Andrew George McCabe (born March 18, 1968) is an American
attorney who served as the Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation from February 2016 to January 2018.
From May 9, 2017, to August 2, 2017, McCabe served as the Acting
Director of the FBI following James Comey's dismissal by President
Donald Trump. U.S. Attorney General
Jeff Sessions stated that McCabe
was one of several candidates under consideration for Director.
President Trump ultimately chose Christopher A. Wray, the former
Assistant Attorney General for the Justice Department's Criminal
Division, to succeed Comey. Once Wray was sworn in, McCabe returned
to the position of Deputy Director.
On January 29, 2018, McCabe stepped down from his position as
Deputy Director of the FBI.
On March 16, 2018, Sessions fired McCabe 26 hours before his scheduled
retirement. Sessions announced that he based his decision on
reports from the DOJ Inspector General and the FBI's disciplinary
office saying that McCabe had made unauthorized releases of
information to the media and had "lacked candor" in talking about it.
McCabe denied that he had ever been dishonest and charged that his
firing was politically motivated.
1 Early life
2 FBI career
2.1 Political pressure
2.2 Resignation and firing
3 Personal life
5 External links
McCabe was born in 1968. He graduated from The
Bolles School in
Jacksonville, Florida, in 1986. He graduated from Duke University
in 1990 and obtained a J.D. degree from Washington University in St.
Louis in 1993. During law school he interned in the criminal
division of the United States Department of Justice. Because of a
hiring freeze, McCabe spent three years in a private law practice
before joining the FBI in 1996 in Philadelphia.
McCabe began his FBI career in the New York Field Office in
1996. While there, he was on the
SWAT team. In 2003, he began
work as a supervisory special agent at the Eurasian Organized Crime
Task Force. Later, McCabe held management positions in the FBI
Counterterrorism Division, the FBI National Security Branch
and the FBI's Washington Field Office. In 2009, he served as the
first director of the High-Value Detainee Interrogation Group, a
program to research interrogation techniques that was created after
Department of Defense Directive 2310 ban of waterboarding and
other interrogation techniques. McCabe was part of the
investigation of the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing. McCabe secured
the arrest of
Ahmed Abu Khattala for suspected involvement in the 2012
FBI Director Comey appointed McCabe as Deputy Director of the FBI on
January 29, 2016, and he assumed those duties on February 1, 2016.
McCabe speaking in 2016
In 2017 the Inspector General of the Department of Justice and the
U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee investigated McCabe over concerns that
he should have recused himself from the investigation of Hillary
Clinton's use of a private email server because of a potential
conflict of interest caused by donations to his wife's Virginia State
Senate campaign. FBI documents released in January 2018 showed
that McCabe had in 2015, before his wife ran for political office in
Virginia, notified the FBI about his wife's plans and consulted with
the FBI about how he would avoid a conflict of interest. The
documents showed that McCabe followed FBI protocol regarding potential
conflicts of interest. McCabe did not oversee the Clinton email
server probe while his wife was running for office and he was excluded
from FBI investigations into public corruption cases in Virginia.
According to USA Today, "the internal documents, published on the
FBI's website, support what the bureau has asserted previously: that
McCabe had no conflicts when he assumed oversight of the Clinton
investigation. His role began in February 2016, following his
appointment as deputy director and three months after his wife, Jill
McCabe, lost her bid for a state Senate seat."
On May 9, 2017, McCabe became acting director of the FBI after Trump
dismissed Comey as director. In the absence of a Senate-confirmed
director, the deputy director automatically becomes acting
director. Statute allows the president to choose an interim FBI
director (acting director) outside of the standard order of
succession. That process began on May 10, 2017, as Attorney
Jeff Sessions and Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein
interviewed four candidates to serve as interim FBI director.
Sessions said that McCabe was "also under consideration." Shortly
after Trump fired Comey, McCabe visited the White House for an
introductory meeting in the Oval Office with the president, during
which time the president reportedly asked McCabe who he had voted for
in the 2016 election.
