HOME
The Info List - Alexander Löhr


--- Advertisement ---



Bosnian crisis

World War I

Siege of Przemyśl Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive

World War II

Invasion of Poland Battle of Crete Operation Retribution Yugoslav People's Liberation War Adriatic Campaign Dodecanese Campaign

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Signature

Alexander Löhr (20 May 1885 – 26 February 1947) was an Austrian Air Force (Österreichische Luftstreitkräfte) commander during the 1930s and, after the annexation of Austria (Anschluss), he was a German Air Force (Luftwaffe) commander. Löhr served in the Luftwaffe during the Second World War. Löhr was one of three former Austrians who rose to the rank of Generaloberst (Colonel General) within the German Wehrmacht. The other two were Erhard Raus and Lothar Rendulic. Löhr surrendered to Yugoslav Partisan forces in May 1945 and was imprisoned till February 1947. He was tried and found guilty of war crimes for his role as the commander of the Luftwaffe units involved in the Bombing of Belgrade in 1941 and his role in war crimes as commander in chief in Southeast Europe. He was executed on 26 February 1947.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early career 3 Inter-war period 4 World War II

4.1 Commander-in-Chief South East

5 Conviction and execution 6 Decorations

6.1 Promotions

7 References

7.1 Citations 7.2 Bibliography

8 External links

Early life[edit] Löhr was born on 20 May 1885 in Turnu-Severin in the Kingdom of Romania. He was the youngest child of Friedrich Johann Löhr and his wife Catherine, née Heimann. His father had served as a 2nd captain on a hospital ship in the Black Sea during the Russo-Turkish War. Here his father had met his mother, a Jewish-Ukrainian nurse. She was the daughter of the Jewish military doctor Mihail Alexandrovich Heimann from Odessa. After the war, they married in 1879 and moved to the Turnu-Severin in Romania. The marriage produced three sons, Friedrich born in 1880, Michael born in 1882, and Alexander in 1885.[1] Due to his mother faith he belonged to the Eastern Orthodox Church. Löhr, just like his brothers, attended the reichsdeutsche (Imperial German) Evangelic Volksschule (primary school) in Turnu-Severin.[2] The brothers grew up speaking four languages which were German, Russian, French and Romanian. The various nationalities in the multinational state of Austria-Hungary and their particular family situation were the driving factors behind this. His father spoke little Russian and his mother barely German, the consequence was that the family language was French. His father was transferred to Vienna on business, where Löhr completed his elementary schooling. He then pursued a career in the k.u.k. Kriegsmarine (Austro-Hungarian Navy) which was denied to him out of medical reasons.[2] He then attended the Militär-Unterrealschule (a military secondary school) in Kaschau, present-day Košice in Slovakia, in January 1896 where he remained until 1900.[3]

Main building of the Theresian Military Academy

Löhr transferred to the infantry cadet school at Temeswar, present-day Timisoara in Romania, in January 1900. Until 1903 he was prepared for military service under the influence of the subaltern.[3] In 1903 he was posted to Vienna, where he attended Theresianische Militärakademie (Theresian Military Academy) in the Burg Wiener Neustadt until 1906. Löhr, together with his two brothers, traveled to the Russian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, Greece and Egypt during the summer holidays. While visiting relatives in Odessa, he became witness to the mutiny on the Russian battleship Potemkin in late June 1905.[4] He graduated from the military academy on 18 August 1906, the birthday of Franz Joseph I, with an overall rating of "very good". On the same day Löhr was retired as a Leutnant (second lieutenant) and immediately volunteered for service in the k.u.k. ungarische Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 85 "von Gaudernak" (k.u.k.—Imperial and Royal Hungarian Infantry Regiment. Nr. 85 "von Gaudernak") where he served as a platoon commander.[5] Early career[edit] Löhr served as Platoon Commander of a Pioneer battalion in the 85th Infantry Regiment of the Austro-Hungarian army in World War I. By 1921 Löhr had reached the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel (Oberstleutnant). Between 1921 and 1934 he held many staff positions in the military, including Director of the Air Force in the Federal Armies Ministry. In 1934, he was made Commander of the small Austrian Air Force, a position which he held until the Anschluss in 1938. Inter-war period[edit] Löhr, who had been promoted to Major on 1 July 1920, was accepted into the newly created Austrian Bundesheer on 1 September 1920.[6] On 15 March 1938, Löhr was transferred to the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) where he became commander of the German Air Force in Austria. By then he had been promoted to Generalleutnant. He was commander of Luftflotte (Air Fleet) 4 in the East from May 1939 until June 1942. World War II[edit] See also: Operation Retribution (1941)

