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Alice Ann Munro (/ˈælɪs ˌæn mʌnˈroʊ/, née Laidlaw /ˈleɪdlɔː/; born 10 July 1931) is a Canadian short story writer who won the Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
in 2013. Munro's work has been described as having revolutionized the architecture of short stories, especially in its tendency to move forward and backward in time.[3] Her stories have been said to "embed more than announce, reveal more than parade."[4] Munro's fiction is most often set in her native Huron County in southwestern Ontario.[5] Her stories explore human complexities in an uncomplicated prose style.[6] Munro's writing has established her as "one of our greatest contemporary writers of fiction", or, as Cynthia Ozick put it, "our Chekhov."[7] Munro is the recipient of many literary accolades, including the 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
for her work as "master of the contemporary short story",[8] and the 2009 Man Booker International Prize
Man Booker International Prize
for her lifetime body of work. She is also a three-time winner of Canada's Governor General's Award for fiction and was the recipient of the Writers' Trust of Canada's 1996 Marian Engel Award, as well as the 2004 Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize for Runaway.[8][9][10][11]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Writing

3.1 Creating new versions

4 Personal life 5 Works

5.1 Original short-story collections 5.2 Short-story compilations

6 Selected awards and honours

6.1 Awards 6.2 Honors

7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Early life and education[edit] Munro was born Alice Ann Laidlaw in Wingham, Ontario. Her father, Robert Eric Laidlaw, was a fox and mink farmer,[12] and later turned to turkey farming.[13] Her mother, Anne Clarke Laidlaw (née Chamney), was a schoolteacher. She is of Irish and Scottish descent, her father being a direct descendant of James Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd.[14] Munro began writing as a teenager, publishing her first story, "The Dimensions of a Shadow", in 1950 while studying English and journalism at the University of Western Ontario
University of Western Ontario
under a two-year scholarship.[15][16] During this period she worked as a waitress, a tobacco picker, and a library clerk. In 1951, she left the university, where she had been majoring in English since 1949, to marry fellow student James Munro. They moved to Dundarave, West Vancouver, for James's job in a department store. In 1963, the couple moved to Victoria, where they opened Munro's Books, which still operates. Career[edit] Munro's highly acclaimed first collection of stories, Dance of the Happy Shades (1968), won the Governor General's Award, then Canada's highest literary prize.[17] That success was followed by Lives of Girls and Women (1971), a collection of interlinked stories. In 1978, Munro's collection of interlinked stories Who Do You Think You Are? was published (titled The Beggar Maid: Stories of Flo and Rose in the United States). This book earned Munro a second Governor General's Literary Award.[18] From 1979 to 1982, she toured Australia, China and Scandinavia for public appearances and readings. In 1980 Munro held the position of writer in residence at both the University of British Columbia and the University of Queensland. Since the 1980s, Munro has published a short-story collection at least once every four years, most recently in 2001, 2004, 2006, 2009, and 2012. First versions of Munro's stories have appeared in journals such as The New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly, Grand Street, Harper's Magazine, Mademoiselle, and The Paris Review. Her collections have been translated into thirteen languages.[1] On 10 October 2013, Munro was awarded the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature, cited as a "master of the contemporary short story".[8][9][19] She is the first Canadian and the 13th woman to receive the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature.[20] Munro is noted for her longtime association with editor and publisher Douglas Gibson.[21] When Gibson left Macmillan of Canada in 1986 to launch his own Douglas Gibson Books imprint at McClelland and Stewart, Munro returned the advance that Macmillan had already paid her for The Progress of Love so that she could follow Gibson to the new company.[22] Munro and Gibson have retained their professional association ever since; when Gibson published his own memoirs in 2011, Munro wrote the introduction, and to this day Gibson often makes public appearances on Munro's behalf when her health prevents her from appearing personally.[23] Almost twenty of Munro's works have been made available for free on the web. However, in most cases these are the first versions only.[24] From the period before 2003, 16 stories have been included in Munro's own compilations more than twice, with two of her works scoring even four republications: "Carried Away" and "Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage".[25] Film adaptations of Munro's short stories have included Martha, Ruth & Edie (1988), Edge of Madness
Edge of Madness
(2002), Away from Her
Away from Her
(2006), Hateship, Loveship
Hateship, Loveship
(2013) and Julieta (2016). Writing[edit] Many of Munro's stories are set in Huron County, Ontario. Her strong regional focus is one of the features of her fiction. Another is the omniscient narrator who serves to make sense of the world. Many compare Munro's small-town settings to writers from the rural South of the United States. As in the works of William Faulkner
William Faulkner
and Flannery O'Connor, her characters often confront deep-rooted customs and traditions, but the reaction of Munro's characters is generally less intense than their Southern counterparts'. Her male characters tend to capture the essence of the everyman, while her female characters are more complex. Much of Munro's work exemplifies the literary genre known as Southern Ontario Gothic.[26] Munro's work is often compared with the great short-story writers. In her stories, as in Chekhov's, plot is secondary and "little happens." As with Chekhov, Garan Holcombe notes: "All is based on the epiphanic moment, the sudden enlightenment, the concise, subtle, revelatory detail." Munro's work deals with "love and work, and the failings of both. She shares Chekhov's obsession with time and our much-lamented inability to delay or prevent its relentless movement forward."[27] A frequent theme of her work, particularly evident in her early stories, has been the dilemmas of a girl coming of age and coming to terms with her family and the small town she grew up in. In recent work such as Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage (2001) and Runaway (2004) she has shifted her focus to the travails of middle age, of women alone, and of the elderly. It is a mark of her style for characters to experience a revelation that sheds light on, and gives meaning to, an event. Munro's prose reveals the ambiguities of life: "ironic and serious at the same time," "mottoes of godliness and honor and flaming bigotry," "special, useless knowledge," "tones of shrill and happy outrage," "the bad taste, the heartlessness, the joy of it." Her style places the fantastic next to the ordinary, with each undercutting the other in ways that simply and effortlessly evoke life.[28] As Robert Thacker wrote:

