Ambrose Sevier


Ambrose Hundley Sevier (November 4, 1801 – December 31, 1848) was an attorney, politician and Planter (American South), planter from Arkansas. A member of the political The Family (Arkansas politics), Family that dominated the state and national delegations in the Antebellum South, antebellum years, he was elected by the legislature as a United States Democratic Party, Democratic US Senator.

Early life and education

Ambrose Hundley Sevier was born near Greeneville, Tennessee in Greene County, Tennessee. Sevier moved to Missouri in 1820 and to Little Rock, Arkansas in 1821. In Arkansas he became clerk of the Territorial legislature, House of Representatives. He studied law and was admitted to the Bar association, bar in 1823.

Marriage and family

Sevier married Juliette Johnson, the sister of Robert Ward Johnson, who also became an influential politician in the state. Their father Benjamin Johnson had gone to Arkansas as the first territorial judge; in 1836 he was appointed as the first federal district judge when the territory became a state.James M. Woods, "Robert Ward Johnson (1814-1879)"
''Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture'', 2010, accessed 13 November 2013 Ambrose and Juliette had several children.

Political career

Sevier was elected to the Territorial House of Representatives and served from 1823 to 1827; he was elected as Speaker (politics), Speaker of that body in 1827. He was elected as a Jacksonian Delegate to the Twentieth United States Congress, Twentieth US Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Henry Wharton Conway, killed as a result of a duel with a former friend. Sevier was reelected and served as delegate in three successive congresses from 1828 to 1836, when Arkansas was admitted to the Union. Sevier is known as the "Father of Arkansas Statehood". In 1836 Sevier was elected as the first member of the United States Senate from Arkansas. He was reelected in 1837 and 1843. He resigned from office in 1848. During the Twenty-ninth United States Congress, twenty-ninth Congress, he was allowed to hold the seat of President ''pro tem'' of the Senate for a day, though he was not elected to that post. During his tenure, he served as chairman of the Committee on Native Americans in the United States, Indian Affairs and was a member of the Committee on Foreign Relations. In 1848 Sevier and Nathan Clifford, the Attorney General of the United States, were appointed ambassadors to Mexico by President James K. Polk to negotiate the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo at the end of the Mexican–American War. After completing this project, Ambrose Hundley Sevier died the last day of that year on his plantations in the American South, plantation in Pulaski County, Arkansas. He was buried in the historic Mount Holly Cemetery. The State of Arkansas erected a monument in the cemetery in his honor. Sevier was part of the powerful "Family" of Democratic politicians in Arkansas, who included his first cousins: Representative Henry Wharton Conway, Governor James Sevier Conway, and Governor Elias Nelson Conway; brother-in-law Senator Robert Ward Johnson, and son-in-law Governor Thomas James Churchill.

Legacy and honors

*He is known as the "Father of Arkansas Statehood." *Sevier County, Arkansas is named in his honor.

See also

* The Family (Arkansas politics)


External links

{{DEFAULTSORT:Sevier, Ambrose Hundley 1801 births 1848 deaths 19th-century American politicians Arkansas Democrats Arkansas lawyers Chairmen of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Conway-Johnson family Deaths in Arkansas Delegates to the United States House of Representatives from Arkansas Territory Democratic Party United States senators Members of the Arkansas Territorial Legislature People from Greeneville, Tennessee Presidents pro tempore of the United States Senate United States senators from Arkansas