ANARAWD AP RHODRI (died c. 916) was a King of Gwynedd and
referenced as "
King of the Britons " in the
Annales Cambriae .
Rhodri the Great
Rhodri the Great , by conquest and alleged
inheritances, had become ruler of most of northern
Wales . However,
Welsh law he was bound to divide his lands among his able-bodied
children upon his death during a Mercian invasion around 878. Anarawd,
the eldest, retained the principal estate at
Aberffraw and the throne
of Gwynedd. His brothers Cadell and Merfyn received large estates as
well, sometimes said to include the kingdoms of Ceredigion and Powys ,
respectively. For this, one of the
Welsh Triads records the brothers
as the "Three Diademed Princes of the Isle of Britain". (Rhodri's
fourth son, Tudwal the Lame , was apparently too young for the initial
The brothers are recorded as cooperating closely against the rulers
of the remaining lesser kingdoms of Wales. Æthelred of Mercia invaded
Gwynedd around 881 and the annals hailed his defeat at Cymryd in the
Battle of the Conwy as Dial Rhodri: "God's vengeance for Rhodri".
Tudwal was old enough to participate in this battle, but his
disfigurement on the field left him unfit for rule in Welsh eyes.
While Cadell then turned on his brother Merfyn, creating the realm
that would later empower
Hywel the Good , Anarawd made an alliance
with the Danish king in York in an attempt to guard himself against
further Mercian attacks. After that alliance proved unsatisfactory, he
came to an agreement with
Alfred the Great
Alfred the Great of
Wessex , visiting Alfred
at his court. He received honors and gifts from the Saxons and King
Alfred stood witness at his confirmation. According to
Asser , Anarawd
used his new Saxon allies to help in repelling a raid by his former
Danish allies around 894 and to ravage Cadell's lands in Ceredigion
Ystrad Tywi the next year. Around 902, an attack on
the Danes of Dublin under Ingimundr was repulsed. Anarawd died
c. 916, succeeded by his eldest son Idwal the Bald .
* Kings of
Wales family trees
Wikisource has the text of the 1885–1900 Dictionary of National
Biography\'s article about ANARAWD .
* ^ The
House of Dinefwr descended from Cadell would later claim
that their ancestor had been elder. That this was a simple lie is
shown, inter alia, in British Antiquities Revived-Oxford, 1662;
reprinted Bala, 1834.
* ^ Welsh: Tri theyrn taleithiog Ynys Prydain or Tri thywysog
taleithiog. Myv. Arch., Gee's ed., p. 405, No. 43.
* Lloyd, John Edward (1911). "A History of
Wales from the Earliest
Times to the Edwardian Conquest". I (2nd ed.). London: Longmans,
Green, and Co (published 1912).
* Dumville, David N. (1982). "The 'Six' Sons of Rhodri Mawr: A
Problem in Asser's Life of King Alfred". CMCS . 4: 5–18.
Anarawd ap Rhodri ABERFFRAW DYNASTY BORN: Unknown DIED: 916
Rhodri the Great