All-America team is a hypothetical American sports team composed of
outstanding amateur players. These players are broadly considered by
media and other relevant commentators as the best players in a
particular sport, of a specific season, for each team position.
Such athletes at the high school and college level are given the
honorific title and typically referred to as "All-American athletes"
or simply "All-Americans".
1 Term usage
1.1 Other uses
2 Collegiate sports
2.4 Cross country running
2.8 Ice hockey
2.11 Rugby union
2.13 Swimming and diving
2.15 Track and field
High school sports
4 See also
As of 2009, the term is used in U.S. team sports to refer to players
who are selected by members of the national media.
The term is used primarily with regard to college and, occasionally,
to high school players.
Note that similar terms exist for non-amateur athletes: outstanding
professional players usually are referred to as "All-Stars", or, in
the case of professional American football, "All-Pros": (as opposed to
Pro Bowlers, who are selected by players, coaches, and fans to compete
Pro Bowl games).
Selection to an
All-America team for collegiate (or high-school)
players, however, is honorary in nature. "
All-America teams" do not
typically play any games as a unit, unlike many of the all-star
The original use of the term "All-America" seems to have been in
reference to a list of college football players who were regarded as
the best at their respective positions. The first "All-America" team
was the 1889
Team selected by Caspar
Whitney and published in This Week's Sports in association with Walter
The use of the term has been expanded to honor persons outside the
field of sports, especially informally; for example an individual may
be popularly referred to as, an "All-America" level entertainer,
educator, or other activity which does not have anything to do with
USA Triathlon bestows the All American status on the
top 10% within their age group.
The term has also been used in athletics in new ways to recognize the
academic achievements of student-athletes as "Academic All-America"
teams are named. The term "Academic All-America" is a registered
trademark of the
College Sports Information Directors of America,
which began the program in 1952 to recognize college athletes at all
levels of competition and in all collegiate sports.
The term "All-American" is also colloquially used to describe
stereotypically clean-cut, mainstream or conventional American middle
class people, particularly teenagers and young adults. Phenotypically,
the stereotype suggests a blond-haired, light-eyed, WASP, Northern
European, or "nordic" appearance. This usage was popularized by the
radio series Jack Armstrong, the All-American Boy, which ran from 1933
to 1951. The "mainstream" culture was dominated by white Americans,
but this connotation is changing along with demographics and
acceptance of a multi-racial society.
United States Army
82nd Airborne Division
82nd Airborne Division was given the nickname
"All-American" because its members came from all 48 U.S. states which,
at that time, constituted the
United States (
Alaska did not
enter the union until 1959).
Each year different sets of All-American teams are recognized toward
consensus and unanimous selection recognition. A "unanimous selection"
is a player who is listed as a first team All-American by all
recognized lists. A "consensus All-American" is a player who is listed
as a first team All-American by at least half of the recognized lists.
All-America teams are selected annually in various collegiate sports.
In collegiate archery competitions
All-America selections are
determined by the US Collegiate Archery (USCA) association.
All-American honors are awarded for Olympic Recurve, Compound Target,
and Bowhunter divisions. All-American honors are awarded to the top 10
archers in each division based on aggregate scores from the National
Indoor and Intercollegiate Championships each year.
All-America teams are selected annually by the American
Baseball Coaches Association and Collegiate Baseball.
NCAA Men's Basketball All-Americans and List of Women's
Team Members of the Year
Cross country running
Selections are administered by the U.S. Track & Field and Cross
Country Coaches Association (USTFCCCA). In Division I, the top 40
overall finishers at the national meet are all named to the
All-America team. In Division III, as of 2017, the top 40 finishers
garner All-American distinction (previously top 35). The
student-athlete's team must be a member of the USTFCCCA.
National Collegiate Athletic Association
National Collegiate Athletic Association currently recognizes
All-America Teams selected by the Associated Press,
American Football Coaches Association, Football Writers Association of
America, Sporting News, and the
Walter Camp Football Foundation (WCFF)
to determine consensus All-Americans.
All-American honors are awarded by the GCAA for men's golf.
NCAA men's gymnastics, all American status is awarded to the top 8
finishers in the national championship.
Main article: List of Division I AHCA All-American Teams
American Hockey Coaches Association (AHCA) selects All-Americans
at the Division I and Division III levels, for both men and women. For
Division I men, they select a first- and a second-team for East and
for West; for Division I women, they select national first- and
second-teams. For Division III men, they select a first- and a
second-team for East and for West; for Division III women, they select
a first and second team for both East and West.
