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Ali Mohamed Gedi (Somali: Cali Maxamed Geedi, Arabic: علي محمد جيدي‎) (born 2 October 1952) was the Prime Minister of the Transitional Federal Government
Transitional Federal Government
(TFG) of Somalia
Somalia
from 2004 to 2007. He was relatively unknown in political circles upon his appointment as prime minister in November 2004. He is affiliated with the Abgaal subclan of Mogadishu's Hawiye clan, one of Somalia's four most powerful clan 'families'.[1] He narrowly survived a suicide attack on his home that left at least seven people dead on June 3, 2007.[2]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Political Reconciliation 3 Transitional Federal Government
Transitional Federal Government
(TFG)

3.1 Government in Exile 3.2 Government in Baidoa 3.3 Return to Mogadishu

4 Resignation 5 References

Biography[edit] Ali Mohamed Gedi was born in Mogadishu, Somalia
Somalia
in 1952. He is from the Abgaal sub-clan of the Hawiye. Gedi was raised by his paternal grandmother and later by his stepmother. Gedi's father was an officer in the military and in 1978 joined the Somali National Security Service (NSS) under the reign of Siad Barre
Siad Barre
at the rank of Colonel. Gedi studied at Jamal Abdul Nasser High School in Mogadishu, graduating in 1972. He completed military training and national service, and taught in the early 1970s. At university, Gedi excelled in his studies, and went on to the University of Pisa. He graduated in 1978, and was subsequently employed by the Somali National University (Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) as an assistant lecturer. From 1980 to 1983, he studied at the University of Pisa
University of Pisa
for postgraduate studies and obtained a Doctorate Degree in Veterinary Pathology and Surgery. He then returned to teaching in 1983 as a lecturer and headed the department until 1990. Political Reconciliation[edit] Attended political reconciliation conferences in Mogadishu
Mogadishu
(1994 - 1996), in Cairo, Egypt (1997), in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Ethiopia
(early 1998), in Nairobi, Kenya
Kenya
(late 1998), in Beledweyne, Hiiran - Somalia
Somalia
(1999). (Ali Mohamed Gedi, share with Abdirahman Gutale). Transitional Federal Government
Transitional Federal Government
(TFG)[edit] Government in Exile[edit] As head of the TFG, Gedi promised to form an inclusive government, and to strive for reconciliation among Mogadishu's warlords. After a failed assassination attempt, Gedi fled to Nairobi, Kenya. On July 2005, he moved to Jowhar, one of two towns (the other being Baidoa) being used as a temporary joint Somali capital.[citation needed] Government in Baidoa[edit] Main article: Advance of the Islamic Courts Union In March 2006, fighting broke out between the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT) warlords and the Islamic Court Union
Islamic Court Union
(ICU) over the control of Mogadishu, which intensified in May. The conflict became known as the Second Battle of Mogadishu. The Prime Minister demanded the warlords, four of whom were members of the TFG government,[3] to cease fighting the ICU, but this command was universally ignored and so Ghedi dismissed them from Parliament. These included National Security Minister Mohamed Afrah Qanyare, Commerce Minister Musa Sudi Yalahow, Militia Rehabilitation Minister Issa Botan Alin and Religious Affairs Minister Omar Muhamoud Finnish.[4] Return to Mogadishu[edit] Main articles: War in Somalia
Somalia
(2006–present) and Disarmament in Somalia During December 2006, the ICU and affiliated Islamist militias suffered crucial defeats by the TFG and Ethiopian armies, who on December 29 entered Mogadishu
Mogadishu
relatively unopposed. Although Ghedi was jubilantly welcomed to the city, his Ethiopian allies faced angry crowds who pelted Ethiopian troops with rocks.[5] On January 1, 2007, he announced "The warlord era in Mogadishu
Mogadishu
is now over."[6] Ghedi's first actions included declaring martial law for three months, calling for the disarmament of the militias, and the appointment of new judges.[7] Resignation[edit] Gedi announced his resignation before parliament in Baidoa
Baidoa
on October 29, 2007, due to differences with the Somali president, Abdullahi Yusuf. It is rumored that Gedi accepted to resign for future political support.[8][9] He remained a member of parliament.[10] In early January 2008, Gedi announced that he would run for president in 2009.[10]

