The Info List - Alpes-Maritimes

--- Advertisement ---

(French pronunciation: ​[alp ma'ʁitim]; Occitan: Aups Maritims; Italian: Alpi Marittime) is a department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
region in the extreme southeast corner of France. The inhabitants of the department are called Maralpin(e)s.


1 Geography

1.1 Overview

1.1.1 Summits, passes, and natural curiosities 1.1.2 Landscape and forest vegetation

1.2 Climate 1.3 Subdivisions

2 History

2.1 Heraldry

3 Economy

3.1 Distribution of employment

4 Education

4.1 Primary and secondary education 4.2 Higher education

5 Administration

5.1 Politics 5.2 Budget 5.3 Projects

6 Demographics 7 Culture 8 Tourism

8.1 Second homes

9 Trivia 10 Bibliography 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Geography[edit] Overview[edit]

in the Vesubie valley, one of the many villages perched in the Alpes-Maritime.

Geography of the Department of Alpes-Maritimes

The Alpes-Maritimes
department is surrounded by the departments of Var in the southwest, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
in the north-west, Italy, and the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the south. It surrounds the Principality of Monaco
on the west, north, and east. Its topography is very mixed. As its name suggests, most of the department is a constituent part of the overall topographic Alps
– including the Maritime Alps
– but it also has the distinction of being a coastal district with its Mediterranean coast. The coastal area, urbanized and densely populated (shaded in red on the map), includes all the cities in an almost continuous conurbation from Cannes
to Menton, while the larger but sparsely populated mountainous area (light green) is fully rural with the exception of the three large resorts of Valberg (created in 1936), Auron (created in 1937), and Isola 2000 (created in 1971). Summits, passes, and natural curiosities[edit] The highest point of the department is the Cime du Gélas (3143 m) on the Franco-Italian border which dominates the Vallée des Merveilles further east. In fact the summit of Monte Argentera
Monte Argentera
is certainly higher at 3297 m above sea level but it is located in Italian territory. There is also Mount Mounier (2817 m) which dominates the south of the vast Dôme de Barrot which is formed of a mass of more than 900 m thick red mudstones deeply indented by the gorges of Daluis
and Cians. Except in winter, four passes allow passage to the north of the Mercantour/Argentera mountain range whose imposing 62 km long barrier covered in winter snow which is visible from the coast. From the west the Route des Grandes Alpes enters the Cayolle Pass
Cayolle Pass
(2326 m) first on the way to the Alps
and the sources of the Var in the commune of Entraunes. Then the route follows the Col de la Bonette
Col de la Bonette
– the highest pass in Europe at 2715 m – to connect to the valley of the Tinée
then the Ubaye. Further east, the Lombard pass (2350 m) above Isola 2000 allows access to the shrine of Saint-Anne de Vinadio
in Italy. Finally, at its eastern end, the Col de Tende
(1871 m) links with Cuneo
in Italy. Landscape and forest vegetation[edit] The only region of the Alps
close to Nice
has an afforestation rate of 60.9%, slightly higher than the average of the department and well above the average of 39.4% for the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.[2] The rivers in alphabetical order are:

Aigue Blanche Barlatte Bassera Bendola Bévéra Borrigo Bourdoux Bouyon Brague Braisse Braus Cagne Caramagne Careï Castérine Chalvagne Cians Ciavanette Clans Coulomb Estéron Faye Fontanalbe Gorbio Gordolasque Guercha Levenza Loup Lubiane Maglia Magnan Mairole Malvan Minière Nieya Oglione Paillon
(les Paillons) Raton Réfrei Riou Rioulan Roudoule Roya Siagne Tinée Tuébi Valmasque Var Vésubie Vionène

Climate[edit] It is the climate that made the Côte d'Azur
Côte d'Azur
famous. The current department of Alpes-Maritimes, however, does not have only one climate, the complex terrain and high mountains divide the department between those who are well exposed (the south-facing side) and those which are less (the north-facing side) and even with the mild Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
there can be violent storms and prolonged droughts.

The coastal area has a Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(rainfall in autumn and spring especially, summer drought, mild winter and dry). Towards the interior, especially in the north, a mountain climate (winter quite bright, summer storms).

