix, Infanta of the Kingdom of Navarre.[citation needed] Life[edit]

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She was born in Buda (now Budapest). The death of Vladislaus II on 13 March 1516 left both siblings in the care of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. It was arranged that Anna marry his grandson, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, second son of Queen regnant Joanna of Castile and her late husband and co-ruler, Philip I of Castile. Anna married Ferdinand on 26 May 1521 in Linz, Austria. At the time Ferdinand was governing the Habsburg hereditary lands on behalf of his older brother Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. It was stipulated that Ferdinand should succeed Anne's brother in case he died without male heirs. Her brother Louis was killed in the Battle of Mohács against Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire on 29 August 1526. This left the thrones of both Bohemia and Hungary vacant. Ferdinand claimed both kingdoms and was elected King of Bohemia on 24 October of the same year, making Anna Queen of Bohemia. Hungary was a more difficult case. Suleiman had annexed much of its lands. Ferdinand was proclaimed King of Hungary by a group of nobles, but another faction of Hungarian nobles refused to allow a foreign ruler to hold that title and elected John Zápolya as an alternative king. The resulting conflict between the two rivals and their successors lasted until 1571. In 1531, Ferdinand's older brother Charles V recognised Ferdinand as his successor as Holy Roman Emperor, and Ferdinand was elevated to the title King of the Romans. Anna and Ferdinand had fifteen children, all of whom were born in Bohemia or Hungary. Both of these kingdoms had suffered for centuries from premature deaths among heirs and a shortage of succession prospects. Meanwhile, Anna served as queen consort of Bohemia and as one of three living queens of Hungary until her death. She died in Prague, days after giving birth to her last daughter Joanna. In 1556, Charles V abdicated and Ferdinand succeeded as emperor, nine years after Anna's death. Children[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes

Elisabeth 9 July 1526 15 June 1545 Married the future King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland; no issue.

Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor 31 July 1527 12 October 1576 Married his first cousin Maria of Spain; had issue.

Anna 7 July 1528 16 October/17 October 1590 Married Albert V, Duke of Bavaria; had issue.

Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria 14 June 1529 24 January 1595 Married Philippine Welser; had issue. Married his niece Anne Juliana Gonzaga; had issue.

Maria 15 May 1531 11 December 1581 Married Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg; had issue.

Magdalena 14 August 1532 10 September 1590 A nun.

Catherine 15 September 1533 28 February 1572 Married King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland; no issue.

Eleanor 2 November 1534 5 August 1594 Married William I, Duke of Mantua; had issue.

Margaret of Austria 16 February 1536 12 March 1567 A nun.

John 10 April 1538 20 March 1539 Died in childhood.

Barbara 30 April 1539 19 September 1572 Married Alfonso II d'Este; no issue.

Charles II, Archduke of Austria 3 June 1540 10 July 1590 Married his niece Maria Anna of Bavaria; had issue (including Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor).

Ursula 24 July 1541 30 April 1543 Died in childhood

Helena 7 January 1543 5 March 1574 A nun.

Joanna 24 January 1547 10 April 1578 Married Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany; had issue.

Ancestors[edit]

Ancestors of Anne of Bohemia and Hungary

16. Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania

8. Vladislaus II Jagiellon

17. Uliana of Tver

4. Casimir IV Jagiellon

18. Andrew Ivanovich of Halshany

9. Sophia of Halshany

19. Alexandra Dmitrievna of Drutsk

2. Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary

20. Albert IV, Duke of Austria

10. Albert II, King of the Romans

21. Joanna Sophia of Bavaria

5. Elisabeth of Austria

22. Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor

11. Elizabeth of Luxembourg

23. Barbara of Cilli

1. Anne of Bohemia and Hungary

24.Gaston I of Foix-Grailly

12. John de Foix, 1st Earl of Kendal

25. Marguerite of Albret

6. Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale

26. Sir Thomas Kerdeston

13. Margaret de la Pole

27. Elizabeth de la Pole

3. Anne of Foix-Candale

28. John I, Count of Foix

14. Gaston IV, Count of Foix

29. Joan, Heiress of Navarre

7. Catherine of Foix

30. John II of Aragon

15. Eleanor of Navarre

31. Blanche I of Navarre

External links[edit] Media related to Anne of Bohemia and Hungary at Wikimedia Commons References[edit]

^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/204416/Ferdinand-I

Anne of Bohemia and Hungary House of Jagiellon Cadet branch of the House of Gediminid Born: 23 July 1503 Died: 27 January 1547

Royal titles

Preceded by Isabella of Portugal Queen consort of Germany 1531–1547 with Isabella of Portugal 1531–1539 Succeeded by Maria of Austria

Preceded by Maria of Austria Queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary 1526–1547

v t e

Austrian archduchesses by marriage

1st generation

Eleanor of Portugal Mechthild of the Palatinate Eleanor of Scotland Catherine of Saxony

2nd generation

Mary, Duchess of Burgundy Anne, Duchess of Brittany Bianca Maria Sforza

3rd generation

Joanna of Castile

4th generation

Infanta Isabella of Portugal Anne of Bohemia and Hungary

5th generation

Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal* Mary I of England* Infanta Maria of Spain^ Anna Juliana Gonzaga Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria

6th generation

Archduchess Anna of Austria^ Isabella Clara Eugenia^ Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria Eleonora Gonzaga Claudia de' Medici

7th generation

Princess Elisabeth of France* Infanta Maria Ana of Spain^ Archduchess Maria Leopoldine of Austria^ Eleonora Gonzaga Anna de' Medici Countess Palatine Hedwig of Sulzbach

8th generation

Archduchess Margaret Theresa of Austria^ Archduchess Claudia Felicitas of Austria^ Countess Palatine Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg

9th generation

Princess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg Princess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

10th generation

None

11th generation

Princess Isabella of Parma** Princess Maria Josepha of Bavaria** Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain** Maria Beatrice d'Este, Duchess of Massa**

12th generation

Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg** Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily** Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily** Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg** Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia** Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym** Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg** Princess Elisabeth of Savoy** Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy***

13th generation

Princess Sophie of Bavaria Princess Maria Anna of Saxony** Princess Hildegard of Bavaria Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria^ Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria***

14th generation

Princess Charlotte of Belgium Princess Margaretha of Saxony Princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal Princess Anna of Saxony** Princess Alice of Parma** Princess Maria Immaculata of the Two Sicilies** Princess Isabella of Croÿ Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria^ Princess Auguste Maria of Bavaria

15th generation

Princess Stéphanie of Belgium Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony Princess Maria Cristina of the Two Sicilies** Princess Blanca of Bourbon** Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria^** Princess Anna of Saxony

16th generation

Princess Zita of Parma Princess Franziska of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst Princess Dorothea of Bavaria** Countess Marie Valerie of Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems** Princess Ileana of Romania** Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm** Countess Maria Theresa of Waldburg-Zeil** Princess Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg Princess Christina of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg

17th generation

Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen Princess Margherita of Savoy*** Princess Anne Eugénie of Arenberg Princess Yolande of Ligne Countess Xenia Czernicheva-Besobrasova Princess Anna Gabriele of Wrede Countess Helena of Toerring-Jettenbach Countess Ludmilla of Gallen Princess Laetitia of Arenberg** Countess Margaret Kálnoky von Köröspatak** Maria Espinosa de los Monteros^^** Countess Valerie of Podstatzky-Lichtenstein** Freiin Eva Antonia von Hofmann** Princess Anna Amelie of Schönburg-Waldenburg** Countess Hedwig of Lichem-Löwenburg** Freiin Edith von Sternbach** Princess Margarite of Hohenberg Countess Marie Christine von Hatzfeldt-Dönhoff Eugenia de Calonge^^ Freiin Maria Theresia von Gudenus

18th generation

Freiin Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg Princess Astrid of Belgium*** Princess Katharina of Isenburg-Birstein*** Bettine Götz^^ Paola de Temesváry^^ Baroness Marie Hélène de Villenfagne de Vogelsanck Princess Marie Astrid of Luxembourg Princess Alexandra of Wrede Princess María of the Two Sicilies Sara Maya Al-Askari^^ Mayasuni Heath^^ Countess Katharina of Hardenberg Ashmita Goswami^^ Elyssa Edmonstone^^** Countess Marie Gabrielle of Waldstein** Eugenia de Calonje Gurrea^^ María Gabriela Montenegro Villamizar^^ Iris Jandrasits^^

19th generation

Nobile Elisabetta Maria Rosboch von Wolkenstein*** Estelle de Saint-Romain Kathleen Elizabeth Walker^^ Adélaïde Drapé-Frisch^^

* also an infanta of Spain by marriage ** also a princess of Tuscany by marriage *** also a princess of Modena by marriage ^also an archduchess of Austria in her own right ^^did not have a royal or noble title by birth

v t e

Hungarian queens

Gisela of Bavaria (1000–1038) Anastasia of Kiev (1046–1060) Richeza of Poland (1060–1063) Judith of Swabia (1063–1074) Synadene (1074–1077) Adelaide of Rheinfelden (1077–1090) Felicia of Sicily (1097–1102) Euphemia of Kiev (1112–1113) Helena of Serbia (1131–1141) Euphrosyne of Kiev (1146–1162) Yaroslavna of Halych (1167–1168) Agnes of Babenberg (1168–1172) Maria Komnene (1163–1165) Agnes of Antioch (1172–1184) Margaret of France (1186–1196) Constance of Aragon (1198–1204) Gertrude of Merania (1205–1213) Yolanda de Courtenay (1215–1233) Beatrice d'Este (1234–1235) Maria Laskarina (1235–1270) Elizabeth the Cuman (1270–1272) Elizabeth of Sicily (1272–1290) Fenenna of Kuyavia (1290–1295) Agnes of Habsburg (1296–1301) Viola of Teschen (1305) Maria of Bytom (1306–1317) Beatrice of Luxembourg (1318–1319) Elisabeth of Poland (1320–1342) Margaret of Bohemia (1342–1349) Elizabeth of Bosnia (1353–1382) Margaret of Durazzo (1385–1386) Barbara of Cilli (1405–1437) Elizabeth of Luxembourg (1437–1442) Catherine of Poděbrady (1461–1464) Beatrice of Naples (1476–1490) Barbara of Brandenburg (1490–1491) Beatrice of Naples (1491–1500) Anne of Foix-Candale (1502–1506) Maria of Austria (1515–1526) Isabella Jagiellon (1539–1540) Anna Jagiellon (1526–1547) Maria of Austria (1563–1576) Anna of Tyrol (1608–1618) Eleonora Gonzaga (1622–1625) Maria Anna of Spain (1631–1646) Maria Leopoldine of Austria (1648–1649) Eleonora Gonzaga (1651–1657) Margaret Theresa of Spain (1666–1673) Claudia Felicitas of Austria (1673–1676) Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg (1676–1705) Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1699–1711) Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1711–1740) Maria Luisa of Spain (1790–1792) Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily (1792–1807) Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este (1808–1816) Caroline Augusta of Bavaria (1816–1830) Maria Anna of Savoy (1831–1848) Elisabeth of Bavaria (1854–1898) Zita of Bourbon-Parma (1916–1918)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities BNF: cb162967686 (data) GND: 133664473 ISNI: 0000 0000 1987 581X LCCN: no2016164652 NKC: xx0058952 VI