The Coastal Mountain Range (Arabic: سلسلة الجبال
الساحلية Silsilat al-Jibāl as-Sāḥilīyah) is a mountain
range in northwestern
Syria running north-south, parallel to the
coastal plain. The mountains have an average width of 32 kilometres
(20 mi), and their average peak elevation is just over 1,200
meters with the highest peak, Nabi Yunis, reaching 1,562 metres
(5,125 ft), east of Latakia. In the north the average height
declines to 900 metres (3,000 ft), and to 600 metres
(2,000 ft) in the south.
3 See also
Classically, this range was known as the Bargylus; a name mentioned
by Pliny the elder. The Greek "Bargylus" had its roots in the name
of an ancient city-kingdom called Barga most probably located in the
vicinity of the mountains; it was a city of the Eblaite Empire
in the third millennium BC, and then a vassal kingdom of the
Hittites, who named the mountain range after Barga.
Hashashins were known as the Jabal Bahra (جبل
بحراء). They are also sometimes known as the Nusayriyah
Mountains or the Ansarieh mountains (جبال النصيرية Jibāl
an-Nuṣayriyah) or the Alawiyin Mountains (جبال العلويين
Jibāl al-‘Alawīyin); both of these names refer to the Alawi
ethnoreligious group which has traditionally lived there, though the
former term is based on an antiquated label for the community that is
now considered insulting.
The western slopes catch moisture-laden winds from the Mediterranean
Sea and are thus more fertile and more heavily populated than the
eastern slopes. The
Orontes River flows north alongside the range on
its eastern verge in the Ghab valley, a 64 kilometres (40 mi)
longitudinal trench, and then around the northern edge of the
range to flow into the Mediterranean. South of
Masyaf there is a large
northeast-southwest strike-slip fault which separates An-Nusayriyah
Mountain from the coastal
Lebanon Mountains and the Anti-Lebanon
Mountains of Lebanon, in a feature known as the Homs Gap.
Between 1920 and 1936, the mountains formed parts of the eastern
border of the
Alawite State within the French Mandate for
^ a b c Federal Research Division, Library of Congress (2005) "Country
Profile: Syria" page 5
^ Hackett, Horatio B. (editor) (1870) Dr. William Smith's Dictionary
of the Bible: comprising its antiquities, biography, geography, and
natural history (Volume IV, Regum-Melech to Zuzims) Hurd and Houghton,
New York, page 3142, OCLC 325913985
^ William Smith (1857). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography:
Iabadius-Zymethus. p. 1071.
^ British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem (1923). Supplementary
Papers. p. 10.
^ Erich Ebeling; Bruno Meissner; Ernst Weidner; Dietz Otto Edzard
(1932). Reallexikon der Assyriologie (in German). 1.
^ Cyrus Herzl Gordon; Gary Rendsburg; Nathan H. Winter (2002).
Eblaitica: Essays on the
Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language, Volume 4.
p. 121. ISBN 978-1-57506-060-6.
^ Gordon Douglas Young (1981). Ugarit in Retrospect: Fifty Years of
Ugarit and Ugaritic. p. 227.
^ James Orr (1930). The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia. 3.
^ Hunyadi, Zsolt; Laszlovszky, József, eds. (2001). The Crusades and
the Military Orders: Expanding the Frontiers of Medieval Latin
Christianity. Ceu Medievalia. Budapest: Department of Medieval
Studies, Central European University, Central European University
Press. p. 27. ISBN 963-9241-42-3.
^ Encyclopædia Britannica - Syria
Coordinates: 35°15′N 36°06′E / 35.250°N 36.100°E /