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Alfred Thangarajah Duraiappah (15 June 1926 – 27 July 1975) was a Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer, politician, Mayor of Jaffna and Member of Parliament.

Contents

1 Early life and family 2 Career

2.1 Assassination

3 References

Early life and family[edit] Duraiappah was born on 15 June 1926.[1][2] He was the son of an ice and aerated water manufacturer from Vannarpannai in northern Ceylon.[1] He was educated at St. John's College, Jaffna.[1][3] After school he joined Ceylon Law College, graduating as a proctor.[1][3] Duraiappah married Parameswary, daughter of Cumaraswamy.[1] They had a daughter Rochana (Eesha).[1] Duraiappah was a Christian.[4] Career[edit] Duraiappah was elected to Jaffna Municipal Council and became its deputy mayor at the age of 23.[1] He served as mayor from 1970 to 1975.[5] Duraiappah stood as an independent candidate in Jaffna at the March 1960 parliamentary election. He won the election and entered Parliament.[6] He was re-elected at the July 1960 parliamentary election but lost out to the All Ceylon Tamil Congress candidate G. G. Ponnambalam at the 1965 parliamentary election.[7][8] He tried to re-gain his seat at the 1970 parliamentary election but was defeated by the Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi candidate C. X. Martyn.[9] Duraiappah was a member of the governing Sri Lanka Freedom Party and its chief organiser in Jaffna District.[10][11][12] Tamil militants considered Duraiappah to be a traitor and government collaborator.[13][14][15] In February 1971 Tamil militant Pon Sivakumaran tried to assassinate Duraiappah by throwing a hand grenade on to Duraiappah’s car which was parked on Second Cross Road in Jaffna.[11][12] Duraiappah was not inside the car at the time.[11] Assassination[edit] On 27 July 1975 Duraiappah and his daughter Eesha went to the Varadaraja Perumal Temple (Maha Vishnu Temple) in Ponnalai for their weekly worship in the Peugeot 404 which had been given to Duraiappah by his supporters.[16][17] As they arrived at the temple, Duraiappah was shot dead by masked men.[1][18] Some members of his family believed that Posts and Telecommunications Minister Chelliah Kumarasuriar, Duraiappah's political rival, was behind the assassination.[19] However, his assassination was widely blamed on the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and its leader V. Prabhakaran.[20][21] On 25 April 1978 the LTTE issued an open letter, which was published in the Virakesari, claiming responsibility for the assassination of eleven people including Duraiappah.[22][23][24] The Duraiappah Stadium in Jaffna was named after him.[25] References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Arumugam, S. (1997). Dictionary of Biography of the Tamils of Ceylon. pp. 50–51.  ^ "Directory of Past Members: Durayappah, Alfred Thangarajah". Parliament of Sri Lanka.  ^ a b "Masked gunmen kill Jaffna Mayor Shot dead outside temple". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 26 May 2009. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011.  ^ Palakidnar, Ananth (4 October 2013). "Varatharaja Perumal Kovil robbed". Ceylon Today. Archived from the original on 16 February 2015.  ^ "Past Mayors". Jaffna Municipal Council. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013.  ^ "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1960-03-19" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-09.  ^ "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1960-07-20" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-09.  ^ "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1965" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-09.  ^ "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1970" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-09.  ^ "Acrimony at inaugural JMC meeting". TamilNet. 24 April 1998.  ^ a b c Sabaratnam, T. "Chapter 3: The Unexpected Explosion". Pirapaharan. Ilankai Tamil Sangam.  ^ a b Rajasingham, K. T. "Chapter 24: Tamil militancy - a manifestation". Sri Lanka: The Untold Story.  ^ Feith, David (2013). "Chapter 10: Separatism in Sri Lanka". In Cabestan, Jean-Pierre; Pavković, Aleksandar. Secessionism and Separatism in Europe and Asia: To Have a State of One's Own. Routledge. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-415-66774-6.  ^ Coomaraswamy, Radhika; Perera-Rajasingham, Nimanthi (2009). "Chapter 6 - Being Tamil in a Different Way: A Feminist Critique of the Tamil Nation". In Cheran, R. Pathways of Dissent: Tamil Nationalism in Sri Lanka. Sage Publications. p. 121. ISBN 978-81-321-0222-9.  ^ "Colombo remembers Alfred Duraiappa, setting hands of the clock backwards". TamilNet. 30 July 2009.  ^ "Now Daya Master in Alfi's party!". Ceylon Today. 25 June 2013. Archived from the original on 16 February 2015.  ^ Nakkawita, Wijitha (15 February 2009). "Prabhakaran's victims: From Alfred Duraiappah to babes at Visuamadu". Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka). Archived from the original on 16 February 2015.  ^ Ferdinando, Shamindra (13 October 2010). "Who could have shot Duraiappah at Varadaraja Perumal temple, Ponnalai?". The Island (Sri Lanka).  ^ Perera, Janaka (26 July 2008). "Mayor's murder at Vishnu temple". Asian Tribune.  ^ Hoole, Rajan; Thiranagama, Rajini (January 2001). "Chapter 2 – Antecedents of July 1983 and the Foundations of Impunity". Sri Lanka: the arrogance of power : myths, decadence & murder. University Teachers for Human Rights. pp. 11, 46. ISBN 978-955-9447-04-7.  ^ Sabaratnam, T. "Chpaper 8: First Military Operation". Pirapaharan. Ilankai Tamil Sangam.  ^ "27 July 1975". Peace and Conflict Timeline. Archived from the original on 16 February 2015.  ^ Athas, Iqbal (1 August 1999). "The Situation Report". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka).  ^ Rajasingham, K. T. "Chapter 25: War or peace?". Sri Lanka: The Untold Story.  ^ "Renovated Jaffna Stadium opened". TamilNet. 2 March 1998. 

v t e

← Members of the 4th Parliament of Ceylon (1960 (1960)) →

Speaker: Tikiri Banda Subasinghe Prime Minister: Dudley Senanayake Leader of the Opposition: C. P. de Silva

Central Province (23)

S. S. Abeysundera Bernard Aluwihare K. M. K. Banda M. D. Banda R. R. D. Bandaranayake T. William Fernando Abdul Cader Shahul Hameed T. B. M. Herath T. B. Ilangaratne T. B. Jayasundera D. H. Jayawickrema U. P. Y. Jinadasa Tissa Kapukotuwa C. A. S. Marikkar Chandrasena Munaweera R. S. Pelpola Donald J. Ranaweera E. L. Senanayake R. W. Tennekoon T. B. Tennekoon P. B. Aloysius Weerakoon J. D. Weerasekera Noel Wimalasena

Eastern Province (11)

T. Ahambaram M. S. Kariapper M. A. Abdul Majeed M. I. M. Abdul Majeed P. Manicavasagam Ahmed Hussain Macan Markar M. E. H. Mohamed Ali C. Rajadurai N. R. Rajavarothiam S. M. Rasamanickam Wijayabahu Wijayasinha

Northern Province (13)

V. A. Alegacone A. Amirthalingam M. Balasundaram S. J. V. Chelvanayakam V. Dharmalingam Alfred Duraiappah V. A. Kandiah E. M. V. Naganathan V. N. Navaratnam M. Sivasithamparam T. Sivasithamparam A. Sivasunderam K. Thurairatnam

North Central Province (8)

A. H. de Silva C. P. de Silva Sirimewan Godage E. L. B. Hurulle S. B. Lenawa R. B. Ratnamalala Maithripala Senanayake P. M. K. Tennakoon

North Western Province (16)

M. A. Adikari E. M. R. B. Ekanayake Hugh Fernando I. M. R. A. Iriyagolla L. B. Jayasena M. H. Naina Marikkar D. B. Monnekulame W. J. C. Munasinha Albert Peries A. U. Romanis Stephen Samarakkody A. H. Senanayake Richard Gotabhaya Senanayake Tikiri Banda Subasinghe Mudiyanse Tennakoon R. B. Tennekoon

Sabaragamuwa Province (16)

P. B. Bandaranayake D. F. Hettiarachchi P. B. G. Kalugalla Wimala Kannangara Asoka Karunaratne V. T. G. Karunaratne W. A. Karunasena A. E. B. Kiriella Cyril Mathew N. M. Perera Abeyratne Pilapitiya Clifford Ratwatte Dudley Senanayake H. G. Somabandu H. Weragama Soma Wickremanayake

Southern Province (19)

W. D. S. Abeygoonawardena Matarage Sirisena Amarasiri D. P. Atapattu Neal de Alwis Lakshman de Silva William de Silva M. P. de Zoysa C. A. Dharmapala Prins Gunasekera Montague Jayawickrama P. L. Jinadasa Don Roy Rajapaksa George Rajapaksa Lakshman Rajapaksa R. G. Samaranayake Senapala Samarasekera Percy Wickremasinghe S. A. Wickramasinghe Justin Wijayawardhene

Uva Province (10)

W. P. G. Ariyadasa K. Y. M Wijeratne Banda B. H. Bandara J. G. Gunasekera R. M. Gunasekera M. S. A. Peiris K. M. P. Rajaratne Kusuma Rajaratne C. P. J. Seneviratne W. G. M. Albert Silva

Western Province (35)

Felix Dias Bandaranaike S. D. Bandaranayake Somaweera Chandrasiri M. Ruskin Fernando T. Quintin Fernando Bibile Fonseka Cholomondeley Goonewardene Leslie Goonewardena Philip Gunawardena Robert Gunawardena Percy Jayakodi A. E. Jayasinghe D. Shelton Jayasinghe S. de Silva Jayasinghe Gamini Jayasuriya J. R. Jayewardene M. C. M. Kaleel D. C. W. Kannangara Pieter Keuneman R. B. Lenora Abdul Bakeer Markar Wijayapala Mendis Anil Moonesinghe A. J. Niyathapala James Peter Obeyesekere III Dayasena Pasqual K. E. Perera Paris Perera Ranasinghe Premadasa Edmund Samarawickrema M. P. de Z. Siriwardena Bernard Soysa V. A. Sugathadasa S. K. K. Suriarachchi Ratnasiri Wickremanayake

Appointed (6)

*This list is unfinished.

v t e

← Members of the 5th Parliament of Ceylon (1960 (1960)–1964) →

Speaker: R. S. Pelpola/Hugh Fernando Prime Minister: Sirimavo Bandaranaike Leader of the Opposition: Dudley Senanayake

Central Province (23)

Bernard Aluwihare

Alick Aluwihare

K. M. K. Banda M. D. Banda L. B. Dassanayake T. William Fernando Abdul Cader Shahul Hameed T. B. M. Herath T. B. Ilangaratne K. Abdul Jabbar T. B. Jayasundera U. P. Y. Jinadasa Tissa Kapukotuwa Chandrasena Munaweera R. S. Pelpola Shelton Ranaraja Abeyratne Ratnayaka E. L. Senanayake D. G. Sirisena R. W. Tennekoon T. B. Tennekoon J. D. Weerasekera U. B. Weerasekera Edmund Wijesuriya

Eastern Province (11)

T. Ahambaram

M. E. H. Mohamed Ali

M. C. Ahamed A. L. Abdul Majeed M. A. Abdul Majeed M. I. M. Abdul Majeed P. Manicavasagam Ahmed Hussain Macan Markar C. Rajadurai N. R. Rajavarothiam

S. M. Manickarajah

S. M. Rasamanickam Indrasena Soysa

Northern Province (13)

V. A. Alegacone A. Amirthalingam M. Balasundaram S. J. V. Chelvanayakam V. Dharmalingam Alfred Duraiappah V. A. Kandiah

V. Navaratnam

E. M. V. Naganathan V. N. Navaratnam M. Sivasithamparam T. Sivasithamparam A. Sivasunderam K. Thurairatnam

North Central Province (8)

C. P. de Silva A. H. de Silva Sirimewan Godage

K. B. Ratnayake

E. L. B. Hurulle S. B. Lenawa R. B. Ratnamalala Maithripala Senanayake P. M. K. Tennakoon

North Western Province (16)

M. A. Adikari

M. A. J. Wijesinghe

Hugh Fernando S. D. R. Jayaratne L. B. Jayasena M. H. Naina Marikkar D. B. Monnekulame

Jaya Pathirana

Albert Peries A. U. Romanis Stephen Samarakkody G. W. Samarasinghe A. H. Senanayake Richard Gotabhaya Senanayake Mudiyanse Tennakoon

Kavisena Herath

U.B. Wanninayake Leelananda Weerasinghe D. P. Wickremasinghe

Sabaragamuwa Province (16)

B. A. P. B. Balasuriya L. de S. A. Gunasekera P. C. Imbulana P. B. G. Kalugalla Asoka Karunaratne V. T. G. Karunaratne W. A. Karunasena Cyril Mathew Stanley Molligoda N. M. Perera Clifford Ratwatte P. R. Ratnayake Dudley Senanayake Dhanapala Weerasekera Soma Wickremanayake P. B. Wijesundara

Southern Province (19)

K. H. G. Albert S. W. Dahanayake Wijeyananda Dahanayake Neal de Alwis Lakshman de Silva M. P. de Zoysa

Don Edwin Thilakeratne

H. W. Dissanayake D. S. Goonesekera Montague Jayawickrama Patrick de Silva Kularatne D. A. Rajapaksa Don Roy Rajapaksa George Rajapaksa Lakshman Rajapaksa Senapala Samarasekera Mahanama Samaraweera Percy Wickremasinghe S. A. Wickramasinghe P. P. Wickremasuriya

Uva Province (10)

W. P. G. Ariyadasa B. H. Bandara S. B. Ekanayake D. M. Gunasekera J. G. Gunasekera K. M. P. Rajaratne Kusuma Rajaratne Amarananda Ratnayake C. P. J. Seneviratne W. G. M. Albert Silva

Western Province (35)

Felix Dias Bandaranaike S. D. Bandaranayake I. A. Cader Somaweera Chandrasiri Colvin R. de Silva W. Danister de Silva

Vivienne Goonewardena

Razik Fareed T. Quintin Fernando Meryl Fernando Cholomondeley Goonewardene Leslie Goonewardena Philip Gunawardena Robert Gunawardena Lakshman Jayakody D. Shelton Jayasinghe Gamini Jayasuriya J. R. Jayewardene M. C. M. Kaleel Pieter Keuneman Wijayapala Mendis Anil Moonesinghe James Peter Obeyesekere III Dayasena Pasqual K. D. David Perera Paris Perera R. S. Perera Edmund Samarakkody D. S. Samarasinghe M. P. de Z. Siriwardena Bernard Soysa V. A. Sugathadasa S. K. K. Suriarachchi Stanley Tillekeratne Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Wijayabahu Wijayasinha

Appointed (6)

Badi-ud-din Mahmud R. Singleton Salmon Savumiamoorthy Thondaman *This list is unfinished.

v t e

Sri Lankan Civil War

Origins

Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism 1956 1958 1977 Sri Lankan riots Burning of Jaffna library Black July

Combatants

 Sri Lanka

Army (LRRP) Navy Air Force Police

Special Task Force

Home Guards Attacks on civilians

Assassinations

LTTE

Divisions Air Tigers Sea Tigers Black Tigers Attacks

in the 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s Assassinations Suicide bombings

Other militants (list)

ENDLF ENLF EPRLF EROS PLOTE TELO

 India

Indian Peace Keeping Force

Paramilitary

EPDP TMVP

Phases

Eelam War I Indian intervention Eelam War II III IV

Eastern / Northern theaters

Major battles

Kokkilai Vadamarachchi Poomalai Pawan Jaffna University Helidrop Balavegaya 1st Elephant Pass Pooneryn Riviresa 1st Mullaitivu Sath Jaya Vavunathivu Jayasikurui Thandikulam–Omanthai 1st Kilinochchi Oddusuddan A-9 highway 2nd Elephant Pass Bandaranaike Airport attack Point Pedro Jaffna Thoppigala Vidattaltivu 2nd Kilinochchi 2nd Mullaitivu Puthukkudiyirippu

Major Events

Air Lanka Flight 512 Indo-Sri Lanka Accord Expulsions from Northern province Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi Assassination of Ranasinghe Premadasa Assassination of Lalith Athulathmudali Temple of the Tooth attack Lionair Flight 602 Bandaranaike Airport attack Expulsions from Colombo 2009 suicide air raid on Colombo

Leaders

Sri Lanka

Military

Army

Tissa Weeratunga Nalin Seneviratne Hamilton Wanasinghe Cecil Waidyaratne G. H. De Silva Rohan Daluwatte C. S. Weerasooriya L. P. Balagalle Shantha Kottegoda Sarath Fonseka

Navy

Asoka de Silva H. A. Silva Clancy Fernando D. A. M. R. Samarasekara H. C. A. C. Thisera Daya Sandagiri Wasantha Karannagoda

Air Force

Dick Perera Andibuduge Fernando Makalandage Gunawardena Oliver Ranasinghe Jayalath Weerakkody Donald Perera Roshan Goonetileke

Civilian

J. R. Jayewardene Ranasinghe Premadasa Dingiri Banda Wijetunga Chandrika Kumaratunga Mahinda Rajapaksa

LTTE

Militant

Velupillai Prabhakaran Pottu Amman Soosai Karuna Amman

Political

Selvarasa Pathmanathan Anton Balasingham S. P. Thamilselvan

India

Military

Harkirat Singh Ashok K. Mehta

Civilian

R. Venkataraman Rajiv Gandhi V. P. Singh

Aftermath

Reactions to end of war (Tamil diaspora) Remembrance Day Alleged war crimes

Chemical weapons

Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) UN Panel on Accountability in Sri Lanka NPC resolution on Genocide

Related topics

Casualties

Assassinations Massacres

Child soldiers Disappearances Human rights Popular culture Terrorism

PTA State

Sixth Amendment Thirteenth Amendment 1988 Maldives coup d'état 1987–89 JVP Insurrection

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