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Alkmaar
Alkmaar
[ˈɑl(ə)kmaːr] ( listen) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland. Alkmaar
Alkmaar
is well known for its traditional cheese market. For tourists, it is a popular cultural destination.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Siege of Alkmaar 1.2 Since the French Revolutionary Wars

2 Population centres 3 Local government 4 Transport 5 Main sights

5.1 Museums 5.2 Gallery

6 Sports 7 Notable residents 8 Twin towns—sister cities 9 References

9.1 Literature

10 External links

History[edit] The earliest mention of the name Alkmaar
Alkmaar
is in a 10th-century document. As the village grew into a town, it was granted city rights in 1254. The oldest part of Alkmaar
Alkmaar
lies on an ancient sand bank that afforded some protection from inundation during medieval times. Even so, it is only a couple of metres above the surrounding region, which consists of some of the oldest polders in existence. Siege of Alkmaar[edit]

Battle of Alkmaar, 1573

In 1573 the city underwent a siege by Spanish forces under the leadership of Don Fadrique, son of the Duke of Alva. The citizens sent urgent messages for help to the Prince of Orange; he responded by promising to open the floodgates of the dykes and flood the region if the need arose, which despite the protestations of the peasantry, fearful for their harvest, he proceeded to do. Some of his dispatches fell into the hands of Don Fadrique, and, with the waters beginning to rise, the Spaniards raised the siege and fled. It was a turning point in the Eighty Years War
Eighty Years War
and gave rise to the expression Bij Alkmaar
Alkmaar
begint de victorie ("Victory begins at Alkmaar"). The event is still celebrated every year in Alkmaar
Alkmaar
on 8 October, the day the siege ended. Since the French Revolutionary Wars[edit] In 1799, during the French Revolutionary Wars, an Anglo-Russian expeditionary force captured the city but was ultimately defeated in the Battle of Castricum. The French victory was commemorated on the Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
in Paris
Paris
as "Alkmaer". The North Holland
North Holland
Canal, opened in 1824, was dug through Alkmaar. In 1865 and 1867 the railways between Alkmaar
Alkmaar
and Den Helder
Den Helder
and between Alkmaar
Alkmaar
and Haarlem
Haarlem
were built respectively. In the second half of the 20th century, Alkmaar
Alkmaar
expanded quickly with development of new neighbourhoods. On 1 October 1972, the town of Oudorp
Oudorp
and the southern portions of Koedijk
Koedijk
and Sint Pancras were added to the municipality of Alkmaar.[5] Population centres[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1398 3,800 —    

1514 4,179 +0.08%

1622 12,417 +1.01%

1632 13,200 +0.61%

1660 13,650 +0.12%

1732 12,500 −0.12%

1795 7,514 −0.80%

Source: Lourens & Lucassen 1997, pp. 54–55

The municipality of Alkmaar
Alkmaar
historically consists of the following cities, towns, villages and districts: Alkmaar, Bergermeer, Daalmeer, De Hoef, De Horn, De Nollen, Het Rak, Huiswaard, Koedijk
Koedijk
(southeastern part), Overdie, Oudorp
Oudorp
and Omval. On 1 January 2015 the municipalities of Graft-De Rijp
Graft-De Rijp
and Schermer
Schermer
were merged into Alkmaar. The historical village of De Rijp
De Rijp
is thus since a part of Alkmaar. These once separate villages are now all linked together by the suburban sprawl of buildings that arose between the late 1970s and early 1990s. During this time, the population of Alkmaar
Alkmaar
almost doubled. Local government[edit] The municipal council of Alkmaar
Alkmaar
consists of 39 seats, which are divided as follows:[6]

PvdA – 5 seats OPA – 8 seats CDA – 5 seats VVD – 5 seats GroenLinks
GroenLinks
– 4 seats Leefbaar Alkmaar
Alkmaar
– 3 seats D66 – 4 seats BAS – 2 seats Senior's Party of Alkmaar
Alkmaar
(Senioren Partij Alkmaar) – 2 seats DENK – 1 seat