One of the attractions of the department is its level of sunshine: 300 days per year. Despite this the department is also the most stormy of France
with an average of 70 to 110 thunderstorm days per year.

Comparison of local Meteorological data with other cities in France[3]

Town Sunshine

(hours/yr) Rain

(mm/yr) Snow

(days/yr) Storm

(days/yr) Fog


National Average 1,973 770 14 22 40

Nice 2,724 733 1 29 1

Paris 1,661 637 12 18 10

Strasbourg 1,693 665 29 29 56

Brest 1,605 1,211 7 12 75

Climate data for Nice

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 13.1 (55.6) 13.4 (56.1) 15.2 (59.4) 17.0 (62.6) 20.7 (69.3) 24.3 (75.7) 27.3 (81.1) 27.7 (81.9) 24.6 (76.3) 21.0 (69.8) 16.6 (61.9) 13.8 (56.8) 19.6 (67.3)

Daily mean °C (°F) 9.2 (48.6) 9.7 (49.5) 11.6 (52.9) 13.6 (56.5) 17.4 (63.3) 20.9 (69.6) 23.8 (74.8) 24.2 (75.6) 21.0 (69.8) 17.4 (63.3) 12.9 (55.2) 10.1 (50.2) 16.0 (60.8)

Average low °C (°F) 5.3 (41.5) 5.9 (42.6) 7.9 (46.2) 10.2 (50.4) 14.1 (57.4) 17.5 (63.5) 20.3 (68.5) 20.5 (68.9) 17.3 (63.1) 13.7 (56.7) 9.2 (48.6) 6.3 (43.3) 12.4 (54.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 69.0 (2.717) 44.7 (1.76) 38.7 (1.524) 69.3 (2.728) 44.6 (1.756) 34.3 (1.35) 12.1 (0.476) 17.8 (0.701) 73.1 (2.878) 132.8 (5.228) 103.9 (4.091) 92.7 (3.65) 733.0 (28.858)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 5.8 4.7 4.6 7.1 5.2 3.8 1.8 2.4 4.9 7.2 7.2 6.4 61.1

Mean monthly sunshine hours 158 171 217 224 267 306 348 316 242 187 149 139 2,724

Source: Meteorological data for Nice
– 2 m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015 (in French)


Department map showing its division into the two arrondissements and the location of some of its principal cities and towns.

is divided into 2 arrondissements:

the Grasse
and the Nice,

27 cantons and 163 communes. In 2002 there were 14 intercommunalities (Intercommunalité).[4] including: 4 metropolitan intercommunalities of which:

3 are agglomeration communities

Agglomeration community of Pôle Azur Provence[5] Agglomeration community of the Riviera Française[6] Agglomeration community of Sophia Antipolis[7] and

1 is an urban community

Urban community of Nice
Côte d'Azur.[8]

The other 10 are Communauté de communes:

Communauté de communes de la Vallée de l'Estéron Communauté de communes des Monts d'Azur Communauté de communes du Pays des Paillons Communauté de communes des Coteaux d'Azur Communauté de communes des Vallées d'Azur Communauté de communes de la Tinée Communauté de communes de Cians
Var Communauté de communes des Stations du Mercantour Communauté de communes des Terres de Siagne Communauté de communes Vésubie

The following is a list of most populous cities of the department (2012):

(343,629) Antibes
(75,568) Cannes
(73,603) Grasse
(51,021) Cagnes-sur-Mer
(46,686) Le Cannet
Le Cannet
(43,115) Saint-Laurent-du-Var
(29,343) Menton
(29,073) Vallauris
(26,595) Mandelieu-la-Napoule
(22,714) Vence
(19,241) Mougins

History[edit] Alpes Maritimae
Alpes Maritimae
was created by Octavian
as a Roman military district called maritimae Alps
in 14BC, and became a full Roman province in the middle of the 1st century AD with its capital first at Cemenelum (today Cimiez, a suburb north of Nice) and subsequently at Embrun. At its greatest extent in AD 297, the province reached north to Digne
and Briançon. A first French département of Alpes-Maritimes
existed in the same area from 1793 to 1814. Its boundaries differed from those of the modern department, however. In 1793 Alpes-Maritimes
included Monaco (Port Hercules) and San Remo (San Rème), but not Grasse
which was then part of the départment of Var. The département was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[9]

