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Andrzej Witold Wajda (Polish: [ˈandʐɛj ˈvajda]; 6 March 1926 – 9 October 2016) was a Polish film and theatre director. Recipient of an Honorary Oscar,[1] the Palme d'Or,[2] as well as Honorary Golden Lion[3] and Golden Bear
Golden Bear
Awards, he was a prominent member of the "Polish Film School". He was known especially for his trilogy of war films consisting of A Generation
A Generation
(1954), Kanał
Kanał
(1956) and Ashes and Diamonds (1958).[4] He is considered one of the world's most renowned filmmakers[5] whose works chronicled his native country's political and social evolution[6] and dealt with the myths of Polish national identity offering insightful analyses of the universal element of the Polish experience - the struggle to maintain dignity under the most trying circumstances. Four of his films have been nominated for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film: The Promised Land (1975),[7] The Maids of Wilko (1979),[8] Man of Iron (1981) and Katyń (2007).[9]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early career 3 Artistic recognition 4 Career after 1990 5 Personal life and death 6 Awards 7 Filmography 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Wajda was born in Suwałki,[10] Poland, the son of Aniela (née Białowąs), a school teacher, and Jakub Wajda, an army officer.[11] Wajda's father was murdered by the Soviets in 1940 in what came to be known as the Katyn massacre.[12] In 1942 he joined the Polish resistance and served in the Home Army. After the war, he studied to be a painter at Kraków's Academy of Fine Arts before entering the Łódź Film School.[13] Early career[edit] After Wajda's apprenticeship to director Aleksander Ford, Wajda was given the opportunity to direct his own film. A Generation
A Generation
(1955) was his first major film. At the same time Wajda began his work as a director in theatre, including such as Michael V. Gazzo's A Hatful of Rain (1959), Hamlet
Hamlet
(1960), and Two for the Seesaw
Two for the Seesaw
(1963) by William Gibson. Wajda made two more increasingly accomplished films, which developed further the anti-war theme of A Generation: Kanał
Kanał
(1956) ( Special
Special
Jury Prize at Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
in 1957, shared with Bergman's The Seventh Seal) and Ashes and Diamonds (1958) with Zbigniew Cybulski.[14] While capable of turning out mainstream commercial fare (often dismissed as "trivial" by critics), Wajda was more interested in works of allegory[15] and symbolism,[16] and certain symbols (such as setting fire to a glass of liquor, representing the flame of youthful idealism that was extinguished by the war) recur often in his films. Lotna
Lotna
(1959) is full of surrealistic and symbolic scenes and shots, but he managed to explore other styles, making new wave style Innocent Sorcerers (1960) with music by Krzysztof Komeda, starring Roman Polanski and Jerzy Skolimowski
Jerzy Skolimowski
(who was also a co-script writer) in the episodes. Then Wajda directed Samson (1961), the story of Jacob, a Jewish boy, who wants to survive during the Nazi occupation of Poland. In the mid-1960s Wajda made The Ashes (1965) based on the novel by Polish writer Stefan Żeromski
Stefan Żeromski
and directed several films abroad: Love at Twenty (1962), Siberian Lady Macbeth[17][18] (1962) and Gates To Paradise (1968). In 1967, Cybulski was killed in a train accident, whereupon the director articulated his grief with Everything for Sale[19] (1968), considered one of his most personal films, using the technique of a film-within-a-film to tell the story of a film maker's life and work.The following year he directed an ironic satire Hunting Flies[20] with the script written by Janusz Głowacki
Janusz Głowacki
and a short television film called Przekładaniec based on a screenplay by Stanisław Lem.[21] Artistic recognition[edit]

Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(center), c. 1970

The 1970s were the most prolific artistic period for Wajda, who made over ten films: Landscape After the Battle
Landscape After the Battle
(1970), Pilate and Others (1971), The Wedding (1972) – the film version of the famous Polish poetic drama by Stanisław Wyspiański, The Promised Land (1974), Man of Marble (1976) – the film takes place in two time periods, the first film showing the episodes of Stalinism
Stalinism
in Poland, The Shadow Line (1976), Rough Treatment
Rough Treatment
(the other title: Without Anesthesia) (1978), The Orchestra Conductor (1980), starring John Gielgud; and two psychological and existential films based upon novels by Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz – The Birch Wood (1970) and The Maids of Wilko[22] (1979). The Birch Wood was entered into the 7th Moscow International Film Festival where Wajda won the Golden Prize for Direction.[23] Wajda continued to work in theatre, including Play Strindberg, Dostoyevsky's The Possessed and Nastasja Filippovna – Wajda's version of The Idiot, November Night by Wyspiański, The Immigrants
The Immigrants
by Sławomir Mrożek, The Danton Affair or The Dreams of Reason.[24]

