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An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
(Irish pronunciation: [ənˠ ˈfˠɔbˠlˠəxt̪ˠ]; English: The Republic) was a weekly, and later monthly,[1] newspaper published by Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
in Ireland. From early 2018 An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
will move to a magazine format while remaining an online news platform. Editorially the paper took a left-wing, Irish republican
Irish republican
position and was supportive of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
peace process. Along with covering Irish political and trade union issues the newspaper frequently featured interviews with celebrities, musicians, artists, intellectuals and international activists. The paper sold an average of up to 15,000 copies every week. During the 1981 Irish hunger strike its sales soared to over 70,000 per week. It was the first Irish paper to provide an edition online and currently has in excess of 100,000 website hits per week.[2]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Earlier publications 1.2 1970-founded publication 1.3 Amalgamation with Republican News 1.4 Ulster loyalist attacks 1.5 Peace Process onwards

2 Republican Publications 3 Editors

3.1 1925-1937 3.2 1970-2017

4 Notable contributors 5 List of current frequent contributors 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

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Earlier publications[edit]

A plaque outside An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
Headquarters at 58 Parnell Square. The building itself is named in memory of former editor Mick Timothy

The original An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
was founded as the official organ of the Dungannon Clubs in Belfast in 1906 and its first edition was printed on 13 December 1906 under the English-language version of the title The Republic.[citation needed] In the first edition, Bulmer Hobson, one of the founders of the Dungannon Clubs, set out their aims:

"Ireland today claims her place among the free peoples of the Earth. She has never surrendered that claim, nor will ever she surrender it, and today forces are working in Ireland that will not be still until her claim is acknowledged and her voice heard in the councils of the nations."

A year later the paper merged with a Dublin
Dublin
title called The Peasant. However, the title An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
was again used from 1925 with Patrick Little (P.J Little) as editor and continued until 1937 with a tumultuous history of internal splits and constant state oppression. From 1925 into 1926 Seán Lemass
Seán Lemass
wrote a number of articles advocating the engagement into politics prior to the establishment of Fianna Fáil. Peadar O'Donnell took over as editor in April 1926 following a split in the republican movement (Little became one of the founding members of Fianna Fáil).[3] Frank Ryan also edited the paper for some time other contributors were Maurice Twomey, Seán MacBride, Frank Gallagher (who became the first editor of The Irish Press), Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington and Fr Michael O'Flanagan, were just some of the prominent contributors during this time. The title appeared again in 1966 as the paper of a small IRA splinter group based in Cork.[4] 1970-founded publication[edit] Its modern version was again refounded immediately following the Sinn Féin split by Jimmy Steele in January 1970, An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
supporting the group led by Ruaírí O'Bradaigh that became the Provisional IRA when the split with the Official Irish Republican Army
Official Irish Republican Army
occurred. In 1970, An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
was at first circulated only in the South with another republican paper also established in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
in 1970, Republican News, under the editorship of veteran republican Jimmy Steele. It supported the campaign of the Provisional Irish Republican Army and published a weekly column titled "War News", which outlined IRA actions and conflict with the British Army, and provided in depth analysis of the policies being formulated by the Republican Movement. An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
began with a circulation of 20,000 per month. Located at 2a Lower Kevin Street in Dublin’s south inner city, it moved to the northside of the capital, to Kevin Barry
Kevin Barry
House, 44 Parnell Square, in August 1972. And in that October it became a fortnightly publication under the editorship of Éamonn MacThomáis, a writer and historian[5] who instituted changes in layout and general improvements so that it became a weekly publication. After 1976, the then Minister for Post and Telecommunications, Conor Cruise O'Brien, a Labour Party minister in the Fine Gael/Labour coalition, strengthened Jack Lynch’s original 1971 Section 31 censorship directive banning members of the IRA or its political wing Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
from the airwaves. However this ban did not extend to the print media. Section 31 produced a climate where many career journalists engaged in self-censorship to avoid official opprobrium. An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
became more important in disseminating the republican message and highlighting what it saw as the naked state oppression by the Unionist Party and the Royal Ulster Constabulary
Royal Ulster Constabulary
in Northern Ireland. However, it was the southern Irish government which harassed An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
most stridently, with regular Garda Special
Special
Branch investigations into the publication's links (both real and alleged) to the IRA. Mac Thomáis was arrested and charged with IRA membership and sentenced to 15 months’ imprisonment having been found guilty of the offence. The paper continued under the stewardship of Dublin journalist Deasún Breathnach until Mac Thomáis resumed duties on his release in July 1974. Within two months, Mac Thomáis was again arrested and sentenced to another 15 months. Another editor, Coleman Moynihan, who had succeeded Seán Ó Brádaigh in 1972, suffered a similar fate. The paper continued on with the succeeding editors being Gerry Danaher (1974–75), Gerry O’Hare (1975-77), and Deasún Breathnach (1977–79). Amalgamation with Republican News[edit]