Nice, cantons: Nice
(2 cantons), Aspremont, La Brigue, Menton, Monaco, Roquebillière, Saint-Sauveur-sur-Tinée, Saorge, L'Escarène, Sospel, Utelle
and Villefranche-sur-Mer. Sanremo, cantons: Sanremo, Bordighera, Dolceacqua, Pigna, Taggia, Triora
and Ventimiglia. Puget-Théniers, cantons: Puget-Théniers, Beuil, Gilette, Guillaumes, Roquesteron, Saint-Étienne-de- Tinée
and Villars-sur-Var.

Its population in 1812 was 131,266, and its area was 322,674 hectares.[9] The department was reconstituted in 1860 when the county of Nice
was annexed by France. It included the county of Nice
as well as the previously (at least nominally) independent towns of Menton
and Roquebrune, and the arrondissement of Grasse
in the department of Var. In 1860 Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, one of the architects of Italian unity with the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, negotiated support for Napoleon III
Napoleon III
in exchange for Savoy
and the County of Nice. The annexation was confirmed on 15 and 16 April 1860 by 30,712 male electors enrolled in the 89 communes of the County of Nice
who, for the first time, had universal male suffrage by plebiscite. The "Yes" vote for reunification with France
was 83.8% of registered voters and 99.2% of votes.[10] The new department of Alpes-Maritimes
consisted of the former County of Nice, divided into an Arrondissement of Nice
and an Arrondissement of Puget-Théniers
(both arrondissements existed in the former Department (1793–1814)), and a portion of the Var department which formed the Arrondissement of Grasse. However, the County of Nice
did not include Tende
and La Brigue
La Brigue
which were incorporated into France
in the Treaty of Paris
in 1947. The Arrondissement of Puget-Théniers
was removed for purposes of economy in 1926 and attached to Nice: the department has not since had two districts. In 1947, in accordance with the Treaty of Paris
and as a referendum result favourable to their attachment to France, the communes of Tende and La Brigue
La Brigue
(also parts of communes in the high valleys of Vésubie and Tinée: part the commune of Isola) which had been Italian since 1860, were attached to the department. Heraldry[edit]

Blazon: Argent, an eagle crowned of gules displayed with wings inverted, on a mountain of three hillocks sable issuant from the pointed waves of a sea azure waved in argent.

Economy[edit] The economy of the Alpes-Maritimes
is characterized by the importance of the tertiary sector. The department has, in addition to tourism and traditional services, a relatively high level of corporate research and higher level of services. Agriculture
is of little importance and industry plays a relatively small role although it has diversified into activities with high technological value. The construction and public works sector is quite important. The economy is very sensitive to changes in the national and international situation. The rate of unemployment is 9.1%. According to the INSEE, in 2005 the GDP per capita of the Alpes-Maritimes
was 27,723 euros which ranked it as the thirteenth highest department in France.[11] GDP was 29.6 billion euros.[11] According to Eurostat, GDP per capita at market prices in 2008, the department had a GDP per capita of 30,700 euros, which is also ranked it thirteenth in France.[12] Distribution of employment[edit]