Munro's writing creates... an empathetic union among readers, critics most apparent among them. We are drawn to her writing by its verisimilitude – not of mimesis, so-called and... 'realism' – but rather the feeling of being itself... of just being a human being."[29]

Many critics have asserted that Munro's stories often have the emotional and literary depth of novels. Some have asked whether Munro actually writes short stories or novels. Alex Keegan, writing in Eclectica, gave a simple answer: "Who cares? In most Munro stories there is as much as in many novels."[30] Research on Munro's work has been undertaken since the early 1970s, with the first PhD thesis published in 1972.[31] The first book-length volume collecting the papers presented at the University of Waterloo first conference on her oeuvre was published in 1984, The Art of Alice Munro: Saying the Unsayable.[32] In 2003/2004, the journal Open Letter. Canadian quarterly review of writing and sources published 14 contributions on Munro's work, in Autumn 2010 the Journal of the Short Story in English (JSSE)/Les cahiers de la nouvelle dedicated a special issue to Munro, and in May 2012 an issue of the journal Narrative focussed on a single story by Munro, "Passion" (2004), with an introduction, a summary of the story, and five essays of analysis.[33] Creating new versions[edit] Alice Munro publishes variant versions of her stories, sometimes within a short span of time. Her works "Save the Reaper" and "Passion" came out in two different versions in the same year, in 1998 and 2004 respectively. At the other end of the scale, two stories were republished in a variant version about 30 years later, "Home" (1974/2006) and "Wood" (1980/2009).[34] Ann Close and Lisa Dickler Awano reported in 2006 that Munro had not wanted to reread the galleys of Runaway (2004): "No, because I’ll rewrite the stories." In their symposium contribution An Appreciation of Alice Munro they say that of her story "Powers", for example, Munro did eight versions in all.[35]

Section variants of "Wood".

Awano writes that "Wood" is a good example of how Munro, being "a tireless self-editor",[36] rewrites and revises a story, in this case returning to it for a second publication nearly thirty years later. In this case, Awano says, Munro revised characterizations, themes and perspectives, as well as rhythmic syllables, a conjunction or a punctuation mark. The characters change, too. Inferring from the perspective they take on things, they are middle-age in 1980, and in 2009 they are older. Awano perceives a heightened lyricism brought about not least by the poetic precision of the revision undertaken by the author.[36] The 2009 version is made up of eight sections instead of three in 1980, and it has a new ending. Awano writes that Munro literally "refinishes" the first take on the story, with an ambiguity that is characteristic of Munro’s endings, and that the author re-imagines her stories throughout her work a variety of ways.[36] Several stories were re-published with considerable variation as to which content goes into which section. This can be seen, for example, in "Home", "The Progress of Love", "What Do You Want to Know For?", "The Children Stay", "Save the Reaper", "The Bear Came Over the Mountain", "Passion", "The View Fom Castle Rock", "Wenlock Edge", and "Deep-Holes". Personal life[edit] Munro married James Munro in 1951. Their daughters Sheila, Catherine, and Jenny were born in 1953, 1955, and 1957 respectively; Catherine died 15 hours after birth.[citation needed] In 1963, the Munros moved to Victoria where they opened Munro's Books, a popular bookstore still in business. In 1966, their daughter Andrea was born. Alice and James Munro divorced in 1972. Munro returned to Ontario to become writer in residence at the University of Western Ontario, and in 1976 received an honorary LLD from the institution. In 1976, she married Gerald Fremlin, a cartographer and geographer she met in her university days.[15] The couple moved to a farm outside Clinton, Ontario, and later to a house in Clinton, where Fremlin died on 17 April 2013, aged 88.[37] Munro and Fremlin also owned a home in Comox, British Columbia.[1] At a Toronto appearance in October 2009, Munro indicated that she had received treatment for cancer and for a heart condition requiring coronary-artery bypass surgery.[38] In 2002, her daughter Sheila Munro published a childhood memoir, Lives of Mothers and Daughters: Growing Up With Alice Munro.[39] Works[edit] Main article: List of short stories by Alice Munro Original short-story collections[edit]