This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. (November 2015)

Pearse Doherty TD delivers the main oration at the annual Wolfe Tone Commemoration in Bodenstown, 2013. The podium carries a banner advertising An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
to the audience

The Republican Movement ( Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the IRA) felt that a single paper for the whole of Ireland was required to provide a clear and coherent line from the leadership and to counter what they regarded as any partitionist thinking which might flow from the British division of Ireland. Accordingly, on 27 January 1979, the first 12-page issue of the merged publications, under the banner of An Phoblacht/ Republican News
Republican News
(AP/RN), appeared under the editorship of Danny Morrison. In the final editorial of Republican News
Republican News
on 20 January 1979, the essential thinking behind the merger was outlined: "To improve on both our reporting and analysis of the war in the North and of popular economic and social struggles in the South... the absolute necessity of one single united paper providing a clear line of republican leadership... [and] the need to overcome any partitionist thinking which results from the British-enforced division of this country and of the Irish people." During the 1980s An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
was to the fore in reporting many issues including allegations of abuse of prisoners in Castlereagh and Gough Barracks, the H-Block and Armagh Prison hunger strikes and also coverage of the ongoing conflict in Northern Ireland. Miniature versions of the paper which were about a third of the size were also printed and smuggled into prisoners in Long Kesh, Portlaoise, Armagh and other prisons. During the 1981 hunger strike sales of the newspaper reached up to 60,000 copies per-week and some issues quadrupled in size resulting in some editions running to 48-pages long. During this period An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
also opened another office based in west Belfast. On 12 May 1979 An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
published extracts from a secret British Ministry of Defence intelligence document which contained a detailed analysis of the Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
and the situation in Northern Ireland. The document, written by Brigadier JM Glover, described the IRA as "highly-professional" and capable of sustaining their campaign for at least a further five years, and predicted increasing British military casualties. The publication caused considerable embarrassment to the incoming British Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Humphrey Atkins with Danny Morrison, the paper's editor, forced into hiding for several months. A representative of the Press Association
Press Association
who was passed a copy of the document by AP/RN was also pursued by the British authorities and forced to flee to the United States. In October 1982 Morrison left the newspaper after being elected to the Northern Assembly for the Mid-Ulster constituency. He was succeeded by Mick Timothy who expanded the newspaper from 12 to 16-pages. Timothy died suddenly in January 1985 and was replaced by Rita O'Hare. The headquarters of An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
was subsequently named after Timothy. During this period An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
focused strongly on alleged collusion between the British security forces and loyalist death squads. In response the paper came under attack from deathsquads. In the 1980s, top Irish Government officials questioned senior ministers as to why the paper had not been banned under the Offences Against the State Act 1939 and suggested that the publication could be classed a "treasonable document or seditious document" and thus make it illegal to send it through the post. The officials also suggested blocking the publication's application for official newspaper status. The Attorney General at the time dismissed the move.[6] State papers also revealed that during a meeting on 10 January 1984, the British Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Jim Prior
Jim Prior
and Irish Minister for Justice Michael Noonan
Michael Noonan
discussed the possibility of banning the publication but recognised that "if one title was stopped, the same paper could appear under a new title".[7] Ulster loyalist attacks[edit] In 1991 a group calling itself the Loyalist Retaliation and Defence Group launched a spate of attacks against newsagents who sold An Phoblacht and also targeted AP/RN delivery drivers. On 10 August 1991, a 33-year-old shopkeeper (James Carson) was shot dead in his shop on the Falls Road, Belfast. This was followed by the shooting death of a 66-year-old shopkeeper (Lawrence Murchan) on St James's Road on 28 September 1991. Both were targeted for selling An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
in their newsagents.[8][9] On 12 December 1992 AP/RN worker Malachy Carey was shot dead by loyalist gunmen in Ballymoney. In January 1991 the RUC also raided the offices of An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
in Belfast seizing computer equipment and disks.[10] Letter bombs were also frequently sent to An Phoblacht by loyalist paramilitaries in the 1990s. In one incident on 4 January 1994 a bomb disguised as a book was carried outside of the offices by AP/RN book reviewer Aengus Ó Snodaigh
Aengus Ó Snodaigh
where it exploded a short time later, injuring two members of the Irish Defence Forces bomb disposal unit as they attempted to defuse it.[11] In January 2018, loyalist Winston Churchill Rea was charged with encouraging the murder of "persons working in shops selling An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
in republican and nationalist areas" between November 1977 and October 1994.[12] Peace Process onwards[edit]

Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
reading a copy of An Phoblacht. The newspaper endorsed him during the Irish presidential election, 2011

During the early 1990s AP/RN was the publication which was first to report on many of the moves towards the IRA ceasefire as well as the first place where Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
peace documents such as Towards a Lasting Peace were published. The paper also played an important role in winning support for a peace strategy from republican activists. In 1997 the paper became one of the first in Ireland to go online.[citation needed] The paper was officially relaunched in September 2005 as An Phoblacht, dropping the Republican News
Republican News
title although it is still often referred to as such.[citation needed] In 2010, the paper went from a 16-page weekly paper to a 32-page full colour monthly paper. The current editor is John Hedges. In 2013, Seán Crowe
Seán Crowe
TD told the Dáil that republican prisoner John Anthony Downey, from County Donegal, who had been arrested in connection to the Hyde Park bombing and was being held in Belmarsh Prison, had been refused copies of the paper by prison authorities because of the Irish language content contained within it. He stated that other prisoners who spoke different languages had no difficulty in obtaining other publications.[13] In November 2017 it was announced that An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
would cease as a monthly print publication and would become an internet based news service with only special editions being made available in paper format.[14] The move coincided with an announcement from Gerry Adams that he would be stepping down as leader of Sinn Féin.[15] Republican Publications[edit] An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
also publishes books, booklets, posters and magazines under the name Republican Publications. These include:

The History of the Irish Citizen Army, by RM Fox, 2014 (reprint), ISBN 9781782801849 The Rotunda: Birthplace of the Irish Volunteers, by Aengus Ó Snodaigh,2013, ISBN 9781782801832 Lockout 1913 - Austerity 2013, by Mícheál Mac Donncha, 2013, ISBN 9781782800699 Glimpses of an Irish Felon's Prison Life, by Thomas J Clarke, 2012(reprint) Brian Keenan 1941 - 2008: A Republican Legend, by Various, 2008 Máire Drumm: Voice of a Risen People, by Ella O'Dwyer and Caoilfhionn Ní Dhonnabháin, 2006 Down Dublin
Dublin
Streets, by Éamonn MacThomáis, 2005 British Intelligence and the Rearming of the Loyalist Death Squads, 1994 Songs of Resistance, 1968 - 1982 Prison Poems, by Bobby Sands, 1981 Our Own Red Blood: The Story of the 1916 Rising, by Seán Cronin, 1966 Tragedies of Kerry, by Dorothy Macardle, 1923

Editors[edit] 1925-1937[edit]

