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Andrew Cunningham McLaughlin (February 14, 1861 in Beardstown, Illinois – September 24, 1947) was an American historian known as an authority on U.S. Constitutional history.

Contents

1 Background 2 Education 3 Career 4 Works 5 Personal life 6 Works 7 Footnotes 8 Sources 9 External links

Background[edit] McLaughlin was born in Illinois to Scottish immigrant parents David McLaughlin (1830-1891) and Isabella Campbell McLaughlin (1819-1899).[1] Education[edit] McLaughlin received his bachelor's and law degrees from the University of Michigan. Career[edit] Following his graduation, McLaughlin taught Latin at the University of Michigan, then transferred to the history department, where he taught American history until he was recruited in 1906 by University of Chicago president William Rainey Harper, teaching there until 1929. By 1903 McLaughlin was a respected historian. He was selected to be the first director of the Department of Historical Research at the newly created Carnegie Institution
Carnegie Institution
in Washington, D.C., a post he held for two years. In 1914 he was named president of the American Historical Association, becoming an advocate for historians giving guidance on world events, touring the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in 1918 to support its efforts in World War I, lecturing on the causes that had led the United States into the war. His book America and Britain (1919) was a compilation of these lectures. Works[edit] McLaughlin's first major book Confederation and Constitution, 1783-1789 (1907) was a volume in the American Nation series, planned and edited by Albert Bushnell Hart
Albert Bushnell Hart
of Harvard University. His other major works include The Courts, the Constitution, and Parties: Studiers in Constitutional History and Politics (1912) and The Foundations of American Constitutionalism (1932), based on the Anson G. Phelps Lectures delivered at New York University. McLaughlin's magnum opus A Constitutional History of the United States (1935) won the 1936 Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for History. Written for the average reader, the purpose is "to present briefly and clearly the constitutional history of the United States during nearly two centuries", not giving a history of constitutional law as announced by the courts, but of the development of constitutional principles in relation to political and social conditions and forces outside of the courtroom. "The most significant and conclusive constitutional decision was not rendered by a court of law but delivered at the famous meeting of General Grant and General Lee at Appomattox." He left his papers (1881-1947) at the University of Michigan.[2] Among the many students whom he mentored at the University of Chicago was the historian Henry Steele Commager. Personal life[edit] In 1890 McLaughlin married Lois Thompson Angell (1863-1941), daughter of longtime University of Michigan
University of Michigan
president James B. Angell. McLaughlin's brother James Campbell McLaughlin (1858-1932) was a U.S. Representative from Michigan in 1907-1932. Other brothers include John Russell McLaughlin (1856-1871) and Andrew Cunningham McLaughlin (1861-1947). His daughter Constance McLaughlin Green (1897-1975) was also a Pulitzer Prize-winning historian who specialized in the history of Washington, D.C., and his son James Angell MacLachlan (1891-1967) was a Harvard Law School
Harvard Law School
professor and co-founder of the National Bankruptcy Conference. Other children are Rowland Hazard McLaughlin (1894-1918) and David Blair McLaughlin (1895-1914). Works[edit]

McLaughlin, Andrew C., History of Higher Education in Michigan (Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1891)[3] McLaughlin, Andrew C., Lewis Cass (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1891, 1899)[4] McLaughlin, Andrew C., Elements of Civil Government of the State of Michigan (New York, Boston : Silver, Burdett and Co., 1892)[5] McLaughlin, Andrew C., The Western Posts and the British Debts (Yale Review, 1895)[6] McLaughlin, Andrew C., James Wilson in the Philadelphia Convention (Boston: Ginn and Co., The Athenaeum Press, 1897)[7] McLaughlin, Andrew C., A History of the American Nation (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1899, and later reprint editions)[8] McLaughlin, Andrew C., The Teaching of American History: with Selected References Designed to Accompany A History of the American Nation (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1899)[9] McLaughlin, Andrew C., Sketch of Charles Pinckney's Plan for a Constitution, 1787 (American Historical Review, 1904)[10] McLaughlin, Andrew C., Confederation and Constitution, 1783-1789 (New York: Harper, 1905, and later reprint editions) (American Nation Series)[11] McLaughlin, Andrew C. and Claude H. Van Tyne, A History of the United States for Schools (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1911, 1915)[12] McLaughlin, Andrew C., The Courts, the Constitution, and Parties: Studies in Constitutional History and Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1912).[13] McLaughlin, Andrew C. and Albert Bushnell Hart
Albert Bushnell Hart
(eds.), Cyclopedia of American Government (3 vols.) (1914)[14][15][16][17][18] McLaughlin, Andrew C., The Great War: From Spectator to Participant (Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1917)[19] McLaughlin, Andrew C., America and Britain (1919)[20] McLaughlin, Andrew C., Steps in the Development of American Democracy (New York: Abingdon Press, 1920)[21] McLaughlin, Andrew C., The Foundations of American Constitutionalism (New York: New York University
New York University
Press, 1932, and later reprint editions) (Anson G,. Phelps Lectures at New York University)[22] McLaughlin, Andrew C., A Constitutional History of the United States (New York: D. Appleton Century Com., 1935) ISBN 978-1-931313-31-5[23][24]

