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ANDROSCOGGIN COUNTY is a county located in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Maine
Maine
. As of the 2010 census , the county's population was 107,702. Its county seat is Auburn .

Androscoggin County comprises the Lewiston -Auburn, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
and partially included within the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine, Metropolitan New England City and Town Area
New England City and Town Area
. It is also a part of the Portland -Lewiston-South Portland , Maine Combined Statistical Area .

Bates College
Bates College
is located in the Androscoggin County city of Lewiston .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Adjacent counties

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 2000 census * 3.2 2010 census

* 4 Media

* 4.1 Newspapers

* 5 Politics

* 5.1 Presidential elections * 5.2 Voter registration

* 6 Communities

* 6.1 Cities * 6.2 Towns * 6.3 Census-designated places

* 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

Demand for a new county emerged when the residents of the rapidly growing town of Lewiston complained of the long distance they had to travel to reach Wiscasset , the county seat of Lincoln County , in which county Lewiston was originally located. It was also an impractical circumstance as Lewiston's neighbor, Auburn, was part of Cumberland County . As the growing partnership of the two towns emerged, the case for the towns to be in the same county grew. Different plans were discussed, including Lewiston joining Cumberland County. Eventually, the idea of a new county came to the table. The debate then became over which town would be the center of the new county. Bath , Brunswick , and Lewiston each desired the distinction. Lewiston would eventually win the debate. Androscoggin County was created in 1854 from towns originally in Cumberland County, Lincoln County, Kennebec County , and Oxford County .

The next issue centered on where to put the county seat, as both Lewiston and Auburn desired to be named the county seat. It would eventually be put to a vote, with both towns putting different offers on the table, including ideas to cut the costs of the new county buildings for surrounding towns. Auburn would eventually win a convincing victory, with the towns on each side of the river voting for the town on their side. As more people then lived to the west of the Androscoggin River , Auburn won the vote.

GEOGRAPHY

According to the U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 497 square miles (1,290 km2), of which 468 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (5.9%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Maine
Maine
by total area

ADJACENT COUNTIES

* Franklin County, Maine
Maine
– north * Kennebec County, Maine
Maine
– northeast * Sagadahoc County, Maine
Maine
– southeast * Cumberland County, Maine
Maine
– south * Oxford County, Maine
Maine
– west

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1860 29,726

1870 35,866

20.7%

1880 45,042

25.6%

1890 48,968

8.7%

1900 54,242

10.8%

1910 59,822

10.3%

1920 65,796

10.0%

1930 71,214

8.2%

1940 76,679

7.7%

1950 83,594

9.0%

1960 86,312

3.3%

1970 91,279

5.8%

1980 99,657

9.2%

1990 105,259

5.6%

2000 103,793

−1.4%

2010 107,702

3.8%

EST. 2016 107,319

−0.4%

U.S. Decennial Census
Census
1790–1960 1900–1990 1990–2000 2010–2016

2000 CENSUS

As of the census of 2000, there were 103,793 people, 42,028 households, and 27,192 families residing in the county. The population density was 221 people per square mile (85/km²). There were 45,960 housing units at an average density of 98 per square mile (38/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.98% White , 0.66% Black or African American , 0.27% Native American , 0.55% Asian , 0.04% Pacific Islander , 0.28% from other races , and 1.22% from two or more races. 0.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.5% were of French Canadian
French Canadian
, 19.4% French , 14.3% English, 9.7% United States or American and 8.4% Irish ancestry. 9.6% of the population speak French and 1.5% of the population speak Spanish at home.

There were 42,028 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.60% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.30% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,793, and the median income for a family was $44,082. Males had a median income of $31,622 versus $22,366 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,734. About 7.50% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line , including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 CENSUS

As of the 2010 United States
United States
Census
Census
, there were 107,702 people, 44,315 households, and 28,045 families residing in the county. The population density was 230.2 inhabitants per square mile (88.9/km2). There were 49,090 housing units at an average density of 104.9 per square mile (40.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 3.6% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.2% were English , 20.5% were French Canadian
French Canadian
, 20.1% were French , 15.5% were Irish , 8.1% were German , and 5.0% were American .

Of the 44,315 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families, and 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 39.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,470 and the median income for a family was $55,045. Males had a median income of $41,554 versus $31,852 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,752. About 9.7% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line , including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.

MEDIA

NEWSPAPERS

* LEWISTON SUN JOURNAL prints a daily newspaper in four different editions statewide. The Sun Journal was the recipient of the 2008 New England Daily Newspaper of the Year and the 2009 Maine
Maine
Press Association Newspaper of the Year.