Wall Street Journal
Wall Street Journal published on October 20, 2016, an account of
Justice Department and FBI internal deliberations regarding an
investigation of the
Clinton Foundation that began in 2015. Four FBI
field offices — New York, Los Angeles, Washington and Little Rock
— were pursuing the investigation, with some field agents advocating
that it be aggressively continued, while some supervisors and
prosecutors believed there was insufficient evidence and that the
investigation was too expansive. In July 2016, McCabe decided that the
New York FBI office would continue investigating, with assistance from
Little Rock. The Journal reported that a senior Justice Department
official called McCabe to express his disagreement with this decision,
with McCabe reportedly asking, "Are you telling me that I need to shut
down a validly predicated investigation?," to which the unnamed
official replied, “Of course not.”
Starting in July 2017 Trump repeatedly attacked McCabe in Twitter
comments, suggesting that Sessions should dismiss McCabe, accusing him
of conflicts because of his wife’s campaign for state office, and
taunting him about "racing the clock" until his retirement. In
January 2018 it was reported that Attorney General Sessions had been
pressuring FBI Director Wray to fire McCabe. However, Wray refused and
reportedly threatened to resign if McCabe was removed.
The Nunes memo, which alleges improper activities in seeking a warrant
to surveil former Trump associate Carter Page, asserts that McCabe
"testified before the [House Intelligence] Committee in December 2017
that no surveillance warrant would have been sought from the FISC
without the Steele dossier," a document many Trump supporters insist
is completely false. However, McCabe's testimony was in classified
session and no public transcript is available to confirm the Nunes
memo assertion; disclosing contents of the classified testimony would
be unlawful. Democratic Representative Eric Swalwell, a member of the
House Intelligence Committee, said the
Nunes memo "seriously
mischaracterizes the testimony of Deputy Director Andrew McCabe."
Nunes memo also asserts that a text message from Peter Strzok
discusses "a meeting with Deputy Director McCabe to discuss an
“insurance” policy against President Trump’s election." However,
Wall Street Journal
Wall Street Journal reported on December 18, 2017, that Strzok
associates said the "insurance policy" meant the FBI continuing its
investigation into possible collusion between Trump and Russians, in
case Trump won the election.
Resignation and firing
After being repeatedly taunted by President Trump, McCabe
announced on January 29, 2018 that he was stepping down as deputy
director, effective immediately. He then went on paid leave until
his scheduled retirement date of March 18, 2018, his 50th birthday, at
which point he would be eligible for a retirement pension. McCabe
did not lose his entire pension.
On March 1, 2018, the New York Times and Washington Post, citing
persons familiar with an investigation by Michael E. Horowitz, the
Justice Department inspector general, reported that the inspector
general was preparing a report that would conclude that McCabe was
"responsible for approving an improper media disclosure," specifically
relating to an October 2016
Wall Street Journal
Wall Street Journal article that reported
on disagreements between the FBI and Justice Department over an
investigation of the Clinton Foundation.
On March 14, 2018, the FBI's Office of Professional Responsibility,
citing the inspector general's conclusions, recommended that McCabe be
fired. Attorney General Sessions announced at 10 p.m. on
Friday, March 16, 2018 that he was taking the recommendation and
firing McCabe. He cited the inspector general's report, which has not
been publicly released, as saying that "Mr. McCabe had made an
unauthorized disclosure to the news media and lacked candor -
including under oath - on multiple occasions." McCabe told The New
York Times, "The idea that I was dishonest is just wrong. This is part
of an effort to discredit me as a witness." McCabe was dismissed
less than two days before he would have collected a full early pension
for his FBI career. He may have to wait until age 57-62 to begin
collecting pension benefits. Trump immediately celebrated on
Twitter, saying "
Andrew McCabe FIRED, a great day for the hard working
men and women of the FBI - A great day for Democracy."
On March 17, Democratic Congressman
Mark Pocan of Wisconsin offered
McCabe a security post in his congressional office. With McCabe short
by two days of work for a federal agency to receive his benefits,
Pocan said that "Andrew McCabe's firing makes it clear that President
Trump is doing everything he can to discredit the FBI and undermine
Special Counsel’s investigation" and described his job offer as
a "legitimate offer to work on election security". Massachusetts
Seth Moulton was also reported to be
considering offering McCabe a position in his office.