1925: Patrick Little[2] 1926: Peadar O'Donnell[2] 1930: Frank Ryan[2] 1933: Sighle Humphreys O'Donoghue[2] 1937: Tadhg Lynch[2]

1970-2017[edit]

1970: Seán Ó Brádaigh[2] 1972: Coleman Moynihan[2] 1972: Éamonn MacThomáis (Arrested)[2] 1973: Colman Ó Muimhneacháin (Arrested) 1973: Deasún Breathnach[2] 1974: Éamonn MacThomáis (Arrested)[2] 1974: Gerry Danaher[2] 1975: Gerry O'Hare[2] 1977: Deasún Breathnach[2] 1979: Danny Morrison[2] 1982: Mick Timothy[2] 1985: Rita O'Hare[2] 1990: Mícheál Mac Donncha[2] 1996: Brian Campbell[2] 1999: Martin Spain[2] 2005: Seán Mac Brádaigh[2] 2010: Joanne Spain (acting editor during transition from weekly to monthly) 2010: John Hedges[16]

Notable contributors[edit]

Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
[17] Bobby Sands[18] Danny Morrison (former editor) [19] Roy Greenslade[20]

List of current frequent contributors[edit]

Robert Allen (Environment, Food and Fisheries) Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
(Political columnist) Martina Anderson
Martina Anderson
(EU Affairs) Lynn Boylan
Lynn Boylan
(EU Affairs) Matt Carthy
Matt Carthy
(EU Affairs) Megan Fearon
Megan Fearon
(Opinion) Jane Fisher (Britain correspondent) John Hedges (Editor) Declan Kearney
Declan Kearney
(Peace Process) Mary Lou McDonald (Political columnist) Mícheál Mac Donncha
Mícheál Mac Donncha
(Historian) Michael Mannion (Book reviews) Dr Conor McCabe (Finance) Michael McMonagle (Northern reporter) Mark Moloney (Staff Journalist) Seán Murray (Peace Process) Liadh Ní Riada
Liadh Ní Riada
(EU Affairs) Eoin Ó Broin
Eoin Ó Broin
(Political columnist) Trevor Ó Clochartaigh
Trevor Ó Clochartaigh
(Irish language columnist) Eoin Ó Murchú (Political and Irish language columnist) Robbie Smyth (Media columnist) Joanne Spain (Finance columnist) Peadar Whelan (Staff Journalist)

See also[edit]

Republican News Socialist Voice The Socialist The Starry Plough Saoirse Irish Freedom

References[edit]

^ http://www.thejournal.ie/an-phoblacht-digital-3731460-Dec2017/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "About us". An Phoblacht. Retrieved 2015-11-11.  ^ Ó Drisceoil, Donal (2001). Peadar O'Donnell. Cork University Press. ISBN 978-1-85918-310-6.  ^ Public Record Office of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Minister of Home Affairs file HA 32/2/13 - "Sinn Fein and Republican Clubs 1958-68" ^ Republican who loved his 'darlin' Dublin', The Irish Times
The Irish Times
(24 August 2002). ^ John Hedges & Mark Moloney (2013-01-04). "'An Phoblacht' described in Government papers in 1982 as 'seditious'". An Phoblacht. Retrieved 2015-11-11.  ^ Mark Moloney. "Banning An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
– Fine Gael's Michael Noonan discussed censorship move with British". An Phoblacht. Retrieved 2015-11-11.  ^ "CAIN: Abstracts of Organisations - 'L'". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-11.  ^ "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-11.  ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1991". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-11.  ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1994". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-11.  ^ https://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/northern-ireland/murder-accused-loyalist-rea-denied-copy-of-own-boston-tapes-interviews-crown-court-told-36483063.html ^ "Prisoner Welfare: 26 Jun 2013: Dáil debates". KildareStreet.com. Retrieved 11 November 2015.  ^ " An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
– End of the monthly print run (but we haven't gone away, y'know) 27 Nov 2017: An Phoblacht". AnPhoblacht.com. Retrieved 30 November 2017.  ^ Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
steps down as Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
president. The Guardian. Author - Henry McDonald. Published 18 November 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017. ^ "Editor of An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
John Hedges addressing the event Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr. 2010-09-25. Retrieved 2015-11-11.  ^ Peace Process in Very Serious Difficulty — article by Gerry Adams in An Phoblacht, 2 November 1995 ^ "In the H-Blocks Bobby began writing short stories and poems under the pen-name 'Marcella', his sister’s name, which were published in...the newly merged 'An Phoblacht/Republican News'" Extracts from 'Prison Poems' by Bobby Sands
Bobby Sands
(1991) ^ An Phoblacht: About Us — An Phoblacht
An Phoblacht
website, retrieved 25 November 2006. ^ "Demonisation of Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
a consequence of Ireland's 'media bubble' Media". The Guardian. 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2015-11-11. 

