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The Info List - Andropogoneae


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12 subtribes, see text

Synonyms[1]

Sacchareae Dumort. (1824) Coiceae Nakai (1943) Euchlaeneae Nakai (1943) Imperateae Godr. & Gren. (1855) Maydeae Dumort. (1824, nom. illeg.) Ophiureae Dumort. (1824) Rottboellieae Kunth (1829) Sacchareae Rchb. ex Horan. (1847, as Saccharinae) Tripsaceae C.E. Hubb. ex Nakai (1943) Zeeae Rchb. (1828, unranked) Zeeae Nakai (1943)

The Andropogoneae, sometimes called the sorghum tribe, are a large tribe of grasses (family Poaceae) with roughly 1,200 species in 90 genera, mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical areas. They include such important crops as maize (corn), sugarcane, and sorghum.[2] All species in this tribe use C4 carbon fixation, which makes them competitive under warm, high-light conditions.[1] Andropogoneae
Andropogoneae
is classified in supertribe Andropogonodae together with its sister group Arundinelleae. Subdivisions include 12 subtribes, but the position of several genera within them is still unresolved (incertae sedis). Hybridisation was probably important in the evolution of the Andropogoneae, and the tribe's systematics is still not completely resolved.[1] Subtribes and genera[edit]

incertae sedis

Apluda Chrysopogon
Chrysopogon
(syn. Vetiveria) Eriochrysis (syn. Leptosaccharum) Imperata Phacelurus (syn. Thyrsia) Pogonatherum Spathia Spodiopogon
Spodiopogon
(syn. Eccoilopus) Thelepogon Tripidium

Arthraxoninae

Arthraxon

Tripsacinae

Tripsacum Zea (maize or corn and teosinte)

Chionachninae

Chionachne Polytoca Sclerachne Trilobachne

Coicinae

Coix

Rottboelliinae

Chasmopodium Elionurus Eremochloa Glyphochloa Hemarthria Heteropholis Lasiurus Loxodera Manisuris Mnesithea
Mnesithea
(syn. Coelorachis, Hackelochloa) Ophiuros Oxyrhachis Ratzeburgia Rhytachne Rottboellia Thaumastochloa Urelytrum Vossia

Ischaeminae

Andropterum Ischaemum Kerriochloa Pogonachne Triplopogon Sehima

Dimeriinae

Dimeria

Germainiinae

Apocopis Germainia Trachypogon

Sorghinae

Asthenochloa Euclasta (syn. Indochloa) Hemisorghum Pseudodichanthium Sorghastrum Sorghum
Sorghum
(syn. – Cleistachne, Sarga, Vacoparis)

Saccharinae

Erianthus Eulalia Eulaliopsis Homozeugos Lophopogon Microstegium
Microstegium
(syn. Ischnochloa) Miscanthus
Miscanthus
(syn. Diadranthus, Rubomons, Triarrhena) Miscanthidium Narenga Polliniopsis Polytrias Pseudopogonatherum Pseudosorghum Saccharum
Saccharum
(sugarcane) Sclerostachya Veldkampia

Andropogoninae

Andropogon
Andropogon
(syn. Hypogynium) Bhidea Diectomis Diheteropogon Hyparrhenia Schizachyrium

Anthistiriinae

Agenium Anadelphia Bothriochloa Capillipedium Clausospicula Cymbopogon Dichanthium Elymandra Exotheca Heteropogon Hyperthelia Iseilema Monocymbium Parahyparrhenia Pseudanthistiria Themeda

References[edit]

^ a b c Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae
Poaceae
(Gramineae)". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918.  ^ Also called "kaoliang": "Shensi", in The Columbia-Viking Encyclopedia (1953), New York: Viking. Another spelling is "gaoliang."

v t e

Subfamilies and tribes of the grasses (Poaceae)

early clades

Anomochlooideae Pharoideae Puelioideae

Anomochloeae Streptochaeteae

Phareae

Atractocarpeae Guaduellieae

BOP clade

Bamboos (Bambusoideae) Oryzoideae Pooideae

Arundinarieae Bambuseae Olyreae

Ehrharteae Oryzeae Phyllorachideae Streptogyneae

Ampelodesmeae Brachyelytreae Brachypodieae Bromeae Brylkinieae Diarrheneae Littledaleae Lygeeae Meliceae Phaenospermateae Poeae Nardeae Stipeae Triticeae

PACMAD clade

Aristidoideae Arundinoideae Chloridoideae Danthonioideae Micrairoideae Panicoideae

Aristideae

Arundineae Molinieae

Centropodieae Cynodonteae Eragrostideae Triraphideae Zoysieae

Danthonieae

Eriachneae Hubbardieae Isachneae Micraireae

Andropogoneae Arundinelleae Centotheceae Chasmanthieae Cyperochloeae Gynerieae Lecomtelleae Paniceae Paspaleae Steyermarkochloeae Thysanolaeneae Tristachyideae Zeugiteae

see also: List of Poaceae
Poaceae
genera

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q3780208 GRIN: 1469 NCBI: 147429 Tropicos: 50063322 VASCAN: 426

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Poaceae
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