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AMATRICE is a town and comune in the province of Rieti , in northern Lazio
Lazio
(central Italy
Italy
), and the center of the food-agricultural area of Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park . The town was devastated by a powerful earthquake on 24 August 2016.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 The medieval and early modern periods * 1.2 The modern period

* 2 Historical buildings * 3 Cuisine * 4 People * 5 Frazioni * 6 References

HISTORY

Archaeological discoveries show a human presence in the area of Amatrice
Amatrice
since prehistoric times, and the remains of Roman buildings and tombs have also been found. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire , the area became part of the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto , included in the comitatus of Ascoli . The town of MATRICE is mentioned in the papers of the Abbey of Farfa in 1012 as commanding the confluence of the Tronto and Castellano rivers. In the year 900 the Pope was from Amatrice.

THE MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN PERIODS

Church of Sant\'Agostino in May 2011

In 1265, during the reign of Manfred of Sicily
Manfred of Sicily
, Amatrice
Amatrice
became part of the Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Naples
. After the capture of Naples by the Angevins , Amatrice
Amatrice
rebelled but was vanquished by Charles I of Anjou
Charles I of Anjou
in 1274, although it maintained some sort of autonomy as an universitas.

In the 14th and 15th century, Amatrice
Amatrice
was frequently in conflict with the neighbouring cities of Norcia
Norcia
, Arquata and L\'Aquila , and its troops took part in the siege of l’Aquila under Braccio da Montone . In the course of the conflict between Angevins and the Aragonese for the possession of the Kingdom of Naples, Amatrice
Amatrice
sided with Naples.

The Church of Sant\'Agostino (pictured left) was built in 1428.

In 1529, Amatrice
Amatrice
was stormed by troops of Philibert of Chalon , a general in the service of Emperor Charles V , who gave it to its general Alessandro Vitelli.

The city was severely damaged by an earthquake in 1639 .

Later, Amatrice
Amatrice
was held by the Orsini
Orsini
and the Medici of Florence
Florence
, who kept it until 1737.

THE MODERN PERIOD

After the unification of Italy
Italy
in the 19th century, Amatrice
Amatrice
became part of the province of L'Aquila
L'Aquila
in the region of Abruzzo
Abruzzo
, eventually being annexed to Lazio
Lazio
in 1927.

On 24 August 2016, a powerful earthquake struck Amatrice, devastating the town and killing at least 295 people. Sergio Pirozzi, the mayor of Amatrice, said that the town "is no more". Later, Pirozzi said that "three-quarters of the town was destroyed". Nearby Accumoli
Accumoli
and Pescara del Tronto were also devastated.

HISTORICAL BUILDINGS

Historical buildings and their condition after the 2016 earthquake BUILDING COMPLETED STATUS ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS / NOTES

Civic tower 13th century ‡

Church of Sant\'Agostino 1428 † Includes a Gothic portal and some frescoes, including the Annunciation and Madonna with Child and Angels. Severe damage after the earthquake: Part of the roof and the upper half of the façade including the rose window collapsed. Video from inspection after the earthquake is available.

Church of Sant'Emidio 15th century †

Church of San Francesco late 14th century

Includes a marble Gothic portal and 15th-century frescoes in the apse Video from inspection after the earthquake is available.

Church of Santa Maria Porta Ferrata

Gothic church

† located in the frazione of San Martino

Sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie 15th century † located on the alleged site of Marcus Terentius Varro
Marcus Terentius Varro
's villa

Sanctuary of Icona Passatora late 15th century † located in the frazione of Ferrazza

‡ Withstood the 2016 earthquake † Did not withstand the earthquake

CUISINE

Amatrice
Amatrice
is especially famous for a pasta sauce , sugo all\'amatriciana , usually served with a long pasta such as bucatini , spaghetti , or vermicelli . According to popular tradition, numerous cooks of the Popes down the centuries came from Amatrice.

PEOPLE

* Elio Augusto Di Carlo (1918–1998), Italian ornithologist, historian and physician. * Sara Pichelli (born 1983), artist.

