The Info List - Ancus Marcius

--- Advertisement ---

Ancus Marcius
Ancus Marcius
(c. 677–617 BC ;[2] reigned 642–617 BC)[1] was the legendary fourth king of Rome. He was the son of Marcius (whose father, also named Marcius, had been a close friend of Numa Pompilius), who may be identified with Numa Marcius,[3] and Pompilia (daughter of Numa Pompilius).[4] According to Festus, Marcius had the surname of Ancus from his crooked arm. Upon the death of the previous king, Tullus Hostilius, the Roman Senate
Roman Senate
appointed an interrex, who in turn called a session of the assembly of the people who elected the new king.[4] Ancus Marcius
Ancus Marcius
was believed by the Romans to have been the namesake of the Marcii, a Plebeian family.[5]

O: diademed head of Ancus Marcius, lituus behind R: equestrian statue on 5 arches of aqueduct (Aqua Marcia) PHILIPPVS A-Q-V-A-(MAR)

denarius struck by Lucius Marcius Philippus in Rome
56 BC.


1 First acts as King 2 War 3 Successor 4 References

First acts as King[edit] According to Livy, his first act as king was to order the Pontifex Maximus to copy the text concerning the performance of public ceremonies of religion from the commentaries of Numa Pompilius
Numa Pompilius
to be displayed to the public, so that the rites of religion should no longer be neglected or improperly performed.[4] War[edit] He waged war successfully against the Latins, and a number of them were settled on the Aventine Hill.[6] According to Livy
the war was commenced by the Latins who anticipated Ancus would follow the pious pursuit of peace adopted by his grandfather, Numa Pompilius. The Latins initially made an incursion on Roman lands. When a Roman embassy sought restitution for the damage, the Latins gave a contemptuous reply. Ancus accordingly declared war on the Latins. The declaration is notable since, according to Livy, it was the first time that the Romans had declared war by means of the rites of the fetials.[4] Ancus Marcius
Ancus Marcius
marched from Rome
with a newly levied army and took the Latin town of Politorium (situated near the town of Lanuvium) by storm. Its residents were removed to settle on the Aventine Hill
Aventine Hill
in Rome
as new citizens, following the Roman traditions from wars with the Sabines
and Albans. When the other Latins subsequently occupied the empty town of Politorium, Ancus took the town again and demolished it.[6] The Latin villages of Tellenae and Ficana were also sacked and demolished. The war then focused on the Latin town of Medullia. The town had a strong garrison and was well fortified. Several engagements took place outside the town and the Romans were eventually victorious. Ancus returned to Rome
with a large amount of loot. More Latins were brought to Rome
as citizens and were settled at the foot of the Aventine near the Palatine Hill, by the temple of Murcia. Ancus Marcius
Ancus Marcius
incorporated the Janiculum
into the city, fortifying it with a wall and connecting it with the city by a wooden bridge across the Tiber,[7] the Pons Sublicius. On the land side of the city he constructed the Fossa Quiritium, a ditch fortification. He also built Rome's first prison, the Mamertine prison.[6] He extended Roman territory to the sea, founding the port of Ostia, establishing salt-works around the port,[7] and taking the Silva Maesia, an area of coastal forest north of the Tiber, from the Veientes. He expanded the temple of Jupiter Feretrius to reflect these territorial successes.[6] According to a reconstruction of the Fasti Triumphales, Ancus Marcius
Ancus Marcius
celebrated at least one triumph, over the Sabines
and Veientes. Successor[edit] Ancus Marcius
Ancus Marcius
was succeeded by Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, who was ultimately assassinated by the sons of Ancus Marcius.[8] Later, during the Republic and the Empire, the prominent Gens Marcia claimed descent from Ancus Marcius. References[edit]

^ a b "Ancus Marcius" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
Inc., 15th edn., 1992, Vol. 1, p. 379. ^ Plutach's Parallel Lives vol. 1 p. 379 ^ E. Peruzzi Le origini di Roma I. La famiglia Firenze 1970 p. 142 ff. ^ a b c d Livy, Ab Urbe Condita, 1:32 ^ Niebuhr, The History of Rome, Volume 1, p. 301 ^ a b c d Livy, Ab Urbe Condita, 1:33 ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ancus Marcius". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 953.  ^ Livy, Ab Urbe Condita

Legendary titles

Preceded by Tullus Hostilius King of Rome 642–617 BC Succeeded by Lucius Tarquinius Priscus

v t e

Kings of Rome

(753–717 BC) Numa Pompilius
Numa Pompilius
(717–673 BC) Tullus Hostilius
Tullus Hostilius
(673–642 BC) Ancus Marcius
Ancus Marcius
(642–617 BC) Lucius Tarquinius Priscus
Lucius Tarquinius Priscus
(616–579 BC) Servius Tullius
Servius Tullius
(578–535 BC) Lucius Tarquinius Superbus
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus
(535–510 BC/509 BC)

v t e

Ancient Roman religion and mythology


Apollo Bellona Bona Dea Castor and Pollux Ceres Cupid Diana Dīs Pater Egeria Fauna Faunus Flora Genius Hercules Janus Juno Jupiter Lares Liber Libertas Lucina Mars Mercury Minerva Orcus Neptune Penates Pluto Pomona Priapus Proserpina Quirinus Saturn Silvanus Sol Venus Vesta Vulcan

Abstract deities

Abundantia Aequitas Concordia Fides Fortuna Pietas Roma Salus Securitas Spes Victoria Terra

Legendary figures

Aeneas Rhea Silvia Romulus
and Remus Numa Pompilius Tullus Hostilius Servius Tullius Ancus Marcius Lucius Tarquinius Priscus Lucius Tarquinius Superbus





Metamorphoses Fasti

Propertius Apuleius

The Golden Ass


Concepts and practices

Religion in ancient Rome Festivals Interpretatio graeca Imperial cult Temples

See also

Glossary of ancient Roman religion Greek mythology Myth and ritual Classical mythology Conversion to Christianity Decline of Greco-Roman polytheism

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 73583