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Coordinates : 53°32′56″N 113°31′05″W / 53.5488°N 113.5181°W / 53.5488; -113.5181

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ALBERTA NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY

Active provincial party

LEADER Rachel Notley
Rachel Notley

PRESIDENT Peggy Wright

FOUNDED 1 August 1932 (1932-08-01) (as Alberta
Alberta
CCF)

HEADQUARTERS 10544 114 Street NW Suite 201 Edmonton
Edmonton
, Alberta
Alberta
T5H 3J7

IDEOLOGY Social democracy
Social democracy

POLITICAL POSITION Centre-left

NATIONAL AFFILIATION New Democratic Party
New Democratic Party

COLOURS Orange

SEATS IN LEGISLATURE 55 / 87

WEBSITE

Official website

* Politics of Alberta
Alberta
* Political parties * Elections

The ALBERTA NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY or ALBERTA NDP is a social-democratic political party in Alberta
Alberta
, Canada
Canada
, which succeeded the Alberta
Alberta
section of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation and the even earlier Alberta
Alberta
wing of the Canadian Labour Party and the United Farmers of Alberta
Alberta
. From the mid-1980s to 2004, the party abbreviated its name as the "New Democrats" (ND).

The party achieved Official Opposition status in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
Alberta
from 1986 to 1993. It was swept out of the legislature in 1993 and spent the next two decades in the political wilderness. While it managed to get back into the legislature in 1997, it never won more than four seats. Its time on the fringe of Alberta politics ended in the 2015 provincial election , when it won 54 of the 87 seats in the legislature to form the government of Alberta
Alberta
for the first time. Until 2015, Alberta
Alberta
had been the only province in western Canada—the party's birthplace—where the NDP had never governed at the provincial level.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Origins and early years (1932–1962)

* 1.2 The Alberta
Alberta
NDP in opposition (1962–2015)

* 1.2.1 Rise to Official Opposition * 1.2.2 Wipeout and recovery * 1.2.3 Attempts at political cooperation * 1.2.4 Growing momentum

* 1.3 From wilderness to majority government (2015–present)

* 2 Party leaders

* 2.1 CCF * 2.2 NDP

* 3 Election results * 4 Current Alberta
Alberta
New Democrat MLAs * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

ORIGINS AND EARLY YEARS (1932–1962)

Elmer Ernest Roper was the leader of the Alberta
Alberta
CCF from 1942 to 1955 before becoming the Mayor of Edmonton
Edmonton
in 1959

The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
(CCF) was founded in Calgary on 1 August 1932 but organised in fits and starts in Alberta
Alberta
due to lack of support from the United Farmers of Alberta
Alberta
(UFA, which was the governing party in Alberta), and from the Labour Party, which had both sitting MPs and MLAs at the time. While most UFA Members of Parliament, led by William Irvine , supported the CCF and ran for re-election (unsuccessfully) in the 1935 federal election as CCF candidates, the bulk of UFA leaders and members were ambivalent to the new party. The CCF did not run candidates under its name in the 1935 provincial election because of its ties with the UFA and the Labour Party. The UFA lost all its seats in the election and fell into disarray. Federally, eight of the UFA Members of Parliament in the House of Commons of Canada
Canada
ran as UFA-CCF candidates in the 1935 federal election - and were all defeated largely because of their association with the unpopular UFA government and the not-unrelated popularity of William Aberhart's radical Social Credit movement. In 1936, William Irvine , a CCF founder and defeated UFA Member of Parliament , was elected the Alberta
Alberta
CCF's first president. In 1937, the UFA decided to leave electoral politics entirely and, in 1938, the CCF committed itself to run candidates in the next provincial and elections setting up local riding clubs for that purpose. In 1939, former UFA/CCF MLA Chester Ronning became the Alberta
Alberta
CCF's first leader in the 1940 provincial election but despite winning 11% of the vote the party did not win any seats in the Alberta
Alberta
Legislature - the CCF had not garnered the support of the UFA's conservative supporters or put a dent in support for the agrarian populism of the Social Credit Party of Alberta
Alberta
.