Warsaw burning, September 1939

Luftflotte 4 carried out the bombing of Warsaw, Poland in September 1939 and of Belgrade, Yugoslavia in April 1941. Löhr had developed a plan to bomb Belgrade with incendiary bombs first, so that the fires would help the second, nighttime, attack to find the targets.[7][8] This cost thousands of people their lives. According to his first recorded statements upon arrest, Löhr specifically targeted and annihilated the complete cultural heritage of up to eight centuries old national treasure by burning down the Serbian National Library in Belgrade - this being the largest sole destruction of cultural artifacts in World War II. He was promoted to Colonel General effective 3 May 1941. Löhr commanded the 12th Army from 12 July 1942 through to December 1942. Commander-in-Chief South East[edit] Löhr succeeded General der Pioniere Walter Kuntze as Commander-in-Chief of the 12th Army on 3 July 1942.[9] He was appointed the Wehrmacht Commander in southeast Europe on 1 August 1942, and from 28 December 1942 this position was re-designated as commander-in-chief in southeast Europe.[10] The forces under his command were also designated as Army Group E, and he was appointed as its commander. In this role, Löhr controlled all subordinate commands in southeast Europe, including the commanding general in Serbia (Paul Bader), the military commander in the Salonika-Aegean area, the military commander in southern Greece, the commander of Crete, the naval commander in the Aegean Sea, the German plenipotentiary general in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), the commanding general of German troops in the NDH, and the military attaché in Sofia, Bulgaria.[11] Löhr organised the Fourth and Fifth Offensives against Yugoslav Partisans in 1943, during which most of those taken prisoner, including the wounded, were executed on the spot.[12] As Commander-in-Chief of Army Group E, Löhr oversaw the Dodecanese Campaign. At the end of the war in Europe, Löhr received orders for unconditional surrender, but instead directed his forces to break out towards Austria. According to the historian Jozo Tomasevich, Löhr was captured by the 14th Slovene Division in Slovenia on 9 May 1945, and attempted to negotiate passage for his troops to Austria. This was refused and Löhr was prevailed upon to issue orders to cease fighting, which the troops nonetheless disobeyed. He escaped, countermanded his order to surrender and continued with the breakout attempt. After an intense manhunt, Löhr was recaptured on 13 May.[12] Conviction and execution[edit] Löhr was imprisoned by Yugoslavia from 15 May 1945 to 26 February 1947. After a flimsy trial[13] he was found guilty of war crimes for his role as the commander of the Luftwaffe units involved in the Bombing of Belgrade in 1941, war crimes committed during the anti-partisan operations of 1943, and killing of hostages and burning of villages, and his command decisions post Germany's unconditional surrender.[14] He was executed by firing squad on 26 February 1947 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Also sentenced to death and executed by hanging were the SS-Brigadeführer August Schmidhuber, and the high-ranking Wehrmacht officers Johann Fortner, Fritz Neidholdt (de), Günther Tribukait, and others.[15] Bischof, Plasser and Stelzl-Marx state that Löhr's role in the bombing of Belgrade is "hotly contested".[by whom?] Some sources argue that he was not in a position to oppose Hitler. Others state that because he had been partly responsible for the firebombing of Warsaw in 1939, he was well aware of the likely results of such an attack on Belgrade, and could have resigned. It has been observed[by whom?] that his resignation would not have stopped the firebombing, but also that he displayed no civil courage later in the war, particularly when it came to the deportation of Jews.[16] Decorations[edit]

Iron Cross (1939)

2nd Class (12 September 1939)[17] 1st Class (25 September 1939)[17]

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Knight's Cross on 30 September 1939 as General der Flieger and chief of Luftflotte 4[18][19] 705th Oak Leaves on 20 January 1945 as Generaloberst and commander-in-chief of Heeresgruppe E[18][20]

