thumb|French andouille from ,_[[France">Guémené-sur-Scorff
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Andouille ( ; ; from [[Vulgar Latin]] verb ''inducere'', meaning "to lead in") is a smoked [[sausage]] made using [[pork]], originating in [[France]].
In France, particularly Brittany
, the traditional ingredients of andouille are primarily pig chitterlings
, onions, wine, and seasoning. It is generally grey and has a distinctive odor. A similar, but unsmoked and smaller, sausage is called andouillette
, literally "little andouille". Some andouille varieties use the pig's entire gastrointestinal system
. Various French regions have their own recipes such as: "''l’andouille de Guémené''", "''de Vire''", "''de Cambrai''"," ''d’Aire-sur-la-Lys''", "''de Revin''", "''de Jargeau''" , "''de Bretagne''" or "''du Val d'Ajol''".
, a spreadable pork salami from Calabria
probably originates as a variation of andouille, originally introduced to Italy in the 13th century by the Angevins
In the US, the sausage is most often associated with Louisiana Cajun cuisine, where it is a coarse-grained smoked sausage
made using pork
, and seasonings. Once the casing is stuffed, the sausage is smoked again (double smoked).
["Andouille sausage (Gastronomy) – Definition" (various), MiMi.hu, 2006, webpage]
Nicknamed "The Andouille Capital of the World," the town of LaPlace, Louisiana
, on the Mississippi River
, is especially noted for its Cajun andouille.
The country Cajuns west of Lafayette, Louisiana
, made andouille similar to the French. They seasoned the pig intestines with salt and cayenne pepper, soaked them in a water and vinegar bath overnight, and then rinsed them well before stuffing them one into another lengthwise. They cut and tied them into long links with string and hung them with the sausage in the smoke house. They were not twisted into links because they were too dense. When a link is cut, the concentric rings of the intestines can be seen. They never called it “andouille sausage”, just “andouille”; i.e., sausage and andouille are two different things to these Cajuns.
Though somewhat similar, andouille is not to be confused with "hot links
" or similar finely ground, high-fat, heavily peppered sausages.
''Andouille'' is also a colloquial term for "stupidity" in French language. In the French version of ''The Simpsons
'', Homer Simpson
calls his neighbor Ned Flanders
''"Andouille de Flanders!"'', when he is upset ("Stupid Flanders!" in original).
*List of sausages
*List of smoked foods
Category:Louisiana Creole cuisine