Dance of the Happy Shades
Dance of the Happy Shades
– 1968 (winner of the 1968 Governor General's Award for Fiction) Lives of Girls and Women – 1971 (winner of the Canadian Bookseller's Award[40]) Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You
Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You
– 1974 Who Do You Think You Are? – 1978 (winner of the 1978 Governor General's Award for Fiction; also published as The Beggar Maid; short-listed for the Booker Prize
Booker Prize
for Fiction in 1980[40]) The Moons of Jupiter
The Moons of Jupiter
– 1982 (nominated for a Governor General's Award) The Progress of Love
The Progress of Love
– 1986 (winner of the 1986 Governor General's Award for Fiction) Friend of My Youth
Friend of My Youth
– 1990 (winner of the Trillium Book Award) Open Secrets
Open Secrets
– 1994 (nominated for a Governor General's Award) The Love of a Good Woman
The Love of a Good Woman
– 1998 (winner of the 1998 Giller Prize) Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage
Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage
– 2001 (republished as Away From Her) Runaway – 2004 (winner of the Giller Prize
Giller Prize
and Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize) ISBN 1-4000-4281-X The View from Castle Rock
The View from Castle Rock
– 2006 Too Much Happiness
Too Much Happiness
– 2009 Dear Life – 2012

Short-story compilations[edit]

Selected Stories
Selected Stories
(later retitled Selected Stories
Selected Stories
1968-1994 and A Wilderness Station: Selected Stories, 1968–1994) – 1996 No Love Lost – 2003 Vintage Munro
Vintage Munro
– 2004 Alice Munro's Best: A Selection of Stories – Toronto 2006/ Carried Away: A Selection of Stories – New York 2006; both with an introduction by Margaret Atwood New Selected Stories
Selected Stories
– 2011 Lying Under the Apple Tree. New Selected Stories, 434 pages, 15 stories,[41] c Alice Munro 2011, Vintage, London 2014, ISBN 978-0-0995-9377-5 (paperback) Family Furnishings: Selected Stories
Selected Stories
1995-2014 - 2014

Selected awards and honours[edit] Awards[edit]

Governor General's Literary Award for English language fiction (1968, 1978, 1986) Canadian Booksellers Award for Lives of Girls and women (1971) Shortlisted for the annual (UK) Booker Prize
Booker Prize
for Fiction (now the Man Booker Prize) (1980) for The Beggar Maid The Writers' Trust of Canada's Marian Engel Award (1986) for her body of work [11] Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize (2004) for Runaway [42] Trillium Book Award for Friend of My Youth
Friend of My Youth
(1991), The Love of a Good Woman (1999) and Dear Life (2013)[43] WH Smith Literary Award (1995, UK) for Open Secrets Lannan Literary Award for Fiction (1995) PEN/Malamud Award for Excellence in Short Fiction (1997) National Book Critics Circle
National Book Critics Circle
Award (1998, U.S.) For The Love of a Good Woman Giller Prize
Giller Prize
(1998 and 2004) Rea Award for the Short Story
Rea Award for the Short Story
(2001) given to a living American or Canadian author. Libris Award Edward MacDowell Medal for outstanding contribution to the arts by the MacDowell Colony
MacDowell Colony
(2006).[44] O. Henry Award for continuing achievement in short fiction in the U.S. for "Passion" (2006), "What Do You Want To Know For" (2008) and "Corrie" (2012) Man Booker International Prize
Man Booker International Prize
(2009, UK)[45] Canada-Australia Literary Prize Commonwealth Writers Prize Regional Award for Canada and the Caribbean. Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
(2013) as a "master of the contemporary short story".[8]

Honors[edit]

1992: Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters 1993: Royal Society of Canada's Lorne Pierce Medal 2005: Medal of Honor for Literature from the U.S. National Arts Club 2010: Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters[46] 2014: Silver coin released by the Royal Canadian Mint
Royal Canadian Mint
in honour of Munro's Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
win [47] 2015: Postage stamp released by the Canada Post
Canada Post
in honour of Munro's Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
win [48]

References[edit]

