ALGECIRAS (/ˌældʒɪˈsɪrəs/ ; Spanish: ;
It is the biggest city among those of its metropolitan area that also includes the municipalities of Los Barrios , La Línea de la Concepción , Castellar de la Frontera , Jimena de la Frontera , San Roque and Tarifa , with a population of 263,739.
* 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Demographics * 4 Economy * 5 Climate * 6 Tourism * 7 Transport * 8 Monuments * 9 Celebrations * 10 Sports
* 11 Education
* 12 Noted Natives of
The site of Roman cities called Portus Albus, Caetaria (current
Getares) and Iuliua Tracta, the current name of ALGECIRAS comes from
the Arab period of the
Due to its strategic position it was an important port under the Phoenicians , and was the site of the relevant Roman port of Portus Albus ("White Port"), with two nearby cities called Caetaria (most likely Iberians ) and Iulia Transducta , founded by the Romans . Recently it has been proposed that the site of Iulia Transducta was the Villa Vieja of Algeciras.
After being destroyed by the Goths and their
In the year 859 AD Viking troops on board 62 drekars and commanded by the leaders Hastein and Björn Ironside besieged the city for three days and subsequently laid waste to much of it. After looting the houses of the rich, they burnt the Aljama mosque and the Banderas mosque. Reorganized near the medina, the inhabitants managed to recover the city and make the invaders run away, capturing two boats.
It enjoyed a brief period of independence as a taifa state from
1035–1058. It was named al-Jazirah al-Khadra' ("Green Island") after
the offshore Isla Verde ; the modern name is derived from this
After many centuries of Muslim rule, the tide of the reconquista
arrived at Algeciras. In July 1309
Ferdinand IV of Castile
On winning the city,
Alfonso XI made it the seat of a new diocese ,
Pope Clement VI 's bull Gaudemus et exultamus of 30
April 1344, and entrusted to the governance of the bishop of Cadiz .
The bishops of Cadiz continued to hold the title of Aliezira, as it
called, until 1851, when in accordance with a concordat between Spain
and the Holy See its territory was incorporated into the diocese of
Cadiz. No longer a residential bishopric, Aliezira is today listed by
The city was retaken by the
Moors in 1368. It was destroyed on the
Muhammed V of Granada. The site was subsequently abandoned,
but was refounded in 1704 by refugees from
The city became the scene for settling a major international crisis
as it hosted the
In 1982 there was a failed plan codenamed Operation Algeciras
conceived by the Argentinian military to sabotage the British military
Historical population of Algeciras (Source: INE (Spain)) YEAR 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
POPULATION 103,106 104,087 105,066 106,710 108,779 109,665 111,283
In recent years it has become a significant tourist destination, with
popular day trips to
Tarifa to see bird migrations; to
CLIMATE DATA FOR ALGECIRAS
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 16.1 (61) 16.7 (62.1) 17.8 (64) 18.9 (66) 21.7 (71.1) 24.4 (75.9) 27.2 (81) 27.8 (82) 26.1 (79) 21.7 (71.1) 18.9 (66) 16.7 (62.1) 21.2 (70.2)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 13 (55) 14 (57) 15 (59) 16 (61) 19 (66) 21 (70) 24 (75) 24 (75) 23 (73) 19 (66) 17 (63) 14 (57) 18 (64)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 11.1 (52) 11.1 (52) 12.2 (54) 13.3 (55.9) 15.6 (60.1) 17.8 (64) 20.0 (68) 20.6 (69.1) 20.0 (68) 16.7 (62.1) 13.9 (57) 12.2 (54) 15.4 (59.7)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 121.9 (4.799) 106.7 (4.201) 106.7 (4.201) 66.0 (2.598) 38.1 (1.5) 10.2 (0.402) 0.0 (0) 2.5 (0.098) 25.4 (1) 76.2 (3) 149.9 (5.902) 132.1 (5.201) 835.7 (32.902)
Source: The Weather Channel
Temperature of sea (Bay of Gibraltar) JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
16 °C (61 °F) 15 °C (59 °F) 16 °C (61 °F) 16 °C (61 °F) 17 °C (63 °F) 19 °C (66 °F) 22 °C (72 °F) 22 °C (72 °F) 22 °C (72 °F) 20 °C (68 °F) 18 °C (64 °F) 17 °C (63 °F) 18.4 °C (65.1 °F)
* Parque Natural del Estrecho * Parque Natural Los Alcornocales
The bus urban transport in managed by C.T.M. (Cooperativa de transporte de Marruecos).