Wajda during filming in 1974

Wajda's later commitment to Poland's burgeoning Solidarity movement was manifested in Man of Iron (1981), a thematic sequel to The Man of Marble, with Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa
Lech Wałęsa
appearing as himself in the latter film. The film sequence is loosely based on the life of Anna Walentynowicz, a hero of socialist labor Stakhanovite
Stakhanovite
turned dissident and alludes to events from real life, such as the firing of Walentynowicz from the shipyard and the underground wedding of Bogdan Borusewicz to Alina Pienkowska.[25] The director's involvement in this movement would prompt the Polish government to force Wajda's production company out of business. For the film, Wajda won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. In 1983, he directed Danton, starring Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
in the title role, a film set in 1794 (Year Two of the French Republican Calendar) dealing with the Post-Revolutionary Terror. Made against the backdrop of the martial law in Poland, Wajda showed how easily revolution can change into terror and start to "eat its own children."[26] For this film Wajda was honoured with the Louis Delluc Prize and a César Award for Best Director. In the 1980s he also made A Love in Germany
A Love in Germany
(1983) featuring Hanna Schygulla, The Chronicle of Amorous Incidents (1986) an adaptation of Tadeusz Konwicki's novel and The Possessed (1988) based on Dostoyevsky's novel. In theatre he prepared an interpretation of Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment
Crime and Punishment
(1984) and other unique spectacles such as Antygone, his sequential Hamlet
Hamlet
versions or an old Jewish play The Dybbuk. In 1989, he was the President of the Jury at the 16th Moscow International Film Festival.[27] Career after 1990[edit]

During the filming of Katyń in 2007

In 1990, Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
was honoured by the European Film Awards
European Film Awards
for his lifetime achievement, only the third director to be so honoured, after Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
and Ingmar Bergman. In the early 1990s, he was elected a senator and also appointed artistic director of Warsaw's Teatr Powszechny. He continued to make films set during World War II, including Korczak[28] (1990), a story about a Jewish-Polish doctor who takes care of orphan children, in The Crowned-Eagle Ring (1993) and Holy Week (1995) specifically on Jewish-Polish relations. In 1994 Wajda presented his own film version of Dostoyevsky's novel The Idiot in the movie Nastasja,[29] starring Japanese actor Tamasoburo Bando in the double role of Prince Mishkin and Nastasja. The film's cinematographer was Pawel Edelman, who subsequently became one of Wajda's great collaborators. In 1996 the director went in a different direction with Miss Nobody,[30] a coming-of-age drama that explored the darker and more spiritual aspects of a relationship between three high-school girls. In 1999 Wajda released the epic film Pan Tadeusz,[31] based on the epic poem of the Polish 19th-century romantic poet Adam Mickiewicz. A year later, at the 2000 Academy Awards, Wajda was presented with an honorary Oscar for his contribution to world cinema;[32] he subsequently donated the award to Kraków's Jagiellonian University.[33] In 2002, Wajda directed The Revenge, a film version of his 1980s comedy theatre production, with Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
in one of the main roles. In February 2006, Wajda received an honorary Golden Bear for lifetime achievement at the Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival.[34] In 2007 Katyń was released, a well-received film about the Katyn massacre, in which Wajda's father was murdered; the director also shows the dramatic situation of those who await their relatives (mothers, wives and children). The film was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar in 2008.[35]