Distribution of Employment

Services Sector Industry Construction & Public Works Agriculture

Alpes-Maritimes 76.2 % 12.5 % 9.2 % 2,1 %

National Average 71.5 % 18.3 % 6.1 % 4.1 %

Tourism is an essential industry for the entire coastal region (Côte d'Azur) and is highly developed ( Nice
is the fifth largest city in France). Thanks to the mild climate this is a resort town all year round. In the mountains, there are also some winter sports stations that have received abundant snow in recent years (particularly Isola 2000). There are also well-developed industries such as the perfumery in Grasse, new technologies from Sophia-Antipolis
and the aerospace industry in Cannes
where there is the first[13] European satellite builders and the first industrial plant in the department.[14] Education[edit] Primary and secondary education[edit] The department has 222 nursery schools, 357 primary schools and one special school. It also hosts 72 colleges, 14 vocational schools and 22 high schools, to which must be added 65 private schools. Higher education[edit] Related article: University of Nice
Sophia-Antipolis. Higher education is relatively underdeveloped in the department. The urban area of Nice
has 35,000 students,[15] while Rennes
and Bordeaux each have 60,000. Alpes-Maritimes
benefit from the installation at Menton
since October 2005 – the first stage of Sciences Po
Sciences Po
– which is dedicated to the relationship between the northern and southern shores of the Mediterranean and the relationship of Europe with the Middle East. Several engineering schools are located in Sophia Antipolis:

(School of Engineering and Research Center in communication systems) Ecole des Mines de Paris Polytech of Nice-Sophia

In addition, two major business schools are located in the region:

in Nice Skema Business School
Skema Business School
in Sophia-Antipolis

There are also INRIA and CNRS
in Sophia Antipolis. Administration[edit] Politics[edit] Since the Second World War, the department has voted to the right. The nine electoral districts of Alpes-Maritimes
are all currently held by the right (eight UMP and one NC). Of the five senators representing the department, four are right and one is socialist left. Of the fifty-two general councilors, forty-two are right and ten are left or relatively left. Alpes-Maritimes
has experienced problems of corruption in its politicians in the 1980s and 1990s which led to criminal convictions including the mayors of Nice
(Jacques Médecin), Cannes
(Michel Mouillot), and Antibes
(Pierre Merli). The President of the General Council is Éric Ciotti
Éric Ciotti
of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). The UMP's majority on the general council is one of the largest majorities in any such institution in France.

Party seats

• Union for a Popular Movement 38

Socialist Party 3

• Miscellaneous Right 3

French Communist Party 3

Miscellaneous Left 2

The Greens 1

Ecologist 1

• New Centre 1

Budget[edit] In 2011, the draft departmental budget amounted to €1.3 billion of which 498 million (38.3%) was devoted to social action and 346 million to operations (26.6%).[16] Capital expenditures was just over 250 million euros (19.2%).[16] In 2010, the department was the third most indebted in France
with €942 million of debt or 68.4% of the annual budget.[17] This debt amounted to 2,460 euros per fiscal tax unit (household) and 859 euros per person.[17] The trend of change in debt over the last decade has been a sharp increase: + 440% between 2001 and 2009 and 26% between 2009 and 2010.[17] There was only €43 million in debt in 2003. Projects[edit] The General Council is now sponsoring several large projects:[18]

construction of 10 residential facilities for the elderly building dikes in the Var plain creation of a STIC (science and information technology and communication) campus at Sophia Antipolis construction of 337 units of social housing establishment of facilities for the disabled road construction construction of schools and gyms (10) construction of a centre of sustainable development construction of an LGV Paris- Nice
(LGV Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) bypassing Toulon and Marseille (the route is disputed by many political and business leaders) creation of the Eco Valley in the Plaine of the Var which will run from the Arena Quarter (which will be converted) to the village of Baus-Roux

The General Council has charged 1 euro per vehicle journey in the department, regardless of distance, since 1 January 2008. Demographics[edit] When Nice
became part of France
in 1860, it was still a small town; the department had fewer than 200,000 inhabitants. However, the population grew quickly from 300,000 at the beginning of the 20th century to over a million. The population is aging because of the number of retirees who move to the coast. The population is now concentrated in the urban region that includes Antibes, Cannes, Grasse, Nice, and Menton, and which constitutes 90% of the total population. The department had 1,079,100 inhabitants in 2009, making it the nineteenth most populated department in France.[19] There are 163 communes including 106 under 2000 inhabitants (representing a total of 55,219 inhabitants), 38 from 2000 to 9999 inhabitants (total 158,373 inhabitants), 15 between 10,000 and 49,999 inhabitants (total 323,829 inhabitants), 3 between 50,000 and 199,999 inhabitants (Antibes, Cannes, and Grasse, total 200,944 inhabitants), and one of 340,735 inhabitants (Nice).[20] The Population density rose to 251 inhabitants per square kilometre in 2009. According to INSEE 39.5% of children born in 2011 in the department of Alpes-Maritimes
have at least one parent born abroad (regardless of nationality), 15.4% have a father born in North Africa.[21] The area is also known for its extremely large population of people of Italian descent. About 40% of the population of the Alpes-Maritimes claim their ancestry as being solely Italian, and as many as 80% of the population can trace some degree of ancestry back to Italy
before it was annexed by France
in the 1860s.[22] Culture[edit] Cultural life is rich and fully described in the daily regional Nice-Matin and announced in the weekly supplement JV Wednesday.

