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The Alids are the dynasties descended from Ali ibn Abi Talib, son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (see Family tree of Muhammad and Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali). Shia Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by Muhammad and the first rightful caliph.

Contents

1 Lines of descent

1.1 Dynasties with unclear lines of descent

2 Genealogical trees

2.1 Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali 2.2 Family tree of Hasan ibn Ali

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Lines of descent[edit]

Sharif Hussein, Sharif, Kings, Khalifa is Hejaz and Haram El-Sharif' & Father Abdullah I of Jordan, Founder Kings of Jordan; Faisal I of Iraq, Kings of Iraq. Sharif Hussein is the Hashemite and Alids from Hassan Al-Mujtaba.

Primarily Sunnis in the Arab world reserve the term sharif or "sherif" for descendants of Hasan ibn Ali, while sayyid is used for descendants of Husayn ibn Ali. Both Hasan and Husayn are grandchildren of Prophet Muhammad, through the marriage of his cousin Ali and his daughter Fatima. However ever since the post-Hashemite era began, the term sayyid has been used to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn. Arab Shiites use the terms sayyid and habib to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn; see also ashraf. To try to resolve the confusion surrounding the descendants of Muhammad, the Ottoman Caliphs during the 19th Century C.E. attempted to replicate the Almanach de Gotha (the tome listing the Noble houses of Europe) to show known and verifiable lines of descent. Although not 100% complete in its scope (some lines might have been excluded due to lack of proof, although no false lines are included) the resulting "Kitab al-Ashraf" (Book of the Sharifs), kept at the Topkapi Palace Museum in Istanbul is one of the best sources of evidence of descent from Muhammad. There are several dynasties of Alid origin:

Ali ibn Abi Talib

Hasan ibn Ali

Zayd ibn Hasan

Hasan ibn Zayd of the Zaydid dynasty of Tabaristan (Alavids)

Hasan ibn Hasan al-Mu'thannā

Abd Allah al-Kāmil

Musa al-Djawn

Ibrahim

Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Ukhaidhir of the Ukhaydhirite dynasty of Al-Yamamah

Daud ibn Hasan

Sulayman ibn Daud of the Sulaymanid dynasty of Yemen

Ibrahim ibn Hasan

Ismail ibn Ibrahim

Ibrahim Tabataba ibn Ismail

Qasim al-Rassi of the Rassid dynasty of Yemen

Abdallah ibn Hassan

Djafar ibn Abdallah of the Sharifs of Sousse, Tunisia Muhammad ibn Abdallah of the Alaouite dynasty of Morocco Idris ibn Abdallah of the Idrisid dynasty of Morocco

Hammudid dynasty of Algeciras, Málaga, Sevilla and Kingdom of Granada

Sulayman ibn Abdallah of the Sulaymanid (fr) dynasty of, Tlemcen, Archgoul, Tenes (West-Algeria)[1] Musa ibn Abdallah

Abdallah ibn Musa

Musa ibn Abdallah ibn Musa

Banu Qatadah/Hashemites

Sharifs of Mecca Kings of Jordan Kings of Iraq Kings of Hejaz Kings of Syria

Sulayman ibn Abdallah of the Sulaymanid Sharifs of Mecca

Husayn ibn Ali of the Shia Imams

Ismaili Imams

Fatimids

Nizari Imams

The Safavid dynasty claims descent from Husayn ibn Ali, sharing the first five original rulers with the Fatimids.[2] Many scholars have cast doubt on this claim, and there seems to be consensus among scholars that the Safavid family hailed from Persian Kurdistan.[3][4] Al Qasimi (Qawasim) dynasty of Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah, claims descent from the 10th Imam, Ali al-Hadi.

Dynasties with unclear lines of descent[edit]

The Alid Dynasty of the Isaaq clan or Banu Isaaq clan of Somalia, who are descended from Ali through their ancestor Isaaq ibn Ahmad al Hashimi. Today, the Isaaq clan form the majority of the northern territory of Somaliland. The Alid Dynasty of the Muse clan or Banu Muse clan of Somalia, who are descended from Ali through there ancestor Muse ibn Mohammed al Hashimi. Today, the Muse clan formed the minority of the northern territory of Somaliland.