Transport[edit] The A9 motorway runs from Amsterdam
Amsterdam
to Alkmaar, then continues on to Den Helder
Den Helder
as the N9. There are direct trains to Den Helder, Hoorn, Zaandam, Amsterdam, Utrecht, Ede, Arnhem, Nijmegen, 's-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, Maastricht
Maastricht
and Haarlem. For exact details see Alkmaar
Alkmaar
railway station. Alkmaar
Alkmaar
has two railway stations:

Alkmaar Alkmaar
Alkmaar
Noord

The waterway Noordhollandsch Kanaal, which opened in 1824, runs through Alkmaar. As of 2017[update]. it can be crossed (among other ways) using two of the five operating vlotbruggen, Koedijkervlotbrug and Rekervlotbrug. Main sights[edit]

City centre

Cheese market

Alkmaar
Alkmaar
has many medieval buildings that are still intact, most notably the tall tower of the Grote of Sint-Laurenskerk, where many people from Alkmaar
Alkmaar
hold their wedding ceremony. The other main attraction, especially in the summer months, is Alkmaar's cheese market at the Waagplein, one of the country's most popular tourist attractions. The cheese market traditionally takes place on the first Friday in April and the last market of the season is the first Friday in September. Every Friday morning (10:00–12:30) the Waagplein is the backdrop for this traditional cheese market. After the old-fashioned way of the hand clap, traders and carriers will weigh the cheeses. It is one of only four traditional Dutch cheese markets still in existence. The traditional fare of this cheese market is those cheeses made in the local area, as opposed to the well-known brands of Dutch cheeses, including the Edam and Gouda cheeses. It is not actually possible to buy cheese at the market itself, which is really only a demonstration of how this merchants' market operated in times gone by. However, the demonstration, which takes place in front of the medieval weighing house, is surrounded by many specialized stalls where it is possible to buy all kinds of cheese (and non-cheese) related products. The Waag is also home to the local tourist office and a cheese museum. Alkmaar
Alkmaar
has 399 registered rijksmonuments, of which most are situated along the city's old canals.[7] Alkmaar
Alkmaar
has two large theatres and a big cinema (which was originally two cinemas). A red light district is situated at the Achterdam, and Alkmaar
Alkmaar
has a nightlife scene as well which takes place in the pubs in front of the cheesemarket. Every year, at the end of May Alkmaar
Alkmaar
hosts the four-day event Alkmaar
Alkmaar
Pride, which has a canal pride parade on Saturday.[8] Museums[edit]

Beatles Museum – dedicated to The Beatles, as John Lennon's first guitar was made in Alkmaar Holland Cheese Museum – located in the historic weigh house National Beer Museum "De Boom" Op ArtMuseum City Museum Alkmaar
Alkmaar
– for history of the city

Gallery[edit]

De Rijp

Townhall tower

Kennemerstraatweg

De Mient near the Biermuseum

Grote Dam

View to a street: De Laat with its former church

Sports[edit] Alkmaar
Alkmaar
is home to the professional football team AZ (Alkmaar Zaanstreek). In 2006, the club moved to a new 17,000 capacity stadium, the DSB Stadion, now named the AFAS Stadion. In 2008–2009, AZ won the Eredivisie, the Dutch football league. It was the second league title for the club after the Eredivisie
Eredivisie
in 1980/81 with only one league defeat. The city also has a velodrome where the Dutch national track cycling championships are held every year. Notable residents[edit]

Weighing house (Waag)