Political offices

Preceded by Muhammad Abdi Yusuf Prime Minister of Somalia November 3, 2004–October 29, 2007 Succeeded by Salim Aliyow Ibrow

References[edit]

^ "Profile: Ali Mohamed Ghedi". BBC. 2004-11-04. Retrieved 2006-01-29.  ^ "Profile: Somali PM survives attack on home". ABC News. 2004-06-04. Retrieved 2006-06-04.  ^ "Somali warlords battle Islamists". BBC. 2006-03-23. Retrieved 2007-01-29.  ^ "Islamic militia ends 15 year Somali warlords' rule". IslamOnline.net
IslamOnline.net
and news agencies. 2006-06-05. Retrieved 2007-01-29.  ^ "Mixed signals in Mogadishu" New York Times, 29 December 2006. ^ Somali prime minister orders complete disarmament Associated Press ^ "Somalia: Judges sworn in the capital". SomaliNet. 2007-01-04. Archived from the original on 2007-01-17. Retrieved 2007-01-15.  ^ "Somali prime minister resigns", Al Jazeera, October 29, 2007. ^ "Somali prime minister steps down", BBC
BBC
News, October 29, 2007. ^ a b "Somalia's former PM to run for president in 2009" Archived 2008-01-08 at the Wayback Machine., Garowe Online, January 6, 2008.

v t e

Prime Ministers of Somalia
Somalia
(List)

1 Abdullahi Mohamud 2 Haji Ibrahim Egal 3 Abdirashid Shermarke 4 Abdirizak Hussein (2) Haji Ibrahim Egal 5 Ali Samatar 6 Hawadle Madar 7 Arteh Ghalib 8 Ali Galaydh Osman Ali 9 Hassan Farah 10 Abdi Yusuf 11 Ali Ghedi Salim ibrow 12 Nur Hussein 13 Omar Sharmarke Elmi Gonjeh 14 Abdullahi Mohamed 15 Abdiweli Ali 16 Abdi Shirdon 17 Abdiweli Ahmed (13) Omar Sharmarke 18 Hassan Khayre

Italic: acting or interim president

v t e

Somali Civil War
Somali Civil War
(2006–2009)

Part of the Somali Civil War Ethiopian–Somali conflict War on Terror

Timeline

2006 2007 2008 2009

Background

History of Somalia
Somalia
(1991–2006) Greater Somalia Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa Somali Civil War

Factions Diplomatic and humanitarian efforts Propaganda Disarmament

Advance of the Islamic Courts Union
Advance of the Islamic Courts Union
(2006)

Battle of Mogadishu
Mogadishu
(2006)

Ethiopian–Somali conflict Insurgency in Ogaden Somali Reconciliation Conferences

1993 2002 2007

Battles

Battle of Baidoa Battle of Bandiradley Battle of Beledweyne (2006) Battle of Jowhar Fall of Mogadishu Battle of Jilib Fall of Kismayo Battle of Ras Kamboni Battle of Mogadishu
Mogadishu
(March–April 2007) Battle of Bargal (2007) Battle of Mogadishu
Mogadishu
(November 2007) Battle of Mogadishu
Mogadishu
(2008) Battle of Beledweyne (2008) Siege of Baidoa Battle of Kismayo (2008)

OEF–HOA

Battle of Ras Kamboni Battle of Bargal (2007) Dobley airstrike Dhusamareb airstrike

Other events

2007 Mogadishu
Mogadishu
TransAVIAexport Airlines Il-76 crash February 2008 Bosaso bombings Al-Hidaya Mosque massacre 2008 Mogadishu
Mogadishu
bombings 2008 Hargeisa–Bosaso bombings

Key players

 Ethiopia

Meles Zenawi Gabre Heard

Islamic Courts Union

Hassan Dahir Aweys Sharif Sheikh Ahmed

al-Itihaad al-Islamiya

Hassan Abdullah Hersi al-Turki

Hizbul Shabaab

Mukhtar Robow Aden Hashi Farah

ARPCT

Abdi Hasan Awale Mohamed Omar Habeb

Transitional Federal Parliament

Ali Mohammed Ghedi Abdullahi Yusuf
Abdullahi Yusuf
Ahmed

 Puntland

Mohamud Muse Hersi

Galmudug

Mohamed Warsame Ali

 United States

Jendayi Frazer

AMISOM

Yoweri Museveni

Next phase: Somali Civil Wa

.