Austro-Hungarian Order of Franz Joseph, Knight's Cross with War Decoration Austro-Hungarian Military Merit Cross 3rd Class with War Decoration and Swords Austro-Hungarian Bronze Military Merit Medal ("Signum Laudis") on the War Ribbon with Swords Austro-Hungarian Silver Military Merit Medal ("Signum Laudis") on the War Ribbon with Swords Austro-Hungarian Wound Medal with four stripes (four wounds) Bavarian Military Merit Order 4th Class with Swords Mentioned eleven times in the Wehrmachtbericht (12 April 1941, 23 April 1941, 8 August 1941, 11 October 1941, 12 October 1941, 19 May 1942, 20 May 1942, 30 May 1942, 26 June 1944, 19 January 1945 and 9 May 1945)

Promotions[edit]

18 August 1906: Leutnant (Second Lieutenant)

1 November 1911: Oberleutnant (First Lieutenant)

1 March 1915: Hauptmann (Captain)

1 July 1920: Major (Major)

1 January 1921: Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel)

20 July 1928: Oberst (Colonel)

25 September 1934: Generalmajor (Brigadier General)

24 March 1938: Generalleutnant (Major General)

25 March 1939: General der Flieger (General of the Flyers; ranked between lieutenant general and colonel general)

3 May 1941: Generaloberst (Colonel General)

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Pitsch 2004, p. 53. ^ a b Pitsch 2004, p. 54. ^ a b Pitsch 2004, p. 55. ^ Pitsch 2004, p. 56. ^ Pitsch 2004, p. 57. ^ Pitsch 2004, p. 112. ^ Manoschek 1995, p. 18. ^ Vogel 2001, pp. 303–308. ^ Pitsch 2009, p. 4. ^ Tomasevich 1975, p. 235. ^ Tomasevich 2001, pp. 70–71. ^ a b Tomasevich 2001, p. 756. ^ Joel Hayward, "A Case Study in Early Joint Warfare: An Analysis of the Wehrmacht's Crimean Campaign of 1942" The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 22, No. 4 (December 1999), page 113: "After liberation, the occupied peoples generally wanted revenge against their former overlords. Lohr fell victum to this desire. Following a flimsy trial, he was executed for alleged war crimes by the Yugoslavs in 1947." ^ Tomasevich 2001, p. 756–757. ^ Pitsch 2009, p. 277. ^ Bischof, Plasser & Stelzl-Marx 2009, p. 34. ^ a b Thomas 1998, p. 33. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 512. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 294. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 95.

Bibliography[edit]

Bischof, Günter; Plasser, Fritz; Stelzl-Marx, Barbara (2009). New perspectives on Austrians and World War II. New Brunswick: Transaction. ISBN 978-1-4128-0883-5.  Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.  Fröhlich, Claudia; Heinrich, Horst-Alfred (2004). Geschichtspolitik: Wer Sind Ihre Akteure, Wer Ihre Rezipienten? [Politics of History: Who are their Actors, who their Recipients?] (in German). Stuttgart, Germany: Franz Steiner Verlag. ISBN 978-3-515-08246-4.  Ganglmair, Siegwald (2011). "Generaloberst Alexander Löhr". In Ueberschär, Gerd R. Hitlers militärische Elite [Hitlers Military Elite] (in German). Primus Verlag. pp. 394–401. ISBN 978-3-89678-727-9.  Manoschek, Walter (1995). "Serbien ist judenfrei". Militärische Besatzungspolitik und Judenvernichtung in Serbien 1941/42. Band 38 von Beiträge zur Militär- und Kriegsgeschichte (in German). Oldenbourg, München. ISBN 3-486-56137-5.  Pitsch, Erwin (2003). Alexander Löhr / Der Luftflottenchef [Alexander Löhr / The Air Fleet Chief] (in German). Salzburg, Austria: Österreichischer Miliz-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-901185-22-9.  Pitsch, Erwin (2004). Alexander Löhr. Band 1: Der Generalmajor und Schöpfer der Österreichischen Luftstreitkräfte [Alexander Löhr. Volume 1: The Major General and Creator of the Austrian Air Force] (in German). Salzburg, Austria: Österreichischer Miliz-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-901185-21-2.  Pitsch, Erwin (2009). Alexander Löhr. Band 3: Heerführer auf dem Balkan [Alexander Löhr. Volume 3: Army Commander in the Balkans] (in German). Salzburg, Austria: Österreichischer Miliz-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-901185-23-6.  Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.  Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9.  Tomasevich, Jozo (1975). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941–1945: The Chetniks. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-0857-9.  Tomasevich, Jozo (2001). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941–1945: Occupation and Collaboration. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-3615-2.  Vogel, Detlef (1995). "German Intervention in the Balkans". The Mediterranean, South-East Europe, and North Africa, 1939-1941 : from Italy's Declaration of Non-belligerence to the Entry of the United States into the War. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 449–556. ISBN 978-0-19-822884-4.  Vogel, Detlef (2001). "Operation "Strafgericht". Die rücksichtslose Bombardierung Belgrads durch die deutsche Luftwaffe am 6. April 1941". In Ueberschär, Gerd; Wette, Wolfram. Kriegsverbrechen im 20. Jahrhundert (in German). Darmstadt: Primus. ISBN 3-89678-417-X.  Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, 1. September 1939 bis 31. Dezember 1941 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 1, 1 September 1939 to 31 December 1941] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2.  Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 2, 1 January 1942 to 31 December 1943] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2.  Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]