Genealogical trees[edit]

Simplified Alid Interrelationships as presented in Burke's Peerage

This is a table of the interrelationships between the different parts of the Alid dynasties:[5]

Family of Alids

Fatimah bint Muhammad (Family tree)

Ali al-Murtazā ibn Abi Talib (Family tree)

Khawlah bint Ja'far (Family tree)

Hasan al-Mujtabā

al-Husayn (Family tree)

Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah

Muhammad

Zayd

Qāsim

Hasan al-Mu'thannā

Abu Bakr

Fātimah bint Hasan

Ali Zayn al-Abedin

Ali ibn Muhammad

Abu Hashim

Hasan ibn Muhammad

Hasan

Yahya

Muhammad

Abd Allah

Talha

Hasan

Abu Bakr (Family tree)

Hasan (Alavids)

Maymūnah

Umm al-Husayn[6]

Ali

Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr

Abdallah

Daud

Hasan

Ibrahim

Jā`far

Muhammad

Hasan

Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sulayman

Ali

Ismail

Hasan

Ali

Muhammad al-Baqir

Umm Farwah bint al-Qasim

Sulaymanids of Yemen and Mecca

Husayn Sahib Fakhkh

Ibrahim Tabataba

Hasan

Husayn

'Umar al-Ashraf

Zayd ibn Ali

Jā`far al-Ṣādiq

Muhammad

al-Qasim ar-Rassi

Ubayd Allah

Yahya

Idris

Imams of Yemen

Hasan al-Utrush

Hasan

Husayn

Musa al-Djawn

Yahya

Ibrahim

Idris I of Morocco

Sulayman

Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya

Jā`far

Isa

Ibrahim

Ali

Abd Allah

Idrisids of Morocco and Hammudids of Spain

Sulaymanids of the Maghrib

Sharifs of Morocco

Sharifs of Sus

Yahya ibn Umar ibn Yahya ibn Husayn ibn Zayd al-Kūfī

Yusuf al-Ukhaidhir

Husayn al-Ukhaidhir

Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`far

Abdullah al-Aftah

Musa al-Kazim

Ishak

Muhammad al-Dibadj

Banu al-Ukhaidhir

Musa

Salih

Sulayman

Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl

Muhammad ibn Abdullah

Ali al-Rida

Ahmad

Muhammad ibn Yusuf

Banu Katada of Mecca & Banu Fulayta

Banu Salih of Ghana

Sulaymanid Sharifs

Hidden Imams

Muhammad al-Djawad

Yusuf ibn Muhammad

Fatimid Caliphs

Musa al-Mubarraqa

Ali al-Hadi

Ismāʿīl ibn Yusuf

Imams of Alamut

Muhammad

Hasan al-Askari

Jā`far

Hassan ibn Ismāʿīl

Muhammad al-Mahdi

Ahmad ibn Hassan

Abu'l-Muqallid Jā`far[7]

Below is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. For the ancestors of ibn Ali see the family tree of Muhammad and the family tree of Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imamah as Ahl al-Bayt. Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali[edit] See also: Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali

Muhammad

 

Khadijah bint Khuwaylid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fatimah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ali 1st Shia Imam 4th Rashidun Caliph

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muhsin ibn Ali

 

Hasan ibn Ali 2nd Twelver/Zaidi and 1st Musta'li Imam

 

 

Husayn ibn Ali 3rd Twelver/Zaidi and 2nd Musta'li/Nizari Imam

 

 

Umm Kulthum bint Ali

 

Zaynab bint Ali

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shahrbanu

 

Rubab bint Imra al-Qais

 

 

 

Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi

 

 

Umm Ishaq bint Talhah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fatima Sughra

 

Sakinah bint Husayn

 

Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn

 

Sukayna bint Husayn

 

Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn

 

Fatimah bint Husayn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mother of ‘Umar

 

 

 

Ali ibn Husayn 4th Twelver/Zaidi and 3rd Musta'li/Nizari Imam

 

Fatimah bint al-Hasan

 

Jayda al-Sindhi

 

 

 

 

 

Umar ibn Husayn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

‘Umar al-Ashraf

 

 

 

 

 

Muhammad al-Baqir 5th Twelver and 4th Musta'li/Nizari Imam

 

Farwah bint al-Qasim (Umm Farwa)]]

 

Zayd ibn Ali 5th Zaidi Imam

 

 

Abu Bakr ibn Husayn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

‘Alī

 

Hamidah Khatun

 

 

 

Ja'far al-Sadiq 6th Twelver and 5th Musta'li/Nizari Imam

 

 

 

Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali

 

 

Zaynab bint Husayn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

al-Ḥasan

 