^ a b c Preface. Dance of the Happy Shades. Alice Munro. First Vintage contemporaries Edition, August 1998. ISBN 0-679-78151-X Vintage Books, A Division of Random House, Inc. New York City. ^ A Conversation with Alice Munro. Bookbrowse. Retrieved on: 2 June 2009. ^ Alice Munro Wins Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature, by Julie Bosmans, The New York Times, 10 October 2013 ^ W.H. New, Literature in English, thecanadianencyclopedia.com, 2 December 2012, last edited 16 December 2013. ^ Marchand, P. (29 August 2009). "Open Book: Philip Marchand on Too Much Happiness, by Alice Munro". The National Post. Retrieved 5 September 2009. [permanent dead link] ^ Meyer, M. "Alice Munro". Meyer Literature. Archived from the original on 12 December 2007. Retrieved 21 November 2007.  ^ Merkin, Daphne (24 October 2004). "Northern Exposures". New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 25 February 2008.  ^ a b c d "The Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
2013 – Press Release" (PDF). 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.  ^ a b Bosman, Julie (10 October 2013). " Alice Munro Wins Nobel Prize in Literature". New York Times. Retrieved 10 October 2013.  ^ " Alice Munro wins Man Booker International prize". The Guardian. 27 May 2009.  ^ a b "Past Writers' Trust Engel/Findley Award Winners". Retrieved 7 April 2014.  ^ Jeanne McCulloch, Mona Simpson "Alice Munro, The Art of Fiction No. 137", The Paris Review No. 131, Summer 1994 ^ Gaunce, Julia, Suzette Mayr, Don LePan, Marjorie Mather, and Bryanne Miller, eds. "Alice Munro." The Broadview Anthology of Short Fiction. 2nd ed. Buffalo, NY: Broadview Press, 2012. ^ Taylor, Catherine (10 October 2013). "For Alice Munro, small is beautiful" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.  ^ a b Jason Winders (10 October 2013). "Alice Munro, LLD'76, wins 2013 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature". Western News. The University of Western Ontario.  ^ "Canada's Alice Munro, 'master' of short stories, wins Nobel Prize in literature". CNN. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ "Past GG Winners 1968". canadacouncil.ca. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.  ^ "Past GG Winners 1978". canadacouncil.ca. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.  ^ " Alice Munro wins Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
for Literature". BBC News. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.  ^ Saul Bellow, the 1976 laureate, was born in Canada, but he moved to the United States at age nine and became a US citizen at twenty-six. ^ Panofsky, Ruth (2012). The Literary Legacy of the Macmillan Company of Canada: Making Books and Mapping Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9780802098771.  ^ "Munro follows publisher Gibson from Macmillan". Toronto Star, 30 April 1986. ^ " Alice Munro unlikely to come out of retirement following Nobel win". CTV News, 11 October 2013. ^ Which of the stories have free Web versions. ^ For further details, see List of short stories by Alice Munro. ^ Susanne Becker, Gothic Forms of Feminine Fictions. Manchester University Press, 1999. ^ Holcombe, Garan (2005). "Alice Munro". Contemporary Writers. London: British Arts Council. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007.  ^ Hoy, Helen (1980). "Dull, Simple, Amazing and Unfathomable: Paradox and Double Vision In Alice Munro's Fiction". Studies in Canadian Literature. University of New Brunswick. 5 (1). Retrieved 20 June 2007.  ^ Thacker, Robert (1998) Review of Some other reality: Alice Munro's Something I've been Meaning to Tell You, by Louis K. MacKendrick. Journal of Canadian Studies, Summer 1998. ^ Keegan, Alex (August–September 1998). "Munro: The Short Answer". Eclectica. 2 (5). Archived from the original on 25 June 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007.  ^ J.R. (Tim) Struthers, Some Highly Subversive Activities: A Brief Polemic and a Checklist of Works on Alice Munro, in: Studies in Canadian Literature / Études en littérature canadienne (SCL/ÉLC), Volume 06, Number 1 (1981). ^ The Art of Alice Munro: Saying the Unsayable (1984) was edited by Judith Miller. Source: Héliane Ventura, Introduction to Special issue: The Short Stories of Alice Munro, Journal of the Short Story in English / Les Cahiers de la nouvelle, No. 55, Autumn 2010. ^ Journal of the Short Story in English (JSSE)/Les cahiers de la nouvelle special issue ^ For details please see List of short stories by Alice Munro ^ An Appreciation of Alice Munro, by Ann Close and Lisa Dickler Awano, Compiler and Editor. In: The Virginia Quarterly Review. VQR Symposium on Alice Munro. Summer 2006, S. 102–105. ^ a b c Lisa Dickler Awano, Kindling The Creative Fire: Alice Munro’s Two Versions of "Wood", New Haven Review, 30 May 2012. ^ "Gerald Fremlin (obituary)". Clinton News-Record. April 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ The Canadian Press
The Canadian Press
(22 October 2009). " Alice Munro reveals cancer fight". CBC News. Retrieved 11 March 2010.  ^ Harrison, Kathryn (16 June 2002). "Go Ask Alice". New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2016.  ^ a b Besner, Neil K., "Introducing Alice Munro's Lives of Girls and Women: A Reader's Guide" (Toronto: ECW Press), 1990 ^ See List of short stories by Alice Munro ^ "Past Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize Winners". Retrieved 7 April 2014.  ^ " Trillium Book Award Winners". omdc.on.ca.  ^ "Medal Day History". MacDowell Colony. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2015.  ^ The Booker Prize
Booker Prize
Foundation " Alice Munro wins 2009 Man Booker International Prize." Archived 2 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "ARCHIVED – Canada Gazette – GOVERNMENT HOUSE". Gazette.gc.ca. 9 November 2012. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2013.  ^ "Mint releases silver coin to honour Alice Munro's Nobel win". The Globe and Mail. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.  ^ "Alice Munro". 10 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

