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Andrew Stevenson
Andrew Stevenson
(January 21, 1784 – January 25, 1857) was a Democratic politician in the United States. He served in the United States House of Representatives representing Virginia, as Speaker of the House, and as Minister to the United Kingdom.

Contents

1 Life prior to Congress 2 Congressional career 3 Diplomatic career 4 Later life 5 Death and burial 6 Family 7 References 8 External links

Life prior to Congress[edit]

Sarah Coles Stevenson, Andrew Stevenson's wife

Andrew Stevenson
Andrew Stevenson
was born in Culpeper County, Virginia
Virginia
on January 21, 1784. He was educated at the College of William and Mary, studied law, and attained admission to the bar in 1809. Stevenson practiced in Richmond. Stevenson was a member of the Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates from 1809 to 1816 and 1818 to 1821. He served as Speaker of the House of Delegates from 1812 to 1815. In 1814 and 1816 he was an unsuccessful candidate for Congress. Congressional career[edit] In 1820 Stevenson won election to the United States
United States
House of Representatives, and he served until 1834. From 1827 to 1834 he was the Speaker of the House (20th through 23rd Congresses). Stevenson began his Congressional career as a Democratic-Republican (17th Congress). Then, when the party fragmented during the contentious 1824 presidential election, he first aligned himself with the Crawford faction (18th Congress), and then, for the remainder of his time in the House, the Jacksonians (19th Congress and after). Diplomatic career[edit] Stevenson resigned from Congress in June 1834 to accept appointment as Minister to the United Kingdom. In June of that year the United States Senate denied him confirmation by a vote of 23 to 22. Jackson's opponents in Congress argued that Jackson had offered Stevenson the appointment in 1833, and that when Congress convened later that year, Stevenson had organized the House, including committee assignments and chairmanships, in accordance with Jackson's preferences. In the Anti-Jacksonian view, this amounted to a quid pro quo that allowed executive branch interference with the prerogatives of the legislative branch. He returned to Virginia
Virginia
and resumed the practice of law. In addition, he presided over the 1835 Democratic National Convention. In February 1836 President Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
renominated Stevenson for Minister to Great Britain. He was confirmed 26 votes to 19, and served from 1836 to 1841. His term as Minister to the United Kingdom was marked by controversy: the abolitionist cause was growing in strength, and some sections of public opinion resented the choice of Stevenson, who was a slaveowner, for this role.[1] The Irish statesman Daniel O'Connell
Daniel O'Connell
was reported to have denounced Stevenson in public as a slave breeder, generally thought to be a more serious matter than simply being a slaveowner.[2] Stevenson, outraged, challenged O'Connell to a duel, but O'Connell, who had a lifelong aversion to dueling, refused, and suggested that he had been misquoted. The controversy became public and the repeated references to slave breeding caused Stevenson a good deal of embarrassment: there was a widespread view that if O'Connell's charges were false Stevenson would have done better to simply ignore them rather than engaging in a public squabble.[3] Later life[edit] Stevenson presided over the 1848 Democratic National Convention. In 1845 he was elected to the board of visitors of the University of Virginia. From 1856 to 1857 he served as the university's rector. Death and burial[edit]

Blenheim

He died at his Blenheim estate in Albemarle County on January 21, 1857. He was buried at Enniscorthy Cemetery in Keene, Virginia. Stevenson had purchased Blenheim in 1846.[4] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
in 1976.[5] Family[edit] Stevenson married three times. In 1809, he married Mary Page White, granddaughter of Carter Braxton, who was the mother of John White Stevenson, a Congressman, U.S. Senator, and who also served as Governor of Kentucky. She died in 1812. In 1816 he married his second wife, Sarah (Sally) Coles, who was a cousin of Dolley Madison
Dolley Madison
and a sister of Edward Coles, who served as Governor of Illinois. She died in 1848. In 1849 he married Mary Schaff. References[edit]

^ Geoghegan, Patrick M. Liberator- the Life and Death of Daniel O'Connell Gill and Macmillan 2010 Dublin p.202 ^ Geoghegan pp.202-4 ^ Geoghegan p.204 ^ Virginia
Virginia
Historic Landmarks Commission Staff (December 1975). " National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
Inventory/Nomination: Blenheim" (PDF).  and Accompanying photo ^ National Park Service
National Park Service
(2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 

External links[edit]

United States
United States
Congress. " Andrew Stevenson
Andrew Stevenson
(id: S000891)". Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress.  Andrew Stevenson
Andrew Stevenson
at Find a Grave

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by John Tyler Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia's 23rd congressional district March 4, 1821 – March 3, 1823 (obsolete district) Succeeded by (none)

Preceded by William L. Ball Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia's 9th congressional district March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1833 Succeeded by William P. Taylor

Preceded by John M. Patton Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia's 11th congressional district March 4, 1833 – June 2, 1834 Succeeded by John Robertson

Political offices

Preceded by John W. Taylor Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives December 3, 1827 – March 3, 1829; December 7, 1829 – March 3, 1831; December 5, 1831 – March 3, 1833 December 2, 1833 – June 2, 1834 Succeeded by John Bell

