Amcor Limited is an Australian-based multinational packaging company. It produces flexible and rigid packaging, mainly for the food, beverage, health care, and tobacco industries. Amcor products protect food, beverage, pharmaceutical, medical, personal, home and personal care goods.
The company's corporate headquarters are in Zurich, Switzerland. Amcor continues to maintain an Australian head office in Melbourne, Victoria, since it is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange. It is also included in several international stock market indices including the Dow Jones Sustainability Asia Pacific Index, the Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index and the FTSE4Good index, reflecting its multinational status.
Amcor Limited was formed in 1986 when Australian Paper Manufacturers was renamed. The company manufactured pulp paper and paperboard products, along with metal can and flexible packaging.
Amcor's 45% interest in Kimberly-Clark Australia, a tissue and personal care products company, was divested in June 2002.
In July 2002 Amcor acquired the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and Closures businesses of Schmalbach-Lubeca, headquartered in Ratingen, Germany. This acquisition, at a cost of around $2.875 billion, made Amcor the largest PET manufacturer globally.
In 2007, Amcor sold its European PET business to La Seda, a Spanish-based manufacturer.
Amcor announced in February 2008 the construction of a 400,000 tonnes per annum paper recycled mill located at its existing paper mill in Botany, New South Wales. The ‘B9’ paper machine, so named as it is the ninth paper machine to operate at the Botany Mill, was commissioned in 2012 and was officially opened by the Premier of New South Wales, Barry O’Farrell, on 1 February 2013. The B9 paper machine produces enough paper to fulfill the company’s Australasian paper requirements, and as a result, Amcor’s other recycled paper mill located on the banks of the Yarra River in Fairfield, Victoria, ceased operation in late 2012.
In 2011 Amcor Packaging Distribution acquired Marfred Industries, one of the largest independently owned packaging manufacturers and packaging distributors in the United States.
In 2012 the Amcor Australasia Beverage division acquired the business assets of Carter & Associates, a major distributor of Amcor glass wine, champagne and spirit bottles in New Zealand.
In 2012 Amcor Flexibles Asia Pacific acquired the Aperio Group packaging company, adding further capability in Australia, New Zealand and Thailand. This business also acquired Uniglobe Packaging, a business based in Daman, north of Mumbai, India in the same year.
In December 2013 Amcor demerged its Amcor Australasia and Packaging Distribution (AAPD) business into a separate company called Orora, which is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange. The spin-off allowed Amcor to focus on making flexible- and rigid-plastic packaging and tobacco packaging mostly for overseas markets, while Orora manages the fibre, glass, and beverage-can packaging markets in Australia and New Zealand and packaging distribution in North America and Australia.
The company has two major broad lines of packaging products: Rigid Plastics and Flexibles. Rigid plastics include packaging for beverages, food, pharmaceuticals, personal & homecare. Amcor claims to be "the world's largest producer of PET bottles."
Flexibles includes pharmaceuticals and hospital supplies, food, drink pouches, etc. The company also has a division which makes paper packaging for tobacco products; and it manufactures various caps and laminates.
Amcor’s Global Pharma division operates 26 plants across 16 countries in Europe, the Americas, Africa and Asia, creating flexible packaging solutions for the pharmaceutical, biotech and animal health industries. Its range of packaging options address requirements for unit dose, child-resistant, patient compliance, anti-counterfeiting and sustainable solutions.
In December 2004, the CEO, Russell Jones, resigned on the request of the board after press reports revealed that the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) was investigating the company for engaging in cartel practices. Such practices are a serious breach of Australia's corporate laws. News of the investigation came to light after the company sued five former executives in an attempt to prevent them providing information and documents to the relevant regulator, the ACCC.
Conservationists now decry "dirty tricks", but organisers insist they were simply playing green activists at their own game: smart, tough politics.