Alexander Löhr in the German National Library catalogue

Military offices

Preceded by none Commander of Luftwaffenkommando Österreich 1 July 1938 – 18 March 1939 Succeeded by redesignated Luftflotte 4

Preceded by none Commander of Luftflotte 4 18 March 1939 – 20 July 1942 Succeeded by Generalfeldmarschall Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen

Preceded by General der Pioniere Walter Kuntze Commander of 12. Armee 3 July 1942 – December 1942 Succeeded by General der Panzertruppe Walther Wenck

Preceded by none Commander of Heeresgruppe E 31 December 1942 – 8 May 1945 Succeeded by none

v t e

German Colonel Generals and General Admirals of Nazi Germany

Colonel General (Generaloberst) of the Army

Wilhelm Adam Hans-Jürgen von Arnim Ludwig Beck Johannes Blaskowitz Eduard Dietl Friedrich Dollmann Nikolaus von Falkenhorst Johannes Frießner Werner von Fritsch Friedrich Fromm Heinz Guderian Curt Haase Franz Halder Kurt von Hammerstein-Equord Josef Harpe Gotthard Heinrici Walter Heitz Carl Hilpert Erich Hoepner Karl-Adolf Hollidt Hermann Hoth Hans-Valentin Hube Erwin Jaenecke Alfred Jodl Georg Lindemann Eberhard von Mackensen Erhard Raus Georg-Hans Reinhardt Lothar Rendulic Richard Ruoff Hans von Salmuth Rudolf Schmidt Eugen Ritter von Schobert Adolf Strauss Karl Strecker Heinrich von Vietinghoff Walter Weiß Kurt Zeitzler

Colonel General (Generaloberst) of the Luftwaffe

Otto Deßloch Ulrich Grauert Hans Jeschonnek Alfred Keller Günther Korten Bruno Loerzer Alexander Löhr Günther Rüdel Kurt Student Hans-Jürgen Stumpff Ernst Udet Hubert Weise

General Admiral (Generaladmiral) of the Kriegsmarine

Conrad Albrecht Hermann Boehm Rolf Carls Hans-Georg von Friedeburg Oskar Kummetz Wilhelm Marschall Alfred Saalwächter Otto Schniewind Otto Schultze Walter Warzecha Karl Witzell

Oberst-Gruppenführer of the SS

Kurt Daluege Sepp Dietrich Paul Hausser Franz Xaver Schwarz

v t e

Greece during World War II

1940–1941 Balkans Campaign

Greco-Italian War (1940–1941)

Battles

Pindus Elaia–Kalamas Korytsa/Korcë Saranda Morava–Ivan Himara Klisura Pass Trebeshina Italian Spring Offensive

Hill 731

Leaders

Greece

Ioannis Metaxas Alexandros Papagos Charalambos Katsimitros Konstantinos Davakis Ioannis Pitsikas Dimitrios Papadopoulos Georgios Kosmas