The Alberta
Alberta
wing of the Labour Party federated with the CCF in 1935, but ran its own candidates in the 1935 and 1940 provincial elections. In 1942, the Alberta
Alberta
CCF clubs formally merged with the Labour Party and Elmer Roper became the new leader after achieving an unexpected victory in a 1942 by-election , becoming the party's first Alberta
Alberta
MLA (excepting Chester Ronning, who had been elected in 1932 as a joint UFA/CCF candidate). In the next two years party membership soared from 2,500 to over 12,000.

In the 1944 election , the CCF received 24% of the vote but won only 2 seats, due to the way the constituency boundaries were drawn, the single transferable vote system and the dominance of the Social Credit government, which received over 50% of ballots cast. Roper was joined in the legislature by Aylmer Liesemer , a Calgary
Calgary
schoolteacher. The rise of support for the CCF after 1942 mobilized the business community to pull out of efforts to build an anti-Social Credit party and instead back the Social Credit government, now led by Ernest Manning , after William Aberhart's death in 1943, as a bulwark against the socialists. Unlike the Saskatchewan CCF , which won office in the 1944 Saskatchewan election on a platform calling for social programs, the Alberta
Alberta
CCF was more radical and campaigned on provincial ownership of the province's resources and utilities. Irvine also advocated an alliance with the communist Labor-Progressive Party
Labor-Progressive Party
under Alberta's single transferable vote electoral system.

Through the 1940s and 1950s, the CCF's vote percentage declined, eventually falling under 10 percent. At any one time, the party never won more than two seats. The party was kept to two MLAs throughout the 1950s. Roper lost his seat in the 1955 election . In the same election, Stanley Ruzycki and Nick Dushenski were elected. Roper was succeeded as party leader by Floyd Albin Johnson . The 1959 general election was a disaster for the CCF, losing both its existing seats while Johnson, running in the Dunvegan electoral district, failed to win his seat, leaving the party shut out of the legislature.

THE ALBERTA NDP IN OPPOSITION (1962–2015)

Ray Martin was the third Alberta
Alberta
NDP MLA elected and was the leader of the party from 1984 to 1993

The CCF merged with the Canadian Labour Congress in 1961, becoming the New Democratic Party
New Democratic Party
of Canada
Canada
. In Alberta, the NDP was founded in 1962 with a new leader, Neil Reimer , Canadian director of the Oil Workers International Union . The NDP did not, at first, build much on the CCF's popularity, and, with the exception of a 1966 by-election victory by Garth Turcott , did not win any seats until the 1971 election when Grant Notley , who had taken over the party in 1968, was elected to the legislature.

Rise To Official Opposition

With the election of the Alberta
Alberta
Progressive Conservatives in 1971, Social Credit gradually collapsed. The Alberta
Alberta
Liberal Party suffered in the late 1970s and early 1980s due to its shared name and links with the federal Liberal Party of Canada
Canada
government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau
Pierre Trudeau
, which was very unpopular in Alberta.

The decline of Social Credit and the unpopularity of the Liberals gave the New Democrats an opportunity to become the focus of opposition to the Lougheed -led Conservatives. Popularity of the NDP gradually increased under leader Grant Notley , who led the party from 1968 until his death in a plane crash in 1984, and was the party's sole MLA until 1982. In 1971, the NDP's popularity surpassed the 10% mark and went on to climb to 19% in the 1982 election . The party became the Official Opposition in 1982, though with only two seats. Notley was leading the NDP to what many thought was to be a major breakthrough before his death.

In the 1986 election , under Ray Martin , the party, now known as the "NDs," won almost 30% of the vote and 16 seats. This was to be an apex of New Democrat support. Party membership, which had rarely been more than 5,000 in the 1970s, reached 20,000 following the 1986 provincial election . The New Democrats were unable to gain additional seats in the 1989 election . While they were still the Official Opposition in the legislature by virtue of having more seats than the Liberals, the NDs' popular support fell behind the Liberals (26% to the Liberal's 28%) for the first time in decades.

