AMAZON PARROT is the common name for a parrot of the genus Amazona.
These are medium-sized parrots native to the
Most amazon parrots are predominantly green, with accenting colors that depend on the species and can be quite vivid. They feed primarily on seeds, nuts , and fruits , supplemented by leafy matter.
Many amazon parrots have a remarkable ability to mimic human speech
and other sounds. Partly because of this, they are popular as pets or
companion parrots , and a small industry has developed in breeding
parrots in captivity for this market. This popularity has led to many
parrots being taken from the wild to the extent that some species have
become threatened. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered
* 1 Taxonomy and naming
* 1.1 List of species * 1.2 Reclassification of the yellow-faced parrot * 1.3 Hypothetically extinct species
* 2 Aviculture * 3 Gallery * 4 References * 5 External links
TAXONOMY AND NAMING
The genus Amazona (to which amazons belong) was established by René Lesson in 1830. It was a Latinized version of the name Amazone given to them in the 18th century by the Comte de Buffon , who believed they were native to Amazonian jungles.
LIST OF SPECIES
List of amazon parrots
* Red-lored amazon , Amazona autumnalis
* Lilacine amazon , Amazona autumnalis lilacina
* Diademed amazon , Amazona diadema * Blue-cheeked amazon , Amazona dufresniana * Red-browed amazon , Amazona rhodocorytha * Red-tailed amazon , Amazona brasiliensis * Festive amazon , Amazona festiva * Yellow-shouldered amazon , Amazona barbadensis * Turquoise-fronted amazon , Amazona aestiva
* Panama amazon , Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
Yellow-naped amazon , Amazona auropalliata
Yellow-headed amazon , Amazona oratrix
Tres Marías amazon , Amazona tresmariae
* Kawall\'s amazon , Amazona kawalli
Orange-winged amazon , Amazona amazonica
Scaly-naped amazon , Amazona mercenarius
Southern mealy amazon
The taxonomy of the yellow-crowned amazon (Amazona ochrocephala
complex) is disputed, with some authorities only listing a single
species (A. ochrocephala), while others split it into as many as three
species (A. ochrocephala, A. auropalliata and A. oratrix). The split
is primarily based on differences related to extension of yellow to
the plumage and the colour of bill and legs.
RECLASSIFICATION OF THE YELLOW-FACED PARROT
The yellow-faced parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops) was traditionally placed within this genus of amazon parrots, but recent research has shown that it is closer to the short-tailed parrot and the species from the genus Pionus , resulting in it being transferred to the monotypic genus Alipiopsitta.
HYPOTHETICALLY EXTINCT SPECIES
Unidentified Jamaican parrot, possibly belonging to this genus, 1764
Populations of amazon parrots that lived on the
The yellow-headed amazon , yellow-naped amazon , orange-winged amazon
, and turquoise-fronted amazon are some of the amazon parrot species
which are commonly kept as pets. Amazon parrots, together with macaws
African grey parrot
* Extant species
Yellow-headed amazon (Amazona oratrix) *
Red-lored amazon (Amazona autumnalis) *
Saint Vincent amazon
White-fronted amazon male (Amazona albifrons) *
Lilac-crowned amazon (Amazona finschi) *
Puerto Rican amazon
* Hypothetical extinct species
* ^ ITIS standard report page: Amazona record last updated 1998 (URL accessed May 22, 2006) * ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4 . * ^ Eberhard, J., & E. Bermingham. 2004. Phylogeny and Biogeography of the Amazona ochrocephala (Aves: Psittacidae) Complex. Auk 121(2): 318-332 * ^ Duarte JMB and Caparroz R (1995) Cytotaxonomic analysis of Brazilian species of the genus Amazona (Psittacidae, Aves) and confirmation of the genus Salvatoria (Ribeiro, 1920). Braz J Genet 18:623-628. * ^ Russello, M.A. & Amato, G (2004) A molecular phylogeny of Amazona: implications for Neotropical parrot biogeography, taxonomy, and conservation. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 30: 421-437. * ^ A B C Fuller, Errol (1987). Extinct Birds. Penguin Books (England). p. 131. ISBN 0-670-81787-2 . * ^ Hume, J. P.; van Grouw, H. (2014). "Colour aberrations in extinct and endangered birds". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 134: 168–193.
* Caparroz, R. and J.F. Pacheco, 2006: A homonymy in Psittacidae a new name for Salvatoria Miranda-Ribeiro. Ararajuba: Rev. Brasileira de Ornitologia. V. 14, n 2, pp.