On March 21, 2018, the FBI Director Christopher Wray stated that
McCabe firing was not politically influenced but done “by the
Also on March 21, immediately after McCabe's firing, a parallel
situation was noted and reported: that just as
Jeff Sessions had fired
McCabe for lacking "candor", McCabe had, nearly a year previous to his
own firing, authorized a criminal investigation into "whether Sessions
lacked candor when testifying before Congress about contacts with
McCabe is married to Jill McCabe, a pediatrician, who was a Democratic
candidate for the Virginia state senate in 2015. They have two
children, a son and a daughter. McCabe is a triathlete who biked
35 miles to work from his home in Virginia.
^ Levine, Mike (March 16, 2018). "In his own words: McCabe claims
firing part of 'ongoing assault' on Russia probe". ABC News. Retrieved
March 17, 2018.
^ Apuzzo, Matt; Goldman, Adam (March 1, 2018). "Andrew McCabe,
Ex-Deputy Director of F.B.I., Will Be Faulted for Leaks". The New York
Times. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
^ Nobles, Ryan. "McCabe did not vote in 2016 general election, but did
vote in 2016 GOP presidential primary". Retrieved March 2, 2018.
^ a b "The School of Law" (PDF), One Hundred and Thirty-Second
Commencement, Washington University in St. Louis, p. 35,
^ Pappas, Alex (March 15, 2018). "IG could soon release explosive
report on FBI's Clinton probe, as Sessions weighs firing McCabe". Fox
News. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
^ Thrush, Glenn; Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (June 7, 2017). "Trump Picks
Christopher Wray to Be F.B.I. Director". The New York Times.
ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
^ Max Kutner. Under New Bureau Head, Acting FBI Director Andrew McCabe
to Remain as Deputy, Despite Trump’s Allegations. Newsweek. August
^ "The FBI's
Andrew McCabe Retired; He Didn't Resign.WSJ". February 2,
2018. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
^ Sheth, Sonam (January 30, 2018). "The DOJ is reportedly
Andrew McCabe deliberately slowed the FBI's
Clinton email probe". Business Insider. Retrieved February 3,
^ Pramuk, Jacob (January 29, 2018). "FBI Deputy Director Andrew
McCabe, frequent target of Trump's ire, steps down: NBC News". CNBC.
Retrieved January 29, 2018.
^ Williams, Katie; Fabian, Jordan (January 29, 2018). "Deputy FBI
Director McCabe steps down". The Hill. Retrieved January 30,
^ Zapotosky, Matt. "FBI's
Andrew McCabe is fired a little more than 24
hours before he could retire". The Washington Post. The Washington
Post. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
^ "Andrew McCabe, the former FBI deputy director targeted by Trump,
was just fired". Vox. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
^ Bo Williams, Katie (2018-03-16). "Sessions fires McCabe from FBI".
The Hill. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
^ Tanfani, Joseph (2018-03-16). "Former FBI official Andrew McCabe, a
target of Trump, is fired just before his retirement". latimes.com.
Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
^ Singman, Brooke; Gibson, Jake (2018-03-17). "Former FBI Deputy
Andrew McCabe fired". Fox News. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
^ "McCabe '86 Named Acting FBI Director". The Bolles School. Retrieved
May 13, 2017. [dead link]
^ a b c d Wilber, Del Quentin (May 5, 2016). "FBI's new
second-in-command makes decisions, not headlines". Los Angeles Times.
Retrieved October 31, 2016.
^ a b c "Andrew McCabe". CNBC. September 26, 2016. Retrieved May 10,
^ Trimble, Megan (May 12, 2017). "10 Things You Didn't Know About
Andrew McCabe". U.S. News & World Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S.
News & World Report, L.P. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
^ Gurman, Sadie; Tucker, Eric; Miller, Zeke; Colvin, Jill (January 29,
2018). "FBI's McCabe, a frequent Trump target, abruptly leaves post".
Seattle Times. Seattle:
The Seattle Times
The Seattle Times Company. The Associated
Press. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
^ a b c d Adam Goldman;
Matt Apuzzo (May 12, 2017). "
Andrew McCabe Is
Known at F.B.I. for His Precision and Intellect". The New York Times.
p. A18. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
^ Clemens, Jay (July 31, 2015). "
Andrew McCabe Named FBI Associate
Deputy Director". ExecutiveGov. Executive Mosaic. Archived from the
original on August 12, 2015.