Musa al-Kadhim 7th Twelver Imam

 

 

Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq

 

 

Isma'il ibn Jafar 6th Musta'li/Nizari Imam

 

Unknown

 

Umm Kulthum bint Husayn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

‘Alī

 

 

 

 

Ummul Banīn Najmah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

al-Nāṣir al-Kabīr

 

Ali ar-Ridha 8th Twelver Imam

 

Sabīkah a.k.a. Khayzurān

 

 

 

 

Muhammad ibn Ismail 7th Sevener/Musta'li/Nizari Imam

 

Fatima

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumānah

 

Muhammad al-Taqi 9th Twelver Imam

 

 

Unknown

 

Ahmad al-Wafi 8th Musta'li/Nizari Imam

 

Other issue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ali al-Hadi 10th Twelver Imam

 

Hâdise (Hadīthah) / Suzan (Sūsan) / Sevil (Savīl)

 

Other issue

 

Muhammad at-Taqi 9th Musta'li/Nizari Imam

 

Unknown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hasan al-Askari 11th Twelver Imam

 

Narjis

 

 

 

 

 

Rabi Abdullah 10th Musta'li/Nizari Imam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muhammad al-Mahdi 12th Twelver Imam

Family tree of Hasan ibn Ali[edit] The Hashemites of Sharifs of Mecca, Kings of Jordan, Syria and Iraq are descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali:[dubious – discuss]

Genealogical tree of the Hashemite family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet,[8] [9] which is contradictory to the previous family tree of Hasan bin Ali in some parts.

[10] [11] [12] The Alaouites, Kings of Morocco, are also descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali through Al Hassan Addakhil[dubious – discuss]:

Genealogical tree of the Alouite family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet,[13][14] which is contradictory to the previous family tree of Hasan bin Ali.

Genealogoical chart of the descent from the Prophet of the Idrisid dynasty, rulers of Fez and Morocco, Kings of Tunis, and the Senussi dynasty, founders and heads of the Libyan Senussi Order and Kings of Libya are also descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali through Al Hassan Addakhil.

Genealogical tree of the Idrisid and Senussi family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet.[14]

See also[edit]

Descendants of Ali ibn Abi Talib Family tree of Ali Family tree of Muhammad Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali Genealogy of Khadijah's daughters Kaysanites Shia

References[edit]

^ Ibn Khaldoun, Histoire des Berbères, 2003, Berti, Alger. ^ Kathryn Babayan, Mystics, Monarchs and Messiahs: Cultural Landscapes of Early Modern Iran, Cambridge, Massachusetts ; London : Harvard University Press, 2002. p. 143: "It is true that during their revolutionary phase (1447-1501), Safavi guides had played on their descent from the family of the Prophet. The hagiography of the founder of the Safavi order, Shaykh Safi al-Din Safvat al-Safa written by Ibn Bazzaz in 1350-was tampered with during this very phase. An initial stage of revisions saw the transformation of Safavi identity as Sunni Kurds into Arab blood descendants of Muhammad." ^ R.M. Savory, "Safavid Persia" in: Ann Katherine Swynford Lambton, Peter Malcolm Holt, Bernard Lewis, The Cambridge History of Islam, Cambridge University Press, 1977. p. 394: "They (Safavids after the establishment of the Safavid state) fabricated evidence to prove that the Safavids were Sayyids." ^ RM Savory, Safavids, Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd ed. ^ Daftary, Farhad. "ʿAlids." Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Edited by: Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Brill Online, 2014. ^ Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4.  ^ Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792 ^ The Hashemites: Jordan's Royal Family ^ Stitt, George (1948). A Prince of Arabia, the Amir Shereef Ali Haider. George Allen & Unwin, London.  ^ Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1996). The New Islamic Dynasties. Edinburgh University Press.  ^ Antonius, George (1946). The Arab Awakening. Capricorn Books, New York.  ^ The Hashemites, 1827-present ^ "Morocco (Alaoui Dynasty)". Usa-morocco.org. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  ^ a b Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (1980). Burke's Royal Families of the World: Africa & the Middle East. Burke's Peerage. 

External links[edit]

Descendants of Ali ibn Abi Talib (Dynastie des Alides, in French):[1] Hasanid branch of the Alides (among which the members of the (royal) Alouite dynasty of Morocco): [2] Idrisid branch of the Alides (among which the members of the (royal) Idrissid dynasty of Morocco): [3] Fatimid branch [4]

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