HOME
The Info List - Alden B. Dow





Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
(April 10, 1904 – August 20, 1983) was an American architect based in Midland, Michigan, and known for his contributions to the style of Michigan
Michigan
Modern. During a career that spanned from the 1930s to the 1960s, he designed more than 70 residences and dozens of churches, schools, civic and art centers, and commercial buildings. His personal residence, the Midland Center for the Arts, and the 1950s Grace A. Dow Memorial Library
Grace A. Dow Memorial Library
(named in honor of his mother) are among numerous examples of his work located in his hometown of Midland, Michigan. The son of Herbert Henry Dow
Herbert Henry Dow
(founder of the Dow Chemical Company) and philanthropist Grace A. Dow, Dow is known for his prolific architectural designs.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Education 1.2 Early career 1.3 Growth

2 Selected works

2.1 Midland 2.2 Other Tri-Cities (along with Midland) 2.3 Ann Arbor 2.4 Bloomfield Hills 2.5 Kalamazoo 2.6 Elsewhere

2.6.1 Michigan 2.6.2 Other states

3 Awards 4 Further reading 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] Education[edit] Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
attended the Midland Public Schools through high school. He attended the University of Michigan
University of Michigan
to study engineering in preparation to join his father's chemical manufacturing company. After three years, Dow transferred as a student of architecture at Columbia University, where he graduated in 1931. That year he married Vada Bennett, also of Midland. Her father Earl Bennett worked at the Dow Chemical Company, a major employer in the city. The couple had three children together: Michael Lloyd Dow, Mary Lloyd Dow, and Barbara Alden Dow. After Alden Dow worked for a year and a half with the architectural firm of Frantz and Spence in nearby Saginaw, he and Vada studied with architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
at his Taliesin studio in Spring Green, Wisconsin, for the summer in 1933. Early career[edit]

Alden Dow House and Studio

Following his brief ("a few months" [1]) apprenticeship with Frank Lloyd Wright, Dow opened his own studio in 1934 in Midland. Dow described his own philosophy of design as "Architecture is more than the front face of the building. It is the location of the building. It is the plan of the building. It is the construction of the building. It is the heating and cooling of the building. It is the furnishing of the building. It is the landscaping of the building. It is, in its entirety, the manifestation of wholesome living."[2] Frank Lloyd Wright's philosophy. He received the Diplome de Grand Prix at that 1937 Paris International Exposition for best residential design in the world, based on the design of his residence and also for his work on the John Whitman residence.[3] In 1941, Dow officially incorporated his business as Alden B. Dow, Inc. The following year, Dow was tasked with designing a company town in Texas
Texas
for workers at his father's Dow Chemical Company's site near Freeport, Texas. With his brother Willard and Dow Chemical Company executive A.P. Beutel, Dow chose a site west of Freeport that was formerly the site of the Abner Jackson Plantation. Dow designed the town, which they named Lake Jackson, to hold 5,000 people. The residential layout was notable for its lack of straight streets; Dow felt that winding roads would provide "something of a surprise around each turn."[4] The streets were given whimsical names, including the intersecting "This Way" and "That Way" as well as "Circle Way," "Winding Way," and "Any Way." Dow also provided the six designs used to build different models of houses within the newly created town. The first residents moved in at the end of 1943.[4] Growth[edit] In 1963 he changed the business name to Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
Associates, Inc., to reflect taking on more employees to accommodate growth. Dow designed the Fleming Administration Building at the University of Michigan
Michigan
in Ann Arbor, completed in 1968. The building houses the offices of the university's president. Its narrow windows (all located above the first floor) and fortress-like exterior led to a campus rumor that it was designed in the wake of the student activism of the 1960s to be riot-proof. Dow was purportedly offended by those rumors, insisting that the small windows were designed to be energy efficient.[5] As time passed, Dow began to delve into other types of architecture, designing many commercial and community buildings, especially in and around his hometown of Midland.[3] Dow relinquished the chairmanship of his company in 1974 to Jim Howell. In 1983 Dow was named the architect laureate of Michigan, an achievement in his 50-year career. He died shortly after, on August 20, 1983.[3] That title has not been bestowed on anyone since Dow. The company name was changed to Dow, Howell & Gilmore Associates Inc. after his death.[3] It is owned by its employees. Six years later, in 1989, Dow's residence was designated as a National Historic Landmark, both for its own architectural significance and the contributions of his career to national American architecture.[6] Selected works[edit]

Midland Center for the Arts

Grace A. Dow Memorial Library

Midland[edit]

Midland Country Club (1930), Midland, Michigan
Midland, Michigan
(demolished 2010)[7][8] Residential Architecture of Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
in Midland, Michigan
Midland, Michigan
Multiple Property Submission, a National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Submission consisting of the following 13 houses built in Midland, Michigan, from 1933 to 1938:

Earl Stein House (1933), 209 Revere, Midland, Michigan[9] F. W. Lewis House (1934), 2913 Manor, Midland, Michigan Joseph A. Cavanagh House (1934), 415 W. Main, Midland, Michigan[10] Sheldon Heath House (1934), 1505 W. St. Andrews, Midland, Michigan[11] Alden Hanson House (1935), 1605 W. St. Andrews, Midland, Michigan John S. Whitman House (1935), 2407 Manor, Midland, Michigan Alden Dow House and Studio
Alden Dow House and Studio
(1936), 315 Post St., Midland, Michigan, a National Historic Landmark Charles MacCallum House (1936), 1227 W. Sugnet, Midland, Michigan Howard Ball House, 1411 W. St. Andrews, Midland, Michigan Oscar C. Diehl House, 919 E. Park, Midland, Michigan George Greene House (1936), 1115 W. Sugnet, Midland, Michigan Donald L. Connor House (1936), 2705 Manor, Midland, Michigan James T. Pardee House (1936), 812 W. Main St., Midland, Michigan

Dow Chemical Company
Dow Chemical Company
Administrative Building (1937), also known as Dow Chemical Main Office, Midland, Michigan Midland Central Park Bandshell (1938), Midland, Michigan Midland Central Park Pool and Bathhouse (1938), Midland, Michigan Parents' and Children's Schoolhouse (1938), 1505 Crane Ct., Midland, Michigan, NRHP-listed[12][13] Calvin A. and Alta Koch Campbell House (1939), 1210 W. Park Dr., Midland, Michigan, NRHP-listed[12][14] Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Reinke House (1941), 33 Lexington Court, Midland, Michigan, NRHP-listed[12][15] Mr. and Mrs Frank Boonstra House
Mr. and Mrs Frank Boonstra House
(1941), 1401 Helen St., Midland, Michigan, NRHP-listed[12][16] Donald and Louise Clark Irish House (1941), 1801 W. Sugnet Rd., Midland, Michigan, NRHP-listed[12][17] Mr. and Mrs. Louis P. Butenschoen House (1941), 1212 Helen St., Midland, Michigan, NRHP-listed[12][18] Charles and Mary Kempf Penhaligen House (1941), 1203 W. Sugnet Rd., Midland, Michigan, NRHP-listed[12][19] Midland Hospital (1943), later known as Mid Michigan
Michigan
Medical Center-Midland, built around a courtyard garden, Midland, Michigan Grace A. Dow Memorial Library
Grace A. Dow Memorial Library
(1953), Midland, Michigan Midland Community Center (1953), Midland, Michigan Midland Skating Rink (1954), Midland, Michigan Fire Station No. 1 (1955), Midland, Michigan Midland County Courthouse Jail and Office addition (1955), 301 West Main Street, Midland, Michigan King's Daughters Home (1956), Midland, Michigan Midland Center for the Arts (1968), Midland, Michigan[20] Dow Gardens Master Plan (1974), Midland, Michigan Lower Pond Bridge and Upper Pond Bridge (1975), Midland, Michigan Farmers Market (1973), Midland, Michigan Visitor Center (1976), Midland, Michigan Sun Bridge (1979), Midland, Michigan Chemical Bank and Trust Company, Midland, Michigan Dow Center Complex, Midland, Michigan

First United Methodist Church, Midland, Michigan Other Tri-Cities (along with Midland)[edit]

Bay City, Bay County War Memorial Bay City, Thomas and Marjorie Defoe House (1949) Bay City, Messiah Evangelical Lutheran Church (1956)[21] Bay City, People's National Bank and Trust Company (1962) Saginaw, Mary Dow House (1936)

Ann Arbor[edit]

Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor
City Hall

Fleming Administration Building

Harry and Margaret Towsley House (1932), Ann Arbor, Michigan, built for Dow's sister and her husband. It was the "first residence in the country designed with an attached garage facing the street." [22] University of Michigan
University of Michigan
Women's Swimming Pool, Margaret Bell Building (1950), Ann Arbor, Michigan Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor
Public Library (1955 or 1956), Ann Arbor, Michigan University of Michigan
University of Michigan
Botanical Gardens (1958), Ann Arbor, Michigan Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor
Community Center (1958), Ann Arbor, Michigan Dunbar Community Center (1958), Ann Arbor, Michigan Leonard Service Station (1960), Ann Arbor, Michigan Institute for Social Research (1960), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor
City Hall (1960), also known as Guy C. Larcom, Jr. Municipal Building, 301 East Huron Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan Conductron Corporation Offices (1961), Ann Arbor, Michigan University Microfilms Building (1963), Ann Arbor, Michigan Fleming Administration Building (1964), Ann Arbor, Michigan University of Michigan
University of Michigan
Continuing Education Center (1965), Ann Arbor, Michigan Greenhills School (1967), 850 Greenhills Dr., Ann Arbor, Michigan

Bloomfield Hills[edit]

Gordon Saunders House (1936) Hellenic Orthodox Community Church of St. George (1962), also known as Saint George Greek Orthodox Church, 45816 Woodward Avenue Lynn A. & Ruth M. Townsend House (1963), 1485 Kirkway

Kalamazoo[edit]

Paul & Josephine C. Rood House (1937) Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo
Christian Church (1957) Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo
Nature Center (1961) Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo
Valley Community College (1966)[23]

Elsewhere[edit] Michigan[edit]