Wajda pictured with his wife, Krystyna Zachwatowicz, in 2010

Wajda followed it with Sweet Rush (2009) with Krystyna Janda
Krystyna Janda
as a main character. It is partly based upon a short Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz novel. The film is dedicated to Edward Kłosiński, Janda's husband, a cinematographer and a long-time Wajda friend and co-worker who died of cancer the same year. For this film Wajda was awarded by Alfred Bauer Prize at the 2009 Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival. He received the Prix FIPRESCI during the 2009 European Film Awards. Walesa. Man of Hope (Wałęsa. Człowiek z nadziei), Wajda's biography of Lech Wałęsa, based on a script by Janusz Głowacki
Janusz Głowacki
and starring Robert Więckiewicz in the title role, had its world premiere at the 2013 Venice International Film Festival. His last film was the 2016 Afterimage (Powidoki), starring Bogusław Linda
Bogusław Linda
as Polish avant-garde painter Władysław Strzemiński. Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
founded The Japanese Centre of Art and Technology in Kraków
Kraków
in 1994. In 2002 he founded and led his own film school with Polish filmmaker Wojciech Marczewski. Students of Wajda School take part in different film courses led by famous European film makers.[36] Personal life and death[edit] Wajda was married four times. His third wife was actress Beata Tyszkiewicz with whom he had a daughter, Karolina (born 1967). His fourth wife was the theatre costume designer and actress Krystyna Zachwatowicz.[37] Wajda died in Warsaw
Warsaw
on 9 October 2016 at the age of 90 from pulmonary failure.[38][4] He was buried at Salwator Cemetery in Kraków. Awards[edit]

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Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
during the Order of the White Eagle Award Ceremony in 2011

Man of Iron won the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 1981 Cannes Film Festival. The Promised Land won the Golden Prize at the 9th Moscow International Film Festival in 1975.[39] Four of Wajda's works (The Promised Land, The Maids of Wilko, Man of Iron, and Katyń) have been nominated for an Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film. In 2000, Wajda received an honorary Oscar from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. In 1988, his film Les Possédés was nominated for the Golden Bear
Golden Bear
at the 38th Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival.[40] In 1996, his film Wielki tydzień won the Silver Bear
Silver Bear
for an outstanding artistic contribution at the 46th Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival.[41] The following year, his film Miss Nobody won an Honourable Mention at the 47th Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival.[42] Wajda received an honorary Golden Bear
Golden Bear
for lifetime achievement at the 56th Berlin International Film Festival in 2006.[34] Other awards and distinctions received by Wajda include:

2011: Order of the White Eagle (the highest Polish distinction), Commander of the Order of Three Stars
Order of Three Stars
(Latvia) 2010: Order of Friendship
Order of Friendship
of the Russian Federation 2008: Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise
Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise
(Ukraine), Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana (Estonia) 2006: Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary, Order for Merits to Lithuania 2005: Gold Medal for Merit to Culture – Gloria Artis 2001: Commander's Cross of Legion d'Honneur
Legion d'Honneur
of the French Republic, Great Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Doctor Honoris Causa of the Moscow State Academy of Choreography 2000: Doctor Honoris Causa of the Warsaw
Warsaw
Academy of Fine Arts, Order of Merit of the Italian Republic 1999: Grand Cross
Grand Cross
of the Order of Polonia Restituta, Freedom Award for film-making and for "unparalleled commitment to freedom" at the Freedom Film Festival in Berlin, the Crystal Iris for life achievement at the National Film Festival in Brussels 1997: Praemium Imperiale
Praemium Imperiale
Award of the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Art, Silver Bear
Silver Bear
for life achievement and, specifically, for Holy Week, at the 46th Berlin
Berlin
Film Festival (1996); Best Director Award for Miss Nobody at the 13th Festroia International Film Festival, Portugal 1995: Order of the Rising Sun
Order of the Rising Sun
(Japan), Doctor Honoris Causa of Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, award of the Polish ITI centre for the promotion of the Polish theatre abroad and Doctor Honoris Causa of the Lumière University Lyon 2
Lumière University Lyon 2
in Lyon, France 1994: Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
(France) 1990: European Felix Award for life achievement and an outstanding achievement and artistic conduct at the Cannes International Film Festival 1989: Doctor Honoris Causa of the Jagiellonian University 1987: Kyoto Prize
Kyoto Prize
of the Japanese Inamori Foundation for contribution to the development of science, technology and ideas 1986: The Luigi Pirandello
Luigi Pirandello
Award for activity and achievement in the area of theatre 1985: Herder Prize for contribution to strengthening cultural relations with nations of Eastern and Southern Europe 1983: César Award
César Award
of the French Academy of Film Art and Technology for Danton 1982: Knight
Knight
of Legion d'Honneur
Legion d'Honneur
(France); Onassis Foundation Award for work for human rights and dignity 1981: Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Washington 1980: FIPRESCI and Basque Cultural Society awards at the San Sebastián International Film Festival for The Orchestra Conductor 1979: Golden Lions at the 6th Gdynia Film Festival
Gdynia Film Festival
for The Maids of Wilko, Prize of the Ecumenical Jury
Prize of the Ecumenical Jury
at the Cannes International Film Festival for Without Anesthesia, Life Achievement Award at the La Rochelle International Film Festival and Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius for contribution to the development of Polish-Bulgarian cultural co-operation 1978: Golden Lions at the 5th Gdynia Film Festival
Gdynia Film Festival
for Without Anesthesia, Jury Award and Best Director Award at the 18th Cartagena Film Festival (Columbia) for Promised Land 1976: Journalists Award at the 3rd Brussels
Brussels
International Film Festival for Promised Land, Golden Spike for The Promised Land at the Valladolid Film Festival 1973: Silver Shell at the San Sebastian International Film Festival for directing The Wedding 1964: Officer's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta 1959: Jury and FIPRESCI Award at the Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
for Ashes and Diamonds, Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta 1957: Special
Special
Jury Prize at the Cannes International Film Festival
Cannes International Film Festival
for Kanał[5]