* Bus lines:
* Line 1: Bajadilla-Pajarete * Line 2: Colinas-San Bernabé-Reconquista * Line 3: Rinconcillo * Line 4: La Granja * Line 5: Bahía de Algeciras * Line 6: Juliana * Line 7: Saladillo * Line 8: San García-Saladillo * Line 9: San García Directo * Line 10: El Cobre * Line 11: La Piñera * Line 12: San García playa * Line 16: Cementerio-Centro Penitenciario * Line 18: Cortijo Vides-Piñera * Line 19: Puerto-S.J.Artesano-Rinconcillo * Line 21: San García – Residencia – Puerto – Parque
The road that crosses
The nearest airports are:
Capilla de Nuestra Señora de Europa Elaborate bench in Plaza Alta.
* Hornos Romanos del Rinconcillo (first century B.C.). (furnaces)
* Factoría de salazones de la calle San Nicolás (first century).
(salt meat factory)
* La Villa Vieja, torres de la Huerta del Carmen (tenth century).
* Parque Arqueológico de las Murallas Meriníes (thirteenth
century). (Archeological Park)
Capilla de Nuestra Señora de Europa (1690). (Chapel)
Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Palma
* Arrastre de latas (5, January).
* Feria Real de
Algeciras CF , founded in 1912, played in the third-tier Segunda División B in 2013-14 season and relegated to Tercera Division , fourth level of Spanish league after losing play-out, holding home games at the Estadio Nuevo Mirador .
Avenida Blas Infante
UNIVERSIDAD DE CáDIZ – CAMPUS BAHIA DE ALGECIRAS
The following education centres are property of the University of
* Escuela Politécnica Superior de Algeciras
* Escuela Universitaria de Enfermería de Algeciras
* Escuela Universitaria de Estudios Jurídicos y Económicos del
Campo de Gibraltar "Francisco Tomás y Valiente"
* Escuela Universitaria de Magisterio "Virgen de Europa"
* Centro Universitario de Derecho de
NOTED NATIVES OF ALGECIRAS
* ^ "Population of Algeciras, AND, Spain". quandl.com. Retrieved 26
* ^ Plan de Ordenación del Territorio del Área del Campo de
Junta de Andalucía (Spanish)
* ^ A B O'Shea, Henry George (1865). A Guide to Spain. Longmans,
Green. p. 91. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
* ^ Gozalbes Cravioto, Enrique (2001a). "La supuesta ubicación de
Iulia Traducta en Tarifa". Aljaranda (in Spanish) (21).
* ^ Mrabet, Abellatif; Rodriguez, José Remesal (2007). In Africa
et in Hispania: études sur l\'huile africaine (in French). Edicions
Universitat Barcelona. p. 191. ISBN 978-84-475-3257-5 . Retrieved
* ^ Livermore, Harold (1 October 2006). The Twilight of the Goths:
The Rise and Fall of the Kingdom of Toledo C.575-711. Intellect Books.
p. 101. ISBN 978-1-84150-966-2 . Retrieved 23 August 2012.
* ^ A B Rogers, Clifford (21 June 2010). The Oxford Encyclopedia of
Medieval Warfare and Military Technology. Oxford University Press. p.
33 and 209. ISBN 978-0-19-533403-6 . Retrieved 23 August 2012.
* ^ Bulas fundacionales de la Diócesis de
* Algeciras. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2006. * Algeciras. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2004 * Lonely Planet Andalucia, Lonely Planet, 2005
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for ALGECIRAS .
Wikimedia Commons has media related to ALGECIRAS .
* (in Spanish)