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Albert-Pierre Sarraut (; 28 July 1872 – 26 November 1962) was a French Radical politician, twice Prime Minister during the Third Republic.

Biography

Sarraut was born on 28 July 1872 in Bordeaux, Gironde, France. On 14 March 1907 Sarraut, senator of Aude and under-secretary of state for the Interior, was ridiculed by Clemenceau for trying to plead the case of his electorate during the revolt of the Languedoc winegrowers. Clemenceau told Sarraut, "I know the South, it will all end with a banquet". After massive demonstrations in the winegrowing region in June 1907 Clemenceau asked Sarraut to bring the leader Ernest Ferroul to the negotiating table. Ferroul told him: "When we have three million men behind us, we do not negotiate". From 17 June 1907 the Midi was occupied by 22 regiments of infantry and 12 regiments of cavalry. The gendarmerie was ordered to imprison the leaders of the demonstrations. Sarraut refused to endorse this policy and resigned from the government. He was Governor-General of French Indochina, from 1912 to 1914 and from 1917 to 1919. Although Sarraut was celebrated for native education reform, his motivation was an example of colonial racism. He believed that the Vietnamese could not be civilized until their thinking, customs and institutions mirrored those of the French. According to Hue Tam Ho Tai, if Sarraut's argument was carried to its logical conclusion, the Vietnamese, she writes, would "deserve independence from French rule only when they no longer desired to be Vietnamese, but Frenchmen in yellow skin." Hue Tam Ho Tai, Radicalism and the Origins of the Vietnamese Revolution, Harvard University Press, 1992, page 30. Albert Sarraut supported actively the preservation and development of native arts, for instance supporting the French art scholar George Groslier in preserving Cambodian arts and cultural traditions, and funding the design and construction of the National Museum of Cambodia. On 18 January 1920 he replaced Henry Simon as Minister of the Colonies. On 10 July 1940, Sarraut voted in favour of granting the Cabinet presided over by Marshal Philippe Pétain authority to draw up a new constitution, thereby effectively ending the French Third Republic and establishing Vichy France. Thereafter Sarraut retired from politics. He took control of the family newspaper, ''La Dépêche de Toulouse'', after the editor, his brother Maurice Sarraut, was killed by the Milice in 1943. Sarraut died in Paris on 26 November 1962. The Lycée Albert Sarraut in Hanoi was named after him.

Sarraut's First Ministry, 26 October – 26 November 1933

* Albert Sarraut – President of the Council and Minister of Marine * Albert Dalimier – Vice President of the Council and Minister of Justice * Joseph Paul-Boncour – Minister of Foreign Affairs * Édouard Daladier – Minister of War * Camille Chautemps – Minister of the Interior * Georges Bonnet – Minister of Finance * Abel Gardey – Minister of Budget * Eugène Frot – Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions * Jacques Stern – Minister of Merchant Marine * Pierre Cot – Minister of Air * Anatole de Monzie – Minister of National Education * Hippolyte Ducos – Minister of Pensions * Henri Queuille – Minister of Agriculture * François Piétri – Minister of Colonies * Joseph Paganon – Minister of Public Works * Émile Lisbonne – Minister of Public Health * Jean Mistler – Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones * Laurent Eynac – Minister of Commerce and Industry

Sarraut's Second Ministry, 24 January – 4 June 1936

* Albert Sarraut – President of the Council and Minister of the Interior * Pierre Étienne Flandin – Minister of Foreign Affairs * Louis Maurin – Minister of War * Marcel Régnier – Minister of Finance * Ludovic-Oscar Frossard – Minister of Labour * Léon Bérard – Minister of Justice * François Piétri – Minister of Marine * Louis de Chappedelaine – Minister of Merchant Marine * Marcel Déat – Minister of Air * Henri Guernut – Minister of National Education * René Besse – Minister of Pensions * Paul Thellier – Minister of Agriculture * Jacques Stern – Minister of Colonies * Camille Chautemps – Minister of Public Works * Louis Nicolle – Minister of Public Health and Physical Education * Georges Mandel – Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones * Georges Bonnet – Minister of Commerce and Industry * Joseph Paul-Boncour – Minister of State and Permanent Delegate to the League of Nations

Further reading

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External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Sarraut, Albert Category:1872 births Category:1962 deaths Category:People from Bordeaux Category:Sarraut family Category:Politicians from Nouvelle-Aquitaine Category:Radical Party (France) politicians Category:Prime Ministers of France Category:Ministers of Marine Category:French Ministers of Overseas France Category:French interior ministers Category:French Ministers of National Education Category:Members of the 8th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic Category:Members of the 9th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic Category:Members of the 10th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic Category:Members of the 11th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic Category:Members of the 12th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic Category:French Senators of the Third Republic Category:Senators of Aude Category:Governors-General of French Indochina Category:Ambassadors of France to Turkey Category:20th-century French newspaper publishers (people)