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Ampara
Ampara
District (Tamil: அம்பாறை மாவட்டம், translit. Ampāṟai Māvaṭṭam; Sinhalese: අම්පාර දිස්ත්‍රික්කය, translit. Ampāra Distrikkaya) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary (previously known as a Government Agent) appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Ampara. The district was carved out of the southern part of Batticaloa District
Batticaloa District
in April 1961.[4][5]

Contents

1 Geography 2 Demographics

2.1 Population 2.2 Ethnicity 2.3 Religion

3 Politics and government

3.1 Local government

4 Administrative units 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Geography[edit] Ampara
Ampara
District is located in the south east of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
in the Eastern Province. It has an area of 4,415 square kilometres (1,705 sq mi).[1] It is bounded by Batticaloa and Polonnaruwa districts from north, Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
from east, Hambantota District from south, Badulla and Matale districts from northwest and by the Monaragala District
Monaragala District
from west and southeast.[4] Demographics[edit] Population[edit] Ampara
Ampara
District's population was 648,057 in 2012.[2] The district is one of the most diverse in Sri Lanka, both ethnically and religiously. The population of the district, like the rest of the east and north, was affected by the civil war. The war killed an estimated 100,000 people.[6] Several hundred thousand Sri Lankan Tamils, possibly as much as one million, emigrated to the West during the war.[7] Many Sri Lankan Tamils also moved to the relative safety of the capital Colombo. The war also caused many people from all ethnic and religious groups who lived in the district to flee to other parts of Sri Lanka, though most of them have returned to the district since the end of the civil war. Ethnicity[edit]

Population of Ampara
Ampara
District by ethnic group 1963 to 2012[2][8]

Year Sri Lankan Moor Sinhalese Sri Lankan Tamil Indian Tamil Other Total No.

No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %

1963 Census 97,621 46.11% 61,996 29.28% 49,185 23.23% 1,312 0.62% 1,618 0.76% 211,732

1971 Census 126,365 46.35% 82,280 30.18% 60,519 22.20% 1,771 0.65% 1,670 0.61% 272,605

1981 Census 161,568 41.54% 146,943 37.78% 77,826 20.01% 1,411 0.36% 1,222 0.31% 388,970

2001 Census 244,620 41.25% 236,583 39.90% 109,188 18.41% 715 0.12% 1,891 0.32% 592,997

2007 Enumeration 268,630 43.99% 228,938 37.49% 111,948 18.33% 58 0.01% 1,145 0.19% 610,719

2012 Census 282,484 43.59% 251,018 38.73% 112,750 17.40% 165 0.03% 1,640 0.25% 648,057

Religion[edit]

Population of Ampara
Ampara
District by religion 1981 to 2012[3][9]

Year Muslim Buddhist Hindu Christian[a] Others Total No.

No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %

1981 Census 162,140 41.68% 145,687 37.45% 72,809 18.72% 8,030 2.06% 304 0.08% 388,970

2001 Census 245,179 41.35% 235,652 39.74% 100,213 16.90% 11,785 1.99% 168 0.03% 592,997

2012 Census 282,746 43.63% 250,213 38.61% 102,454 15.81% 12,609 1.95% 35 0.01% 648,057

Politics and government[edit]

Administrative units of Ampara
Ampara
District in 2006

Local government[edit] Ampara
Ampara
District has 20 local authorities of which two are Municipal Councils, one is an Urban Council and the remaining 17 are Divisional Councils (Pradesha Sabhai or Pradeshiya Sabha).

Local Authority Area Population Registered Electors (2011) Elected Members (2011)

UPFA[b] SLMC UNP TNA Other Total

Addalaichchenai
Addalaichchenai
Divisional Council 94.50 43,499 25,510 2 7 0 0 0 9