Atwood, Margaret et al. "Appreciations of Alice Munro." Virginia Quarterly Review 82.3 (Summer 2006): 91–107. Interviews with various authors (Margaret Atwood, Russell Banks, Michael Cunningham, Charles McGrath, Daniel Menaker and others) presented in first-person essay format Awano, Lisa Dickler. "Kindling The Creative Fire: Alice Munro's Two Versions of ‘Wood.'" New Haven Review (30 May 2012). Examining overall themes in Alice Munro's fiction through a study of her two versions of "Wood." Awano, Lisa Dickler. "Alice Munro's Too Much Happiness." Virginia Quarterly Review (22 October 2010). Long-form book review of Too Much Happiness in the context of Alice Munro's canon. Besner, Neil Kalman. Introducing Alice Munro's Lives of Girls and Women: a reader's guide. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1990) Blodgett, E. D. Alice Munro. (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1988) Buchholtz, Miroslawa (ed.). Alice Munro. Understanding, Adapting, Teaching (Springer International Publishing, 2016) Carrington, Ildikó de Papp. Controlling the Uncontrollable: the fiction of Alice Munro. (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1989) Carscallen, James. The Other Country: patterns in the writing of Alice Munro. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1993) Cox, Alisa. Alice Munro. (Tavistock: Northcote House, 2004) Dahlie, Hallvard. Alice Munro and Her Works. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1984) Davey, Frank. 'Class, Family Furnishings, and Munro's Early Stories.' In Ventura and Conde. 79–88. de Papp Carrington, Ildiko."What's in a Title?: Alice Munro's 'Carried Away.'" Studies in Short Fiction. 20.4 (Fall 1993): 555. Dolnick, Ben. "A Beginner's Guide to Alice Munro" The Millions (5 July 2012) Elliott, Gayle. "A Different Track: Feminist meta-narrative in Alice Munro's 'Friend of My Youth.'" Journal of Modern Literature. 20.1 (Summer 1996): 75. Fowler, Rowena. "The Art of Alice Munro: The Beggar Maid
The Beggar Maid
and Lives of Girls and Women." Critique. 25.4 (Summer 1984): 189. Garson, Marjorie. " Alice Munro and Charlotte Bronte." University of Toronto Quarterly 69.4 (Fall 2000): 783. Genoways, Ted. "Ordinary Outsiders." Virginia Quarterly Review 82.3 (Summer 2006): 80–81. Gibson, Douglas. Stories About Storytellers: Publishing Alice Munro, Robertson Davies, Alistair MacLeod, Pierre Trudeau, and Others. (ECW Press, 2011.) Excerpt. Gittings, Christopher E.. "Constructing a Scots-Canadian Ground: Family history and cultural translation in Alice Munro." Studies in Short Fiction 34.1 (Winter 1997): 27 Hebel, Ajay. The Tumble of Reason: Alice Munro's discourse of absence. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994) Hiscock, Andrew. "Longing for a Human Climate: Alice Munro's 'Friend of My Youth' and the culture of loss." Journal of Commonwealth Literature 32.2 (1997): 18. Hooper, Brad The Fiction of Alice Munro: An Appreciation (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2008), ISBN 978-0-275-99121-0 Houston, Pam. "A Hopeful Sign: The making of metonymic meaning in Munro's 'Meneseteung.'" Kenyon Review 14.4 (Fall 1992): 79. Howells, Coral Ann. Alice Munro. (New York: Manchester University Press, 1998), ISBN 978-0-7190-4558-5 Hoy, H. "'Dull, Simple, Amazing and Unfathomable': Paradox and Double Vision In Alice Munro's Fiction." Studies in Canadian Literature/Études en littérature canadienne (SCL/ÉLC), Volume 5.1. (1980). Lecercle, Jean-Jacques. 'Alice Munro's Two Secrets.' In Ventura and Conde. 25–37. Levene, Mark. "It Was About Vanishing: A Glimpse of Alice Munro's Stories." University of Toronto Quarterly 68.4 (Fall 1999): 841. Lynch, Gerald. "No Honey, I'm Home." Canadian Literature 160 (Spring 1999): 73. MacKendrick, Louis King. Some Other Reality: Alice Munro's Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1993) Martin, W.R. Alice Munro: paradox and parallel. (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1987) Mazur, Carol and Moulder, Cathy. Alice Munro: An Annotated Bibliography of Works and Criticism. (Toronto: Scarecrow Press, 2007) ISBN 978-0810859241 McCaig, JoAnn. Reading In: Alice Munro's archives. (Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2002) Miller, Judith, ed. The Art of Alice Munro: saying the unsayable: papers from the Waterloo conference. (Waterloo: Waterloo Press, 1984) Munro, Sheila. Lives of Mother and Daughters: growing up with Alice Munro. (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2001) Murray, Jennifer. Reading Alice Munro with Jacques Lacan. (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2016) Pfaus, B. Alice Munro. (Ottawa: Golden Dog Press, 1984.) Rasporich, Beverly Jean. Dance of the Sexes: art and gender in the fiction of Alice Munro. (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1990) Redekop, Magdalene. Mothers and Other Clowns: the stories of Alice Munro. (New York: Routledge, 1992) Ross, Catherine Sheldrick. Alice Munro: a double life. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1992.) Simpson, Mona. A Quiet Genius The Atlantic. (December 2001) Smythe, Karen E. Figuring Grief: Gallant, Munro and the poetics of elegy. (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1992) Somacarrera, Pilar. A Spanish Passion for the Canadian Short Story: Reader Responses to Alice Munro’s Fiction in Web 2.0 Open Access, in: Made in Canada, Read in Spain: Essays on the Translation and Circulation of English-Canadian Literature Open Access, edited by Pilar Somacarrera, de Gruyter, Berlin 2013, p. 129–144, ISBN 9788376560175 Steele, Apollonia and Tener, Jean F., editors. The Alice Munro Papers: Second Accession. (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1987) Tausky, Thomas E. Biocritical Essay. The University of Calgary Library Special
Special
Collections (1986) Thacker, Robert. Alice Munro: writing her lives: a biography. (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2005) Thacker, Robert. Ed. The Rest of the Story: critical essays on Alice Munro. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1999) Ventura, Héliane, and Mary Condé, eds. Alice Munro. Open Letter 11:9 (Fall-Winter 2003-4). ISSN 0048-1939. Proceedings of the Alice Munro conference L'écriture du secret/Writing Secrets, Université d'Orléans, 2003.