^ a b Williams, Janice (May 9, 2017). "President Donald Tump said "a
search for a new permanent FBI director will begin immediately"".
Newsweek. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
^ Wilkers, Ross (24 October 2013). "
Andrew McCabe Appointed FBI Natl
Security Branch Lead". ExecutiveGov. Executive Mosaic. Archived from
the original on November 21, 2013.
^ "Andrew G. McCabe Named Deputy Director of the FBI" (Press release).
Federal Bureau of Investigation. January 29, 2016. Retrieved October
^ Kutner, Max (May 10, 2017). "FBI Acting Director
Andrew McCabe is
also under review for the Clinton email investigation". Newsweek.
Retrieved May 12, 2017.
^ a b c "FBI documents:
Andrew McCabe had no conflict in Hillary
Clinton email probe". USA TODAY. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
^ "Emails released by the FBI shed new light on deputy director's
recusal from Clinton probe". Business Insider. Retrieved January 9,
^ Strohm, Chris; Talev, Margaret; Dennis, Steven T. (May 9, 2017).
"Trump Fires FBI Director
James Comey Amid Russia Meddling Probe".
Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
^ "Designation of Officers of the Federal Bureau of Investigation".
Federal Register. February 14, 2007. pp. 7341–7344. Retrieved
May 11, 2017.
^ a b Keith, Tamara (May 10, 2017). "Despite Recusal Pledge, Sessions
Interviewing Candidates For Interim FBI Director". NPR. Retrieved May
^ Tatum, Sophie (January 23, 2018). "Washington Post: Trump asked
acting FBI director McCabe who he voted for in 2016". CNN. Retrieved
January 23, 2018. President
Donald Trump asked acting FBI director
Andrew McCabe who he voted for in the 2016 election in an introductory
Oval Office meeting, The Washington Post reported Tuesday, citing
several current and former US officials. The meeting happened in May,
not long after Trump fired former FBI director James Comey, according
to the Post.
^ Barrett, Devlin (October 30, 2016). "FBI in Internal Feud Over
Hillary Clinton Probe". Retrieved March 17, 2018 – via
^ a b Williams, Katie Bo (March 16, 2018). "Sessions fires McCabe from
FBI". The Hill. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
^ a b Price, Greg (January 29, 2018). "All the times Trump attacked
Andrew McCabe before deputy FBI director stepped down". Newsweek.
Retrieved 18 March 2018.
^ Swan, Jonathon (January 23, 2018). "Scoop: FBI director threatened
to resign amid Trump, Sessions pressure". Axios. Retrieved January 29,
^ Barrett, Devlin; Rucker, Philip (January 29, 2018). "FBI Director
Wray resists pressure from Sessions to replace senior personnel as
tensions swell". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
^ Blake, Aaron (February 3, 2018). "Analysis - 4 crucial questions
about the Nunes memo". Retrieved March 17, 2018 – via
^ "Read: the full text of the Nunes memo". Retrieved March 17,
^ Wilber, Del Quentin (December 18, 2017). "In FBI Agent's Account,
'Insurance Policy' Text Referred to Russia Probe". Retrieved March 17,
2018 – via www.wsj.com.
^ "FBI Deputy Director
Andrew McCabe steps down abruptly". CNN.
January 30, 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
^ "FBI Deputy Director
Andrew McCabe stepping down". January 29, 2018.
Retrieved January 29, 2018.
^ Bauer, Elizabeth (17 March 2018). "No,
Andrew McCabe Isn't 'Losing
His Pension'". Forbes. Archived from the original on 1 April 2018.
Retrieved 1 April 2018.
^ Kalmbacher, Colin (19 March 2018). "Turns Out
Andrew McCabe Didn't
Lose His Pension After All". Law & Crime. LawNewz, Inc. Archived
from the original on 1 April 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
^ Jarrett, David Shortell and Laura. "McCabe could lose 'a lot of
money' if fired before Sunday". CNN. Archived from the original on 1
April 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
^ Matt Apuzzo, Andrew McCabe, Ex-Deputy Director of F.B.I., Will Be
Faulted for Leaks, New York Times (March 1, 2018).
