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Anaxilas
Anaxilas
or Anaxilaus (Greek: Ἀναξίλας, Ἀναξίλαος), son of Cretines, was a tyrant of Rhegium
Rhegium
(modern Reggio Calabria). He was originally from Messenia, a region in the Peloponnese. [1] Life[edit] Anaxilas
Anaxilas
was master of Rhegium
Rhegium
in 494 BC, when he encouraged the Samians and other Ionian fugitives to seize Zancle, a city across the strait in Sicily
Sicily
which was then under the rule of the tyrant Scythes.[2] Shortly after the Samian takeover, Anaxilas
Anaxilas
besieged the city himself, drove the Samians out, peopled it with fresh inhabitants, and changed its name to Messana, after his native Messene.[3][4]

In 484 or 480 BC, Anaxilas
Anaxilas
won the mule biga event at the Olympic games, and struck this tetradrachm to commemorate his success.[5]

Pausanias tells a somewhat different story. After the second war with the Spartans, Anaxilas
Anaxilas
assisted the refugees from Messina
Messina
in the Peloponnese
Peloponnese
to take Zancle
Zancle
in Sicily.[6] Anaxilas
Anaxilas
married Cydippe, daughter of Terillus, tyrant of Himera.[2] In 480 he obtained the assistance of the Carthaginians for his father-in-law, who had been expelled from his city by Theron, tyrant of Agrigentum.[7] It was this auxiliary army that Gelo
Gelo
defeated at Himera. Anaxilas
Anaxilas
wanted to destroy the Locrians, but was prevented by Hiero I of Syracuse, as related by Epicharmus.[2] Anaxilas' daughter was married to Hiero.[8] Anaxilaus died in 476, leaving Micythus guardian of his children. These gained control of their inheritance only in 467, when Leophron
Leophron
became tyrant. However, in 461 the new rulers were removed by a popular revolt of both the citizens of Rhegium
Rhegium
and Messana.[9] References[edit]

^ Smith, William (1867). "Anaxilaus". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston. p. 164. ISBN 1-84511-002-1.  ^ a b c Larcher, Pierre Henri (1844). Larcher's Notes on Herodotus: Historical and Critical Comments on the History of Herodotus. London: Whittaker & Co. pp. 315–323.  ^ Herodotus, vi. 22, 23 ^ Thucydides, vi. 4; compare Aristotle, Politics v. 10. § 4 ^ "Brutium," in Barclay Vincent Head, Historia Numorum. ^ Bentley, Richard; Alexander Dyce (ed.) (1836). The Works of Richard Bentley. London: Francis MacPherson. pp. 205–223. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Herodotus, vii. 165 ^ Scholiast, ad Pind. Pyth. i. 112 ^ Diodorus Siculus, xi. 48, 66, 76

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Anaxilaus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 

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Ancient Olympic Games

Sports

Foot races

Diaulos Dolichos Hoplitodromos Stadion

Horse races

Apene Chariot
Chariot
of polos Decapolon Kalpe Keles Perfect chariot Polos Synoris Synoris
Synoris
of polos Tethrippon Tethrippon
Tethrippon
of polos

Combat

Boxing Pankration Wrestling

Special

Herald and Trumpet contest Pentathlon

Winners

Acanthus of Sparta Agasias of Arcadia Agesarchus of Tritaea Alcibiades
Alcibiades
of Athens Alexander I of Macedon Anaxilas
Anaxilas
of Messenia Aratus of Sicyon Archelaus I of Macedon Arrhichion
Arrhichion
of Phigalia Arsinoe II Astylos of Croton Berenice I of Egypt Bilistiche Chaeron of Pellene Chilon of Patras Chionis of Sparta Cimon Coalemos Coroebus of Elis Cylon of Athens Cynisca
Cynisca
of Sparta Damarchus Demaratus
Demaratus
of Sparta Desmon of Corinth Diagoras of Rhodes Diocles of Corinth Ergoteles of Himera Euryleonis Herodorus of Megara Hiero I of Syracuse Hypenus of Elis Hysmon
Hysmon
of Elis Iccus of Taranto Leonidas of Rhodes Leophron Milo of Croton Nero
Nero
Caesar Augustus Oebotas of Dyme Onomastus of Smyrna Orsippus
Orsippus
of Megara Peisistratos
Peisistratos
of Athens Phanas of Pellene Philinus of Cos Philip II of Macedon Philippus of Croton Phrynon
Phrynon
of Athens Polydamas of Skotoussa Pythagoras of Laconia Pythagoras of Samos Sostratus of Pellene Theagenes of Thasos Theron of Acragas Tiberius
Tiberius
Caesar Augustus Timasitheus of Delphi Troilus of Elis Varazdat
Varazdat
of Armenia Xenophon of Aegium Xenophon of Corinth

Lists of winners

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Olympia Archaeological Museum of Olympia Statue of Zeus at Olympia Temple of Zeus at Olympia Modern Olympic Games Ancient Greek

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