Footnotes[edit]

^ www.findagrave.com ^ http://quod.lib.umich.edu/b/bhlead/umich-bhl-85536?rgn=main;view=text ^ babe.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ babel.hathitrust.org ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ archive.org ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ books.google.com ^ "Classifying government". The Independent. Jul 6, 1914. Retrieved July 28, 2012.  ^ www.jstor.org ^ vol. 1 ^ vol. 2 ^ vol. 3 ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ babel.hathitrust.org[permanent dead link] ^ questia.com ^ books.google.com ^ scholarship.law.marquette.edu

Sources[edit]

Andrew C. McLaughlin
Andrew C. McLaughlin
at Find a Grave Waldo Gifford Leland, ""Recollections (1951)" and "The Reminiscences of Wald Gifford Leland" (1955 oral history) in Peter J. Wosh, ed., Waldo Gifford Leland and the Origins of the American Archival Profession (Chicago: Society of American Archivists, 2011).[1]

External links[edit]

Works by or about Andrew C. McLaughlin
Andrew C. McLaughlin
at Internet Archive

v t e

Presidents of the American Historical Association

1884–1900

Andrew Dickson White
Andrew Dickson White
(1884-85) George Bancroft
George Bancroft
(1886) Justin Winsor
Justin Winsor
(1887) William Frederick Poole
William Frederick Poole
(1888) Charles Kendall Adams
Charles Kendall Adams
(1889) John Jay (1890) William Wirt Henry (1891) James Burrill Angell
James Burrill Angell
(1892-93) Henry Adams
Henry Adams
(1893-94) George Frisbie Hoar
George Frisbie Hoar
(1895) Richard Salter Storrs
Richard Salter Storrs
(1896) James Schouler (1897) George Park Fisher (1898) James Ford Rhodes
James Ford Rhodes
(1899) Edward Eggleston
Edward Eggleston
(1900)

1901–1925

Charles Francis Adams Jr.
Charles Francis Adams Jr.
(1901) Alfred Thayer Mahan
Alfred Thayer Mahan
(1902) Henry Charles Lea
Henry Charles Lea
(1903) Goldwin Smith
Goldwin Smith
(1904) John Bach McMaster
John Bach McMaster
(1905) Simeon Eben Baldwin
Simeon Eben Baldwin
(1906) J. Franklin Jameson (1907) George Burton Adams (1908) Albert Bushnell Hart
Albert Bushnell Hart
(1909) Frederick Jackson Turner
Frederick Jackson Turner
(1910) William Milligan Sloane
William Milligan Sloane
(1911) Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
(1912) William Archibald Dunning (1913) Andrew C. McLaughlin
Andrew C. McLaughlin
(1914) H. Morse Stephens
H. Morse Stephens
(1915) George Lincoln Burr
George Lincoln Burr
(1916) Worthington C. Ford (1917) William Roscoe Thayer
William Roscoe Thayer
(1918-19) Edward Channing (1920) Jean Jules Jusserand
Jean Jules Jusserand
(1921) Charles Homer Haskins
Charles Homer Haskins
(1922) Edward Potts Cheyney
Edward Potts Cheyney
(1923) Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
(1924) Charles McLean Andrews
Charles McLean Andrews
(1924-25)

1926–1950

Dana Carleton Munro
Dana Carleton Munro
(1926) Henry Osborn Taylor (1927) James Henry Breasted
James Henry Breasted
(1928) James Harvey Robinson
James Harvey Robinson
(1929) Evarts Boutell Greene (1930) Carl L. Becker (1931) Herbert Eugene Bolton
Herbert Eugene Bolton
(1932) Charles A. Beard
Charles A. Beard
(1933) William Dodd (1934) Michael Rostovtzeff
Michael Rostovtzeff
(1935) Charles Howard McIlwain (1936) Guy Stanton Ford (1937) Laurence M. Larson (1938) William Scott Ferguson (1939) Max Farrand
Max Farrand
(1940) James Westfall Thompson (1941) Arthur M. Schlesinger Sr. (1942) Nellie Neilson (1943) William Linn Westermann
William Linn Westermann
(1944) Carlton J. H. Hayes (1945) Sidney Bradshaw Fay (1946) Thomas J. Wertenbaker
Thomas J. Wertenbaker
(1947) Kenneth Scott Latourette
Kenneth Scott Latourette
(1948) Conyers Read (1949) Samuel Eliot Morison
Samuel Eliot Morison
(1950)