Italy

Benito Mussolini Galeazzo Ciano Sebastiano Visconti Prasca Ubaldo Soddu Ugo Cavallero Carlo Geloso

German invasion (April–May 1941)

Battles

Metaxas Line Vevi Kleisoura Pass Thermopylae Crete

Leaders

Greece

King George II Alexandros Papagos Georgios Tsolakoglou

British Commonwealth

Henry Maitland Wilson Thomas Blamey Bernard Freyberg

Germany

Wilhelm List Sepp Dietrich Kurt Student

Occupation and collaboration

Occupying powers

People

Germany

Günther Altenburg Hermann Neubacher Walter Schimana Alexander Löhr Hellmuth Felmy Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller Alexander Andrae Bruno Bräuer Max Merten

Italy

Angelico Carta Pellegrino Ghigi Carlo Geloso Piero Parini

Bulgaria

Andon Kalchev

Atrocities

Kondomari Kandanos Alikianos Doxato Kommeno Kalavryta Lyngiades Distomo Domenikon Drakeia Acqui Division Mesovouno Pyrgoi Viannos Vorizia Anogeia Kedros Kleisoura Haidari concentration camp Larissa concentration camp 200 of Kaisariani Chortiatis The Holocaust in Greece

Economic exploitation

Greek economy, 1941–1944 Great Famine DEGRIGES Compulsory loan

Collaborationist government

People

Georgios Tsolakoglou K. Logothetopoulos Ioannis Rallis Georgios Poulos Friedrich Schubert Nikolaos Bourandas George S. Mercouris Ioannis Plytzanopoulos Sotirios Gotzamanis

Organizations

Security Battalions Hellenic Socialist Patriotic Organisation (ESPO) National Union of Greece (EEE) Greek National Socialist Party

Secessionists

Vlach "Roman Legion" Ohrana Cham collaboration

Këshilla

Atrocities

Paramythia Kokkinia

Resistance

National Liberation Front (EAM)

People

Aris Velouchiotis Stefanos Sarafis Andreas Tzimas Georgios Siantos Alexandros Svolos Ilias Tsirimokos Markos Vafeiadis Evripidis Bakirtzis

Organizations

Communist Party of Greece (KKE) Socialist Party of Greece (SKE) Union of People's Democracy (ELD) Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS)

Greek People's Liberation Navy (ELAN)

Political Committee of National Liberation (PEEA) and National Council United Panhellenic Organization of Youth (EPON) National Solidarity (EA) Organization for the Protection of the People's Struggle (OPLA) Slavic-Macedonian National Liberation Front (SNOF)

Operations

Drama uprising Ryka Mikro Chorio Gorgopotamos Bridge Meritsa Fardykambos Sarantaporo Porta Pinerolo disarmament Steiri Agorelitsa Kournovo Tunnel

Atrocities

Feneos executions 5/42 Regiment dissolution Meligalas

Non-EAM resistance

People

Napoleon Zervas Georgios Kartalis Dimitrios Psarros Komninos Pyromaglou Kostas Perrikos Vasileios Sachinis Manolis Paterakis Petrakogiorgis Kimonas Zografakis

Organizations

National Republican Greek League (EDES)

National Bands of Greek Guerrillas (EOEA)

National and Social Liberation (EKKA)

5/42 Regiment

Defenders of Northern Greece (YVE) / Panhellenic Liberation Organization (PAO) Panhellenic Union of Fighting Youths (PEAN) National Organization of Crete (ΕΟΚ) Hellenic Army (ES) Northern Epirus Liberation Front (MAVI) others...