FRAZIONI

Frazioni of the town include Aleggia, Bagnolo, Capricchia, Casale, Casale Bucci, Casale Celli, Casale Masacci, Casale Nadalucci, Casalene, Casale Nibbi, Casale Sanguigni, Casale Sautelli, Casale Zocchi, Casali della Meta, Cascello, Castel Trione, Collalto, Collecreta, Collegentilesco, Collemagrone, Collemoresco, Collepagliuca, Colletroio, Colli, Conche, Configno, Cornelle, Cornillo Nuovo, Cornillo Vecchio, Cossara, Cossito, Crognale, Domo, Faizzone, Ferrazza, Filetto, Fiumatello, Francucciano, Le Forme, Moletano, Musicchio, Nommisci, Osteria della Meta, Pasciano, Patàrico, Petrana, Pinaco Arafranca, Poggio Vitellino, Prato, Preta, Rio, Retrosi, Roccapassa, Rocchetta, Saletta, San Benedetto, San Capone, San Giorgio, San Lorenzo a Pinaco, San Sebastiano, Santa Giusta, Sant'Angelo, San Tommaso, Scai, Sommati, Torrita, Torritella, Varoni, Villa San Cipriano, Villa San Lorenzo e Flaviano, and Voceto.

REFERENCES

Wikimedia Commons has media related to AMATRICE .

* ^ "\'This used to be my home\': Italians in shock after devastating earthquake". The Guardian. United Kingdom. 24 August 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016. * ^ A B " Italy
Italy
earthquake leaves 159 dead; towns ruined". CNN. 23 August 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016. * ^ " Italy
Italy
earthquake: Death toll rises to at least 159". BBC News . Retrieved 25 August 2016. * ^ "Italian town of Amatrice
Amatrice
badly hit by quake, people under rubble – mayor". Thomson Reuters
Thomson Reuters
. 24 August 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2016. * ^ "Amatrice, il crollo della chiesa di Sant\'Agostino". askanews (in Italian). 24 August 2016. Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. * ^ Brigit Binns (2004). Sauce. Williams Sonoma Collection. Chuck Williams (editor). Simon and Schuster. p. 63. ISBN 9780743261876 . * ^ webmaster@portaleabruzzo.com, Gianfranco Pulsoni. "comune di AMATRICE (RI), 49 frazioni, 2.630 abitanti (ISTAT 2013)".

* v * t * e

Lazio
Lazio
· Comuni of the Province of Rieti
Province of Rieti

* Accumoli
Accumoli
* Amatrice * Antrodoco * Ascrea * Belmonte in Sabina * Borbona * Borgo Velino
Borgo Velino
* Borgorose * Cantalice * Cantalupo in Sabina * Casaprota * Casperia * Castel Sant\'Angelo * Castel di Tora * Castelnuovo di Farfa * Cittaducale
Cittaducale
* Cittareale * Collalto Sabino
Collalto Sabino
* Colle di Tora * Collegiove * Collevecchio * Colli sul Velino * Concerviano * Configni * Contigliano * Cottanello * Fara in Sabina * Fiamignano * Forano * Frasso Sabino * Greccio
Greccio
* Labro * Leonessa * Longone Sabino * Magliano Sabina * Marcetelli * Micigliano * Mompeo * Montasola * Monte San Giovanni in Sabina * Montebuono * Monteleone Sabino * Montenero Sabino * Montopoli di Sabina * Morro Reatino * Nespolo * Orvinio * Paganico Sabino * Pescorocchiano * Petrella Salto
Petrella Salto
* Poggio Bustone * Poggio Catino * Poggio Mirteto
Poggio Mirteto
* Poggio Moiano * Poggio Nativo * Poggio San Lorenzo * Posta * Pozzaglia Sabina
Pozzaglia Sabina
* Rieti * Rivodutri * Rocca Sinibalda * Roccantica * Salisano * Scandriglia * Selci * Stimigliano * Tarano * Toffia * Torri in Sabina
Torri in Sabina
* Torricella in Sabina * Turania * Vacone * Varco Sabino

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 243209889 * GND :

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