1951–1975

Robert Livingston Schuyler (1951) James G. Randall (1952) Louis R. Gottschalk (1953) Merle Curti (1954) Lynn Thorndike
Lynn Thorndike
(1955) Dexter Perkins (1956) William L. Langer (1957) Walter Prescott Webb
Walter Prescott Webb
(1958) Allan Nevins
Allan Nevins
(1959) Bernadotte Everly Schmitt (1960) Samuel Flagg Bemis (1961) Carl Bridenbaugh (1962) Crane Brinton (1963) Julian P. Boyd (1964) Frederic C. Lane (1965) Roy Franklin Nichols (1966) Hajo Holborn (1967) John K. Fairbank (1968) C. Vann Woodward
C. Vann Woodward
(1969) Robert Roswell Palmer (1970) David M. Potter (1971) Joseph Strayer (1971) Thomas C. Cochran (1972) Lynn Townsend White Jr. (1973) Lewis Hanke (1974) Gordon Wright (1975)

1976–2000

Richard B. Morris (1976) Charles Gibson (1977) William J. Bouwsma (1978) John Hope Franklin (1979) David H. Pinkney (1980) Bernard Bailyn (1981) Gordon A. Craig
Gordon A. Craig
(1982) Philip D. Curtin (1983) Arthur S. Link (1984) William H. McNeill (1985) Carl Neumann Degler (1986) Natalie Zemon Davis
Natalie Zemon Davis
(1987) Akira Iriye (1988) Louis R. Harlan (1989) David Herlihy (1990) William Leuchtenburg (1991) Frederic Wakeman (1992) Louise A. Tilly (1993) Thomas C. Holt (1994) John Henry Coatsworth (1995) Caroline Bynum (1996) Joyce Appleby (1997) Joseph C. Miller (1998) Robert Darnton
Robert Darnton
(1999) Eric Foner
Eric Foner
(2000)

2001–Present

William Roger Louis (2001) Lynn Hunt (2002) James M. McPherson
James M. McPherson
(2003) Jonathan Spence (2004) James J. Sheehan
James J. Sheehan
(2005) Linda K. Kerber (2006) Barbara Weinstein (2007) Gabrielle M. Spiegel (2008) Laurel Thatcher Ulrich
Laurel Thatcher Ulrich
(2009) Barbara D. Metcalf (2010) Anthony Grafton
Anthony Grafton
(2011) William Cronon
William Cronon
(2012) Kenneth Pomeranz
Kenneth Pomeranz
(2013) Jan E. Goldstein (2014) Vicki L. Ruiz (2015) Patrick Manning (2016) Tyler E. Stovall (2017) Mary Beth Norton (2018)

v t e

Pulitzer Prize for History
Pulitzer Prize for History
(1926–1950)

Edward Channing (1926) Samuel Flagg Bemis (1927) Vernon Louis Parrington
Vernon Louis Parrington
(1928) Fred Albert Shannon (1929) Claude H. Van Tyne (1930) Bernadotte E. Schmitt (1931) John J. Pershing
John J. Pershing
(1932) Frederick J. Turner (1933) Herbert Agar (1934) Charles McLean Andrews
Charles McLean Andrews
(1935) Andrew C. McLaughlin
Andrew C. McLaughlin
(1936) Van Wyck Brooks
Van Wyck Brooks
(1937) Paul Herman Buck (1938) Frank Luther Mott (1939) Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
(1940) Marcus Lee Hansen (1941) Margaret Leech (1942) Esther Forbes (1943) Merle Curti (1944) Stephen Bonsal
Stephen Bonsal
(1945) Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.
Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.
(1946) James Phinney Baxter III (1947) Bernard DeVoto
Bernard DeVoto
(1948) Roy Franklin Nichols (1949) Oliver W. Larkin (1950)

Complete list (1917–1925) (1926–1950) (1951–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 39754277 LCCN: n80090331 ISNI: 0000 0001 0890 4619 GND: 137833393 SUDOC: 100502245 BNF: cb12301050r (data) BIBSYS: 90750324 NDL: 00524347 SNAC: w6kk9cd9

^ Procter, Margaret (2012). " Waldo Gifford Leland and the Origins of the American Archival Profession". Journal of the Society of Archivists. 33: 212–214. doi:10.1080/00379816.2012.7

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