Algonac, LeRoy Smith House
LeRoy Smith House
(1940), 9503 Frank St., NRHP-listed[12][24] Dearborn, First Presbyterian Church (1964)[25] Detroit, Wayne State University
Wayne State University
Center Building (1963)[26] Detroit, Wayne State University
Wayne State University
Physical Education & Recreation Building (1961) East Lansing, Bachman House (1936) East Lansing, Eastminster Presbyterian Church (1959 or 1960) Grosse Pointe Park, Pryor House (1936) Mount Pleasant, Brown House (1937) Muskegon, Muskegon
Muskegon
Community College (1965) Midland, Northwood University
Northwood University
(1960's) Port Huron, Henry McMorran Auditorium and Sports Arena (1961)[27] Roscommon, Michigan, Earl Bennett Cottage (1936), Benmark's Club

Other states[edit]

Phoenix, Arizona, Phoenix Civic Center and Art Museum (1954), with Blaine Drake Elkhart, Indiana, William and Helen Koerting House
William and Helen Koerting House
(1936) Lake Jackson, Texas, Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
Office and Lake Jackson City Hall, 101 S. Parking Place, NRHP-listed[12]

Awards[edit]

Diplome de Grand Prix at the Paris Exposition of 1937
Paris Exposition of 1937
for best residential design in the world, based on his own home and design studio and also the John Whitman residence Received honorary degrees from Albion College, Hillsdale College, Michigan
Michigan
State University, Northwood University
Northwood University
and the University of Michigan. In 1957 became a Fellow in the American Institute of Architects
American Institute of Architects
(AIA). Awarded The Michigan
Michigan
Society of Architects Gold Medal for 1960. The Northwood University
Northwood University
Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
Creativity Center was founded in 1978 to honor and perpetuate his commitment to quality and innovation. First recipient of the Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
Creativity Award in 1982. In 1983 named Architect
Architect
Laureate
Laureate
of his home state of Michigan. The Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
Museum of Science & Art in Midland, Michigan
Midland, Michigan
is named in his honor.

Further reading[edit]

Maddex, Diane. Alden B. Dow: Midwestern Modern (Midland, Michigan: Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
Home and Studio, 2007). ISBN 0-393-73248-7; ISBN 978-0-393-73248-1

References[edit]

^ Robinson, Sidney K., The Architecture of Alden B. Dow, Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan
Michigan
1983 p. 9 ^ Brandt, Sheena. "A Student's Visit to the House". Delta College. Archived from the original on 2006-09-22. Retrieved 2007-04-05.  ^ a b c d "History". Dow Howell Gilmore Associates Inc. Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-05.  ^ a b "History of Texas
Texas
Operations". The Dow Chemical Company. Archived from the original on 20 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-05.  ^ Holmes, Jake (2007-04-06). "Explained: Coleman's Castle". The Michigan
Michigan
Daily. Archived from the original on 2008-04-26. Retrieved 2007-04-05.  ^ " Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
House and Studio". State of Michigan
Michigan
History, Arts and Libraries. Archived from the original on 2007-03-09. Retrieved 2007-04-05.  ^ "'Architectural gem' demolished as renovations continue". Midland Daily News. April 20, 2010.  ^ "Midland Country Club". Central Michigan
Michigan
Night Out.  ^ "Earl R. & Mae Stein House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan
Michigan
State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.  ^ "Joseph A. & Aimee Cavanagh House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.  ^ "Sheldon & Mary H. Heath House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan
Michigan
State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.  ^ a b c d e f g h i National Park Service
National Park Service
(2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ "Parents' & Children's Schoolhouse". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.  ^ "Calvin A. & Alta Koch Campbell House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan
Michigan
State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.  ^ "Mr. & Mrs. Robert C. Reinke House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.  ^ "Mr. & Mrs. Frank Boonstra House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.  ^ "Donald & Louise Clark Irish House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.  ^ "Mr. & Mrs. Louis P. Butenschoen House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan
Michigan
State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-14.  ^ "Charles & Mary Kempf Penhaligen House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan
Michigan
State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.  ^ "Midland Center for the Arts". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan
Michigan
State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20.  ^ "aboutus". Messiah Evangelical Lutheran Church, Bay City, Michigan.  ^ Reade & Wineberg, ‘’Historic Buildings; Ann Arbor, Michigan’’, Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor
Historical Foundation and the Ann Arbor Historic District Commission, Ann Arbor, MI 1992, p. 156 ^ " Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo
Valley Community College". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20.  ^ "LeRoy Smith House". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan
Michigan
State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20.  ^ "First Presbyterian Church". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan
Michigan
State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2012-08-09.  ^ " Wayne State University
Wayne State University
Center Building". Michigan
Michigan
Modern, Michigan State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20.  ^ "Henry McMorran Memorial Sports Arena & Auditorium". Michigan Modern, Michigan
Michigan
State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alden B. Dow.

Alden B. Dow
Alden B. Dow
Home & Studio Dow Howell Gilmore Associates Inc

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 91343609 LCCN: n83044046 ISNI: 0000 0000 7875 468X GND: 129982067 SUDOC: 156970554 ULAN: 500031959 SN

.