Film Festival (theatrical) Pantiero Festival, Cannes
(electronic and independent music) in August International Dance Festival, Cannes, a dance festival held in late November / early December every second year International Festival of Games, Cannes, in February Festival of Night music at Le Suquet, Cannes, classical music in July Fireworks Festival, Cannes, fireworks in July and August Festival of Performances of actors, Cannes, June Festival of dances "Break the Floor", Cannes, January International Dance Festival, Cannes, November Festival of Russian Art and Dance, Cannes, August International youth ballets, organized by the Senior Dance School of École supérieure de danse de Cannes
Rosella Hightower, Cannes, March Italian market, Mougins, (formerly the Piedmontese market before 2011) International Gastronomic festival, Mougins Festival of Juan-les-Pins
(jazz), Antibes Nice
Jazz Festival Nice
Carnival Naval Combat with flowers, Villefranche-sur-Mer Festival of Lemons, Menton Southern Nights in Vence, world music Festival Tomawok, Nice
(rock, metal music), June Book Festival of Mouans-Sartoux, three days in early October (21st Festival in 2008) This is not classic, an annual event[23] for classical music, created by the General Council of the Alpes-Maritimes[24] in 2005. It takes place at the Acropolis convention centre in Nice
and occupies all available rooms beginning with the large auditorium seating 2,400 people. Chestnut Festival

Famous museums available include:

the Maeght Foundation
Maeght Foundation
in Saint-Paul-de-Vence the Picasso museum in Antibes Concrete art
Concrete art
in Mouans-Sartoux the Fernand Léger National Museum in Biot the Chagall
and Matisse
museums in Nice the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art (MAMAC) also in Nice

Tourism[edit] The presence of the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
and the Alps
under a mild sky has favoured one dominant activity: tourism which accounts for 64,000 jobs directly in the Alpes-Maritimes. For only the city of Nice
the tourism turnover represents a 12 to 13% share of the whole tourism market in France. The capital of the French Riviera is the sixth most populous city in France. The city of Nice
also has the second largest airport in France
( Nice
Côte d'Azur
Côte d'Azur
Airport) after Paris
and its three airports at Roissy, Orly, and Le Bourget. There are nearly 10.5 million passengers per year passing through Nice
Airport (2011 data). The seaside where the majority of the population resides is one of the most popular parts of the world with many attractions:

Seaside resorts (Cannes, Cagnes-sur-Mer, Antibes, Juan-les-Pins, Nice, Menton) Convention cities that spread their business throughout the year ( Cannes
with its Palais des Festivals, Nice
with its Acropolis, and Monaco)

The area inland from the busy Côte d'Azur
Côte d'Azur
is an excellent base for many outdoor sports: cycling, mountain biking, skiing, walking, rock climbing, canyoning, canoeing, rafting, fishing, horse riding, Adventure parks, caving and the area has the first ever underground via ferrata. The area has internationally renowned paragliding and hang gliding flying sites at Col-de-Bleyne, Gourdon, Gréolières, and Lachens. In the mountains, skiing and hiking bring life to Saint-Étienne-de- Tinée
(Auron), Beuil, Péone
(Valberg), Saint-Martin-Vésubie, Isola, Gréolières, Peïra-Cava, col de Turini, and Turini-Camp d'argent in the Authion mountains.




