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Amager ([ˈɑmɑːˀ] or, especially among older speakers, [ˈɑmæjˀɐ]) in the Øresund is Denmark's most densely populated island, with almost 200,000 inhabitants on the small appendix to Zealand. The protected natural area of Naturpark Amager (including Kalvebod Fælled) makes up more than one-third of the island's total area of 96 km2.[1] The Danish capital, Copenhagen, is partly situated on Amager, which is connected to the much larger island of Zealand by eight bridges and a metro tunnel. Amager also has a connection across the Øresund to Sweden, the Øresund Bridge. Its western part begins with a tunnel from Amager to another Danish island, Peberholm. Copenhagen Airport is located on the island, around 7 km (4 mi) from Copenhagen city centre. Amager is the largest island in the Øresund, and the only one with a large population. As of 2017[update], 196,045 people lived on the island, including its northern tip, Christianshavn. The northern part is included in the Copenhagen municipality. The middle part comprises Tårnby municipality, and Dragør municipality is located on the southeast part of the island. Most of the western part is land that was reclaimed from the sea from the 1930s-1950s. This enlargement, from the shallow sound towards Zealand, is known as Kalveboderne. The enlargement has never been built-up and its soil isn't suitable for agricultural use. However the area between Dragør town and the airport is cultivated land of high quality. Amager has in the past been referred to as the "kitchen of Copenhagen". At the border of the enlargement there is an old beech forest, Kongelunden (The King's Grove).

Contents

1 History 2 Amenities 3 Communities 4 Transport 5 Notable people 6 References 7 See also 8 External links

History[edit]

Amager island (right center) is east of Zealand island, south of central Copenhagen, west of Sweden.

Amager has long been populated, and well used, thanks to its rich soil and proximity to Copenhagen. In 1521, Christian II invited some Dutch farmers to move to Amager and grow vegetables to supply the Danish Court and Copenhagen. It was only in the late 19th century that Copenhagen began to expand onto the island (Sundbyerne), and in 1902 these built-up areas were incorporated into Copenhagen. During the Second World War, high unemployment in Copenhagen led authorities to drain a large part of the sea, west of the island, and build a dam to hold out the water, effectively adding one half of Amager's previous area to the island. The reclaimed area is currently known as Kalvebod Fælled, and was originally a military area, but today it is part of a major construction area called the Ørestad, being thought of as an extension to central Copenhagen. The area houses major facilities such as:

Bella Center, a convention and exposition center Field's, the second-largest shopping center in Scandinavia Royal Arena, a multi-use indoor arena

This project was initiated by the Danish government. The beach area to the east of the island, known as Amager Strandpark (Amager Beach Park), which had fallen into disrepair since its inception in the 1930s, was extensively redeveloped between May 2004 and August 2005. A 2-km-long artificial island was constructed just off the mainland, from which it is separated by a small lagoon. Until the 1970s, Amager was used as a place to dump litter; this led to a slang term for the island 'Lorteøen' (Shit Island). See Renholdningsselskabet af 1898. Amenities[edit] Large parts of Kalvebod Fælled are rich in nature and have many grazing cows and horses. This area allows the citizens of Copenhagen to experience nature, without travelling far from the city. Amager is also home to the Amager Bio, a cinema, concert and cultural venue. Top bands from the last 40 years have played there, both those of international origin (Prince, Aimee Mann, Uriah Heep, King Crimson, Cradle of Filth, John Mayall and the Bluesbreakers, Jethro Tull, The Moody Blues, MGMT, Nas, Andrew Bird) and from Denmark (D.A.D, Dodo and the Dodos, Johnny Deluxe, Big Fat Snake). Communities[edit] Various communities are located on Amager, including Islands Brygge, and the towns of Dragør, Kastrup, and Tårnby. Transport[edit] Amager is connected by tunnel to the artificial island Peberholm from which Øresund Bridge connects Denmark to Sweden. The construction of the bridge has had a significant impact on the physical geography of the island, largely due to the construction of new highways. The Copenhagen Metro connects Amager to central Copenhagen. The metro line from Vanløse to Amager divides into M1 and M2 lines at Christianshavn and then continue to Vestamager and Lufthavnen (Copenhagen Airport). Copenhagen Airport is in the eastern part of Amager. It is linked by train, metro and bus services. Notable people[edit]

