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Amalia Nathansohn Freud (18 August 1835 – 12 September 1930) was the third wife of Jacob Freud and mother of Sigmund Freud. She was born Amalia Nathansohn in Brody, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria and grew up in Odessa, Kherson Governorate where her mother was from (both cities located in modern Ukraine since 1939). Amalia Freud died in Vienna, First Austrian Republic at the age of 95 from tuberculosis.

Contents

1 Children 2 Character

2.1 Relationship with eldest son

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Children[edit] Amalia was 20 years of age when she gave birth to Sigmund[1] (6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) (named Sigismund). Amalia went on to give birth to seven more children (Julius, Anna, Rosa, Marie, Adolfine, Paula and Alexander), born in the following order:

Julius (April 1857 – December 1857) Anna (December 31, 1858 – March 11, 1955) Regine Debora (Rosa) (March 21, 1860 – deported to Treblinka September 23, 1942) Marie (Mitzi) (March 22, 1861 – deported to Treblinka September 23, 1942) Esther Adolfine (Dolfi) (July 23, 1862 – Theresienstadt February 5, 1943) Pauline Regine (Pauli) (May 3, 1864 – deported to Treblinka September 23, 1942) Alexander Gotthold Efraim (April 19, 1866 – April 23, 1943)[2]

Character[edit] Amalia was considered by her grandchildren to be an intelligent, strong-willed, quick-tempered but egotistical personality.[3] Ernest Jones saw her as lively and humorous, with a strong attachment to her eldest son whom she called "mein goldener Sigi".[4] Relationship with eldest son[edit] Just as Amalia idolised her eldest son, so there is evidence that the latter in turn idealised his mother, whose domineering hold over his life he never fully analysed.[5] Late in life he would term the mother-son relationship "the most perfect, the most free from ambivalence of all human relationships. A mother can transfer to her son the ambition she has been obliged to suppress in herself".[6] His tendency to split off and repudiate hostile elements in the relationship would be repeated with significant figures in his life such as his fiancée and Wilhelm Fliess.[7] See also[edit]

Freud family

References[edit]

^ [1] ^ [2] ^ Peter Gay, Freud (1989) p. 504 ^ Ernest Jones, The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud (1964) p. 32-3 ^ Peter Gay, Freud (1989) p. 11 and p. 503-5 ^ Sigmund Freud, New Introductory Lectures on psychoanalysis (1991) p. 168 ^ Richard Stevens, Sigmund Freud (2008) p. 144-6

External links[edit]

Freud and his mother Freud and his mother Amalia, in her apartment in Vienna, May 5, 1926

v t e

Sigmund Freud

Books

On Aphasia Civilization and Its Discontents The Ego and the Id The Future of an Illusion Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego The History of the Psychoanalytic Movement The Interpretation of Dreams (including On Dreams) Introduction to Psychoanalysis Moses and Monotheism The Psychopathology of Everyday Life The Question of Lay Analysis Studies on Hysteria Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious Totem and Taboo

Essays

"The Aetiology of Hysteria" Beyond the Pleasure Principle Creative Writers and Day-Dreaming Delusion and Dream in Jensen's Gradiva Dostoevsky and Parricide Leonardo da Vinci, A Memory of His Childhood Medusa's Head Mourning and Melancholia On Narcissism Some Character-Types Met with in Psycho-Analytic Work Thoughts for the Times on War and Death Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality

Case studies

"Dora" (Ida Bauer) Emma Eckstein Herbert Graf ("Little Hans") Irma's injection "Anna O." (Bertha Pappenheim) "Rat Man" Sergei Pankejeff ("Wolfman") Daniel Paul Schreber

Family

Amalia Freud (mother) Jacob Freud (father) Martha Bernays (wife) Anna Freud (daughter) Ernst L. Freud (son) Edward Bernays (nephew) Clement Freud (grandson) Lucian Freud (grandson) Walter Freud (grandson)

Cultural depictions

Mahler on the Couch (2010 film) A Dangerous Method (2011 film)

Other

Bibliography Archives Vienna home and museum London home and museum

statue

Freudian slip Humor Inner circle Neo-Freudianism Views on homosexuality Religious views

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 35266616 LCCN: n88060706 ISNI: 0000 0000 6676 5373 GND: 119440806 SNAC: w6tj18bz

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