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ALEX MASKEY (born 8 January 1952) is an Irish politician who was the first member of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
to serve as Belfast
Belfast
's Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor
. He was Sinn Féin's longest sitting councillor and is currently an MLA for West Belfast
Belfast
as well as being a former councillor for the Laganbank area of Belfast.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Politics * 3 Assassination attempt * 4 Health * 5 Later years * 6 References * 7 External links

EARLY LIFE

Maskey was educated at St Malachy\'s College and at the Belfast Institute for Further and Higher Education and then worked in Belfast docks as a labourer and barman. He was a successful amateur boxer, having only lost 4 out of 75 fights.

When the Troubles broke out in 1969 he became involved with the Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
, and was interned twice in the 1970s.

POLITICS

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Maskey stood unsuccessfully in West Belfast
Belfast
in the 1982 Assembly Election .

In 1983, as part of the armalite and ballot box strategy , Maskey won a by-election for a seat on Belfast
Belfast
City Council from the Upper Falls area and became the first member of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
to be elected to Belfast
Belfast
City Council since the beginning of The Troubles and only the second to be elected in Northern Ireland.

Maskey emerged as a key ally of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
President Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
' approach to the strategy. In 1987 he survived being shot at close range by loyalist paramilitaries . In 1996 Maskey was elected to the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Peace Forum for the Belfast
Belfast
West constituency but did not attend the Forum in accordance with Sinn Féin's policy of abstentionism. Two years later he was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly , which on this occasion Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
did not boycott.

Maskey's growing political profile led him to contest the Belfast South constituency in the 2001 general election as part of Sinn Féin's strategy of building up their vote in one of their weaker constituencies.

In the local elections held on the same day he switched to the Laganbank area of South Belfast
Belfast
and won a seat there.

In 2002 Maskey became the first ever republican to serve as Lord Mayor of Belfast
Belfast
. His first duty in office was to open the annual Presbyterian
Presbyterian
General Assembly despite being a non-Presbyterian.

Maskey garnered general praise when as part of his duties as Lord Mayor in July 2002 he laid a wreath in memorial of British soldiers who died in the First World War
First World War
. However he declined to attend the main memorial ceremony, stating that it was "the military commemoration of the Battle of the Somme
Battle of the Somme
". In his office he flew the British Union Jack
Union Jack
and the Irish tricolour side by side.

In the 2003 Assembly election Maskey stood in South Belfast
Belfast
again and won Sinn Féin's first seat there with a boost in the vote share. He contested the seat in the 2005 general election with the vote share down on the Assembly elections, losing to the Social Democratic and Labour Party candidate, Alasdair McDonnell .

ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT

Maskey was targeted for assassination on at least one occasion

HEALTH

On Christmas Day, 2005, Maskey suffered a heart attack while with his family. Several weeks later he appeared on BBC Radio Ulster
BBC Radio Ulster
to talk about his health.

LATER YEARS

In 2006 he participated in the negotiations resulting in the Basque nationalist organisation ETA truce announced on 22 March. On 23 April 2007 he was announced as one of three Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
members who would sit on the re-vamped Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Policing Board .

Maskey resigned from Belfast
Belfast
City Council in October 2010, as part of Sinn Féin's policy of abolishing double jobbing .

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C "Biographies of Prominent People". Conflict Archive on the Internet . Archived from the original on 5 February 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2007. * ^ "Alex Maskey". Belfast
Belfast
City Council . Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2007. * ^ A B C D E "From barman to Belfast\'s first citizen". BBC News
BBC News
. 5 June 2002. Retrieved 23 February 2007. * ^ Nicholas Whyte (25 March 2003). " Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly Elections 1982". ARK. Archived from the original on 13 February 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2007. * ^ Nicholas Whyte (3 June 1998). "West Belfast". ARK. Archived from the original on 4 April 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2007. * ^ A B Nicholas Whyte (3 June 1998). "South Belfast". ARK. Archived from the original on 4 April 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2007. * ^ "Alex Maskey". Sinn Féin. Archived from the original on 4 November 2005. Retrieved 23 February 2007. * ^ "Presbyterians welcome Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor
Alex Maskey". BBC News. 10 June 2002. Retrieved 24 February 2007. * ^ "Maskey marks Somme with wreath". BBC News. 1 July 2002. Retrieved 23 February 2007. * ^ "Tricolour raised in City Hall". BBC. 4 September 2002. Retrieved 27 July 2012. * ^ O'Doherty, Malachi (25 October 2008). "Payout for an attack that never was". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 19 August 2017 – via The Guardian. * ^ "Security services tried to kill me, says Belfast
Belfast
mayor". Independent.co.uk. 15 June 2002. Retrieved 19 August 2017. * ^ "Ex Belfast
Belfast
mayor discharged after heart attack". TCM Archives. 30 December 2005. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2007. * ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
\'involved in ETA move\'". BBC News. 24 March 2006. Retrieved 23 February 2007. * ^ " Alex Maskey
Alex Maskey
Belfast\'s first republican mayor quits council seat", Belfast
Belfast
Telegraph, 13 October 2010.

EXTERNAL

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