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Hon. ALEXANDER MACLEAY (also spelt MCLEAY) MLC FLS FRS (24 June 1767 – 18 July 1848) was a leading member of the Linnean Society
Linnean Society
, a fellow of the Royal Society
Royal Society
and member of the New South Wales Legislative Council .

CONTENTS

* 1 Life * 2 Family * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links

LIFE

Macleay was born on Ross-shire
Ross-shire
, Scotland
Scotland
, eldest son of William Macleay, provost of Wick . Alexander had a classical education, before relocating to London
London
and becoming a wine merchant with his business partner William Sharp - after whom his first son was named. In 1795 he was elected a fellow of the Linnean Society
Linnean Society
of London, also serving as its Secretary, and was also appointed chief clerk in the prisoners of war office. When the office was linked with the Transport Board after war broke out, Macleay became head of the correspondence department and by 1806 secretary. The Board was abolished in 1815, and Macleay retired on an annual pension, of £750.

Macleay's chief natural history interest was entomology , principally lepidoptery , and he possessed the finest and most extensive collection then existing of any private individual in England and possibly the world. This included the British Collection of John Curtis now housed in Melbourne
Melbourne
, Australia
Australia
. In 1813, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
.

On 14 June 1825, Macleay was appointed Colonial Secretary for New South Wales . He arrived in Sydney in January 1826, with his wife Eliza, 9 of his 10 surviving children, and his extensive collection. He was soon working twelve-hour days and on 17 July 1825 was nominated to the New South Wales
New South Wales
Legislative and Executive Councils, holding both positions until December 1836. Macleay represented Counties of Gloucester, Macquarie, and Stanley in the partially elected Legislative Council from June 1843 until 19 June 1848, a month before his death. Originally residing at the Colonial Secretary's House in Macquarie Place, Macleay was granted land at Elizabeth Bay by Governor Ralph Darling, where he constructed Elizabeth Bay House
Elizabeth Bay House
and laid out an extensive botanic garden. A memorial to Macleay on the wall of St James\' Church, Sydney

His extensive entomological collections formed the basis of the Macleay Museum
Macleay Museum
at the University of Sydney
University of Sydney
.

Macleay was also very active beyond his scientific pursuits and was the foundation president of the Australian Club .

FAMILY

Macleay married a Miss Barclay of Urie. He was the father of the entomologist William Sharp Macleay who expanded his father's collection and of George Macleay , also a zoologist. Sir William John Macleay was his nephew.

His daughter Rosa Roberta married Arthur Pooley Onslow; her children included Arthur Alexander Walton Onslow and Sir Alexander Onslow .

NOTES

* ^ A B C "Mr Alexander Macleay
Alexander Macleay
(1767 - 1848)". Former Members. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014. * ^ A B Boulger 1893 .

REFERENCES

* "About the Macleay Museum". University of Sydney
University of Sydney
. 2006-06-12. Archived from the original on 24 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-03. * 'McLeay, Alexander (1767 - 1848)', Australian Dictionary of Biography , Volume 2, MUP , 1967, pp 177–180. * Serle, Percival (1949). "Macleay, Alexander". Dictionary of Australian Biography . Sydney: Angus and Robertson. * Macleay, Alexander, Australian National Herbarium * Boulger, George Simonds (1893). "Macleay, Alexander". In Lee, Sidney . Dictionary of National Biography
Dictionary of National Biography
. 35. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

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