External links[edit]

An Phoblacht/ Republican News
Republican News
— website of the newspaper

v t e

Sinn Féin

History

History of Sinn Féin

Abstentionism

Armalite and ballot box strategy Clann na hÉireann Cumann na nGaedheal (1900) Comhairle na dTeachtaí Éire Nua Election results Fianna Fáil Fine Gael Gaelic American German Plot Provisional IRA Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Manifesto 1918 Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
MPs Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(newspaper) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Printing & Publishing Company Republican News Republican Sinn Féin United Irishman Willie O'Dea affidavit incident Workers' Party of Ireland 32 County Sovereignty Movement

Leadership

Presidents

Edward Martyn (1905–08) John Sweetman (1908–11) Arthur Griffith
Arthur Griffith
(1911–17) Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera
(1917–26) John J. O'Kelly (Sceilg) (1926–31) Brian O'Higgins
Brian O'Higgins
(1931–33) Michael O'Flanagan (1933–35) Cathal Ó Murchadha (1935–37) Margaret Buckley (1937–50) Paddy McLogan (1950–52) Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1952–54) Paddy McLogan (1954–62) Tomás Mac Giolla
Tomás Mac Giolla
(1962–70) Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
(1970–83) Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
(1983–2018) Mary Lou McDonald (2018–present)

Vice presidents

John Sweetman (1905–07) Arthur Griffith
Arthur Griffith
(1905–08; 1917–22) Bulmer Hobson
Bulmer Hobson
(1907–10) Jennie Wyse Power (1911–) Thomas Kelly (1911–) Fr. Michael O'Flanagan (1917–23) P. J. Ruttledge (1923–26) Mary MacSwiney John Madden John J. O'Kelly (1931-33) Margaret Buckley (1933–35; 1952–60) Liam Raul (1933-37) Tom Maguire
Tom Maguire
(1935-37) Seamus Mitchell Padraig de Paor Criostóir O'Neill Michael Traynor (1950–54; 1962) Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1950–52; 1954–62) Tony Magan (1960–62) Rory O'Driscoll (1962–63) Larry Grogan (1962–69; 1970–71) Seán Caughey (1963–65) Joe Clarke (1966–72) Cathal Goulding (1969–70) Dáithí Ó Conaill
Dáithí Ó Conaill
(1971–78; 1978–83) Máire Drumm
Máire Drumm
(1972–76) Joe Cahill (1976–78) Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
(1978–83) Phil Flynn (1983–85) John Joe McGirl (1985–88) Pat Doherty (1988–2009) Mary Lou McDonald (2009–2018) Michelle O'Neill
Michelle O'Neill
(2018–present)

Seanad leaders

Pearse Doherty (2007–10) David Cullinane
David Cullinane
(2011–16) Rose Conway-Walsh
Rose Conway-Walsh
(2016–)

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
leaders

Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
(1998–2007) Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
(2007–17) Michelle O'Neill
Michelle O'Neill
(2017–)

Chairpersons

Seán MacManus (1984–90) Tom Hartley (1990–96) Mitchel McLaughlin
Mitchel McLaughlin
(1996–2005) Mary Lou McDonald (2005–09) Declan Kearney
Declan Kearney
(2009–)