Akkaraipattu
Akkaraipattu
Divisional Council 64.22 39,148 4,074 6 1 0 0 0 7

Akkaraipattu
Akkaraipattu
Municipal Council

20,971 8 1 0 0 0 9

Alayadivembu Divisional Council 129.20 26,175 15,358 2 0 0 5 2 9

Ampara
Ampara
Urban Council

13,523 6 0 3 0 0 9

Damana Divisional Council

23,899 7 0 2 0 0 9

Dehiattakandiya Divisional Council

40,099 12 0 7 0 2 21

Irakkamam
Irakkamam
Divisional Council

8,185 2 5 0 0 0 7

Kalmunai
Kalmunai
Municipal Council 22.80 100,427 68,198 3 11 1 4 0 19

Karaitivu Divisional Council 8.60 18,435 12,044 0 1 0 4 0 5

Lahugala
Lahugala
Divisional Council

5,861 4 0 7 0 0 11

Maha Oya Divisional Council 697.80 17,801 12,607 7 0 3 0 0 10

Namal Oya Divisional Council 105.10

16,715 6 0 3 0 0 9

Navithanveli Divisional Council

12,799 1 1 0 4 1 7

Nintavur Divisional Council 42.90 28,247 19,124 1 6 0 0 0 7

Padiyatalawa Divisional Council

11,686 7 0 3 0 1 11

Pottuvil
Pottuvil
Divisional Council 269.00 31,995 21,398 2 6 0 1 0 9

Sammanthurai
Sammanthurai
Divisional Council 198.40 75,257 37,469 5 3 1 0 0 9

Thirukkovil
Thirukkovil
Divisional Council 212.12 29,860 18,076 1 0 1 7 0 9

Uhana Divisional Council 415.00 60,071 40,694 9 0 5 0 1 15

Total

428,290 91 42 36 25 7 201

Administrative units[edit] Ampara
Ampara
District is divided into 20 Divisional Secretary's Division (DS Divisions), each headed by a Divisional Secretary (previously known as an Assistant Government Agent). The DS Divisions are further sub-divided into 507 Grama Niladhari Divisions (GN Divisions).

DS Division Main Town Divisional Secretary GN Divisions Area (km2) [10] Population (2012 Census)[11] Population Density (/km2)

Sri Lankan Moors Sinhalese Sri Lankan Tamil Burgher Other Total

Addalaichchenai Addalaichchenai I. M. Haniffa 32 62 38,948 2,218 942 30 27 42,165

Akkaraipattu Akkaraipattu M. Y. Saleem 28 60 39,016 165 35 7 0 39,223

Alayadivembu Alayadivembu V. Jahadeesan 22 90 22 228 22,014 129 18 22,411

Ampara
Ampara
(Namal Oya) Ampara M. M. S. K. Bandara Mapa 22 174 133 43,177 172 45 193 43,720

Damana Damana S. K. Kulathunga Mudali 33 542 137 38,302 28 5 17 38,489

Dehiattakandiya Dehiattakandiya W. G. M.Hemantha Kumara 14 394 108 58,948 67 0 505 59,628

Irakkamam
Irakkamam
(Eragama) Irakkamam M. M. Nazeer 12

13,084 938 350 0 1 14,373

Kalmunai
Kalmunai
(Muslim) Kalmunai M M. Noufal 28 22 44,306 124 66 1 12 44,509

Kalmunai
Kalmunai
(Tamil) Kalmunai K. Lavanathan 29

2,376 231 26,564 490 52 29,713

Karaitivu Karaitivu S. Jegarajan 17 7 6,753 13 9,891 123 1 16,781

Lahugala Lahugala L. A. Somarathna 12 815 1 8,253 645 0 1 8,900

Maha Oya Maha Oya A. M. Wickramarachchi 17 667 42 20,655 15 2 1 20,715

Navithanveli Navithanveli S. Garan 20

6,399 153 12,101 9 10 18,672

Nintavur Nintavur R U. Abdul Jaleel 25 35 25,347 8 969 2 3 26,329

Padiyathalawa Padiyathalawa K. G. S. Nishantha 20 379 87 18,091 28 0 3 18,209

Pottuvil Pottuvil M. I. M. Thawfieek 27 265 27,213 881 6,581 3 71 34,749

Sainthamaruthu Sainthamaruthu A. L. Mohamed Saleem 17 6 25,389 5 17 0 1 25,412

Sammanthurai Sammanthurai A. Mansoor 51 229 53,114 297 7,178 1 6 60,596

Thirukkovil Thirukkovil M. Gopakaretnam 22 184 2 100 25,055 1 29 25,187

Uhana Uhana U. P. Indika Anurudda Piyadasa 59 485 7 58,231 32 1 5 58,276

Total 507 4,415 282,484 251,018 112,750 849 956 648,057 147

Notes[edit]

^ Roman Catholic and Other Christian. ^ Includes National Congress.

References[edit]

^ a b "Area of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
by province and district" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-13.  ^ a b c d "A2 : Population by ethnic group according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.  ^ a b "A3 : Population by religion according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.  ^ a b "Overview". Ampara
Ampara
District Secretariat.  ^ Mohideen, M. I. M. (27 December 2007). "Sinhalisation of East: A reply to Minister Champika Ranawaka". The Island (Sri Lanka).  ^ "Up to 100,000 killed in Sri Lanka's civil war: UN". ABC News (Australia). 20 May 2009.  ^ Harrison, Frances (23 July 2003). "Twenty years on – riots that led to war". BBC News.  ^ " Special
Special
Enumeration 2007, Ampara" (PDF). Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.  ^ "Population by religion and district, Census 1981, 2001" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-13.  ^ "Land area by province, district and divisional secretariat division" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-13.  ^ "A6 : Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ampara
Ampara
District.

Ampara
Ampara
District Secretariat

v t e

Districts of Sri Lanka

Central Province

Kandy Matale Nuwara Eliya

Eastern Province

Ampara Batticaloa Trincomalee

North Central Province

Anuradhapura Polonnaruwa

Northern Province

Jaffna Kilinochchi Mannar Mullaitivu Vavuniya

North Western Province

Kurunegala Puttalam

Sabaragamuwa Province

Kegalle Ratnapura

Southern Province

Galle Hambantota Matara

Uva Province

Badulla Monaragala

Western Province

Colombo Gamp

.