Filmography[edit]

The Bad Boy (Zły chłopiec, 1951 short film) The Pottery at Ilza (Ceramika ilzecka, 1951 short film) While you are sleeping (Kiedy ty śpisz, 1953 short film) A Generation
A Generation
(Pokolenie, 1954) Towards the Sun (Idę do słońca, documentary on Xawery Dunikowski, 1955) Kanał
Kanał
(1956) Ashes and Diamonds (Popiół i diament 1958) Lotna
Lotna
(1959) Innocent Sorcerers (Niewinni czarodzieje, 1960) Siberian Lady Macbeth (Powiatowa lady Makbet, 1961) Samson (1961) Love at Twenty (L'amour à vingt ans, 1962) The Ashes (Popioly, 1965) Everything for Sale (Wszystko na sprzedaż, 1968) Roly Poly (Przekładaniec, 1968) Gates to Paradise (Bramy Raju, 1968) Hunting Flies (Polowanie na muchy, 1969) The Birch Wood (Brzezina, 1970) Landscape After the Battle
Landscape After the Battle
(Krajobraz po bitwie, 1970) Pilate and Others
Pilate and Others
(Pilatus und andere, 1972) The Wedding (Wesele, 1973) The Promised Land (Ziemia obiecana, 1974) The Shadow Line (Smuga cienia, 1976) Man of Marble
Man of Marble
(Człowiek z marmuru, 1977) Without Anesthesia
Without Anesthesia
aka Rough Treatment
Rough Treatment
(Bez znieczulenia, 1978) The Maids of Wilko (Panny z Wilka, 1979) As years go by, as days go by (Z biegiem lat, z biegiem dni, 1980 TV series) The Orchestra Conductor (Dyrygent, 1980) Man of Iron (Człowiek z żelaza, 1981) Danton (1983) A Love in Germany
A Love in Germany
(Eine Liebe in Deutschland, 1983) A Chronicle of Amorous Accidents (Kronika wypadków miłosnych, 1985) The French as seen by... (Proust contre la déchéance, 1988) The Possessed (Les possédes, 1988) Korczak (1990) The Crowned-Eagle Ring (Pierścionek z orłem w koronie, 1992) Nastasja (1994) Holy Week (Wielki Tydzień, 1995) Miss Nobody (Panna Nikt, 1996) Pan Tadeusz
Pan Tadeusz
(1999) Bigda idzie (Bigda idzie!, 1999 TV theatre) The Condemnation of Franciszek Klos (Wyrok na Franciszka Kłosa, 2000) June night (Noc czerwcowa, 2001 TV theatre) Broken Silence (Przerwane milczenie, 2002) The Revenge (Zemsta, 2002) Man of Hope (Czlowiek z nadziei, 2005 short film) Katyń (2007) Sweet Rush (Tatarak, 2009) Walesa. Man of Hope
Walesa. Man of Hope
(Wałęsa. Człowiek z nadziei, 2013) Afterimage (2016)

See also[edit]

Cinema of Poland List of Polish-language films Museum of Communism, Poland

References[edit]

