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Prince Albert Casimir of Saxony, Duke of Teschen
Duke of Teschen
(11 July 1738, Moritzburg, Electorate of Saxony
Electorate of Saxony
– 10 February 1822, Vienna) was a German prince from the House of Wettin
House of Wettin
who married into the Habsburg imperial family. He was noted as an art collector and founded the Albertina
Albertina
in Vienna, one of the largest and finest collections of old master prints and drawings in the world.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Ancestry 3 External links 4 See also

Biography[edit] He was a younger son of King Augustus III of Poland
Augustus III of Poland
(who was also Elector of Saxony) and Maria Josepha of Austria, a first cousin of Empress Maria Theresa, being the eldest daughter of Emperor Joseph I. Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen, was also one of the godparents to his namesake, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Young Albert was specifically chosen by Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria
Austria
to be her husband. This was a special favour granted by her mother, Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, because marriages of imperial children were usually used for diplomatic purposes. Still, the betrothal and wedding had to wait until the death of her father, Emperor Francis I, and the wedding decorations were black because it occurred during the official mourning period after his death. From his father-in-law's estate, Albert received the territory of Teschen in Austrian Silesia
Austrian Silesia
and was accordingly given the title of Duke of Teschen. Since he became a member of the Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
family, the title of Archduke
Archduke
was also given to him.[citation needed] The Silesian Duchy of Teschen
Duchy of Teschen
had been inherited by Emperor Francis through his father's Gonzaga ancestry, as compensation for the lost Duchy of Montferrat, taken from them in favor of the dukes of Savoy. Archduchess Maria Christina, the daughter of Francis of Lorraine, received the duchy among her dowry. Prince Albert of Saxony
Albert of Saxony
thus became the Duke of Teschen, the only non- Habsburg
Habsburg
to become such after the title passed into Habsburg
Habsburg
control. Their marriage remained childless except for a daughter that died as a baby, and upon the death of the widowed Albert in 1822, Teschen was granted to their adopted son, Archduke
Archduke
Charles of Austria, who became Duke of Teschen and started the Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
branch of Dukes of Teschen. Albert was royal governor of Hungary
Hungary
from 1765 to 1781, with his seat at Bratislava Castle
Bratislava Castle
and his summer residence in Halbturn
Halbturn
Castle at Neusiedl. He was then made Governor of the Austrian Netherlands, along with his wife. In Brussels, they built Laeken
Laeken
palace (the present-day home of the Belgian royal family) as their seat. There, he assembled the beginnings of his vast art collection, which he took with him when the couple had to flee from Brussels
Brussels
to Vienna
Vienna
in 1793, due to the French Revolution
French Revolution
and following his military defeat by invasion forces at the Battle of Jemappes. In Vienna, a palace adjoining the Hofburg, originally designed by Emanuel Teles Silva-Tarouca, was enlarged for them by architect Louis Montoyer. That palace is today called the Albertina, after Albert, and houses the collection he started. Only two-thirds of his collection survives, because one of the cargo ships bringing it from Brussels sank en route. After his return to Vienna, he used as an advisor Adam von Bartsch, the Curator of the Imperial prints collection and the greatest prints scholar of his age. After the early death of his wife in 1798 of typhus, he lived only for his art collection, which he bequeathed to his (wife's) nephew and adopted son Archduke
Archduke
Charles of Austria. Next door to his palace, in the Augustinerkirche, Albert had a famous memorial to his wife carved by Antonio Canova. The couple are buried in tombs 111 and 112 in the Tuscan Vault of the Imperial Crypt
Imperial Crypt
in Vienna, with their hearts in urns 40 and 28 in the nearby Herzgruft, and their viscera in urns 75 and 63 of the Ducal Crypt in Vienna's cathedral. Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Albert Casimir, Duke of Teschen

16. John George II, Elector of Saxony

8. John George III, Elector of Saxony

17. Magdalene Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth

4. Augustus II of Poland

18. Frederick III of Denmark

9. Anne Sophie of Denmark

19. Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg

2. Augustus III of Poland

20. Erdmann August of Brandenburg-Bayreuth

10. Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth

21. Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach

5. Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth

22. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg

11. Sofie Luise of Württemberg

23. Anna Katharina of Salm-Kyrburg

1. Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen

24. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor

12. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor

25. Maria Anna of Spain

6. Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor

26. Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine

13. Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg

27. Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

3. Maria Josepha of Austria

28. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

14. John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

29. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt

7. Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick

30. Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern

15. Benedicta Henrietta of the Palatinate

31. Anna Gonzaga

External links[edit] Media related to Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen
Duke of Teschen
at Wikimedia Commons

Albertina
Albertina
Museum (in German)

Albert Casimir, Duke of Teschen House of Wettin Born: 11 July 1738 Died: 10 February 1822

Regnal titles

Preceded by Joseph II Duke of Teschen 1766–1822 with Maria Christina Succeeded by Charles II

See also[edit]

v t e

Princes of Saxony

The generations are numbered from the ascension of Frederick I as Elector of Saxony in 1423.

1st generation

Frederick II Sigismund, Bishop of Würzburg Prince Henry William III, Landgrave of Thuringia

2nd generation

Prince Frederick Ernest Albert III Prince Alexander

3rd generation

Frederick III Ernest, Archbishop of Magdeburg Albert, Administrator of Mainz John George Prince Wolfgang Henry IV Prince Frederick, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights Prince Louis Prince John Prince John

4th generation

Prince Christopher Prince John Prince Wolfgang Prince Christopher John Frederick I Prince Frederick Prince John Maurice John Ernest Prince Severinus Augustus

5th generation

John Frederick II Johann Wilhelm Prince John Ernest John Frederick III Albert, Electoral Prince John Henry, Electoral Prince Alexander, Electoral Prince Prince Magnus Prince Joachim Prince Hector Christian I Prince Augustus Prince Adolph Prince Frederick

6th generation

Christian II John George I Prince Augustus

7th generation

Christian Albert, Electoral Prince John George II Augustus of Saxe-Weissenfels Christian I of Saxe-Merseburg Maurice of Saxe-Zeitz Prince Henry

8th generation

John George III

9th generation

John George IV Frederick Augustus I

10th generation

Frederick Augustus II1

11th generation

Prince Frederick Augustus 1 Prince Joseph Augustus1 Frederick Christian1 Prince Francis Xavier1 Charles, Duke of Courland1 Albert, Duke of Teschen1 Clemens Wenceslaus, Archbishop of Trier1

12th generation

Frederick Augustus I Prince Charles Prince Joseph Anthony I Maximilian, Crown Prince

13th generation

Prince Frederick Augustus Frederick Augustus II Prince Klemens John I

14th generation

Albert I Prince Ernest George I

15th generation

Frederick Augustus III Prince Johann Georg Prince Maximilian Prince Albert

16th generation

Georg, Crown Prince of Saxony Friedrich Christian, Margrave of Meissen Prince Ernst Heinrich

17th generation

Prince Dedo Prince Timo Prince Gero Maria Emanuel, Margrave of Meissen Albert, Margrave of Meissen

18th generation

Prince Rüdiger

19th generation

Prince Daniel Prince Arne Prince Nils

20th generation

Prince Moritz Prince Gero

1 princes royal of Poland and Lithuania

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 13100743 LCCN: n95012172 ISNI: 0000 0001 1438 084X GND: 118647652 SUDOC: 027600963 BNF: cb11960585p (d

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