^ Matt Zapotosky & Karoun Demirjian, Report said to fault FBI’s
former No. 2 for approving improper media disclosure, misleading
inspector general, Washington Post (March 1, 2018).
^ Mathis-Lilley, Ben. "FBI May Fire
Andrew McCabe After Review Finds
He Wasn't "Forthcoming" About Clinton Investigation". Retrieved March
^ Brown, Pamela (March 15, 2018). "
Andrew McCabe pleading case at
Justice Department". CNN. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
^ Williams, Pete (March 16, 2018). "Sessions fires McCabe before he
can retire". NBC News. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
^ Apuzzo, Matt; Goldman, Adam (March 16, 2018). "Andrew McCabe, a
Target of Trump's F.B.I. Scorn, Is Fired Over Candor Questions".
Retrieved March 17, 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
^ Jarrett, Laura; Shortell, David (March 16, 2018). "Embattled FBI
Andrew McCabe could lose 'a lot of money' if fired before
Sunday". CNN. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
^ Stewart, Emily (March 17, 2018). "Trump says Andrew McCabe's firing
is a "great day for democracy"". Vox. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
^ Annysa Johnson. "Wisconsin Democrat U.S. Rep.
Mark Pocan offers
fired FBI deputy director McCabe a job". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.
Retrieved 18 March 2018.
^ Samuels, Brett (2018-03-21). "Wray: McCabe firing was not
politically influenced". The Hill. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
^ Adam, Edelman (2018-03-21). "FBI chief on McCabe firing: Politics
and the FBI don't mix". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
^ Levine, Mike (March 21, 2018). "Fired FBI official authorized
criminal probe of Sessions, sources say: EXCLUSIVE". ABC News.
Retrieved March 23, 2018.
^ "Trump slams FBI Deputy Director
Andrew McCabe for donations to
wife's campaign". December 23, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
^ "Trump slams FBI Deputy Director
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wife's campaign". May 9, 2017. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
Appearances on C-SPAN
Mark F. Giuliano
Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Christopher A. Wray
Directors of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Italics denotes acting director
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Criminal, Cyber, Response, and Services Branch
Human Resources Branch
Information and Technology Branch
National Security Branch
Science and Technology Branch
Behavioral Analysis Unit
Behavioral Science Unit
Communications Exploitation Section
Criminal Justice Information Services Division
Criminal Investigative Division
Crisis Negotiation Unit
Critical Incident Response Group
FBI Special Weapons and Tactics Teams
FBI Special Weapons and Tactics Teams (SWAT)
Hazardous Devices School
Hostage Rescue Team
Hostage Rescue Team (HRT)
Joint Terrorism Task Force
National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime
National Crime Information Center
Office of Professional Responsibility
Scientific Working Group (Imaging Technology
Bloodstain Pattern Analysis)
Violent Criminal Apprehension Program
Combined DNA Index System
Combined DNA Index System (CODIS)
Computer and Internet Protocol Address Verifier
Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System
Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS)
Law Enforcement National Data Exchange
Law Enforcement National Data Exchange (N-DEx)
National Incident-Based Reporting System
FBI method of profiling
Rod Blagojevich corruption charges
FBI Files on Elvis Presley
FBI Miami shootout
FBI Silvermaster File
Special Advisor Program
FBI Victims Identification Project
High-Value Interrogation Group
Special Intelligence Service
U.S. v. Scheinberg et al. (10 Cr. 336)
A. Bruce Bielaski
William E. Allen
William J. Flynn
William J. Burns
J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover
L. Patrick Gray
Clarence M. Kelley
James B. Adams
William H. Webster
John E. Otto
William S. Sessions
Floyd I. Clarke
Thomas J. Pickard
Christopher A. Wray
Harry "Skip" Brandon
Joseph L. Gormley
Child Abduction and Serial Murder Center
FBI portrayal in media
FBI–Apple encryption dispute
FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin
1 In order of service. Italics indicate Acting Directors.