Andautonia was a Roman settlement located on the southern bank of the
river Sava, located in the modern-day village of Šćitarjevo,
southeast of the city of Zagreb, Croatia.
Andautonia was located in the Roman province of Pannonia, on the Roman
Poetovia (modern Ptuj) and
Siscia (Sisak). The name
Andautonia was mentioned by the ancient geographer Ptolemaeus, while
the name Dautonia was mentioned in the Antonine Itinerary. The road
Andautonia with Poetovium via
Pyrri and Aquaviva to the
Siscia to the south. The settlement existed between the
1st and the 4th century, after which it is believed to have been
destroyed during the Great Migration in Europe.
In the modern age, its name was first discovered written on a stone
tablet recovered in
Stenjevec in 1758 and then another one in
Šćitarjevo in 1768. During the 19th century, Roman stone and
brick material that could still be found in these areas was by and
large removed and reused in the construction of new buildings, thereby
removing the surface traces of Andautonia's location. The
settlement's location was disputed at the time, with various claims
made by cartographers and historians including Latius, Lapie,
Reichard, d'Anville, Krčelić, Blašković, Katančić and
Kukuljević. It was finally properly deduced by
Theodor Mommsen and
published in the
Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum
Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum in 1873. The Zagreb
Archaeological Museum subsequently started its first excavations in
Šćitarjevo and found numerous Roman artifacts at the depth of about
1 metre (3.3 ft).
The Museum staff returned to the site for a series of explorations
between 1969 and 1980, and since 1981 they also analyzed the garden of
the parish office in the center of the village. They recovered traces
of streets, the sewer system, various buildings, city walls and a
necropolis. In 1994, an archeological park was first built in the
The name of
Andautonia is derived from the
an- ("near") and *dheu̯- ("to flow"), meaning "a place by the
^ a b Ljubić 1883, p. 1.
^ Ljubić 1883, p. 10.
^ a b c Kušan & Nemeth-Ehrlich 1996, p. 30.
^ Ljubić 1883, p. 1–2.
^ Ljubić 1883, p. 11.
^ Ljubić 1883, pp. 1–9.
^ Ljubić 1883, p. 11–13.
^ Šimunović 2013, p. 183.
Ljubić, Šime (November 1883). "
Andautonia (Šćitarjevo)". Journal
Zagreb Archaeological Museum (in Croatian). 5 (1).
Kušan, Dora; Nemeth-Ehrlich, Dorica (January 1996). "Arheološki park
Andautonija u Ščitarjevu". Informatica Museologica (in Croatian).
Zagreb: Museum documentation centre. 25 (1-4).
Šimunović, Petar (March 2013). "Predantički toponimi u današnjoj
(i povijesnoj) Hrvatskoj" [Pre-Roman placenames in present-day (and
historical) Croatia] (PDF). Folia onomastica Croatica (in Croatian).
Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (22): 147–214.
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