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Alice Munro

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alice Munro.

Works by or about Alice Munro in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) Alice Munro on IMDb " Alice Munro collected news and commentary". The Guardian.  "Alice Munro, The Art of Fiction No. 137", The Paris Review No. 131, Summer 1994 Alice Munro at The Canadian Encyclopedia Alice Munro at the British Council
British Council
Writers Directory Stories by Alice Munro accessible online Alice Munro's papers (fonds) held at the University of Calgary How To Tell If You Are in an Alice Munro Story, 8 December 2014 Unwin, Stewart (2017). " Alice Munro bibliography". 

v t e

Works by Alice Munro

Collections

Dance of the Happy Shades
Dance of the Happy Shades
(1968) Lives of Girls and Women (1971) Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You
Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You
(1974) Who Do You Think You Are? (1978) The Moons of Jupiter
The Moons of Jupiter
(1982) The Progress of Love
The Progress of Love
(1986) Friend of My Youth
Friend of My Youth
(1990) Open Secrets
Open Secrets
(1994) The Love of a Good Woman
The Love of a Good Woman
(1998) Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage
Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage
(2001) Runaway (2004) The View from Castle Rock
The View from Castle Rock
(2006) Too Much Happiness
Too Much Happiness
(2009) Dear Life (2012)

Short stories

"Boys and Girls" "How I Met My Husband" "The Moons of Jupiter" List of short stories by Alice Munro

Compilations

Selected Stories
Selected Stories
(1996: 1968-1994) No Love Lost (2003: 1978–1999) Vintage Munro
Vintage Munro
(2004: 1982–2001) Carried Away: A Personal Selection Of Stories (2006: 1978–2004)

Adaptations

Martha, Ruth & Edie (1988, segment "How I Met My Husband") Edge of Madness
Edge of Madness
(2002 film) Away from Her
Away from Her
(2006 film) Hateship, Loveship
Hateship, Loveship
(2013 film) Julieta (2016 film)

v t e

Recipients of the Giller Prize

1990s

M. G. Vassanji, The Book of Secrets (1994) Rohinton Mistry, A Fine Balance
A Fine Balance
(1995) Margaret Atwood, Alias Grace
Alias Grace
(1996) Mordecai Richler, Barney's Version (1997) Alice Munro, The Love of a Good Woman
The Love of a Good Woman
(1998) Bonnie Burnard, A Good House
A Good House
(1999)

2000s

Michael Ondaatje, Anil's Ghost
Anil's Ghost
/ David Adams Richards, Mercy among the Children (2000) Richard B. Wright, Clara Callan
Clara Callan
(2001) Austin Clarke, The Polished Hoe
The Polished Hoe
(2002) M. G. Vassanji, The In-Between World of Vikram Lall
The In-Between World of Vikram Lall
(2003) Alice Munro, Runaway (2004) David Bergen, The Time in Between
The Time in Between
(2005) Vincent Lam, Bloodletting & Miraculous Cures (2006) Elizabeth Hay, Late Nights on Air
Late Nights on Air
(2007) Joseph Boyden, Through Black Spruce (2008) Linden MacIntyre, The Bishop's Man
The Bishop's Man
(2009)

2010s

Johanna Skibsrud, The Sentimentalists (2010) Esi Edugyan, Half-Blood Blues (2011) Will Ferguson, 419 (2012) Lynn Coady, Hellgoing (2013) Sean Michaels, Us Conductors
Us Conductors
(2014) André Alexis, Fifteen Dogs (2015) Madeleine Thien, Do Not Say We Have Nothing
Do Not Say We Have Nothing
(2016) Michael Redhill, Bellevue Square (2017)

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Winners of the Governor General's Award for English-language fiction

1930s

Bertram Brooker, Think of the Earth (1936) Laura Salverson, The Dark Weaver (1937) Gwethalyn Graham, Swiss Sonata (1938) Franklin D. McDowell, The Champlain Road (1939)

