Allen Whipple
   HOME

TheInfoList




Allen Oldfather Whipple (September 2, 1881 – April 6, 1963) was an American surgeon who is known for the
pancreatic cancer Pancreatic cancer arises when cells Cell most often refers to: * Cell (biology), the functional basic unit of life Cell may also refer to: Closed spaces * Monastic cell, a small room, hut, or cave in which a monk or religious recluse live ...

pancreatic cancer
operation which bears his name (the
Whipple procedure A pancreaticoduodenectomy, also known as a Whipple procedure, is a major surgical operation most often performed to remove Pancreatic cancer, cancerous tumours off the head of the pancreas. It is also used for the treatment of pancreatic or Duodenum ...
) as well as
Whipple's triad Whipple's triad is a collection of three signs (called Whipple's criteria) that suggests that a patient's symptom Signs and symptoms are the observed or detectable signs, and experienced symptoms of an illness, injury, or condition. A sign fo ...

Whipple's triad
. Whipple was born to missionary parents Williaam Levi Whipple and Mary Louise Whipple (née Allen), in
Urmia Urmia or Orumiyeh ( fa, ارومیه, ;Variously transliterated Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script Script may refer to: Writing systems * Script, a distinctive writing system, based on a repertoire of sp ...

Urmia
,
West Azerbaijan West Azerbaijan Province ( fa, استان آذربایجان غربی, Āzarbāyjān-e Gharbī; az, غربی آذربایجان اوستانی, ku, Parêzgeha Urmiyê ,پارێزگای ئورمیە) is one of the 31 provinces A province is a ...

West Azerbaijan
, Iran. He attended
Princeton University Princeton University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly tw ...

Princeton University
and received his M.D. from the
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (VP&S) is the graduate medical school A medical school is a tertiary education Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or post-secondary education, ...
(P&S) in 1908, and was licensed to practice medicine in the state of New York on February 4, 1910
NY License #10151
. He became a professor of surgery at P&S and
Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center (NYP/CUIMC), also known as the Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC), is an academic medical center The Academic Medical Center (Dutch: ''Academisch Medisch Centrum''), ...
where he served from 1921 to 1946. He began work on the procedure for resection of the pancreas (pancreaticoduodenectomy) in 1935 and his original technique has since been modified greatly. In 1940, he shortened the procedure into a one-stage process. During his lifetime, Whipple performed 37 pancreaticoduodenectomies. He also is known for developing the diagnostic triad for insulinoma known as
Whipple's triad Whipple's triad is a collection of three signs (called Whipple's criteria) that suggests that a patient's symptom Signs and symptoms are the observed or detectable signs, and experienced symptoms of an illness, injury, or condition. A sign fo ...

Whipple's triad
. He supervised the surgical residency of Virginia Apgar, later advising her to pursue her medical career in the field of anaesthesiology because he knew that surgery depended on advancements in this field to progress, and he saw in Apgar the 'energy and ability' to make a significant contribution. Apgar later devised the Apgar Score also at
Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center (NYP/CUIMC), also known as the Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC), is an academic medical center The Academic Medical Center (Dutch: ''Academisch Medisch Centrum''), ...
, by which the health of newborns is evaluated to this day. Whipple was instrumental in founding the American Board of Surgery. He also was trustee of
Princeton University Princeton University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly tw ...

Princeton University
and was a recipient of the 1958 Woodrow Wilson Award. Though he is not related to George Hoyt Whipple — who named Whipple's disease and discovered ''Tropheryma whipplei'' — the two were lifelong friends. The Science Building at Wooster School in Danbury, Connecticut, is named after Whipple, who served as President of Wooster's Board of Trustees when the school's founder, Rev. Aaron Coburn, died.


References


Sources

*Whipple AO. Observations on radical surgery for lesions of the pancreas. Surg Gyn Obst 1946;82:62.
Whipple Website: Allen Oldfather WhippleWooster Chronology – Wooster School
{{DEFAULTSORT:Whipple, Allen American surgeons Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons alumni Princeton University alumni People from Urmia 1881 births 1963 deaths American expatriates in Iran 20th-century surgeons