POLITICS

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS RESULTS YEAR REPUBLICAN DEMOCRATIC THIRD PARTIES

2016 50.8% 28,227 41.4% 23,009 7.9% 4,365

2012 42.1% 22,232 54.8% 28,989 3.1% 1,641

2008 41.3% 22,671 56.6% 31,017 2.1% 1,162

2004 43.7% 24,519 54.4% 30,503 1.9% 1,045

2000 40.5% 19,948 53.3% 26,251 6.2% 3,046

1996 25.8% 12,053 56.6% 26,428 17.7% 8,250

1992 25.7% 14,174 40.3% 22,247 34.0% 18,723

1988 51.7% 23,061 47.5% 21,165 0.8% 359

1984 57.2% 26,904 42.3% 19,885 0.5% 211

1980 39.9% 18,399 49.3% 22,715 10.8% 4,966

1976 37.4% 16,330 60.7% 26,484 2.0% 851

1972 49.9% 19,406 50.1% 19,509 0.0% 9

1968 27.5% 10,390 71.0% 26,820 1.4% 542

1964 19.8% 7,441 80.1% 30,080 0.0% 14

1960 36.0% 14,654 64.0% 26,097 0.0% 0

1956 56.3% 20,385 43.7% 15,842 0.0% 0

1952 50.6% 18,049 49.2% 17,560 0.2% 67

1948 39.2% 11,443 59.7% 17,405 1.1% 317

1944 36.4% 10,927 63.5% 19,078 0.1% 34

1940 35.0% 10,394 64.9% 19,273 0.1% 40

1936 38.1% 10,480 60.6% 16,657 1.2% 340

1932 40.1% 9,838 58.8% 14,441 1.2% 283

1928 51.6% 11,790 47.9% 10,940 0.5% 124

1924 59.8% 9,680 29.2% 4,733 11.0% 1,774

1920 60.8% 9,565 36.6% 5,757 2.6% 402

1916 43.7% 4,496 53.1% 5,464 3.2% 326

1912 8.4% 859 44.4% 4,516 47.2% 4,801

1908 56.1% 4,381 39.6% 3,095 4.3% 339

In Presidential elections Androscoggin County has been one of the most consistently, though not always the most strongly, Democratic counties in the state. It was the only county in Maine
Maine
to be won by George McGovern
George McGovern
in 1972. Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
also carried the county twice. In 1984, 1988 and 2016 it went for the Republican candidate, most recently President Donald Trump
Donald Trump
.

In 2012, the county voted 54% against a measure to legalize same-sex marriage.

VOTER REGISTRATION

VOTER REGISTRATION

VOTER REGISTRATION AND PARTY ENROLLMENT AS OF JUNE 2014

PARTY TOTAL VOTERS PERCENTAGE

Unenrolled 27,916 38.16%

Democratic 24,520 33.52%

Republican 17,174 23.47%

Green Independent 3,534 4.83%

TOTAL 73,144 100%

COMMUNITIES

CITIES

* Auburn * Lewiston

TOWNS

* Durham * Greene * Leeds * Lisbon * Livermore * Livermore Falls * Mechanic Falls * Minot * Poland * Sabattus * Turner * Wales

CENSUS-DESIGNATED PLACES

* Lisbon Falls * Livermore Falls * Mechanic Falls

SEE ALSO

* Androscoggin Creature * Lisbon School Department * National Register of Historic Places listings in Androscoggin County, Maine
Maine

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "State & County QuickFacts". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved March 10, 2014. * ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. * ^ Hodgkin, Douglas I., Frontier to Industrial City:Lewiston Town Politics 1768–1863. Just Write Books, Topsham, Maine, 2008 * ^ "2010 Census
Census
Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2014. * ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. * ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2014. * ^ "Historical Census
Census
Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 7, 2014. * ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. * ^ " Census
Census
2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014.

* ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ "Androscoggin County, Maine". Data Center. American Community Survey Aggregate Data, 5-Year Summary File, 2006–2010. Modern Language Association. 2006–2010. Archived from the original on 2013-08-15. Retrieved 23 Aug 2013. * ^ A B C "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States
United States
Census Bureau . Retrieved 2016-01-21. * ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2016-01-21. * ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2016-01-21. * ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2016-01-21. * ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS * ^ David Leip\'s Presidential Atlas (Maps for Maine
Maine
by election) * ^ * ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of June 10, 2014" (PDF). Maine
Maine
Bureau of Corporations. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2014.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Androscoggin

.