1940s

Ringuet, Thirty Acres (1940) Alan Sullivan, Three Came to Ville Marie (1941) G. Herbert Sallans, Little Man (1942) Thomas Head Raddall, The Pied Piper of Dipper Creek (1943) Gwethalyn Graham, Earth and High Heaven
Earth and High Heaven
(1944) Hugh MacLennan, Two Solitudes (1945) Winifred Bambrick, Continental Revue (1946) Gabrielle Roy, The Tin Flute
The Tin Flute
(1947) Hugh MacLennan, The Precipice (1948) Philip Child, Mr. Ames Against Time (1949)

1950s

Germaine Guèvremont, The Outlander (1950) Morley Callaghan, The Loved and the Lost (1951) David Walker, The Pillar (1952) David Walker, Digby (1953) Igor Gouzenko, The Fall of a Titan (1954) Lionel Shapiro, The Sixth of June
The Sixth of June
(1955) Adele Wiseman, The Sacrifice (1956) Gabrielle Roy, Street of Riches
Street of Riches
(1957) Colin McDougall, Execution (1958) Hugh MacLennan, The Watch That Ends the Night
The Watch That Ends the Night
(1959)

1960s

Brian Moore, The Luck of Ginger Coffey (1960) Malcolm Lowry, Hear Us O Lord from Heaven Thy Dwelling Place (1961) Kildare Dobbs, Running to Paradise (1962) Hugh Garner, Hugh Garner's Best Stories (1963) Douglas LePan, The Deserter (1964) [no award] (1965) Margaret Laurence, A Jest of God
A Jest of God
(1966) [no award] (1967) Alice Munro, Dance of the Happy Shades
Dance of the Happy Shades
(1968) Robert Kroetsch, The Studhorse Man (1969)

1970s

Dave Godfrey, The New Ancestors (1970) Mordecai Richler, St. Urbain's Horseman
St. Urbain's Horseman
(1971) Robertson Davies, The Manticore
The Manticore
(1972) Rudy Wiebe, The Temptations of Big Bear (1973) Margaret Laurence, The Diviners
The Diviners
(1974) Brian Moore, The Great Victorian Collection
The Great Victorian Collection
(1975) Marian Engel, Bear (1976) Timothy Findley, The Wars
The Wars
(1977) Alice Munro, Who Do You Think You Are? (1978) Jack Hodgins, The Resurrection of Joseph Bourne (1979)

1980s

George Bowering, Burning Water (1980) Mavis Gallant, Home Truths: Selected Canadian Stories (1981) Guy Vanderhaeghe, Man Descending
Man Descending
(1982) Leon Rooke, Shakespeare's Dog (1983) Josef Skvorecky, The Engineer of Human Souls (1984) Margaret Atwood, The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale
(1985) Alice Munro, The Progress of Love
The Progress of Love
(1986) M. T. Kelly, A Dream Like Mine (1987) David Adams Richards, Nights Below Station Street (1988) Paul Quarrington, Whale Music (1989)

1990s

Nino Ricci, Lives of the Saints (1990) Rohinton Mistry, Such a Long Journey (1991) Michael Ondaatje, The English Patient
The English Patient
(1992) Carol Shields, The Stone Diaries
The Stone Diaries
(1993) Rudy Wiebe, A Discovery of Strangers (1994) Greg Hollingshead, The Roaring Girl (1995) Guy Vanderhaeghe, The Englishman's Boy
The Englishman's Boy
(1996) Jane Urquhart, The Underpainter (1997) Diane Schoemperlen, Forms of Devotion (1998) Matt Cohen, Elizabeth and After (1999)

2000s

Michael Ondaatje, Anil's Ghost
Anil's Ghost
(2000) Richard B. Wright, Clara Callan
Clara Callan
(2001) Gloria Sawai, A Song for Nettie Johnson (2002) Douglas Glover, Elle (2003) Miriam Toews, A Complicated Kindness
A Complicated Kindness
(2004) David Gilmour, A Perfect Night to Go to China (2005) Peter Behrens, The Law of Dreams
The Law of Dreams
(2006) Michael Ondaatje, Divisadero (2007) Nino Ricci, The Origin of Species (2008) Kate Pullinger, The Mistress of Nothing (2009)

2010s

Dianne Warren, Cool Water (2010) Patrick deWitt, The Sisters Brothers (2011) Linda Spalding, The Purchase (2012) Eleanor Catton, The Luminaries
The Luminaries
(2013) Thomas King, The Back of the Turtle (2014) Guy Vanderhaeghe, Daddy Lenin and Other Stories (2015) Madeleine Thien, Do Not Say We Have Nothing
Do Not Say We Have Nothing
(2016) Joel Thomas Hynes, We'll All Be Burnt in Our Beds Some Night (2017)

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Recipients of the Marian Engel Award

Alice Munro (1986) Audrey Thomas (1987) Edna Alford (1988) Merna Summers (1989) Carol Shields (1990) Joan Clark (1991) Joan Barfoot (1992) Sandra Birdsell (1993) Jane Urquhart
Jane Urquhart
(1994) Bonnie Burnard (1995) Barbara Gowdy
Barbara Gowdy
(1996) Katherine Govier
Katherine Govier
(1997) Sharon Butala (1998) Janice Kulyk Keefer (1999) Anita Rau Badami (2000) Elizabeth Hay (2001) Terry Griggs (2002) Elisabeth Harvor (2003) Dianne Warren (2004) Gayla Reid (2005) Caroline Adderson (2006) Diane Schoemperlen (2007)