Wipeout And Recovery

Brian Mason
Brian Mason
was elected leader in 2004 and is currently the longest serving Alberta
Alberta
NDP MLA in the party's history

In the 1993 election , their popular vote fell by more than half to 11%, and they were shut out of the legislature altogether. This was mainly due to the anti-PC vote consolidating around the Liberals. Both the Liberals and Tories were preaching the need for fiscal conservatism at the time. Ray Martin resigned as leader and was succeeded first by Ross Harvey and then by Pam Barrett . The party regained its presence in the legislature by winning two seats in the 1997 election . Barrett resigned her position as party leader in 2000 after claiming a near-death experience in a dentist 's chair. She was succeeded by Raj Pannu
Raj Pannu
. The party retained its two seats in the 2001 election .

In 2004, the party reverted to the traditional "NDP" abbreviation and the colour orange. That same year Raj Panu resigned as leader and was replaced by Brian Mason
Brian Mason
. In the 2004 Alberta
Alberta
general election the party doubled its seats from two to four - which re-elected then leader Brian Mason
Brian Mason
and Raj Pannu, returning former leader Ray Martin, and newcomer David Eggen
David Eggen
. The party received 10% of the vote province-wide.

In the 2008 election the party was reduced to two seats. Brian Mason was re-elected as was newcomer Rachel Notley
Rachel Notley
. Ray Martin and David Eggen were narrowly defeated. The party received 9% of the popular vote.

Attempts At Political Cooperation

At its 2008 provincial convention, the party overwhelmingly rejected a proposal by the Environment Caucus recommending a party task force be mandated to “investigate a variety of options for political cooperation with the Alberta
Alberta
Liberals and/or Greens.” and “to prepare a motion to be considered” at the next Party Convention. The proposal was opposed by NDP leader Brian Mason.

Alberta
Alberta
Federation of Labour president Gil McGowan had, independently from the Environment Caucus, distributed a detailed discussion paper advocating that the NDP form a one or two election cooperation pact with the Alberta
Alberta
Liberal Party and Alberta
Alberta
Greens in which parties would not run against each other in certain ridings in hopes of defeating Progressive Conservative candidates. It was called The Way Forward: An AFL proposal for a united alternative to the Conservatives.

McGowan was unable to speak to the NDEnvirocaucus motion on cooperation before the question was called. However, just after the resolution was soundly defeated, and during his report to the Convention as AFL President, he addressed the issue. He urged members to admit, in the face of 40 years of Tory government and the recent disappointing election results, that there is a problem and that significant change is called for.

Growing Momentum

In the 2012 provincial election the NDP picked up two seats in Edmonton, regaining their previous 4 seat total. Both Rachel Notley and Brian Mason
Brian Mason
safely held onto their seats while David Eggen
David Eggen
was re-elected as the member for Edmonton-Calder
Edmonton-Calder
. Newcomer Deron Bilous was also elected in Edmonton-Beverly-Clareview
Edmonton-Beverly-Clareview
, the seat formerly held by Martin. In many other ridings the party also won more votes than it had attained previously.

On April 29, 2014, Brian Mason
Brian Mason
announced that he would step down as leader as soon as a leadership election could be held to choose his successor. The leadership convention was held in Edmonton
Edmonton
from October 18 to October 19, 2014. Rachel Notley
Rachel Notley
was elected as the party's next leader, defeating fellow MLA David Eggen
David Eggen
and union leader Rod Loyola in the first ballot with 70% of the vote.

FROM WILDERNESS TO MAJORITY GOVERNMENT (2015–PRESENT)

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Main article: Alberta
Alberta
general election, 2015 Current leader Rachel Notley
Rachel Notley
during the 2015 campaign in which the Alberta
Alberta
NDP formed its first majority government

In the May 5, 2015 provincial election , the Alberta
Alberta
New Democratic Party under Notley was elected to form a majority government in the provincial legislature, defeating the incumbent Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta
Alberta
after 44 years in power.

The incumbent PC premier Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
had called the election following the reveal of a new budget that slashed social spending and raised taxes and fees while still holding the line on low corporate taxes. With the Official Opposition Wildrose Party
Wildrose Party
still reeling from a series of floor crossings and mass defections, most pundits and commentators felt that the PCs had a good shot at winning their thirteenth consecutive majority government. Even though the party was already enjoying strong polling in Edmonton, the Alberta
Alberta
NDP was still only widely expected to form the Official Opposition.