Frank Arnesen Martin Bernburg Brian Holm Sonny Fredie Pedersen Peter Frödin Mikkel Kessler Linse Kessler Stephanie Kessler Klaus Rifbjerg Joey Moe Christopher (singer) Nicklas Bendtner

References[edit]

^ http://naturstyrelsen.dk/naturbeskyttelse/naturprojekter/naturpark-amager/

See also[edit]

List of islands of Denmark

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amager.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Amager.

Amager Beach Park Amager Bio Paintings from Amager

v t e

Amager, Copenhagen

Administrative subdivisions

Copenhagen Municipality (Amager East, Amager West) Dragør Municipality Tårnby Municipality

Districts

Amagerbro Christianshavn Holmen Islands Brygge Kastrup Ørestad Refshaleøen Store Magleby Sundby Tårnby

Localities

Bella Center Copenhagen Airport DR Byen Eberts Villaby Nokken Prøvestenen Refshaleøen Scanport Søndre Campus

Streets and squares

Amagerbrogade Holmbladsgade

Parks and open spaces

Amager Strandpark Havneparken Kalvebod Fælled Kastrup Strandpark Kløvermarken

Culture & attractions

Amager Museum Blue Planet Aquarium Holmbladsgade Cultural Centre Copenhagen Concert Hall Dragør Museum Kastrupgård Mogens Dahl Concert Hall

Churches

Dragør Church Hans Tausen's Church Nathanael's Church Philip's Church St. Anne's Church Simon Peter's Church Store Magleby Church Sundby Church

Other landmarks

8 House Amager Center Bella Sky Hotel Field's Gemini Residence Kastrup Værk Mountain Dwellings Tietgenkollegiet

Stations

Amager Strand Station Amagerbro Station Bella Center Station Christianshavn Station DR Byen Station Femøren Station Islands Brygge Station Kastrup Station Lergravsparken Station Lufthavnen Station Ørestad Station Øresund Station Sundby Station Tårnby Station

History

Jacob Fortling Jacob Holm Lauritz Peter Holmblad

v t e

Islands of Denmark

Baltic Sea

Zealand Funen Bornholm Christiansø (Ertholmene)

Sydhavsøerne

Lolland Falster Møn Fejø Bogø Femø Glænø Nyord Enø Askø Tærø Masnedø Vejrø Dybsø Langø Skalø Enehøje Farø Lilleø Rågø Vejlø Kalvø Slotø Barneholm

Kattegat

North Jutlandic Island Samsø Læsø Anholt Endelave Sejerø Tunø Hjarnø Nekselø Æbelø Hesselø Hjelm Græsholm Hirsholmene Ejlinge Draget

South Funen Archipelago

Ærø Tåsinge Thurø Lyø Avernakø Strynø Omø Drejø Agerø Skærø Bjørnø Siø Hjortø Birkholm Store Egholm Store Svelmø Hjælmshoved Strynø Kalv Illumø Vigø

Limfjorden

Mors Jegindø Venø Egholm Livø Fur

Øresund

Amager Saltholm Peberholm Slotsholmen Middelgrundsfortet Trekroner Fort Flakfortet

Great Belt

Langeland Agersø Gavnø Sprogø Romsø

Little Belt

Als Bågø Årø Fænø Barsø Brandsø Kalbø

Wadden Sea

Rømø Fanø Mandø Langli

Other islands

Orø (Isefjorden) Eskilsø (Roskilde Fjord) Vigelsø (Odense Fjord) Fjendø (Nissum Fjord) Møgelø (Julsø) Tornø (Odense Fjord)

Coordinates: 55°37′N 12°37′E / 55.617°N 12.617°E

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