National Park

Massif de l'Esterel

Second homes[edit] According to the general census of the population on 1 January 2008, 23.2% of available housing in the department were second homes.[25] Trivia[edit] The asteroid 100122 Alpes Maritimes is named in the département's honour, on the occasion of the thousandth discovery made from its territory. Bibliography[edit]

The Heritage of the Communes of Alpes-Maritimes
in two volumes, Flohic Éditions, collective work, volume I, Cantons of Antibes
to Levens, January 2000, Paris, 504 pages, ISBN 2-84234-071-X, Jean-Luc Flohic (in French) The Heritage of the Communes of Alpes-Maritimes
in two volumes, Flohic Éditions, collective work, volume II, Cantons of Menton
to Villefranche-sur-Mer, January 2000, Paris, 574 pages, ISBN 2-84234-071-X, Jean-Luc Flohic, p. 505 to 1079 (in French) Rural Architecture of Alpes-Maritimes, Édisud, Philippe de Beauchamp, 1992, Aix-en-Provence, 140 pages, ISBN 2-85744-612-8, Photographer Loîc-Jahan (in French) Religious Art in Alpes-Maritimes, Édisud, Philippe de Beauchamp, 4th Quarter 1993, Aix-en-Provence, 144 pages, ISBN 2-85744-485-0, Photographer Loîc-Jahan (in French)

See also[edit]

Communes of the Alpes-Maritimes
department Cantons of the Alpes-Maritimes
department Arrondissements of the Alpes-Maritimes


^ "Charles-Ange Ginésy est le nouveau président du conseil départemental des Alpes-Maritimes". francetvinfo.fr. Retrieved 28 March 2018.  ^ Forest Inventory for the department of Alpes-Maritimes
(in French) ^ Paris, Nice, Strasbourg, Brest ^ (in French) See also: fr:Intercommunalités des Alpes-Maritimes ^ (in French) Pôle Azur Provence official site Archived 8 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ (in French) Riviera Française official site ^ (in French) Sophia Antipolis
Sophia Antipolis
official site Archived 2 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ (in French) Nice- Côte d'Azur
Côte d'Azur
official site ^ a b Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 368, accessed in Gallica
24 July 2013 (in French) ^ Table of Results pages 319 to 320 in La réunion de Nice
à la France
by Paul Gonnet, Les Éditions du Cabri, Breil-sur-Roya, 2003, 343 pages, ISBN 9782914603102 (in French) ^ a b Raw GDP data by department (PIB) at current prices, National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Insee) (in French) ^ Raw GDP (PIB) at current market prices NUTS 3, Eurostat. consulted on 5 August 2011. (in French) ^ 10 French Companies who are World Champions: Alcatel Alenia Space, Le Journal du Net (in French) ^ Christian Apothéloz, Alcatel space at Cannes, More than an entreprise, a legend, in The New Economist, March 2002 ^ Métropole Nice
Côte d'Azur
Côte d'Azur
– A territory of international excellence, Official site of the Urban Community of Nice-Côte d'Azur. Consulted on 26 September 2008. (in French) ^ a b Budget 2011, Official site of the General Council of Alpes-Maritimes. Consulted on 1 July 2011. (in French) ^ a b c Alpes-Maritimes, Le Journal du Net. Consulted on 1 July 2011. (in French) ^ Register of Competitivity, 29 January 2009. (in French) ^ Legal Populations 2009, INSEE. Consulted on 14 July 2012. ^ Municipal Population, legal data of population increases and decreases on 1 January 2012 – Statistical reference date: 1 January 2009, Source: Insee (in French) ^ Detailed State Statistical data on births in 2011, INSEE, 2012 (in French) ^ The Alpes-Maritimes, much like the rest of the PACA region, is markedly more religious than the rest of France ^ "C'est pas classique !" for music-lovers of Nice, France Musique website (in French) ^ Website of the Conseil général (in French) ^ INSEE, data from 1 January 2008. (in French)

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Alpes-Maritimes.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alpes-Maritimes.

at Curlie (based on DMOZ) (in French) Prefecture website (in French) General council website (in English) Musical traditions in the Alpes-Maritimes
department (in English) About.com Archeo-alpi-maritimi (in French) Alpes Maritimes, 1450–1550, Altar Pieces and Frescoes (in French)

v t e

Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133267547 LCCN: n82031739 GND: 4117968-7 BNF: