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Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. is a New York publishing house that was founded by Alfred A. Knopf
Alfred A. Knopf
Sr. in 1915. The publisher had a reputation for a pursuit of perfection and elegant taste.[1] It was acquired by Random House in 1960 and is now part of the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group.[2] The Knopf publishing house is associated with its borzoi colophon (shown at right), which was designed by co-founder Blanche Knopf in 1925.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Awards 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

Alfred A. Knopf
Alfred A. Knopf
Sr., 1935

Knopf was founded in 1915 by Alfred A. Knopf, Sr.
Alfred A. Knopf, Sr.
with a $5,000 advance from his father.[3] The first office was located in New York's Candler Building. The publishing house was officially incorporated in 1918, with Alfred Knopf as president, Blanche Knopf as vice-president, and Samuel Knopf as treasurer. Blanche and Alfred traveled abroad regularly and were known for publishing European, Asian, and Latin American writers in addition to leading American literary trends. Samuel Knopf died in 1932. William A. Koshland joined the company in 1934, and worked with the firm for more than fifty years, rising to take the positions of President and Chairman of the Board. Blanche became President in 1957 when Alfred became Chairman of the Board, and worked steadily for the firm until her death in 1966. Alfred Knopf retired in 1972, becoming chairman emeritus of the firm until his death in 1984. Alfred Knopf also had a summer home in Purchase, New York. Beginning in 1920, Knopf also produced a chapbook, for the purpose of promoting new books. The Borzoi
Borzoi
was published periodically over the years, the first being a hardback called the Borzoi
Borzoi
and sometimes quarterly as the Borzoi
Borzoi
Quarterly.[4] In 1923 Knopf also started publishing periodicals, beginning with The American Mercury, founded by H. L. Mencken and George Jean Nathan, which it published through 1934.[5] Following the Good Neighbor policy, Blanche Knopf visited South America in 1942, so the firm could start producing texts from there. She was one of the first publishers to visit Europe after World War II. Her trips, and those of other editors, brought in new writers from Europe, South America, and Asia. Alfred traveled to Brazil in 1961, which spurred a corresponding interest on his part in South America. Their son, Alfred "Pat" Jr., was hired on as secretary and trade books manager after the war. In a 1957 advertisement in the Atlantic Monthly, Alfred A. Knopf published the Borzoi
Borzoi
Credo. The credo includes a list of what Knopf's beliefs for publishing including the statement that he never published an unworthy book. Among a list of beliefs listed is the final one--"I believe that magazines, movies, television, and radio will never replace good books."[6] In 1960 Random House acquired Alfred A. Knopf.[3] It is believed that the decision to sell was prompted by Alfred A. Knopf, Jr., leaving Knopf to found his own book company, Atheneum Books in 1959.[1] While there have been many notable editors at Knopf there have only been three editors-in-chief-- Alfred A. Knopf, Sr., Robert Gottlieb and Sonny Mehta.[3] Other influential editors at Knopf included Harold Strauss (Japanese literature), Herbert Weinstock (biography of musical jargon composers), Judith Jones (culinary texts), as well as Angus Cameron, Charles Elliott, Gary Fisketjon, Lee Goerner, Ashbel Green, Carol Brown Janeway, Michael Magzis, Anne McCormick, Nancy Nicholas, Daniel Okrent, Regina Ryan, Sophie Wilkins, and Vicky Wilson. Knopf also employed literary scouts to good advantage.[7] A publisher of hardcover fiction and nonfiction, Knopf's list of authors includes Albert Camus, John Banville, Carl Bernstein, Robert Caro, Willa Cather, Julia Child, Bill Clinton, Joan Didion, Bret Easton Ellis, James Ellroy, Martin Gardner, Lee H. Hamilton, Kazuo Ishiguro, John Keegan, Anne Rice, Nella Larsen, Jack London, Gabriel García Márquez, Cormac McCarthy, Toni Morrison, Haruki Murakami, Christopher Paolini, Ezra Pound, Dorothy Richardson, Susan Swan, Anne Tyler, Andrew Vachss, James D. Watson, and Elinor Wylie. At least 17 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
and 47 Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
winning authors have been published by Knopf, though they have also passed at times on subsequently notable books.[8] Since its founding, Knopf has paid close attention to design and typography,[9] employing notable designers and typographers including William Addison Dwiggins, Harry Ford, Steven Heller, Chip Kidd, Lorraine Louie, Bruce Rogers, Rudolf Ruzicka, and Beatrice Warde. Knopf books conclude with an unnumbered page titled "A Note on the Type", which describes the history of the typeface used for the book. In addition, Knopf books date the year of the book's current printing on the title page. Knopf published textbooks until 1988, when Random House's schools and colleges division was sold to McGraw-Hill.[10] In 1991, Knopf revived the "Everyman's Library" series, originally published in England in the early 20th century. This series consists of classics of world literature in affordable hardcover editions. The series has grown over the years to include lines of Children's Classics and Pocket Poets. Random House was acquired by Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
in 1998.[3] In late 2008 and early 2009, the Knopf Publishing Group merged with Doubleday to form the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group.[11] Random House has been owned since its 2013 merger of Penguin Group
Penguin Group
by Penguin Random House, a joint venture between Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
(53%) and Pearson PLC
Pearson PLC
(47%). Many of Knopf's hardcover books are published later as Vintage paperbacks. Vintage Books is a sister imprint of Random House. In 2015, Knopf celebrated its 100th Anniversary by publishing a commemorative book, Alfred A. Knopf, 1915-2015: A Century of Publishing.[12] Awards[edit]

Year Award Category Title Author

2013 Pulitzer Prize[13] Poetry Stag's Leap Sharon Olds

2011 Pulitzer Prize Fiction A Visit from the Goon Squad Jennifer Egan

2010 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography The First Tycoon T.J. Stiles

2007 Pulitzer Prize Fiction The Road Cormac McCarthy

2005 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography de Kooning: An American Master Mark Stevens and Annalyn Swan

2004 Pulitzer Prize Poetry Walking to Martha's Vineyard Franz Wright

2003 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography Master of the Senate Robert A. Caro

2002 Pulitzer Prize Fiction Empire Falls Richard Russo

2001 Pulitzer Prize History Founding Brothers Joseph J. Ellis

1999 Pulitzer Prize Poetry Blizzard of One Mark Strand

1998 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography Personal History'' Katharine Graham

1997 Pulitzer Prize History Original Meanings Jack N. Rakove

1996 Pulitzer Prize Fiction Independence Day Richard Ford

1996 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography God: A Biography Jack Miles

1996 Pulitzer Prize History William Cooper's Town Alan Taylor

1995 Pulitzer Prize Poetry The Simple Truth Philip Levine

1995 Pulitzer Prize General Nonfiction The Beak of the Finch Jonathan Weiner

1993 Pulitzer Prize History The Radicalism of the American Revolution Gordon S. Wood

1992 Pulitzer Prize Fiction A Thousand Acres Jane Smiley

1991 Pulitzer Prize History A Midwife's Tale Laurel Thatcher Ulrich

1991 Pulitzer Prize Fiction Rabbit at Rest John Updike

1991 Pulitzer Prize Poetry Near Changes Mona Van Duyn

1989 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography Oscar Wilde Richard Ellmann

1989 Pulitzer Prize Fiction Breathing Lessons Anne Tyler

1988 Pulitzer Prize History The Launching of Modern American Science, 1846-1876 Robert V. Bruce

1988 Pulitzer Prize History Partial Accounts William Meredith

1988 Pulitzer Prize Fiction Beloved Toni Morrison

1987 Pulitzer Prize History Voyagers to the West Bernard Bailyn

1987 Pulitzer Prize Fiction A Summons to Memphis Peter Taylor

1986 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography Louise Bogan Elizabeth Frank

1986 Pulitzer Prize General Nonfiction Common Ground J. Anthony Lukas

1982 Pulitzer Prize Fiction Rabbit Is Rich John Updike

1981 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography Peter the Great Robert K. Massie

1981 Pulitzer Prize General Nonfiction Fin-de-Siècle Vienna Carl E. Schorske

1980 Pulitzer Prize History Been In the Storm So Long Leon F. Litwack

1979 Pulitzer Prize Fiction The Stories of John Cheever John Cheever

1975 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York Robert A. Caro

1973 Pulitzer Prize History People of Paradox Michael Kammen

1970 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography Huey Long T. Harry Williams

1967 Pulitzer Prize History Exploration and Empire William H. Goetzmann

1965 Pulitzer Prize Fiction The Keepers of the House Shirley Ann Grau

1964 Pulitzer Prize General Nonfiction Anti-Intellectualism in American Life Richard Hofstadter

1962 Pulitzer Prize History The Triumphant Empire: Thunder-Clouds Gather in the West Lawrence H. Gipson

1961 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War David Herbert

1960 Pulitzer Prize Poetry Heart's Needle W. D. Snodgrass

1956 Pulitzer Prize History The Age of Reform Richard Hofstadter

1955 Pulitzer Prize History Collected Poems: Wallace Stevens Wallace Stevens

1951 Pulitzer Prize Fiction The Town Conrad Richter

1950 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy Samuel Flagg Bemis

1946 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography Son of the Wilderness Linnie Marsh Wolfe

1945 Pulitzer Prize Novel A Bell for Adano John Hersey

1945 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography George Bancroft: Brahmin Rebel Russel Blaine Nye

1944 Pulitzer Prize Biography or Autobiography The American Leonardo: The Life of Samual B. Morse Carleton Mabee

1934 Pulitzer Prize Poetry Collected Verse Robert Hillyer

1927 Pulitzer Prize Poetry Fiddler's Farewell Leonora Speyer

1923 Pulitzer Prize Novel One of Ours Willa Cather

2009 National Book Award[14] Nonfiction The First Tycoon T.J. Stiles

2005 National Book Award Nonfiction The Year of Magical Thinking Joan Didion

2002 National Book Award Nonfiction Master of the Senate Robert A. Caro

1997 National Book Award Nonfiction American Sphinx The Character of Thomas Jefferson Joseph J. Ellis

1991 National Book Award Nonfiction How We Die Sherwin B. Nuland

1992 National Book Award Fiction All the Pretty Horses Cormac McCarthy

1991 National Book Award Poetry What Work Is Philip Levine

1989 National Book Award Fiction Spartina John Casey

1985 National Book Award Nonfiction Common Ground J. Anthony Lukas

1983 National Book Award History Voices of Protest Alan Brinkley

1982 National Book Award Fiction Rabbit is Rich John Updike

1981 National Book Award First Novel Sister Wolf Ann Arensberg

1981 National Book Award Fiction Paperback The Stories of John Cheever John Cheever

1981 National Book Award General Nonfiction China Men Maxine Hong Kingston

1981 National Book Award History Paperback Been in the Storm So Long Leon F. Litwack

1980 National Book Award Autobiography (Hardcover) By Myself Lauren Bacall

1980 National Book Award Current Interest (Hardcover) Julia Child
Julia Child
and More Company Julia Child

1980 National Book Award History (Paperback) A Distant Mirror Barbara W. Tuchman

1980 National Book Award First Novel Birdy William Wharton

1977 National Book Award Contemporary Thought The Uses of Enchantment Bruno Bettelheim

1976 National Book Award Fiction J R William Gaddis

1975 National Book Award Contemporary Affairs All God's Dangers Theodore Rosengarten

1974 National Book Award Biography Macaulay John Clive

1972 National Book Award Poetry The Collected Works of Frank O'Hara Frank O'Hara

1970 National Book Award History and Biography Huey Long T. Harry Williams

1967 National Book Award History and Biography The Enlightenment, Vol. 1 Peter Gay

1964 National Book Award Fiction The Centaur John Updike

1962 National Book Award Fiction The Moviegoer Walker Percy

1961 National Book Award Fiction The Waters of Kronos Conrad Richter

1955 National Book Award Poetry The Collected Poems of Wallace Stevens Wallace Stevens

1951 National Book Award Poetry The Auroras of Autumn Wallace Stevens

2017 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Kazuo Ishiguro

2013 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Alice Munro

2007 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Doris Lessing

2006 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Orhan Pamuk

2002 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Imre Kertész

2001 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature V.S. Naipaul

1999 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Günter Grass

1993 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Toni Morrison

1991 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Nadine Gordimer

1982 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Gabriel Garcia Marquez

1980 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Czeslaw Milosz

1972 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Heinrich Boll

1968 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Yasunari Kawabata

1965 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Mikhail Sholokhov

1964 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Jean-Paul Sartre
Jean-Paul Sartre
(declined)

1961 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Ivo Andric

1957 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Albert Camus

1955 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Halldor K. Laxness

1947 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature André Gide

1944 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Johannes V. Jensen

1939 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Frans E. Sillanpaa

1929 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Thomas Mann

1928 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Sigrid Undset

1924 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Wladyslaw S. Reymont

1920 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Knut Hamsun

1916 Nobel Prize Literature Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature Verner von Heidenstam

See also[edit]

Alfred A. Knopf, Jr.

References[edit]

^ a b Korda, Michael (1999). Another life : a memoir of other people (1st ed.). New York: Random House. ISBN 0679456597.  ^ " Alfred A. Knopf
Alfred A. Knopf
Inc. Organizational History". Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin. 2008-02-08. Retrieved 2009-07-04.  ^ a b c d e Swanson, Clare (15 May 2015). "A Century of Alfred A. Knopf". Publisher's Weekly. Retrieved 24 September 2015.  ^ " Borzoi
Borzoi
Reader Index". www.randomhouse.com. Retrieved 2016-04-06.  ^ " Alfred A. Knopf
Alfred A. Knopf
- First Edition Identification and Publisher Information". www.biblio.com. Retrieved 2017-06-01.  ^ Knopf, Alfred A. "The Borzoi
Borzoi
Credo". Alfred A. Knopf
Alfred A. Knopf
Tumblr. Alfred A. Knopf. Retrieved 24 September 2015.  ^ Knopf, Alfred A.: Portrait of a Publisher, 1915-1965. 2 vols. New York: Typophiles, 1965. ^ Oshinsky, David (2007-09-09). "No Thanks, Mr. Nabokov". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-04.  ^ "Knopf: Then and Now". AIGA/NY. 21 October 2009. Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2010.  ^ McGraw-Hill
McGraw-Hill
Is Buying 2 Random House Units ^ Flamm, Matthew (2008-12-03). "Shakeups hit Random House, other publishers". Crain's New York Business.com. Retrieved 2010-04-06.  ^ "A Century of Alfred A. Knopf". PublishersWeekly.com. Retrieved 2016-04-03.  ^ "2013 Winners and Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 28 October 2015.  ^ "National Book Awards - 2009". National Book Award. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works published by or about: Alfred A. Knopf

Official website Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records, 1873-1996 at the Harry Ransom Center
Harry Ransom Center
at the University of Texas at Austin The Borzoi
Borzoi
1920: being a sort of record of five years's of publishing

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 142395924 ISNI: 0000 0001 2034 4562 BNF:

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