ALTO TRáS-OS-MONTES (Portuguese pronunciation: ), or Nordeste
Transmontano, is a large NUTS -level 3 subregion of the Norte Region
The Trás-os-Montes area refers to a contiguous territory that has
similar social and cultural identities, but diverges on the potential
economic abilities, while constituting a territorial unit with scale
and critical mass to act in concert politically. In addition to its
land border with
* Alfândega da Fé - a Moorish enclave, it was conquered by
Asturian Christians and its original name, Alfandagh (which means
hospice), was extended with Fe (meaning faith). The beginnings of its
municipal history date back to a foral established on 8 May 1294, by
King Denis of
The inhabitants are not homogeneously distributed within the region: with most of the population concentrated in the principal urban agglomerations, the region has experienced a continuous process of rural-to-urban population migration to centres within or outside the region. Yet, simultaneously, the medium-to-small centres have taken on a catalytic role in urbanization and economic development.
The structure of the Trás-os-Montes hierarchy is highlighted by the largest of these "medium"-sized cities (Bragança, Mirandela and Chaves), corresponding to the principal urban poles, and articulated by a complementary urban network, constituted by the seats of the municipalities of Alfândega da Fé, Boticas, Macedo de Cavaleiros, Miranda do Douro, Mogadouro, Montalegre, Ribeira de Pena, Valpaços, Vila Flor, Vila Pouca de Aguiar, Vimioso and Vinhais.
The proximity of Trás-os-Montes with
The Sé in Bragança, ancient medieval cathedral in the Trás-os-Montes The main square in the municipality of Miranda do Douro
Institutionally, the municipalities of the Trás-os-Montes are aggregated into three associations that plan and promote regional development tasks within the region: Associação de Municípios da Terra Fria do Nordeste Transmontano (which include Bragança, Miranda do Douro, Mogadouro, Vimioso and Vinhais), the Associação de Municípios da Terra Quente Transmontana (with Alfândega da Fé, Macedo de Cavaleiros, Mirandela and Vila Flor) and Associação de Municípios do Alto Tâmega (Boticas, Chaves, Montalegre, Ribeira de Pena, Valpaços and Vila Pouca de Aguiar). The municipality of Mogadouro falls within the Associação de Municípios do Douro Superior. The AMTF-NT assumes the largest part of regional development funding and organizational motivation.
The agro-forestry activities in the region are transitioning to socially or economically viable commerce sectors, with the emigration of more residents into the urban areas. Agriculture, with its base in the production of olive oil , the raising of cattle, and cultivation of fruit orchards, remains the primary source of income in this region.
* ^ Until 2002, the Portuguese escudo was used in financial
transactions, and until 1910 the
* Gestluz e Inpublic (June 2008), Plano de Acção Internmunicipal de Serviços Coletivos Territorias de Proximidade: NUTS III Alto Trás-os-Monte (2007-2013) (PDF) (in Portuguese), Bragança, Portugal: Escola Tipográfica The medieval ruins of the Castelo de Pena de Aguiar, in the municipality of Vila Pouco de Aguiar
The Roman-era bridge of the town of Chaves
* v * t * e
Statistical divisions of