^ "Andrzej Wajda, Towering Auteur of Polish Cinema, Dies at 90". 10 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016 – via The New York Times.  ^ France-Presse, Agence (9 October 2016). "Acclaimed Polish film director Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
dies aged 90". Retrieved 10 October 2016 – via The Guardian.  ^ " Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
to Honor Polish Auteur Andrzej Wajda". 2013-08-22. Retrieved 2017-02-19.  ^ a b Natale, Richard (9 October 2016). "Andrzej Wajda, Celebrated Polish Director, Dies at 90". variety.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ a b "Andrzej Wajda". Retrieved 2017-06-09.  ^ "Andrzej Wajda". Retrieved 2017-06-11.  ^ "The 48th Academy Awards (1976) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 18 March 2012.  ^ "The 52nd Academy Awards (1980) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 8 June 2013.  ^ Etkind, Alexander; Finnin, Rory; Blacker, Uilleam; Fedor, Julie; Lewis, Simon; Mälksoo, Maria; Mroz, Matilda (24 April 2013). "Remembering Katyn". John Wiley & Sons. Retrieved 10 October 2016 – via Google Books.  ^ Lincoln, Ross A. (10 October 2016). " Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
Dies: Oscar & Palme d'Or-Winning Director Was 90". deadline.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ " Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
Biography (1926?-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 14 August 2012.  ^ "Katyn, Andrzej Wajda, 118 mins, (15)". independent.co.uk. 19 June 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ " Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
– Twórca – Culture.pl". culture.pl. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "Andrzej Wajda, Oscar-Winning Polish Director, Dies at 90". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "Legendary Polish director Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
dies". buenosairesherald.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ Storey, Thomas. "Man Of Hope: Andrzej Wajda's Solidarity Trilogy". theculturetrip.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ design, Tomasz Wygoda – code, Katarzyna Lezenska – content, Belin Czechowicz -. "Andrzej Wajda. Official Website of Polish movie director – Films – "Siberian Lady Macbeth"". wajda.pl. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "Siberian Lady Macbeth". kinolorber.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ design, Tomasz Wygoda – code, Katarzyna Lezenska – content, Belin Czechowicz -. "Andrzej Wajda. Official Website of Polish movie director – Films – "Everything For Sale"". wajda.pl. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ design, Tomasz Wygoda – code, Katarzyna Lezenska – content, Belin Czechowicz -. "Andrzej Wajda. Official Website of Polish movie director – Films – "Hunting Flies"". wajda.pl. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "FilmPolski.pl". filmpolski.pl. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ Martin, Teena (6 March 2016). " Poland
Poland
marks 90 birthday of leading filmmaker Andrzej Wajd". spartanecho.org. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ " 7th Moscow International Film Festival (1971)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 3 April 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ https://www.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9804E0DC1F38F93BA1575AC0A965948260? ^ Michael Szporer, Solidarity: The Great Workers Strike of 1980. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2012 ^ Szporer, Mieczyslaw [Michael] (Winter 1983–1984). "Andrzej Wajda's Reign of Terror: Danton's Polish Ambiance". Film Quarterly. 37:2: 27–34. JSTOR 3697387.  ^ " 16th Moscow International Film Festival (1989)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.  ^ Willard, Dan (23 November 2015). "Korczak (1990)". filmsbytheyear.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "miss nobody wajda – Google Search". google.com.au. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ Elley, Derek (16 March 1997). "Review: 'Miss Nobody'". variety.com. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "Central Europe Review – Film: Wajda's Pan Tadeusz". ce-review.org. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ Storozynski, Alex (March 26, 2000). "Poland's Movie Conscience: Academy Honors Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
for his films of freedom". The New York Daily News. p. 6. Retrieved 13 September 2016.  ^ "Polish film-maker donates oscar to university". The Vancouver Sun (Final Edition). Vancouver, B.C. April 7, 2000. p. D9.  ^ a b "Prizes & Honours 2006". Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ Bradshaw, Peter (18 June 2009). "Katyn". Retrieved 10 October 2016 – via The Guardian.  ^ "Strona Wajda School & Studio tymczasowo niedost pna". wajdaschool.pl. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "Krystyna Zachwatowicz-Wajda – Twórca – Culture.pl". culture.pl. Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "Polish film director Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
dies". 10 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016 – via www.bbc.com.  ^ " 9th Moscow International Film Festival (1975)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2013.  ^ "Berlinale: 1988 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved 6 March 2011.  ^ "Berlinale: 1996 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 1 January 2012.  ^ "Berlinale: 1997 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Andrzej Wajda.

Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
on IMDb Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
at the Internetowa Baza Filmowa (in Polish) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
at the Internetowa Baza Filmu Polskiego (in Polish) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
video at Web of Stories Wajda bibliography (via UC Berkeley)

v t e

Films directed by Andrzej Wajda

A Generation Towards the Sun Kanał Ashes and Diamonds Lotna Innocent Sorcerers Samson Siberian Lady Macbeth Love at Twenty The Ashes Gates to Paradise Everything for Sale Przekładaniec Hunting Flies The Birch Wood Landscape After the Battle Pilate and Others The Wedding The Promised Land Man of Marble Without Anesthesia The Maids of Wilko The Orchestra Conductor Man of Iron Danton A Love in Germany A Chronicle of Amorous Accidents The Possessed Korczak Nastasja Holy Week Miss Nobody Pan Tadeusz The Revenge Katyń Sweet Rush Walesa. Man of Hope Afterimage

Awards for Andrzej Wajda

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

European Film Academy Lifetime Achievement Award

  Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988)   Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1988)   Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1989)   Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1990)   Alexandre Trauner (1991)   Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1992)   Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1993)   Robert Bresson (1994)   Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1995)   Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1996)   Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1997)   Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1999)   Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(2000)   Monty Python
Monty Python
(2001)   Tonino Guerra
Tonino Guerra
(2002)   Claude Chabrol
Claude Chabrol
(2003)   Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(2004)   Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2005)   Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2006)   Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(2007)   Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2008)   Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2009)   Bruno Ganz
Bruno Ganz
(2010)   Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2011)   Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(2012)   Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2013)   Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2014)   Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2015)   Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
(2016) Alexander Sokurov
Alexander Sokurov
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

César Award
César Award
for Best Director

1976 Bertrand Tavernier 1977 Joseph Losey 1978 Alain Resnais 1979 Christian de Chalonge 1980 Roman Polanski 1981 François Truffaut 1982 Jean-Jacques Annaud 1983 Andrzej Wajda 1984 Ettore Scola 1985 Claude Zidi 1986 Michel Deville 1987 Alain Cavalier 1988 Louis Malle 1989 Jean-Jacques Annaud 1990 Bertrand Blier 1991 Jean-Paul Rappeneau 1992 Alain Corneau 1993 Claude Sautet 1994 Alain Resnais 1995 André Téchiné 1996 Claude Sautet 1997 Patrice Leconte
Patrice Leconte
/ Bertrand Tavernier 1998 Luc Besson 1999 Patrice Chéreau 2000 Tonie Marshall 2001 Dominik Moll 2002 Jean-Pierre Jeunet 2003 Roman Polanski 2004 Denys Arcand 2005 Abdellatif Kechiche 2006 Jacques Audiard 2007 Guillaume Canet 2008 Abdellatif Kechiche 2009 Jean-François Richet 2010 Jacques Audiard 2011 Roman Polanski 2012 Michel Hazanavicius 2013 Michael Haneke 2014 Roman Polanski 2015 Abderrahmane Sissako 2016 Arnaud Desplechin 2017 Xavier Dolan 2018 Albert Dupontel

v t e

Honorary César

1976–2000

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1976) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1976) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
(1977) Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
(1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(1978) Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1979) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès
Louis de Funès
(1980) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Raimu
Raimu
(1983) René Clément
René Clément
(1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère
Edwige Feuillère
(1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1986) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1986) Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
(1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(1986) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier
Bernard Blier
(1989) Paul Grimault
Paul Grimault
(1989) Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
(1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont
Jean-Pierre Aumont
(1991) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1992) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1993) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Oury
Gérard Oury
(1993) Jean Carmet
Jean Carmet
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1995) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Henri Verneuil
Henri Verneuil
(1996) Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour
(1997) Andie MacDowell
Andie MacDowell
(1997) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1998) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1998) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(1999) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(1999) Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
(2000) Georges Cravenne
Georges Cravenne
(2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
(2000) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2000)