By the middle of the campaign however, it had become evident to pollsters that the election had become a three-way race between the Progressive Conservatives, the Alberta
Alberta
NDP, and the Wildrose Party. The NDP had managed to capitalize on the unpopularity of the PCs budget, stating that they would instead raise corporate taxes and rollback fees and cuts. The sole televised leaders' debate proved to be a turning point, with Rachel Notley
Rachel Notley
largely being viewed as having had the best performance. Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
also came under fire for saying "I know math is difficult" to Notley, a remark which was widely seen as being deeply patronizing as well as potentially sexist .

By the final week, it had become clear that the NDP had emerged as the front runner in the campaign. On election night, the NDP won 54 seats, re-electing all four of their incumbents as well as 50 new members to the legislative assembly. Many governing MLA's from the Progressive Conservatives, who had no trouble in the past holding their ridings, lost their seats in landslides. The NDP took every seat in Edmonton
Edmonton
, all by wide margins. The NDP had been expected to make a strong showing in Edmonton, which has traditionally been much friendlier to centre-left candidates than the rest of Alberta. However, its clean sweep of the city exceeded even the most optimistic projections. Even more surprisingly, the NDP took 15 seats in Calgary , long reckoned as the power base for both the Tories and the federal Conservatives. The NDP also swept the cities of Red Deer and Lethbridge
Lethbridge
, and won 16 additional seats in the rest of Alberta, mostly in the northern and central parts of the province.

PARTY LEADERS

CCF

* Chester Ronning (1939–1942)

* Elmer Roper (1942–1955)

* Nick Dushenski (1955–1959) House Leader

* Floyd Albin Johnson (1957–1962)

NDP

* Neil Reimer (1963–1968) (interim leader 1962–1963) * Grant Notley (1968–1984) * Ray Martin (1984–1994) * Ross Harvey (1994–1996) * Pam Barrett (1996–2000) * Raj Pannu
Raj Pannu
(2000–2004) * Brian Mason
Brian Mason
(2004–2014) * Rachel Notley
Rachel Notley
(2014–present)

ELECTION RESULTS

ELECTION LEADER VOTES % SEATS +/– POSITION GOVERNMENT

1940 Chester Ronning 34,316 11.11 0 / 57

5th N/A

1944 Elmer Ernest Roper 70,307 24.24 2 / 60 2 4th N/A

1948 56,387 19.13 2 / 57

2nd Opposition

1952 41,929 14.05 2 / 60

3rd Third party

1955 31,180 8.2 2 / 61

4th Fourth party

1959 Floyd Albin Johnson 17,899 4.33 0 / 65 2 5th N/A

1963 Neil Reimer 37,133 9.5 0 / 63

4th N/A

1967 79,610 16.0 0 / 65

4th N/A

1971 Grant Notley 73,038 11.4 1 / 75 1 3rd No status

1975 76,360 12.9 1 / 75

3rd No status

1979 111,984 15.8 1 / 79

3rd No status

1982 177,166 18.7 2 / 79 1 2nd Opposition

1986 Ray Martin 208,561 29.2 16 / 83 14 2nd Opposition

1989 217,972 26.3 16 / 83

2nd Opposition

1993 108,883 11.0 0 / 83 16 3rd N/A

1997 Pam Barrett 83,292 8.8 2 / 83 2 3rd No status

2001 Raj Pannu
Raj Pannu
81,339 8.0 2 / 83

3rd No status

2004 Brian Mason
Brian Mason
90,897 10.2 4 / 83 2 3rd Third party

2008 80,578 8.5 2 / 83 2 3rd No status

2012 127,074 9.9 4 / 87 2 4th Fourth party

2015 Rachel Notley
Rachel Notley
603,461 40.6 54 / 87 50 1st Majority

CURRENT ALBERTA NEW DEMOCRAT MLAS

MEMBER DISTRICT ELECTED NOTES

NOTLEY, RACHELRACHEL NOTLEY Edmonton-Strathcona 2008 17th Premier of Alberta, President of Executive Council.