Topographic map of Alkmaar, Sept. 2014

Petrus Forestus
Petrus Forestus
(1521), physician Willem Blaeu
Willem Blaeu
(1571), cartographer (may have been born in Uitgeest) Metius
Metius
(1571), geometer, astronomer Cornelis Drebbel
Cornelis Drebbel
(1572), inventor of the first navigable submarine Joan Blaeu
Joan Blaeu
(1598), cartographer Cornelis van der Lijn
Cornelis van der Lijn
(1608), Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies Caesar van Everdingen
Caesar van Everdingen
(1616/7), painter Emanuel de Witte
Emanuel de Witte
(1617), painter Allaert van Everdingen
Allaert van Everdingen
(1621), painter Willem de Fesch
Willem de Fesch
(1687), composer Anna Smitshuizen (1751), murder victim Geertruida Bosboom-Toussaint (1812), novelist Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom
Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom
(1854), chemist Kees Boeke
Kees Boeke
(1884), educator and pacifist Jan Wils
Jan Wils
(1891), architect and founding member of the De Stijl movement Cornelis Berkhouwer
Cornelis Berkhouwer
(1919), President of the European Parliament 1973-1975 Alfred Peet (1920), founder of American coffee retailer Peet's Coffee & Tea Rudi Carrell
Rudi Carrell
(1934), entertainer Rudi Vis (1941) British politician Sybilla Dekker
Sybilla Dekker
(1942), cabinet minister Harm Ottenbros
Harm Ottenbros
(1943), cyclist, 1969 world champion Jos Punt
Jos Punt
(1946), bishop Dick Quax
Dick Quax
(1948), long distance runner Patrick Cammaert
Patrick Cammaert
(1950), UN peacekeeping mission /Force commander Gerard Joling
Gerard Joling
(1960), singer Lorena Kloosterboer
Lorena Kloosterboer
(1962), artist and author, born in Alkmaar Marco Borsato
Marco Borsato
(1966), singer Jakko Jan Leeuwangh (1972), speed skater Steven de Jongh
Steven de Jongh
(1973), cyclist Tom Six
Tom Six
(1973), horror filmmaker Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher
Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher
(1594-1649), poet and engraver. Maarten van der Weijden
Maarten van der Weijden
(1981), long distance swimmer; Dutch Sportsman of the year 2008 Theo Bos
Theo Bos
(1983), cyclist Melissa Venema
Melissa Venema
(1995), trumpeter Tom Budgen (1985), professional wrestler currently signed to the WWE under the name Aleister Black

Twin towns—sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Netherlands Alkmaar
Alkmaar
is twinned with:

Darmstadt, Germany, since 1958[9] Bath, United Kingdom[10][11] Tata, Hungary Bergama, Turkey Troyes, France

References[edit]

^ "College van burgemeester en wethouders" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Alkmaar. Retrieved 19 February 2014.  ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.  ^ "Postcodetool for 1815AG". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2014.  ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.  ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2006. ^ alkmaar.notubiz.nl ^ nl:Lijst van rijksmonumenten in Alkmaar. ^ http://www.alkmaarpride.nl ^ "Städtepartnerschaften und Internationales". Büro für Städtepartnerschaften und internationale Beziehungen (in German). Retrieved 26 July 2013.  ^ "Bath's Twinning Associations". The Mayor of Bath. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2013.  ^ "Town Twinning". Bath and North East Somerset Council. Archived from the original on 27 October 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2007. 

Literature[edit]

Lourens, Piet; Lucassen, Jan (1997). Inwonertallen van Nederlandse steden ca. 1300–1800. Amsterdam: NEHA. ISBN 9057420082. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Alkmaar
Alkmaar
at Wikimedia Commons Alkmaar
Alkmaar
travel guide from Wikivoyage Alkmaar's official Web site

Places adjacent to Alkmaar

Langedijk Heerhugowaard

Bergen

Alkmaar

Schermer

Heiloo, Castricum

v t e

Municipalities of North Holland

Aalsmeer Alkmaar Amstelveen Amsterdam Beemster Bergen Beverwijk Blaricum Bloemendaal Castricum Den Helder Diemen Drechterland Edam-Volendam Enkhuizen Gooise Meren Haarlem Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude Haarlemmermeer Heemskerk Heemstede Heerhugowaard Heiloo Hilversum Hollands Kroon Hoorn Huizen Koggenland Landsmeer Langedijk Laren Medemblik Oostzaan Opmeer Ouder-Amstel Purmerend Schagen Stede Broec Texel Uitgeest Uithoorn Velsen Waterland Weesp Wijdemeren Wormerland Zaanstad Zandvoort

See also Netherlands Provinces Municipalities

Authority control

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