2001–present

Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2001) Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2001) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(2002) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(2002) Claude Rich
Claude Rich
(2002) Bernadette Lafont
Bernadette Lafont
(2003) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Micheline Presle
Micheline Presle
(2004) Jacques Dutronc
Jacques Dutronc
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2005) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2006) Pierre Richard
Pierre Richard
(2006) Marlène Jobert
Marlène Jobert
(2007) Jude Law
Jude Law
(2007) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(2008) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2008) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2009) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2010) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2011) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2012) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(2013) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2014) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2015) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2016) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2017) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2018)

v t e

London Film Critics' Circle Award for Director of the Year

Nicolas Roeg
Nicolas Roeg
(1980) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1983) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1984) Roland Joffé
Roland Joffé
(1985) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1986) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1987) John Huston
John Huston
(1988) Terence Davies (1989) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1990) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) James Ivory
James Ivory
(1993) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1994) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2000) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2001) Phillip Noyce
Phillip Noyce
(2002) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2003) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) László Nemes
László Nemes
(2016) Sean Baker (2017)

v t e

Herder Prize Laureates

1964–1970

1964: Oto Bihalji-Merin Jan Kott Stanisław Lorentz Lucijan Marija Škerjanc 1965: Tudor Arghezi Manolis Hatzidakis Emanuel Hruška Zoltán Kodály László Németh Hugo Rokyta Hristo Vakarelski 1966: Ján Cikker Dezső Dercsényi Zlatko Gorjan Aleksander Kobzdej Anton Kriesis Niko Kuret Dimiter Statkov 1967: Iván Fenyő Vladimír Kompánek Witold Lutosławski Spyridon Marinatos Alexandru A. Philippide Mihai Pop Svetozar Radojčić 1968: Constantin Daicoviciu Roman Ingarden Miroslav Krleža Ludvík Kunz Anastasios Orlandos Lajos Vayer Pancho Vladigerov 1969: Jolán Balogh Albín Brunovský Bohuslav Fuchs Mihail Jora Marijan Matković Ksawery Piwocki France Stele 1970: Jan Białostocki Jan Filip Zoltán Franyó Milovan Gavazzi Gyula Illyés Yiannis Papaioannou Zeko Torbov

1971–1980

1971: Jiří Kolář Blaže Koneski Georgios Megas Kazimierz Michałowski Mihail Sokolovski Zaharia Stancu Bence Szabolcsi 1972: Dragotin Cvetko Atanas Dalchev Branko Maksimović Gyula Ortutay Jaroslav Pešina Henryk Stażewski Virgil Vătășianu 1973: Veselin Beshevliev Stylianos Harkianakis János Harmatta Zbigniew Herbert Eugen Jebeleanu Petar Lubarda Jan Racek 1974: Władysław Czerny Ivan Duichev Ivo Frangeš László Gerő Stylianos Pelekanidis Ján Podolák Zeno Vancea 1975: Józef Burszta Hristo M. Danov Stanislav Libenský Maria Ana Musicescu Gábor Preisich Pandelis Prevelakis Stanojlo Rajičić 1976: Jagoda Buić Marin Goleminov Ioannis Kakridis Dezső Keresztury Nichita Stănescu Rudolf Turek Kazimierz Wejchert 1977: Nikolaos Andriotis Riko Debenjak Emmanuel Kriaras Albert Kutal Máté Major Krzysztof Penderecki Anastas Petrov Ion Vladutiu 1978: Eugen Barbu Đurđe Bošković Kazimierz Dejmek Stoyan Dzudzev Béla Gunda Jiří Hrůza Yiannis Spyropoulos 1979: Magdalena Abakanowicz Ferenc Farkas Zdenko Kolacio Atanas Natev András Sütő Pavel Trost Apostolos E. Vacalopoulos 1980: Gordana Babić-Đorđević Iván Balassa Kamil Lhoták Manousos Manousakas Vera Mutafchieva Alexandru Rosetti Wiktor Zin