Anderson, Shaye Shaye Anderson Leduc-Beaumont
Leduc-Beaumont
2015

Babcock, Erin Erin Babcock Stony Plain 2015

BILOUS, DERONDERON BILOUS Edmonton-Beverly-Clareview
Edmonton-Beverly-Clareview
2012 Minister of Economic Development and Trade, Deputy Government House Leader.

CARLIER, ONEILONEIL CARLIER Whitecourt-Ste. Anne 2015 Minister of Agriculture and Forestry.

Carson, Jon Jon Carson Edmonton-Meadowlark
Edmonton-Meadowlark
2015

CECI, JOEJOE CECI Calgary-Fort 2015 Minister of Finance, President of Treasury Board.

Connolly, MichaelMichael Connolly Calgary-Hawkwood
Calgary-Hawkwood
2015

Coolahan, Craig Craig Coolahan Calgary-Klein 2015

Cortes-Vargas, Estefania Estefania Cortes-Vargas Strathcona-Sherwood Park 2015

Dach, Lorne Lorne Dach Edmonton-McClung
Edmonton-McClung
2015

Dang, Thomas Thomas Dang Edmonton-South West
Edmonton-South West
2015 Youngest member of the Legislature.

Drever, Deborah Deborah Drever Calgary-Bow 2015 Suspended from New Democrat caucus 2015-2016.

Eggen, David David Eggen
David Eggen
Edmonton-Calder
Edmonton-Calder
2004¹ Minister of Education.

FEEHAN, RICHARDRICHARD FEEHAN Edmonton-Rutherford 2015 Minister of Indigenous Relations.

Fitzpatrick, Maria Maria Fitzpatrick Lethbridge-East 2015

GANLEY, KATHLEENKATHLEEN GANLEY Calgary-Buffalo
Calgary-Buffalo
2015 Minister of Justice and Solicitor-General.

Goehring, Nicole Nicole Goehring Edmonton-Castle Downs
Edmonton-Castle Downs
2015

GRAY, CHRISTINACHRISTINA GRAY Edmonton-Mill Woods 2015 Minister of Labour, Minister Responsible for Democratic Renewal.

Hinkley, Bruce Bruce Hinkley
Bruce Hinkley
Wetaskiwin-Camrose
Wetaskiwin-Camrose
2015

HOFFMAN, SARAHSARAH HOFFMAN Edmonton-Glenora
Edmonton-Glenora
2015 Deputy Premier of Alberta, Minister of Health.

Horne, TrevorTrevor Horne Spruce Grove-St. Albert
Spruce Grove-St. Albert
2015

Jabbour, Debbie Debbie Jabbour Peace River 2015

Jansen, Sandra Sandra Jansen Calgary-North West
Calgary-North West
2016

Kazim, Anam Anam Kazim
Anam Kazim
Calgary-Glenmore 2015

Kleinsteuber, Jamie Jamie Kleinsteuber Calgary-Northern Hills 2015

LARIVEE, DANIELLEDANIELLE LARIVEE Lesser Slave Lake 2015 Minister of Municipal Affairs.

Littlewood, Jessica Jessica Littlewood Fort Saskatchewan-Vegreville 2015

Loyola, Rod Rod Loyola Edmonton-Ellerslie
Edmonton-Ellerslie
2015

Luff, Robyn Robyn Luff Calgary-East
Calgary-East
2015

Malkinson, Brian Brian Malkinson Calgary-Currie 2015

MASON, BRIANBRIAN MASON Edmonton-Highlands-Norwood
Edmonton-Highlands-Norwood
2004 Minister of Infrastructure, Minister of Transportation, Government House Leader.

MCCUAIG-BOYD, MARGMARG MCCUAIG-BOYD Dunvegan-Central Peace-Notley 2015 Minister of Energy.

McKitrick, Annie Annie McKitrick Sherwood Park 2015

MCLEAN, STEPHANIESTEPHANIE MCLEAN Calgary-Varsity
Calgary-Varsity
2015 Minister of Service Alberta, Minister of Status of Women.

McPherson, Karen Karen McPherson
Karen McPherson
Calgary-Mackay-Nose Hill 2015

Miller, Barb Barb Miller Red Deer-South 2015

MIRANDA, RICARDORICARDO MIRANDA Calgary-Cross 2015 Minister of Culture and Tourism.