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Aaron Vail (Chargé d'Affaires) U.S. Minister to Britain 1836–1841 Succeeded by Edward Everett

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Speaker of the United States
United States
House of Representatives

Muhlenberg Trumbull Dayton Sedgwick Macon Varnum Clay Cheves Taylor Barbour Stevenson Bell Polk Hunter White Jones Davis Winthrop Cobb Boyd Banks Orr Pennington Grow Colfax Pomeroy Blaine Kerr Randall Keifer Carlisle Reed Crisp Henderson Cannon Clark Gillett Longworth Garner Rainey Byrns Bankhead Rayburn Martin McCormack Albert O'Neill Wright Foley Gingrich Hastert Pelosi Boehner Ryan

v t e

Ambassadors of the United States
United States
of America to the Court of St. James's

Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1785–1811

John Adams
John Adams
(1785–1788) Thomas Pinckney
Thomas Pinckney
(1792–1796) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1796–1803) James Monroe
James Monroe
(1803–1807) William Pinkney
William Pinkney
(1808–1811) Jonathan Russell
Jonathan Russell
(chargé d'affaires) (1811–1812)

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1815–1893

John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
(1815–1817) Richard Rush
Richard Rush
(1818–1825) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1825–1826) Albert Gallatin
Albert Gallatin
(1826–1827) James Barbour
James Barbour
(1828–1829) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1829–1831) Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren
(1831–1832) Aaron Vail (chargé d'affaires) (1832–1836) Andrew Stevenson
Andrew Stevenson
(1836–1841) Edward Everett
Edward Everett
(1841–1845) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1845–1846) George Bancroft
George Bancroft
(1846–1849) Abbott Lawrence
Abbott Lawrence
(1849–1852) Joseph R. Ingersoll (1852–1853) James Buchanan
James Buchanan
(1853–1856) George M. Dallas
George M. Dallas
(1856–1861) Charles Adams Sr. (1861–1868) Reverdy Johnson
Reverdy Johnson
(1868–1869) John Lothrop Motley
John Lothrop Motley
(1869–1870) Robert C. Schenck
Robert C. Schenck
(1871–1876) Edwards Pierrepont
Edwards Pierrepont
(1876–1877) John Welsh (1877–1879) James Russell Lowell
James Russell Lowell
(1880–1885) Edward J. Phelps (1885–1889) Robert Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln
(1889–1893)

Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1893–present

Thomas F. Bayard
Thomas F. Bayard
Sr. (1893–1897) John Hay
John Hay
(1897–1898) Joseph Choate (1899–1905) Whitelaw Reid
Whitelaw Reid
(1905–1912) Walter Page (1913-1918) John W. Davis
John W. Davis
(1918–1921) George Harvey (1921–1923) Frank B. Kellogg
Frank B. Kellogg
(1924–1925) Alanson B. Houghton
Alanson B. Houghton
(1925–1929) Charles G. Dawes
Charles G. Dawes
(1929–1931) Andrew W. Mellon
Andrew W. Mellon
(1932–1933) Robert Bingham (1933–1937) Joseph P. Kennedy (1938–1940) John G. Winant (1941–1946) W. Averell Harriman
W. Averell Harriman
(1946) Lewis W. Douglas (1947–1950) Walter S. Gifford (1950–1953) Winthrop W. Aldrich
Winthrop W. Aldrich
(1953–1957) John Hay
John Hay
Whitney (1957–1961) David K. E. Bruce (1961–1969) Walter H. Annenberg (1969–1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1975–1976) Anne Armstrong (1976–1977) Kingman Brewster Jr. (1977–1981) John J. Louis Jr. (1981–1983) Charles H. Price II
Charles H. Price II
(1983–1989) Henry E. Catto Jr. (1989–1991) Raymond G. H. Seitz (1991–1994) William J. Crowe
William J. Crowe
(1994–1997) Philip Lader
Philip Lader
(1997–2001) William Stamps Farish III
William Stamps Farish III
(2001–2004) Robert H. Tuttle
Robert H. Tuttle
(2005–2009) Louis Susman
Louis Susman
(2009–2013) Matthew Barzun
Matthew Barzun
(2013–2017) Woody Johnson
Woody Johnson
(2017– )

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Speakers of the Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates

Pendleton Wythe B. Harrison Lee Tyler B. Harrison Prentis Mathews Wise Smith E. Harrison Holmes Johnston Nelson Barbour Stevenson Stanard Banks Gilmer Southall Holleman Southall Goode Jones Strother H. Hopkins G. Hopkins Crutchfield Kemper Sheffey Baldwin Turner Hanger Allen Lacy Fowler Stuart R. Cardwell Ryan Saunders Ryan W. Cardwell Byrd Cox Houston Brewer Ozlin Brown Dovell Stanley Massenburg Moore Cooke Philpott Moss Wilkins Howell Cox

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 4020954 LCCN: n88101176 US Congress: S000891 SN

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