General secretaries

Joe Cahill Cathleen Knowles Tom Hartley (1984–86) Joe Reilly (1986–88) Lucilita Bhreatnach (1988–2003) Mitchel McLaughlin
Mitchel McLaughlin
(2003–07) Rita O'Hare
Rita O'Hare
(2007–09) Dawn Doyle
Dawn Doyle
(2009–)

Directors of publicity

Seán Ó Brádaigh (1960–79) Danny Morrison (1979–90) Rita O'Hare
Rita O'Hare
(1990–98) Dawn Doyle
Dawn Doyle
(1998–2008) Rosaleen Doherty (2008–)

Party structures

Leader of Sinn Féin Ardfheis Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Front Bench Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Republican Youth An Phoblacht Friends of Sinn Féin

Presidential candidates

Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
(2011)

Elected representatives

Dáil Éireann

Gerry Adams John Brady Pat Buckley Seán Crowe David Cullinane Pearse Doherty Dessie Ellis Martin Ferris Kathleen Funchion Martin Kenny Mary Lou McDonald Denise Mitchell Imelda Munster Carol Nolan Jonathan O'Brien Eoin Ó Broin Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin Donnchadh Ó Laoghaire Louise O'Reilly Aengus Ó Snodaigh Maurice Quinlivan Brian Stanley Peadar Tóibín

Seanad Éireann

Rose Conway-Walsh Máire Devine Paul Gavan Pádraig Mac Lochlainn Niall Ó Donnghaile Fintan Warfield

European Parliament

Martina Anderson Lynn Boylan Matt Carthy Liadh Ní Riada

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly

Caoimhe Archibald Cathal Boylan Michaela Boyle Linda Dillon Jemma Dolan Sinéad Ennis Megan Fearon Órlaithí Flynn Colm Gildernew Declan Kearney Catherine Kelly Gerry Kelly Seán Lynch Alex Maskey Declan McAleer Raymond McCartney Fra McCann Philip McGuigan Ian Milne Karen Mullan Conor Murphy Carál Ní Chuilín John O'Dowd Máirtín Ó Muilleoir Michelle O'Neill Emma Rogan Pat Sheehan

House of Commons (Abstentionist)

Mickey Brady Michelle Gildernew Chris Hazzard Paul Maskey Elisha McCallion Barry McElduff Francie Molloy

Lists

List of current Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
elected representatives

Alliances

European United Left–Nordic Green Left

v t e

Provisional Irish Republican Army

General

Anti-Treaty IRA Sinn Féin Republican News An Phoblacht The Green Book The Troubles
The Troubles
(Timeline) Haughey arms crisis Officials-Provisionals split Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
campaign Arms importation Disappeared Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape Blanket protest Dirty protest HM Prison Maze Anti H-Block 1981 Irish hunger strike Maze Prison escape Armalite and ballot box strategy Smithwick Tribunal Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
peace process North American arrests Barrack buster Good Friday Agreement

Organisation

IRA Army Council Internal Security Unit Active Service Unit (ASU) Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
Belfast Brigade Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
Derry Brigade Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
South Armagh Brigade Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
East Tyrone Brigade Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
Balcombe Street Gang ASU

Attacks

Insurgency, 1969–1977

Battle of St Matthew's 1970 RUC booby-trap bombing Scottish soldiers' killings Balmoral showroom bombing Abercorn bombing Donegall St bombing Battle at Springmartin Bloody Friday Claudy bombing Coleraine bombings M62 coach bombing Guildford pub bombings Brook's Club bomb attack British Airways bombing attempt Birmingham pub bombings Bayardo Bar attack Caterham Arms pub bombing London Hilton bombing Green Park tube station bombing Scott's Oyster Bar bombing Walton's Restaurant bombing Drummuckavall ambush Balcombe Street siege Kingsmill massacre

Long War, 1977–1988

1978 Lisnamuck shoot-out Jonesboro Gazelle downing La Mon restaurant bombing 1978 Crossmaglen Ambush Warrenpoint ambush Dunmurry train explosion Lough Foyle attacks Chelsea Barracks bombing Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings Harrods bombing Woolwich barracks Brighton hotel bombing Ballygawley land mine attack Newry mortar attack Ballygawley attack The Birches attack JHQ Rheindahlen bombing (Germany)