1981–1990

1981: Emil Condurachi Sándor Csoóri Stefka Georgieva Dimitrios Loukatos Vjenceslav Richter Eugen Suchoň Elida Maria Szarota 1982: Athanasios Aravantinos Ana Blandiana Vojislav J. Đurić Sona Kovacevicová Aleksandar Nichev Jan Józef Szczepański Imre Varga 1983: Władysław Bartoszewski Géza Entz Jozef Jankovič Gunther Schuller Zdenko Škreb Stefana Stoykova C. A. Trypanis 1984: Emilijan Cevc Konstantinos Dimaras Karel Horálek György Konrád Constantin Lucaci Krasimir Manchev Krzysztof Meyer 1985: Branko Fučić Růžena Grebeníčková Adrian Marino Demetrios Pallas Károly Perczel Simeon Pironkov Andrzej Wajda 1986: Georgi Baev Tekla Dömötör Boris Gaberščik Konrad Górski Johannes Karayannopoulos Jiří Kotalík Anatol Vieru 1987: Roman Brandstaetter Doula Mouriki József Ujfalussy Vladimir Veličković Velizar Velkov Gheorghe Vrabie 1988: Roman Berger Christos Kapralos Zoe Dumitrescu-Bușulenga György Györffy Donka Petkanova Mieczysław Porębski Edvard Ravnikar 1989: Maria Banuș Ákos Birkás Jerzy Buszkiewicz Václav Frolec Nikolai Genchev Petar Miljković-Pepek Nikos Gabriel Pentzikis 1990: Liviu Calin Bronisław Geremek Aris Konstantinidis Dejan Medaković Virginia Paskaleva Adriena Šimotová András Vizkelety

1991–2000

1991: Maja Bošković-Stulli Gerard Labuda Andor Pigler Yorgos Sicilianos Emil Skála Marin Sorescu Stoimen Stoilov 1992: Manolis Andronikos Jenö Barabás Blaga Dimitrova Stefan Kaszynski Jiří Kořalka Zmaga Kumer Jon Nicodim 1993: Vasilka Gerasimova-Tomova Petro Kononenko György Kurtág Jerzy Tchórzewski Răzvan Theodorescu Elena Várossová Māra Zālīte Dionysis Zivas Viktor Žmegač 1994: István Borzsák Dževad Juzbašić Ștefan Niculescu Andrzej Szczypiorski Jitka and Květa Válová Takis Varvitsiotis Zigmas Zinkevičius 1995: Sándor Kányádi Mirko Kovač Milcho Lalkov Michael G. Meraklis Mindaugas Navakas Wisława Szymborska Jaan Undusk 1996: Tamás Hofer Karel Hubáček Konstantin Iliev Marin Mincu Jože Pogačnik Pēteris Vasks Marian Zgórniak 1997: Tasos Athanasiadis Bogdan Bogdanović Oskár Elschek Ferenc Glatz Lech Kalinowski Jaan Kross Dunja Rihtman-Auguštin 1998: Imre Bak Andrei Corbea-Hoișie Eliška Fučíková Ismail Kadare Justinas Marcinkevičius Dorota Simonides Elena Toncheva 1999: Svetlana Alexievich Vera Bitrakova-Grozdanova Mircea Dinescu István Fried Henryk Górecki Dževad Karahasan Ferdinand Milučký 2000: Ján Bakoš Ivan Čolović Nikola Georgiev Imre Kertész Milan Kundera Karolos Mitsakis Arvo Pärt

2001–2006

2001: Yurii Andrukhovych Janez Bernik János Böhönyey Maria Kłańska Marek Kopelent Andrej Mitrović Evanghelos Moutsopoulos 2002: George Demetrius Bambiniotis Māris Čaklais Péter Esterházy Radost Ivanova Nedjeljko Fabrio Aurel Stroe Lech Trzeciakowski 2003: Vasil Gyuzelev Drago Jančar Károly Manherz Stanisław Mossakowski Ales Rasanau Ludvík Václavek Ana Maria Zahariade 2004: Theodore Antoniou Michał Głowiński Dušan Kováč Fatos Lubonja Éva Pócs Kazimir Popkonstantinov Romualdas Požerskis 2005: Károly Klimó Hanna Krall Primož Kuret Jiří Kuthan Andrei Marga Eimuntas Nekrošius Krešimir Nemec 2006: Włodzimierz Borodziej Nicos Hadjinicolaou Gabriela Kiliánová Ene Mihkelson Vojteh Ravnikar

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 109769092 LCCN: n50021372 ISNI: 0000 0001 2147 4879 GND: 118628534 SELIBR: 243189 SUDOC: 027191656 BNF: cb11928786p (data) BIBSYS: 90171897 ULAN: 500064491 NLA: 35586634 NDL: 00476732 NKC: jn20000720323 ICCU: ITICCURAVV27540 BNE: XX1156636 RKD: 241694 SN

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