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Alfred Tibor (February 10, 1920 – March 18, 2017) was a Holocaust survivor and sculptor. His artwork can be found in nearly 500 private collections and museums throughout the world, including the Yad Vashem memorial in
Jerusalem Jerusalem (; he, יְרוּשָׁלַיִם ; ar, القُدس (combining the Biblical and common usage Arabic names); grc, Ἱερουσαλήμ/Ἰεροσόλυμα, Hierousalḗm/Hierosóluma; hy, Երուսաղեմ, Erusałēm.) is ...
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Life

Tibor was born Alfred Goldstein in Konyár, Hungary in 1920. Denied formal training because of his Jewish faith, he taught himself gymnastics in high school. "The more they were pushing me down and degrading me, the more I wanted to be better than others," he said. "I wanted to prove it: I am not a dirty Jew; I am a boy, and I have ambition." Tibor eventually qualified for the Hungarian team for the 1936 Summer Olympics, but when he went to register for the team, he was denied when the team discovered he was Jewish. Tibor was not allowed to compete as a member of the Hungarian team in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.Life of the Mind Presents Alfred Tibor
Ohio Dominican University, October 14, 2003, accessed May 10, 2006.
"I was kicked out. I was kicked out because I was Jewish," Tibor said. "That time, the sky was falling apart." In 1940 Tibor was forced to be a slave laborer for a Royal Hungarian Army, Hungarian Army labor battalion (Hungary), labor battalion. Eventually he was captured by the Soviet Army and spent six years as a prisoner in a Siberian prison camp. Of the 273 men in his labor battalion sent to the prisoner-of-war camp, he was only one of two to survive.Ohio Department of Aging
Golden Buckeye 2005 Hall of Fame inductees biography, accessed May 10, 2006
Tibor credited "luck and determination" for his survival. Tibor was freed from the camp in 1947. It was then that he discovered that, of his family of 37 immediate people (and 82 other relatives),
by Felix Hoover, ''The Columbus Dispatch'', April 21, 2006, accessed May 10, 2006.
only he and his brother Andre had survived both the Holocaust and the war. Tibor and his brother changed their last name to Tibor to honor their older brother, Tibor Goldstein, who was executed in another prison camp. Tibor moved to Budapest and worked for nine years as a government exhibition designer. In 1956, two months after the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Hungarian Revolution, he fled the country with his wife and two children because he feared a return of Antisemitism, anti-Semitic sentiment. They emigrated to the United States in 1957, where he worked as a commercial artist in Miami, Florida, Miami for 16 years until moving to Columbus, Ohio, to pursue sculpture full-time. Tibor's grand-niece Julie Orringer based her first novel ''The Invisible Bridge'' on the experiences of Tibor and his family, with Tibor's brother Andrew being the model for the book's central character. On January 25, 2005, a deer burst through Tibor's living-room window and attacked him, resulting in his hospitalization. Tibor died on March 18, 2017, aged 97.


Sculptures

Tibor has stated that be believes he did not lose his life during the Holocaust and World War II so he could eventually create art to capture and evoke human emotions. "Art for art’s sake is not enough," he has said. Tibor's first commissioned sculpture was completed in 1974. Today his work can now be found in nearly 500 private collections and museums while his large outdoor statues can be seen in Ohio and around the world. Among the locations of his statues are the Yad Vashem memorial in
Jerusalem Jerusalem (; he, יְרוּשָׁלַיִם ; ar, القُدس (combining the Biblical and common usage Arabic names); grc, Ἱερουσαλήμ/Ἰεροσόλυμα, Hierousalḗm/Hierosóluma; hy, Երուսաղեմ, Erusałēm.) is ...
, Battelle Riverfront Park (Columbus, Ohio), Trinity Lutheran Seminary (Ohio), the Ohio Governor’s mansion, the Arthur James Hospital and Research Institute, and the Indianapolis Jewish Center in Indianapolis, Indiana. ''Freedom (Tibor), Freedom'' (1985) and ''Celebration of Life (Tibor), Celebration of Life'' (2004) are installed in Columbus. His most recent sculpture, "Zahor" (meaning "Remembrance" in Hebrew language, Hebrew) was commissioned fo
Congregation Agudas Achim
in Bexley, Ohio, where he is a member. The 9-foot-tall bronze sculpture shows German soldiers herding victims into a concentration camp gas chamber while above a survivor climbs out of the smokestack holding an Israeli flag. Behind the sculpture is a granite map showing the locations of all the concentration camps in Europe. The work also features a poem written by American poet Emma Lazarus predicting the establishment of the State of Israel.


Awards

Tibor has received a lifetime achievement award from the Liturgical Art Guild, an Arts Freedom Award, and has been inducted into the Ohio Senior Citizens Hall of Fame. He also won a 2005 Ohioana Pegasus Award.


References


External links


Alfred Tibor's personal site

Sculpture Center information on four Tibor sculptures

To purchase Alfred Tibor sculptures
{{DEFAULTSORT:Tibor, Alfred 1920 births 2017 deaths American Jews American people of Hungarian-Jewish descent American sculptors Jewish gymnasts Jewish sculptors Hungarian male artistic gymnasts Hungarian Jews Hungarian sculptors Holocaust survivors Hungarian emigrants to the United States Hungarian World War II forced labourers