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Laureates of the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature

1901–1925

1901 Sully Prudhomme 1902 Theodor Mommsen 1903 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson 1904 Frédéric Mistral
Frédéric Mistral
/ José Echegaray 1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 1906 Giosuè Carducci 1907 Rudyard Kipling 1908 Rudolf Eucken 1909 Selma Lagerlöf 1910 Paul Heyse 1911 Maurice Maeterlinck 1912 Gerhart Hauptmann 1913 Rabindranath Tagore 1914 1915 Romain Rolland 1916 Verner von Heidenstam 1917 Karl Gjellerup / Henrik Pontoppidan 1918 1919 Carl Spitteler 1920 Knut Hamsun 1921 Anatole France 1922 Jacinto Benavente 1923 W. B. Yeats 1924 Władysław Reymont 1925 George Bernard Shaw

1926–1950

1926 Grazia Deledda 1927 Henri Bergson 1928 Sigrid Undset 1929 Thomas Mann 1930 Sinclair Lewis 1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt 1932 John Galsworthy 1933 Ivan Bunin 1934 Luigi Pirandello 1935 1936 Eugene O'Neill 1937 Roger Martin du Gard 1938 Pearl S. Buck 1939 Frans Eemil Sillanpää 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 Johannes V. Jensen 1945 Gabriela Mistral 1946 Hermann Hesse 1947 André Gide 1948 T. S. Eliot 1949 William Faulkner 1950 Bertrand Russell

1951–1975

1951 Pär Lagerkvist 1952 François Mauriac 1953 Winston Churchill 1954 Ernest Hemingway 1955 Halldór Laxness 1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez 1957 Albert Camus 1958 Boris Pasternak 1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1960 Saint-John Perse 1961 Ivo Andrić 1962 John Steinbeck 1963 Giorgos Seferis 1964 Jean-Paul Sartre
Jean-Paul Sartre
(declined award) 1965 Mikhail Sholokhov 1966 Shmuel Yosef Agnon
Shmuel Yosef Agnon
/ Nelly Sachs 1967 Miguel Ángel Asturias 1968 Yasunari Kawabata 1969 Samuel Beckett 1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1971 Pablo Neruda 1972 Heinrich Böll 1973 Patrick White 1974 Eyvind Johnson
Eyvind Johnson
/ Harry Martinson 1975 Eugenio Montale

1976–2000

1976 Saul Bellow 1977 Vicente Aleixandre 1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer 1979 Odysseas Elytis 1980 Czesław Miłosz 1981 Elias Canetti 1982 Gabriel García Márquez 1983 William Golding 1984 Jaroslav Seifert 1985 Claude Simon 1986 Wole Soyinka 1987 Joseph Brodsky 1988 Naguib Mahfouz 1989 Camilo José Cela 1990 Octavio Paz 1991 Nadine Gordimer 1992 Derek Walcott 1993 Toni Morrison 1994 Kenzaburō Ōe 1995 Seamus Heaney 1996 Wisława Szymborska 1997 Dario Fo 1998 José Saramago 1999 Günter Grass 2000 Gao Xingjian

2001–present

2001 V. S. Naipaul 2002 Imre Kertész 2003 J. M. Coetzee 2004 Elfriede Jelinek 2005 Harold Pinter 2006 Orhan Pamuk 2007 Doris Lessing 2008 J. M. G. Le Clézio 2009 Herta Müller 2010 Mario Vargas Llosa 2011 Tomas Tranströmer 2012 Mo Yan 2013 Alice Munro 2014 Patrick Modiano 2015 Svetlana Alexievich 2016 Bob Dylan 2017 Kazuo Ishiguro

v t e

2013 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureates

Chemistry

Martin Karplus
Martin Karplus
(United States and Austria) Michael Levitt
Michael Levitt
(United States, United Kingdom and Israel) Arieh Warshel
Arieh Warshel
(United States and Israel)

Literature

Alice Munro (Canada)

Peace

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

Physics

François Englert
François Englert
(Belgium) Peter W. Higgs (United Kingdom)

Physiology or Medicine

James E. Rothman (United States) Randy W. Schekman (United States) Thomas C. Südhof
Thomas C. Südhof
(United States)

Economic Sciences

Eugene Fama
Eugene Fama
(United States) Lars Peter Hansen
Lars Peter Hansen
(United States) Robert J. Shiller
Robert J. Shiller
(United States)

Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
recipients 1990 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 2000 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 68944521 LCCN: n79063498 ISNI: 0000 0001 2281 2833 GND: 119036525 SELIBR: 285349 SUDOC: 027724328 BNF: cb12029814x (data) BIBSYS: 90051817 NDL: 00542960 NKC: jn19990005898 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV110657 BNE: XX1043118 CiNii: DA04074

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