Nielsen, ChrisChris Nielsen Edmonton-Decore
Edmonton-Decore
2015

PAYNE, BRANDYBRANDY PAYNE Calgary-Acadia 2015 Associate Minister of Health.

PHILLIPS, SHANNONSHANNON PHILLIPS Lethbridge-West 2015 Minister of Environment and Parks, Minister Responsible for the Climate Change Office.

Piquette, Colin Colin Piquette Athabasca-Sturgeon-Redwater
Athabasca-Sturgeon-Redwater
2015

Renaud, Marie Marie Renaud St. Albert 2015

Rosendahl, Eric Eric Rosendahl West Yellowhead 2015

SABIR, IRFANIRFAN SABIR Calgary-McCall 2015 Minister of Human Services.

SCHMIDT, MARLINMARLIN SCHMIDT Edmonton-Gold Bar
Edmonton-Gold Bar
2015 Minister of Advanced Education.

Schreiner, Kim Kim Schreiner Red Deer-North 2015

Shepherd, DavidDavid Shepherd Edmonton-Centre
Edmonton-Centre
2015

SIGURDSON, LORILORI SIGURDSON Edmonton-Riverview 2015 Minister of Seniors and Housing.

Sucha, Graham Graham Sucha Calgary-Shaw 2015

Sweet, HeatherHeather Sweet Edmonton-Manning
Edmonton-Manning
2015

Turner, BobBob Turner Edmonton-Whitemud
Edmonton-Whitemud
2015

Wanner, Bob Bob Wanner Medicine Hat 2015 Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

Westhead, Cam Cam Westhead
Cam Westhead
Banff-Cochrane
Banff-Cochrane
2015

Woollard, Denise Denise Woollard Edmonton-Mill Creek 2015

¹Out of legislature 2008-2012.

SEE ALSO

* List of articles about Alberta
Alberta
CCF/NDP members * List of Alberta
Alberta
general elections * List of Alberta
Alberta
political parties * Alberta
Alberta
New Democratic Party
New Democratic Party
leadership elections * Alberta
Alberta
New Democratic Party
New Democratic Party
candidates, 2012 Alberta
Alberta
provincial election

REFERENCES

* ^ Britannica Book of the Year 2013. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2013. p. 402. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4 . Retrieved January 28, 2015. * ^ A B C D E F Finkel, Alvin, "Alberta" in Heaps, Leo, Our Canada, 1991 ISBN 1-55028-353-7 ; Monto, Tom, Protest and Progress, Three Labour Radicals in Early Edmonton, (Crang Publishing/Alhambra Books), 2012 * ^ A B C Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
Archived 2008-01-19 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
., Alberta
Alberta
Online Encyclopedia * ^ A B " Alberta
Alberta
Archives - CCF fonds". * ^ A B Adler, Phil (19 June 1959). "Socreds Almost Wipe Out Opposition". Saskatoon Star–Phoenix. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. p. 1. Retrieved 7 May 2015. * ^ A B C D E F G H Barnes, Dan (May 9, 2014). "Historic victory casts new light over NDP pioneers". Edmonton
Edmonton
Journal. Retrieved May 17, 2014. * ^ " Brian Mason
Brian Mason
resigns as leader of Alberta
Alberta
NDP". CBC News. April 28, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2014. * ^ Cosh, Colby (May 21, 2015). "How Rachel Notley
Rachel Notley
became Canada’s most surprising political star". Macleans . Retrieved May 22, 2015. * ^ Alberta
Alberta
NDP Convention Resolutions 2008, p.4 * ^ Fekete, Jason, "NDP rejects alliance with Liberals, Greens", Calgary
Calgary
Herald, June 15, 2008 * ^ "NDP Leader Brian Mason
Brian Mason
glides to victory". CBC News. April 23, 2012. Retrieved April 24, 2012. * ^ Bennett, Dean (May 2, 2014). " Alberta
Alberta
NDP to pick new leader in Edmonton". The Canadian Press. Global News. Retrieved May 4, 2014. * ^ " Rachel Notley
Rachel Notley
<