Main article: USILA All-American Team
United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association (USILA)
annually selects men's lacrosse All-Americans, distinguished by first
team, second team, third team, and honorable mention.
The Intercollegiate Women's Lacrosse Coaches Association (IWLCA)
annually selects women's lacrosse All-Americans, distinguished by
first team, second team, third team, and honorable mention.
US Lacrosse, the national governing body for men's and women's
lacrosse, annually selects national boys' and girls' high school
The American Collegiate Rowing Association (ACRA) and Collegiate
Rowing Coaches of America (CRCA) name All-American teams for men and
All-America was used for the student rugby teams that toured
Australia in 1912 and New Zealand in 1913, see Rugby union in the
In soccer, the
National Soccer Coaches Association of America annually
names an eleven-member
All-America team, as well as Division I women,
and Division II and III teams.
Swimming and diving
NCAA swimming and diving, athletes and relay teams who make the
championship final (top eight) are considered First-Team
All-Americans. Athletes and relay teams that qualify for the
consolation final (determines places 9–16) are considered Honorable
Mention All-Americans. All-American teams are selected by the
College Swimming Coaches Association of America (CSCAA).
Intercollegiate Tennis Association
Intercollegiate Tennis Association annually selects men's and
women's D-1 players with the following criteria SINGLES (denoted by
'S') 1.) Top 16 seed in
NCAA Singles Championships, or 2.) Reach round
of 16 in
NCAA Singles Championships, or 3.) Finish in the Top 20 of
the final ITA Rankings. DOUBLES (denoted by 'D') 1.) Top eight seed in
NCAA Doubles Championships, or 2.) Reach quarterfinals of
Championship, or 3.) Finish in Top 10 of final ITA Rankings.
Track and field
Also administered by the U.S. Track & Field and Cross Country
Coaches Association, the selection rules are that the top eight
finishers in each individual event, as well as American competitors
who finish outside the top eight in their event but are among the top
eight of the American finishers in an event, earn All-America
designation. Relays are judged strictly on a top-eight basis. The
cutoff of eight places is the same for both indoor and outdoor
competition. The student-athlete's team must be a member of the
USTFCCCA. Eligible students from all three divisions and the NAIA
American Volleyball Coaches Association
American Volleyball Coaches Association selects men's and women's
All-America teams in all three
NCAA divisions as well as the NAIA,
USCAA and NCCAA.
See also: Collegiate wrestling
In all NCAA, NJCAA, NAIA, NCWA, and CCCAA divisions, the top 6 or 8
placers at the national championship tournament are considered
High school sports
At the high school level, noted
All-America teams are selected by
Parade magazine in football, and from 1957 to 2015 in basketball.
Also in basketball, the
McDonald's restaurant chain selects players
annually for its
McDonald's All-American Game, and there is also a
Ballislife All-American Game. In football, there is the U.S. Army
All-American Bowl and the Under Armour
All-America Game. Since 2000,
United States Army has sponsored its own annual All-American high
school football competition, the U.S. Army All-American Bowl, which
includes an All-
American football team, split East and West, and an
All-American marching band.
In 2005, Offense-Defense Sports began publishing a Top 100 ranking for
nation's the top high school football athletes. The
Offense-Defense All-American Bowl is held every January, featuring the
88 top-ranked high school seniors.
Athletes who place in the top 15 of each gender division at the Foot
Locker Cross Country Championships, a series of annual cross country
running races which are held in various regions of the US, are awarded
The National Interscholastic Swim Coaches Association publishes an
Academic All America Awards list for graduating seniors that have
maintained a minimum GPA of 3.750, and have lettered in their high
school programs in swimming, diving, or water polo.
The National High School Coaches Association also honors the nation's
top student athletes on a yearly basis, as "High School Academic
Look up all-American in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
AAU Men's Basketball All-Americans
Team for 1889 selected by Casper Whitney is
identified in the
NCAA guide to football award winners Archived July
14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
Academic All-America Teams as selected by CoSIDA
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United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse
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Diving Championship" Archived May 7,
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(both individual events and relay events); Honorable Mention
All-America honors go to those who finish 9–16."
^ 2004 ITA
All-America Teams Archived July 26, 2011, at the Wayback
^ USTFCCCA All-Americans, U.S. Track and Field and Cross Country
All-America Awards". avca.org.
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All-America High School Football
Team", Parade, 2 March 2009
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All-American High School Basketball Games
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November 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
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October 12, 2009
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