Peace Process, 1988–1998

Corporals killings Lisburn van bombing 1988 Netherlands Attacks Inglis Barracks Ballygawley bus bombing Jonesborough ambush Deal barracks bombing Derryard attack Derrygorry Gazelle downing RFA Fort Victoria bombing Proxy bombings Downing St mortar attack Mullacreevie ambush Glenanne barracks bombing Teebane bombing Cloghoge attack 1992 Manchester bombing South Armagh sniper campaign Warrington bomb attacks Cullaville occupation Bishopsgate bombing Battle of Newry Road Shankill Road bombing Crossmaglen Lynx downing Drumcree conflict Docklands bombing 1996 Manchester bombing Osnabrück mortar attack Thiepval barracks bombing Coalisland attack July 1997 riots

Chiefs of Staff

Seán Mac Stíofáin (1969–72) Joe Cahill (1972–73) Seamus Twomey (1973) Éamonn O'Doherty (1973–74) Seamus Twomey (1974–77) Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
(1977–78) Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
(1978–82) Ivor Bell (1982–83) Kevin McKenna (1983–97) Thomas "Slab" Murphy (1997–2005)

Personalities (Volunteers)

Billy McKee Gerry Kelly Dolours Price Marian Price Roy Walsh John Joe McGirl Ruairí Ó Brádaigh Dáithí Ó Conaill George Harrison Billy Reid Michael Gaughan Pat Doherty Hugh Doherty Séanna Breathnach Proinsias MacAirt John Kelly Rose Dugdale John Francis Green Peter Cleary Kevin Coen Frank Stagg Kieran Nugent Francis Hughes Brendan Hughes Tommy McKearney Raymond McCartney Gerry McGeough Gerard Casey Thomas McMahon Eamon Collins Gerard Tuite Patrick Magee Bobby Sands Raymond McCreesh Joe McDonnell Martin Hurson Kieran Doherty Thomas McElwee Michael McKevitt Alex Maskey Fra McCann Owen Carron Paul Butler Dessie Ellis Angelo Fusco Breandán Mac Cionnaith Rita O'Hare Martin Meehan Arthur Morgan Danny Morrison Antoine Mac Giolla Bhrighde Kieran Fleming William Fleming Bernard Fox Paddy Quinn Laurence McKeown Pat McGeown Matt Devlin Pat Sheehan Siobhán O'Hanlon Jackie McMullan Patrick Joseph Kelly Larry Marley Jim Lynagh Pádraig McKearney Brendan McFarlane Charles Breslin Sean O'Callaghan Séamus McElwaine Gabriel Cleary Daniel McCann Seán Savage Mairéad Farrell Martin McCaughey Dessie Grew Fergal Caraher Patricia Black Malachy Carey Martin McGartland Joseph MacManus Paul Magee Pearse Jordan Thomas Begley Martin Doherty Ed O'Brien Diarmuid O'Neill Carál Ní Chuilín Ian Milne Conor Murphy Martina Anderson Jennifer McCann Liam Campbell Colin Duffy

Espionage & Supergrasses

Denis Donaldson Freddie Scappaticci (allegedly "Stakeknife") Martin McGartland Raymond Gilmour Kevin Fulton Joseph Fenton Eamon Collins

Associates

Cumann na mBan Fianna Éireann South Armagh Republican Action Force Direct Action Against Drugs NORAID Provisional Clan na Gael Friends of Sinn Féin Cairde na hÉireann Troops Out Movement

Derivatives

Continuity Irish Republican Army Real Irish Republican Army

Prominent killings

Michael Willetts Jean McConville Columba McVeigh Billy Fox Martin McBirney Steven Tibble Ross McWhirter Sammy Smyth Christopher Ewart-Biggs Jeffery Stanford Agate Robert Nairac Richard Sykes Gerard Evans Lord Mountbatten Baroness Brabourne Norman Stronge James Stronge Robert Bradford Lenny Murphy Kenneth Salvesen Anthony Berry Maurice Gibson Robert Seymour Heidi Hazell Joseph Fenton Nick Spanos Stephen Melrose Ian Gow Donald Kaberry Thomas Oliver Sammy Ward Tim Parry Jonathan Ball Ray Smallwoods Joe Bratty Raymond Elder Martin Cahill Jerry McCabe Andrew Kearney Eamon Collins Matthew Burns Robert McCartney (allegedly) James Curran Joseph Rafferty (allegedly) Paul Quinn

v t e

Newspapers in the Republic of Ireland

Media of the Republic of Ireland

National

An Phoblacht The Herald Irish Daily Star Irish Examiner Irish Independent Metro Éireann The Irish Catholic The Irish News The Irish Times The Sunday Times The Sunday Business Post Sunday Independent Sunday World

Regional

The Anglo-Celt Carlow Nationalist The Clare Champion Clare Courier Connacht Tribune Connaught Telegraph Derry Journal Derry People/Donegal News Donegal Democrat Donegal People's Press Donegal Post Donegal Times Enniscorthy Echo Evening Echo Finn Valley Post Inish Times Inishowen Independent Kerry's Eye The Kerryman Kilkenny People Liffey Champion Leinster Leader Leinster Express Leitrim Observer Limerick Leader Longford Leader Mayo News Meath Chronicle The Munster Express Nenagh Guardian The Nationalist Offaly Express Offaly Independent Sligo Champion Sligo Weekender The Southern Star Tipperary Star Tirconaill Tribune Tuam Herald The Waterford News & Star Western People Westmeath Examiner Westmeath Independent

Freesheets

Cavan Echo Cork Independent Galway Advertiser Galway Independent Letterkenny People Letterkenny Post Limerick Post Northside People Southside People

Defunct

An Claidheamh Soluis Anois Connaught Champion Cork Constitution Cork Free Press Daily Express Daily Ireland Daily News Donegal on Sunday Dublin
Dublin
Evening Mail Dublin
Dublin
Evening Standard Evening Press Evening Telegraph Foinse Freeman's Journal Ireland on Sunday The Irish Press Lá Mayo Echo Metro Herald The Nation Sligo Post The Sunday Press Sunday Tribune Sunday World
Sunday World
(1895–97) United Irishman

See also: Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
newspapers

v t e

List of newspapers in Northern Ireland

Pan-regional

An Phoblacht Belfast Telegraph The Irish News The News Letter Sunday Life

Regional

Andersonstown News Antrim Times Armagh Observer Ballymena Times Ballymoney
Ballymoney
and Moyle Times Banbridge Chronicle Banbridge Leader Belfast News Carrick & East Antrim Times Coleraine Journal Coleraine Times Community Telegraph (Belfast) County Down Spectator Craigavon Echo Derry Journal Down Recorder Dromore Leader Dromore Star East Antrim Advertiser East Belfast Observer East Belfast Herald Farmweek Fermanagh Herald Foyle News The Impartial Reporter Larne Times Lisburn Echo Londonderry Sentinel Lurgan Mail Mid Ulster Echo Mid-Ulster Mail Mourne Observer Newry Democrat Newry Reporter Newtownabbey Times Newtownards Chronicle Newtownards Spectator North Belfast News North West Echo Northern Constitution The North West Telegraph The Outlook (Rathfriland) Portadown Times Roe Valley Sentinel South Belfast News Strabane Chronicle Sunday Journal (Derry) Tyrone Constitution Tyrone Courier Tyrone Times Ulster Gazette
Ulster Gazette
(Armagh) Ulster Star (Lisburn) Ulster Herald
Ulster Herald
(Omagh)

Defunct

Ballyclare Gazette Belfast Morning News Carrickfergus Advertiser Daily Ireland Down Democrat Larne Gazette Northern Whig Protestant Telegraph Ireland's Saturday Night Lá Ulsterman

See also: Republic of

.