Operations

ESPO bombing Gorgopotamos Bridge (Operation "Harling") Agia Kyriaki Milia Skala Paramythias Xirovouni Trahili Menina Dodona

Atrocities

Expulsion of Cham Albanians

British Mission  in Greece (SOE)

People

Eddie Myers Chris Woodhouse Patrick Leigh Fermor Bill Stanley Moss Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz

Operations

Operation "Albumen" Gorgopotamos Bridge (Operation "Harling") Operation "Animals" Asopos Bridge (Operation "Washing") Kidnap of Heinrich Kreipe Damasta sabotage

Greek government-in-exile

Greek government in exile

Events

El Alamein Dodecanese April 1944 mutiny Rimini

People

King George II Emmanouil Tsouderos Sofoklis Venizelos Panagiotis Kanellopoulos Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos Pafsanias Katsotas

Greek Armed Forces in the Middle East

3rd Mountain Brigade Sacred Band Vasilissa Olga Adrias Katsonis Papanikolis 13th Squadron 335th Squadron 336th Squadron

Liberation and slide towards the Greek Civil War

Prelude to Civil War

Events

National Bands Agreement Plaka agreement (el) Lebanon Conference Caserta agreement (el) Operation "Manna" Percentages agreement Dekemvriana

Treaty of Varkiza

People

Ronald Scobie Georgios Papandreou Archbishop Damaskinos Georgios Grivas Angelos Evert Nikos Zachariadis

v t e

Yugoslav people in World War II

Partisans

Josip Broz Tito Milovan Đilas Aleksandar Ranković Kosta Nađ Peko Dapčević Koča Popović Petar Drapšin Svetozar Vukmanović Arso Jovanović Sava Kovačević Ivan Gošnjak Franc Rozman

Chetniks

Draža Mihailović Ilija Trifunović-Birčanin Dobroslav Jevđević Pavle Đurišić Momčilo Đujić Nikola Kalabić Vojislav Lukačević Petar Baćović Jezdimir Dangić

Germany

Maximilian von Weichs Alexander Löhr Edmund Glaise-Horstenau Artur Phleps Franz Böhme Paul Bader Lothar Rendulic Karl-Gustav Sauberzweig

Italy

Mario Roatta Alessandro Pirzio Biroli

Albania

Xhafer Deva Rexhep Mitrovica Xhem Hasa Gajur Deralla Aćif Hadžiahmetović

Croatia

Ante Pavelić Dido Kvaternik Mladen Lorković

Serbia

Milan Nedić Dimitrije Ljotić Kosta Pećanac Kosta Mušicki

Montenegro

Sekula Drljević

Slovenia

Leon Rupnik

see also World War II in Yugoslavia and Factions in the Yugoslav Front

v t e

Yugoslav World War II war crimes trials

December 1944 – May 1945 without trial

death

Werner von Erdmannsdorff Gustav Fehn Heinz Kattner Friedrich Stephan Georg Waue

Hungarian military and political officials Vojvodina Supreme Court

death

László Deák Ferenc Feketehalmy-Czeydner József Grassy Márton Zöldy Ferenc Szombathelyi Lajos Gaál Miklós Nagy Ernő Bajsay-Bauer Ferenc Bajor Pál Perepatic Leó Deák Géza Báthory József Könyöki Milan Popovic Gyula Zombory

German police officials (3rd trial) 9–22 December 1946

death

Josef Eckert Wilhelm Fuchs Josef Hahn Hans Helm Richard Kaaserer August Meyszner Friedrich Polte Ludwig Teichmann Ernst Weimann

imprisoned

Ernst Hesterberg

German officers (4th trial) at Belgrade 5–13 February 1947 verdict 16 February

death

Johann Fortner Fritz Neidholdt Josef Hübler Adalbert Lontschar Alexander Löhr August Schmidhuber Günther Tribukait

German occupation officials in Serbia (5th trial) Military Court of the Yugoslav 3rd Army at Belgrade

death

Rudolf Berg Walter Böhme Karl Freiherr von Bothmer Walter Firow Adolf Jostel Georg Kiessel Ernst Ludwig Langemann Schulze Franz Tritschler Harald Turner

German officers (6th trial) at Belgrade 5 April 1947

death

Hans Gravenstein Hartwig von Ludwiger Karl von Oberkamp Martin Fiebig

German officers held at Belgrade 22–31 October 1947

death

Hermann Behrends Heinrich Danckelmann

imprisoned

Franz Neuhausen

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 52632036 LCCN: nr2005014143 ISNI: 0000 0000 5173 1701 GND: 124788343

Portals Access related topics

Austria portal Biography portal Military of Germany portal World War I portal World War II portal

Find out more on's Sister projects

.